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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGi ^LL£CT!ON 



^ALLEN.COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



{ 3 1833 01742 4851 



GENEALOGY 

974.2 

G7659 

1919 

JAN-JUN 



-r u p 

1 GRANITE MONTHLY 

. NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE MAGAZINE 



f 



VOLUME LI 

.1 ^(Wl-OvM^- 



CONCORD, N. II. 
HARLAN C. PEARSON, Publisher 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav51 p1 cone 



0ff. 

V 699006 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Ascutney Mountain, A Brief History of, by George B. Upham 255 

American Legion in New Hampshire, The, by Paul F. Stacy , 5G2 

Ballon, Rev. Hosea, by Roland D. Sawyer 63 

Bloom of Age, The, by G. W. J 273 

Books of New Hampshire Interest, by Harlan C. Pearson: 

All the Brothers were Valiant, 520; Artemus Ward, 593; Boston, Concord & Mon- 
treal Railroad, The, 450; Career of Leonard Wood. The, 520; Chips from a Busy 
Workshop, 324; Dawn, 323; Dream-Dust, 372; Fighting Fleets, The, 28; Gospel in the 
Light of the Great War, The, 271; Homestead, The, 372; Letters of Salmon P. Chase, 
413; Magnhild, 121; Man-o-War Rhymes, 373; My Generation, 592; Old Dad, 173; 
Old Gray Homestead, The, 173; Old New England Doorways, 521; One Thousand 
New Hampshire Notables, 270; Rediscoveries, 373; Rhymes- Grave and Gay, 372; 
Rosemary Greenaway, 521; Rusty Miller, 323; Sea Bride, The, 520; Songs from 
New Hampshire Hills, 323; Speeches of Daniel Webster, The, '450; Vacation Trips in 
New England Highlands, 372; Worcester Poems, 271; Yankee Division, The, 594; 
Zigzagging, 73. . 

Brown, The Late Warren 483 

Building Ships at Portsmouth, by F. W. Hartford 166 

Centenary of the Andover Press, The, by George H. Sargent 287 

Clifford, Alvin PI 252 

Connecticut River a Great Highway, The, by George B. Upham 301 

Country Church Problem, The, by Rev. Harold H. Niles 457 

Country Mail Boxes, by Mary Jenness * 260 

Dartmouth and New Hampshire, by Ernest M. Plopkins 417 

Early Town Boundaries in Western New Hampshire, by George B. Upham. 500 

Early Navigation on the Connecticut, by George B. Upham 362 

Editorial, by Harlan C. Pearson: 

The Granite Monthly, 27; The Governor's '-Message, 70; New Hampshire and 
National Progress, 120; New Hampshire Waterways. 174; Town-Meetings, 174; 
The Record of the Legislature, 235; General Leonard Wood, 268; Educating Citizens, 
322; Meetings in New Hampshire, 371 ; Conservation, 414; The Special Session of the 
Legislature, 44S; New Hampshire and the Fairs, 519; The Old Year, 590. 
Food Administration in the Granite State during the World War, by Richard Whoriskey, 

and James W. Tucker 141, 183 

Government Ownership: A Symposium, by Allen Hollis, Jesse M. Barton, Calvin Page 

Clarence E. Carr 33 

Grammy Harding, by Annabel C. Andrews 442 

Idyll of Squam Lake, The, by Ellen M. Mason 263 

Indian Fight on Barbers Mountain, An, by George B. Upham 407 

Indian Trail along the Connecticut River, The, by George B. Upham 424 

Last Log Drive, The, by {Catherine C. Meader 444 

Literary and Debating Societies in New Hampshire Towns and Academies, by Asa Cur- 
rier Tilton ; 306 

New Educational Program in New Hampshire, The, by Frank S. Streeter 389 

New Hampshire's Financial History, by James O. Lyford 81 

New Hampshire'? Memorial at Valley Forge, by Hobart PiiLsbury 283 

New Hampshire Necrology: 

George W. Abbott, 77; Major John Aldrich, 453; Dr. Carl A. Allen, 453; George 
W, Ames. 241 ; Philip F. Amidoa, 76; Hinman C. Bailey, 276; Henry H. Barber, 129; 
Jan-.- H- Batcbekj^ 277: Dr. FranJs BlaisdeU, 130; John D. Brideman, 374; Joseph 



I Vontenis iii 

W. Butterfield, 375; William P. Carleton, 375; Philip Carpenter, 416; Edward L. 
Carroll, 128; Burt Chellis, 132; Dr. C. W. Clement, 30; J. M. Ciough, 377; Mrs. 
Susan F. Colgate, 279: Kenyon Cox, 279; Rockwell Craig, 132; Dr. John M. Currier, 
525; Dr. D. S. Dearborn, 277: Dr. S. M. Dinsraoor, 374; Lester C. Dole, 30; Rev. 
Jesse M. Durrell, 524; Samuel T. Dutton, 278; Capt, Wiikie I. Elliott, 30; Rufus N. 
Ehvcil, 131 ; Fred W. Farnsworth, 375; Robert II. Fletcher, 525; Charles X. Freeman, 
416; James E. French, 370; Capt, Robert A. French, 131; Ernest M. Goodall, 176; Dr. 
E. E. Graves, 596; Charles W. Gray, 132; Ralph C. Gray, 279; Mrs. Sophia D. Hall, 
29; Alfred K. Hamilton, 279; Rev. C. H. Hannatord, 277; Prof. John V. Ha/en, 525; 
Charles T. Henderson, 277; Rev. Elwin Hitchcock, D. D., 130; Prof. Charles H. 
Hitchcock, 595; W. H. Hitchcock., 241; Josiah H. Hobbs, 596; Gilbert Hodges, 
177; Dr. II. C. Holbrook, 323; Judge L. W. Holmes, 241; Francis A. Houston, 179; 
A. F. Howard, 523; G. S. Hubbard, 177; George D. Huntley, 377; Leon D. Hurd, 
454; Rev. William P. Israel, 277; Dr. E. E. Jones, 77; Fred S. Johnson, 279; Anson 
L. Keyes, 326; Henry A. Kimball, 275; Edmund W. Knight, 415; E. M. Lancaster, 
375; Charles E. Lane, 241; Dr. W. E. Lawrence, 274; Reuben T. Leavitt, 454; Joseph 
Lewando, 30; C, H. Manning, 27S; T. E. O. Marvin, 239; Mrs. A. H. McCrillis, 595; 
Mrs. James Minot,276; Dr.F. W. Mitchell, .179; M. L.Morrison, 375; John M. Moses, 
277; Dr. E. M. Mullins, 279; David E. Murphy, 452: G. W. C. Noble* 375; Dr. A. 
L. Norris, 453: Dr. Nomus Paige, 277; W. S. Pierce, 130; Manasah Perkins, 178; A. E. 
Richards, 375; Mrs. E. R. Richardson, 241; F. L. Sanders, 453; Rev. O. C. Sargent, 
177; A. T. Severance, 130; Carey Smith, 275; George E. Smith, 327; E. M. Smith, 
278; Dr. N. E. Soule, 27S; A. B. Stearns, 595; L. M. Stearns, 132; G. W. Stone, 
454; C. H. Tenney, 327; J. W. Vittum, 179; John T. Welch, 525; E. C. Wescott, 
327; J. H.Wesley, 132; A. S. Wetherell, 276; J. H. Wight, 130; George Winch, 
27S; Eben M. Willis, 70; Mrs. Mary P. Woodworth, 326; A. A. Woolson, 77; 
Eugene B. Worthen, 30. 

New Hampshire's New School Law, by Frank S. Streeter 505 

New Hampshire Ships, by H. C. Raynes 165 

New Hampshire Thoreau, A 370 

New Hampshire's War Workers 85 

Official New Hampshire, by Harlan C. Pearson 14, 45, 103, 215 

Old Home Week in Pittsfield, by Walter Scott 461 

One Soldier Decides, by Annabel C. Andrews 254 

Poems: 

A Deserted Homs+ead, by Alicia Cogswell True, p. 387; A League of Nations, by 
Loren Webster, 102; A Memory, by Helen Adams Parker, 446; A Mother to Her 
Son, by Jean R. Patterson, 459; April, by F. M. Colby, 171; At Ninety Years, by 
Bela Chapin, 124; Autumn in a New Hampshire Village, by A. W. Anderson, 498; 
Bear Island, by Alary H. Wheeler, 272; Bouncing Bet, by Alice M. Shepard, 449; 
Death and Roosevelt, byE. H. Baynes, 64; England, by Mice Brown, 8; February 12, 
1919, by Clarence E. Carr, 238; The First Snow, by Virginia B. Ladd, 5S8; Going 
Back Home, by Martha S. Baker, 344; Hospitality, by Frances C. Hamlet, 31S; In 
Dreamy, Sunny Mexico, F. M. Colby, 126; Just a Cottage Quaint and Old, by K. 
C. Simoncls, 482; Keeping the Flags Together, by Charles E. Sargent, 460; Kear- 
sarge, by C. S. Pratt, 161; Lake Winnipesaukee, by Mary B. Benson, 356; Lilacs, 
by Frances C. Hamlet, 273; Lilacs by the Door, by Harriet Barton, 233; Monad- 
nock at Sunset, by C. N. Holmes, 262; Moosilauke, by Elizabeth T. McGaw, 522; 
'My Mother, byE. H. Richards, 24; New Hampshire's Old Home Week, by C. H. 
Chapin, 36; Nighttime, by F. M. Pray, 551; Rosemary, by F. M. Pray, 263; Rasp- 
berrying, by Mary E. Hough, 485; Song, by Carolyn Hiliman, 305; Sonnet to 
Euterpe, by Louise P. Guyol, 102; Sunshine after Rain, by H. A. Parker, 254; 
Telling Grandpa's Bees, by Laura A. Rice, 127; The Blue-Bird, by Bela Chapin, 139; 
The Call, by F. M. Pray, 175; The Connecticut, by P. R. Bugbee, 591; The Crosses, 



W ■-#/< Contents 

by C. P. Cleaves, 300;The Eulogy on the Flag, by James T.Weston, 321; The Fruitage 
Field, by Bela Cbapin, 26S; The Founder's Call, by P. R. Bugbee, 419; The Grave- 
yard on the Hill, by C. X. Holmes, 451; The Message of the Laurel, by E. R. 
Sheldrick, 20: The Mountain by the Sea, by Donald C. Babcock, 431; The Old 
Homestead, by Hattie Duncan Towle, 423; The Old Town Pomp, by C. X. Holmes, 
75; The Price of a Day, by Clarke B. Cochrane, .516; The Professor's Grave, by P. 
1 It. Bugbee, 2S6; The School Children, by C. X. Holmes, 214; The Soldier Returns 

from France, by Louise P. Guyol, 23G; The Swing within the Grove, by C. X. 
• Holmes, 373; The Tower, by P. R. Bugbee, 393; The Way of Life, by L. Adelaide 
| Sherman, 56.1; What's the Use, by Edward H. Richards, GO; Whither, by Franklin 

McDuffee, 122. 

Political " If," A, by Willis MeJDuffee 40 

Qualifications of Electors, by Albert S. Batchellor 65 

Sequel; The, by Frances P. Keyes 345, 400, 432, 4S6, 562 

Smith, Lieutenant. Archibald Lavender, by E. D. Towle 11 

Spirit and the Vision, The, by Frances P. Keyes 205 

Spofford and Lake Beautiful by Francis A. Corey 394 

Surry Anniversary, by F. E. Kingsbury and Mrs. J. E. Harvey 529 

Thrift Movement in Xew Hampshire, The 1919, by M. W. Stoddard 517 

Through the Year in New Hampshire, by Roland D. Sawyer 123, 172, 234, 267 

319, 369, 412, 447, 515, 5S9 

Two Dartmouth Letters, by H. C. Pearson 420 

Wartime Temper of the State. The, by Richard W. Husband 245 

Water Power and Water Conservation in Xew Hampshire, by George B. Leighton 379 

Weare Papers, The, by Otis G. Hammond 357 

Westmoreland and the late Wiilard Bill, by Rev. Dr. S. II. McCollester 296 

White Mountain Centenary, A, by John W. Weeks 331 

Winslow, Sherburne J., by X. S. Drake 137 



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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. LI 



JANUARY, 1919 



No. 1 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NEEDS A STATE. 

BUDGET 

By Holland H. Spaulding 



Within ten years, the expenses of 
the state of New Hampshire have in- 
creased from a million dollars a year 
to more than two and a half times 
that amount. 

This fact, in itself, is not a subject 
for just criticism. It is brought 
about by the necessities and the ten- 
dencies of the times. Every state 
in the Union and the Union itself is 
in the same situation, many of the 
states to a greater degree than New 
Hampshire. 

Leaving war activities and expendi- 
tures out. of the question, as an un- 
usual demand upon the public purse, 
there remain several lines of work 
which the state is doing, and which it 
ought to do, but which had not been 
entered upon, or, if so, to only a slight 
extent, a decade ago. 

Very few people would have any of 
these lines of work discontinued or 
lessened. Larger vision, day by day, 
makes clear the duty and obligation 
of the state to guard the public health 
and to promote the public welfare in 
ways which former times left to the 
lesser units of government or even to 
the individual. 



The state is doing work today 
which the counties, the cities and the 
towns used to do or which was not 
done at all; and the state, of course, 
is paying the bills. 

It must keep on doing so. And 
with conditions as they are now and 
as they promise to continue for some 
time to come, the state's expenditures 
cannot be lessened, but, in all prob- 
ability, must continue to increase. 
^ All we can do is to accept the situa- 
tion with equanimity and resolve to 
get the utmost possible value out of 
the increased number of dollars we 
are required to contribute for the pub- 
lic support. 

The best way to do this and the 
most immediate improvement pos- 
sible for us in New Hampshire is the 
adoption of a state budget. 

The word, "budget," is defined 
variously, but as good a statement as 
any is that of Frederick A. Cleveland 
in The Annals of the American Acad- 
emy of Political and Social Science, as 
follows: "A budget may be defined 
as a plan for financing the govern- 
ment during a definite period which 
is prepared and submitted by a respon- 



Editor s Note.— Hon. Holland H. Spaulding of Rochester, a successful manufacturer, 
noted for the independence of his views and the strength of his convictions in matters of public 
we3tae,_wa8 governor of New Hampshire in the years 1915 and 1916. Through his influence 
and during his administration reforms were effected in the city and town finances of the state 
*?ojn which great benefits have resulted. Uniform methods of accounting, adequate respon- 
sibility for trust funds, public debts bonded on an honest and economical basis have increased 
the credit of the units of government in New Hampshire to a wonderful degree. In this article 
e x-yp\ernor Spaulding shows a way for getting better value out of our state expenditures, 
wnich is worthy the careful attention of all taxpayers and their representatives. 



The Granite Monthly 



sible , executive to a representative 
body whose approval and authoriza- 
tion are necessary before the plan may 
be executed/' 

"A budget is essential if there is to 
be a proper balance between revenue 
and expenditures and in order to give 
the representatives of the people ade- 
quate control over expenditures/' 
says the report to the Massachusetts 
Constitutional Convention of 1917 by 
its commission to compile informa- 
tion and data. 

Most writer? upon the budget 
system in the United States fail to 
give the state of New Hampshire 
credit for any advance whatever upon 
this line, but this is an error. 

Chapter 10 of our Laws of 1909 
says: 

"Section 1. The chief of each 
department of the state government, 
each state board of commissioners, 
the trustees or managers of each 
state institution, and all agents of the 
state in charge of public works shall 
on or before February 15, 1909, file 
with the state treasurer estimates in 
detail of the amounts required by 
their respective departments, boards 
and institutions for each of the fiscal 
years ending August 31, 1910, and 
August 31, 1911. 

"Sect. 2. Similar estimates shall be 
filed with the state treasurer, for each 
biennial period, on or before the first 
day of January preceding each legis- 
lative session. 

''Sect. 3. Such estimates shah be 
submitted to the appropriations com- 
mittee of the House of Representatives, 
who shall seasonably prepare and in- 
troduce an appropriation bill or bills 
to provide for the necessities of the 
state for each biennial period. 7 ' 

At the same session of the Legis- 
lature all annual standing appropria- 
tions w ere .repealed and the authori- 
zation of, and provision for, all state 
expenditures centered, rightly, in this 
one procedure. 

The state treasurers have discharged 
their duties faithfully and efficiently 



under this act, as under all others, and 
have rendered to the Legislatures at 
the time designated complete state- 
ments,, classified by departments, of 
the actual expenses of all state depart- 
ments and institutions, of appropri- 
ations available, and of all requests 
for appropriations, regular and special. 

These requests are made and these 
figures are forwarded, and here is one 
great defect of the system, precisely 
as they are made by the heads of 
departments. 

Each head asks, of course, for all 
the money he thinks he may need 
during the next two years, and he 
would be more than human, if, in 
making his estimates, he did not take 
into consideration the probable cut- 
ting down and paring off which they 
will undergo in the Legislature, if the 
future might be judged bf the past. 

''How much do you want?" and 
"I'll give you so much" have been as 
characteristic of legislative appropria- 
tions as of horse trades, in New Hamp- 
shire in the past. 

This undignified, to use a mild 
word, relation between state depart- 
ments and legislative committees in 
New Hampshire is disliked by the 
former for another good reason. 

Even the department head who has 
shrewdly and with forethought swelled 
his estimates to take care of the in- 
evitable cut often finds himself and 
his work sorely wounded by having 
the legislative committee do its operat- 
ing on a part of his schedule which he 
had not anticipated. The pound of 
flesh sometimes is taken from too near 
the heart of the subject. 

To such an extent was this the case 
at the legislative session of 1917 that 
when the House of Representatives 
appropriation committee was ready 
to report and the worst was known in 
regard to what it had done, the heads 
of state departments formed in a 
body, moved in procession to the 
executive chamber and pleaded with 
the governor to save the financial lives 
of some of their projects and lines of 
work. 



Xew Hampshire Needs a State Budget 









This the governor was able to do to 
some extent, unofficially; but so far as 
his power in the matter under the laws 
and constitution extends all he could 
have done would be to veto the entire 
appropriation bill and to withhold his 
approval until the various items in it 
had been adjusted in accordance with 
his wishes. 

There have been times when gov- 
ernors have been sorely tempted to do 
that very thing, but it never has been 
done, and with the adoption of an up- 
to-date budget plan it never need be 
done. 

The state of Maryland has gone so 
far as to make the budget plan of 
state finance a part of its constitu- 
tion by vote of the people in Novem- 
ber, 1916, and several other states 
have the same step under considera- 
tion; but it is to be doubted if Xew 
Hampshire, with its well-known and 
on many accounts commendable con- 
servatism in regard to constitutional 
changes will go so far as that. 

What it should do, however, and 
from this proposition no dissent is 
heard anywhere, is to so amend the 
constitution that the governor can 
veto individual items in appropria- 
tion bills without requiring the re- 
consideration of the whole measure. 
When President Albert O. Brown of 
the Constitutional Convention of 
19] 8 calls that body together again 
within a year after the signing of a 
peace treaty, it is to be hoped that one 
of the amendments which it will pro- 
pose to the people of the state for rati- 
fication may be this one in regard to 
appropriation bills. 

It may be of interest, however, to 
consider briefly the how and why of 
Maryland's action in becoming the 
first state in the Union to make a 
financial budget requirement a part 
of her constitution. To put it baldly, 
Maryland in 1915 found herself bank- 
rupt. She was out of cash and she 
owed a million and a half dollars of 
current bills with no provision for 
their payment. The people de- 
manded that something be done. 



That something was the appoint- 
ment of a commission to prepare a 
new plan of state finances. That 
commission was headed by Professor 
Frank J. Goodnow of Johns Hopkins 
University, and it did its work so well 
as to attract national attention. 
Governor Henry W. Keyes of New 
Hampshire in his inaugural message 
of January 4, 1917, recommended the 
report of this commission to the at- 
tention of the Legislature of this 
state, but there is nothing to indicate 
that his recommendation was heeded. 

The people of Maryland, however, 
gave attention to the report, thor- 
oughly approved of it and, as has 
been said, voted it into the constitu- 
tion of the state. 

It calls for the preparation of a 
budget containing a complete state- 
ment of the revenues and expenditures 
of the two years next preceding and 
also a proposed plan of expenditures 
and revenues for the coming two years. 
In addition there must be an exact 
statement of assets, liabilities, re- 
serves, surpluses or deficits of the 
state. This program must be pre- 
pared by the governor, w T ho has the 
right and, if called upon, must regard 
it as his duty, to appear before the 
Legislature and explain and advocate 
his budget. 

Before the Maryland Legislature 
can act on any appropriation bills it 
must consider the governor's budget. 
It can reduce, but not increase, the 
amounts which he demands to meet 
the expenses of the state. Only after 
it has passed this budget, as pro- 
posed or amended, can the Legisla- 
ture pass additional'bills calling for 
expenditures. 

Charles A. Beard, director of the 
Bureau of Municipal Research, New 
York, writing of this Maryland move- 
ment and describing its success in 
actual practice in the year 1918, 
says: " Under the leadership of an 
able governor, who took his task 
seriously, and went at his work in a 
businesslike way, the State of Mary- 
land has been able, so to speak, to 



The Granite Monthly 



take its goods away from the pawn- 
broker's shop. It knows where it 
stands. It works to plans. It fol- 
lows simple and elementary principles 
of good management, common sense. 
The wonder is that it has taken so 
long to discover the obvious/' 

While .Maryland has gone the 
farthest of any state along the road of 
financial reform by executive budget 
making, there are twenty-two other 
states which have taken longer or 
shorter steps towards the same end, 
and the leaven is working in almost 
all the rest. 

Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, 
Nebraska, New Jersey, Xew Mexico, 
Ohio and Utah have statutory pro- 
visions for executive budget systems. 

In Xew Jersey all requests for ap- 
propriations must be made to the 
governor before November 15 and he 
transmits his decisions in regard to 
them to the Legislature in the form of 
a*V special message on the second 
Tuesday in January. To this mes- 
sage he may make later additions, if 
he sees fit, but provision is made that 
all appropriations shall be included in 
a " General Appropriation Bill," and 
it is the intent of the act that no sup- 
plemental, deficiency or incidental 
bills shall be considered. Xo limita- 
tion is placed upon the Legislature in 
considering the governor's budget and 
that body may increase as well as 
strike out or reduce items -that are 
recommended. The Kansas law is 
similar to that of Xew Jersey. 

Under the Ohio law,, which is less 
detailed and specific than the others 
mentioned, the governor is given 
authority, of which he lias taken ad- 
vantage, to appoint a budget com- 
missioner, who. compiles the necessary 
data for the governor's use and ad- 
vises w r ith him in regard to his recom- 
mendations. 

An interesting feature of the Ne- 
braska law requires the governor to 
give brief reasons for each - item of 
expenditure in which the proposed 
appropriation is different from that 
of the previous biennial period, Min- 



nesota requires that the budget bill 
be submitted to the legislature not 
later than February 1. 

Massachusetts did not take formal 
action in the matter of an executive 
budget until 19 IS although much of 
its procedure, like Xew Hampshire's, 
had been on that line. The Bay 
State Legislature of 1917 created a 
joint special committee on finances 
and budget procedure which submit- 
ted a bill, "To establish a budget sys- 
tem for the Commonwealth/' which 
became Chapter 244 of the General 
Acts of 1918. 

This act provides that the heads of 
all state activities shall submit to the 
supervisor of administration, on or 
before October 15, in each year, their 
estimates for the coming year, and 
that the auditor shall compile the 
same, together with a statement of 
"his estimates for the ordinary and 
other revenue of the Commonwealth" 
and "a statement of the free and un- 
encumbered cash balance and other 
resources available for appropriations." 

The supervisor of administration 
thereupon prepares a budget for the 
governor who submits it to the Gen- 
eral Court not later than the second 
Wednesday in January. It must in- 
clude in detail "definite recommen- 
dations of the Governor relative to the 
amounts which should be appro- 
priated" and as to the financing of the 
expenditures thus recommended. 

Other states which have a budget 
system, but in which the executive is 
not the central figure, usually have a 
budget board or commission, which 
includes the leading executive officers 
of the state and the chairmen of the 
finance committees of the Legislature. 
This is the Wisconsin plan, the first 
budget system adopted in this coun- 
try, and has been copied by Xew 
York, Connecticut, Xorth Dakota, 
South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont 
and Washington. Later develop- 
ments are away from this type and 
towards the executive budget system, 
now favored by the principal authori- 
ties on government finance. 



New Hampshire Needs a Slate Budget 



But New Hampshire, because of the 
extent to which Vermont conditions 
and problems resemble our own. may 
be interested especially in a brief out- 
line of the Green Mountain law on 
this point. Across the Connecticut a 
law enacted in 1915 provides for a 
state budget committee composed of 
the governor, auditor, state treasurer, 
chairman of the finance committee of 
the Senate, chairman of the appro- 
priations committee of the House, 
chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee of the Rouse and the state 
purchasing agent. The governor is 
chairman of the committee and the 
auditor is the secretary. 

All heads of departments, boards, 
institutions, etc., are required to re- 
port during the month of October to 
the secretary of the budget com- 
mittee the amounts required by their 
departments for the ensuing two 
years and the amounts appropriated 
and expended for the current year 
and for the two preceding fiscal 
periods. The budget committee also 
receives statements from any in- 
dividual, corporation, association or 
institution desiring an appropriation. 
Any person having a claim against the 
state is likewise requested to file a 
statement of the amount of such 
claim. 

The budget committee then pro- 
ceeds to prepare the budget, being 



require 



>j 



whenever the; 



is 



dif- 



ference between the requests made by 
a department and the recommenda- 
tions of the committee, to explain the 
reasons for the change. The budget 
report, when completed, must be 
printed and sent to each member- 
elect of the incoming Legislature and 
to the clerk of each town before 
December 10; and when the Legisla- 
ture convenes and has organized it- 
shall be presented to the newly 
organized committee on the budget. 
Since the houses of the incoming 
Legislature may appoint new chair- 
men of the committees on finance, 
ways and means and appropriations 
^nd thus change the membership of 



the budget committee. which, drew up 
the tentative budget, the act provides 
that the newly formed budget com- 
mittee shall have power to review the 
budget as originally prepared. With 
this end in view, provision is made 
that the newly formed budget com- 
mit tee shall at the beginning of the 
legislative session receive the tenta- 
tive budget, from the outgoing com- 
mittee and after examination shall 
make such revision as it deems ad- 
visable and draw up a consolidated 
statement of the estimated income 
and expenditures as finally agreed 
upon. 

Readers who may be interested in 
securing more information about the 
budget systems of the various states 
and of some cities than it is possible to 
give in the limited space here avail- 
able, can consult Volume LXII (No- 
vember, 1915) of The Annals of the 
American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, and Bulletin No. 2, 
"State Budget Systems in the United 
States," submitted to the Massa- 
chusetts constitutional convention by 
the commission to compile informa- 
tion and data for the use of the con- 
vention. Each of these publications 
has been mentioned previously in this 
article an;d from them liberal ex- 
tracts have been made by the present 
writer. The Massachusetts report 
includes a very useful bibliography of 
the subject, brought up to the present 
year. 

It will be noted that whether the 
executive budget system or the budget 
committee system is in force, there 
are some features common to both. 
Every department head, for instance, 
not only can, but must, prepare and 
present his estimates for the future 
cost of his work. Pie must be ready 
to answer questions as to the whys 
and the wherefores of his figures. He 
must show where the state will get 
value received for the dollars he pro- 
poses to expend. On the other hand 
by this procedure he is guaranteed 
against having his estimates ruth- 
lessly chopped, maimed and mangled 



The Granite Monthly 



by men in authority who are without 
exact knowledge as to what his various 
items mean and what difference their 
reduction or elimination would bring 
about in the accomplishment of the 
state's work. The usefulness of pub- 
lic hearings in this connection is self- 
evident. 

Another good result which is sure 
to come from the competent enforce- 
ment of cither kind of a budget system 
is earlier action by the Legislature in 
the matter of appropriations and in 
all probability an earlier final ad- 
journment of the General Court. In 
New Hampshire, in 1917, when the 
legislative session began January 3, 
it was fifteen weeks later, on April 11, 
when the general appropriation bill 
was introduced into the House of 
Representatives. One week later the 
session ended. 

The following week some of those 
interested in certain projects of state 
work found that while bills author- 
izing the work had been enacted into 
law, the funds for carrying them into 
effect had been omitted from the ap- 
propriation bill; and these persons 
compared themselves with the well- 
known darling daughter, who was 
allowed to go out to swim, but mustn't 
go near the water. 

On the whole. New Hampshire has 
not suffered greatly, thus far, from 
her lack of a better budget system. 
She has been very fortunate in the 
character and ability of the men who 
have administered her financial af- 
fairs. The late Colonel Solon A, 
Carter, so long state treasurer, was a 
remarkable man in his line, and, as 
has been said, made a budget begin- 
ning in New Hampshire. His succes- 
sors have maintained and are main- 
taining his standard. Almost all of 
the governors of the state have been 
men of business training, and have 
administered state affairs, so far as 
was in their power, on good business 
lines. 

It is probable that no other state 
can equal the record of New Hamp- 
shire in having at the head of its 



principal legislative committee on 
finance a man who has served thirty 
years in the Legislature, has been a 
member of the appropriations com- 
mittee for twelve years, its chairman 
in eight of them and its most influ- 
ential member in the other four. It 
is said that the gentleman in question, 
Colonel James E. French, who is 
elected to the Legislature every two 
years by the unanimous vote of the 
town of Moultonboro, has provided 
in his will that upon his tombstone 
shall be carved the epitaph, "He 
saved the state of New Hampshire a 
lot of money.'' And whether the 
story is true or not, the epitaph cer- 
tainly would be. 

There are those who complain that 
Mr. French regards the tree of New 
Hampshire state finance as too much 
his own personal property, and that 
while he is willing others should 
water it and fertilize it and pick its 
fruit, the process of pruning is one 
that he keeps for himself and in which 
he uses very sharp shears. They say 
he is too severe in refusing to allow 
any growth of the tree for ornamental 
purposes. They say that now and 
then in his priming he cuts off or 
trims too closely a branch bearing, or 
about to bear, valuable fruit. They 
say that he is too much opposed to 
growing new scions upon the old stock, 
even when experience elsewhere has 
shown their value. 

But it must be admitted that the 
old tree is kept in the best of health 
by his care and that when any of its 
fruit in the shape of state bonds is 
sold in the open market it brings the 
highest price. 

At this writing Colonel French is 
approaching the subject of state 
finance from a new angle as a member 
of a special recess committee of the 
Legislature of 1917, charged with the 
duty of investigating the whole sub- 
ject of the revenues and expenditures 
of the Commonwealth with instruc- 
tions to report recommendations in 
that relation to the Legislature of 
1919. 



Neio Hampshire Needs a State Budget 



The other members of the com- 
mittee, appointed by Governor Henry 
VV. Keyes in accordance with the 
terms of the concurrent resolution of 
the General Court, are Senator Clar- 
ence M. Collins of Danville, Represen- 
tative Benjamin W. Couch of Concord, 
chairman of the House committee on 
the judiciary, Representative James F. 
Breimaii of Peterboro, and Represen- 
tative and Senator-elect Richard H. 
Iloran of Manchester. The make-up 
of the committee insures a valuable re- 
port as the result of its deliberations 
and it is possible that the first step in 
the way of further budget reform in 
New Hampshire may be among its 
results. The step may be taken, also, 
as the result of a renewal by Governor 
Keyes in his valedictory of the sugges- 
tion which he made in his inaugural for 
the consideration in New Hampshire 
of the Maryland idea. It may come 
through its inclusion by Governor- 
elect Bartlett in the forward-looking 
program of his inaugural address. 

How it comes matters not, but that 
it should come is of real importance to 
the state of New Hampshire. 

It is true that it has not reached 
Washington as yet, but this fact 
merely ranks budget reform among 
the many improvements in govern- 
ment made by the states as individuals 
before the central authority has seen 
the light. 

And so far as that goes there have 
been those at the national capital 
keen enough to see the faults of the 
present financial procedure there and 
wise enough to recommend the proper 
remedy. 

In 1910 President William H. Taft 
selected a commission on economy 
and efficiency to study the methods 
employed by the Federal Govern- 
ment in the transaction of its busi- 
ness, methods which, according to 
Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island, 
wasted three' hundred million dollars a 
year of the people's money. 

This commission soon discovered 
that "a very conspicuous cause of 
inefficiency and waste is inadequate 



provision for getting before Congress 
annually a definite budget, that is, a 
concrete and well-considered program 
or prospectus of work to be financed." 

And on June 27, 1912, President 
Taft sent a message to Congress, 
transmitting, with his approval, the 
report of the commission, entitled, 
"The Need for a National Budget." 
This document, says Doctor Beard, 
"was a temperate and convincing 
condemnation of the financial meth- 
ods of the Federal Government and a 
clear-cut demand for a positive budget 
system.' 7 

For half a dozen years now it has 
been gathering dust in the archives 
of Congress, but meanwhile its spirit 
has gone marching on through the 
country, and there are indications 
that before long it will be back in 
Washington again, this time backed 
by an irresistible public sentiment in 
its favor. 

It is the fact rather than the form 
of budget procedure which it is im- 
portant for New Hampshire to con- 
sider at once. 

It is very likely that satisfactory 
work would be done here by a com- 
mission made up on the Vermont 
model to which allusion has been 
made and which preserves the essen- 
tial features of early estimate, wise 
and impartial consideration and au- 
thoritative report. Expert opinion, 
however, is all in favor of the execu- 
tive budget. 

Says Rufus E. Miles, director of 
the Ohio Institute for Public Effi- 
ciency: ''By whom shall the depart- 
mental data be reviewed, modified, 
correlated, and united into a homo- 
geneous whole? Among the con- 
siderations in favor of placing this 
function in the hands of the chief 
executive may be mentioned the 
following: 

"(1) By reason' of the manner of 
his election, he represents the entire 
citizenship and not merely a section 
of it. 

"(2) There is now an increasing 
tendency in city, state and nation, to 



The Granite Monthly 



hold the chief executive responsible 
for the policy of the government as a 
whole. 

" (3) It is a part of the regular duty 
of the chief executive to understand, 
correlate and supervise the work of 
the various administrative depart- 
ments, which constitute the bulk of 
governmental work. 

" (4) It would be loose organiza- 
tion to have such departments deal- 
ing directly with the Legislature in- 
dependently of their chief., who is 
responsible for them. 

''(5) When the program contained 
in a budget formulated by the chief 
executive is approved by the Legisla- 
ture, the most definite and concen- 



trated responsibility possible is placed 
upon him to carry out that program 
as set forth therein. " 

Because of the precedent in New 
Hampshire against the reelection of 
governors it might be wise to provide 
for the framing of the budget by the 
outgoing governor, but with the co- 
operation and approval of trie incom- 
ing governor, thus making use of the 
experience of the one and the author- 
ity of the other. 

The main thing is to get a real 
budget, however framed and exe- 
cuted. New Hampshire needs it and 
will not be as happy and well off as 
she might be until she gets it. 



ENGLAND 

By Alice Brown 

Not for the green of her myriad leaves, 

Heavy with dews of dawn; 
Not for the web her cloud-wrack weaves, 
Dark and bright, over low-hung eaves 

Storied castle and scarp and lawn; 
Not for her larks, outsinging the sun, 

Gold on gold, in melodic flight; 
Nor the bird of mystery, known of none 
Who hunt her by day, the authentic one, 

Interpreter of the night; 
Not for her leisured water ways, 

Her fringes of circling foam, 
Nor the lingering light of her long, sweet days, 
Is she mother of millions of souls of men. 

Keeper of keys of their hearts' true home. 
Hail to her! hail to her! hail her again! 
England! Pmgland! mother of men! 



Look where she sits in her sturdy pride, 

Zoned by the sounding sea. 
The nurse that suckled her towers beside, 
Old as Destiny, young, like a bride; 

Liberty, wind of the world, is she — 
Chanting the paean of England's dead, 

Burnt on the brim of her shield's bright gold. 
And the brave of yesterday, they who bled 
In the breathless last assault she hd 

Are no less than the names of old. 



England 

These are England's witnesses, heart of her heart 

Sinew and thew of her, blood and bone, 
Of her pride the peak and her pain a part, 
Equals in valor, from city or fen, 
Each man to the fray though he fight alone. 
Hail to her! hail to her! hail her again! 
England! England! mother of men! 



O giant mother ribbed of the rock 

Cooled out of primal fires! 
Beacon goddess, when mad winds mock, 
Battering, buffeting, shock on shock. 

At the ark of a world's desires! 
Fair is she as a mother is fair, 

The twilight star of dreams in her eyes, 
Roses and thyme on her shadowy hair, 
The faint fine circlet glimmering there 

Down-dropt from immortal skies. 
The good earth smiles from her smiling mouth. 

Her hands are the warders of sick and stronj 
Wine of the north and sweet of the south 

• Is her breath, when, over her wizard pen, 

She chants her children their natal song. 
Hail to her! hail to her! hail her again! 
England! England! mother of men! 



Editor's Note. — Miss Alice Brown, born in Hampton Falls, has achieved the most eminent 
success in literature of any living native of Xew Hampshire. Critics assign a high place in 
American fiction to her stories of Xew England rural life and in verse and drama, also, she has 
won laurels. Pier tribute to England, printed above, was published first in the Boston Herald 
of recent date. 



HONOR FOR SON OF EXETER 



Mr. John E. Gardner, electrical 
engineer of the Chicago, Burlington 
and Quincy, was elected president of 
the Association of Railway Electrical 
Engineers at its annual meeting held 
in Chicago, last month. Mr. Gard- 
ner, says the Railway Electrical Engi- 
neer, was born at Exeter, in 1882. He 
graduated from Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy in 1900 and from Harvard four 
years later, following which he entered 
the service of the General Electric 
Company at its Lynn works where he 
was engaged in motor testing and 
steam and gas turbine research work. 
In 1905, he resigned to go with the 
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy as 



special apprentice, in which capacity 
he was engaged on locomotive testing 
and miscellaneous laboratory work. 
Later he was consecutively employed 
in locomotive erecting, in the machine 
shops, car shop, drafting rooms and 
machinery installation, in 1909, when 
the Burlington first began to install 
electric lights on its suburban and 
through trains he was employed on 
work of this character at the Aurora 
shops and also on special work on the 
staff of the shop superintendent until 
1911, at which time he was trans- 
ferred to the office of mechanical engi- 
neer on special construction work. 
On March 1, 1913, he was appointed 
electrical engineer of that road. 



Jo 



■„:,:>. ■■■^■ r .- <> 



fe*i 



LIEUTENANT ARCHIBALD L. SMITH 



LIEUT. ARCHIBALD LAVENDER SMITH 



Address by Rev. E. D. Towle at a Memorial Service on Sunday, 
December 1, 1918, at the Smith Memorial Church in 
Hillsborough, N. H. 






Four years ago we believed that the 
heart of young America was in the 
right place. We hoped also that the 
teachings of the fathers had not been 
without efiect. Now we know that 
Washington and Lincoln still live. 

Of the vast host of clear-eyed, 
truthful, loyal, chivalrous young men 
who have gone forth to fight our bat- 
tles, we have gathered to do honor to 
one known of all present, admired by 
all, loved by all. 

Many of you have been acquainted 
with him as long as I, that is, all his life. 

The years pass so rapidly that it is 
hard to realize that had he lived he 
would be thirty years old the coming 
February first. Born at Hillsbor- 
ough Bridge, the elder son of Gov. 
John Butler and Emma E. Lavender 
Smith, he belonged to Hillsborough in 
a peculiar sense. 

leather and grandfather had been 
closely identified with the community's 
interests in all their phases. 

Jt could not be but that he should 
be known of all. It was the endear- 
ing name of Archie by which he was 
called in infancy, boyhood and man- 
hood, and when the sad news of his 
sudden taking off in a distant land 
spread from house to house along 
every road and path of Lis beloved 
town, it was still the same tender, 
affectionate name .made familiar in 
early days that all employed. 

Little incidents of his boyhood will 
occur to many. I recall when he was 
a lad to whom travel in his own coun- 
try and even abroad was open, that 
he preferred New Hampshire's hills, 
and how to a -group of boys praising 
their own towns and distant states, 
he turned with eagerness and sought 
to know if they had ever visited' the 
"Bridge." 



From the local schools he went to 
Noble and Greenough's preparatory 
school and thence to Harvard, grad- 
uating in the class of 1911. 

He was married to Miss Madeleine 
Fellows of Manchester, N. H., No- 
vember 1, 1916. The glad tidings of 
the birth of a son, born August 2, and 
named John Butler, reached him in 
camp in France. 

After leaving college the intimate 
training received by both sons, under 
the immediate supervision of their 
father, qualified them upon his death 
to assume the care of the family's 
widely extended business interests. 
Never rugged he yet had kept him- 
self equal to his work through his love 
of outdoor life, being especially ex- 
pert in horsemanship. 

Then came the call that startled 
a self-complacent world. How he met 
the call you remember. For him the 
life of camp and battlefield had no at- 
traction. He was not deceived as to 
what it all meant. He weighed the 
future with the present and the 
glamor of war held nothing to com- 
pare with what was already his. It 
was all against his temperament, his" 
training, his ideals. No overflow of 
animal spirits could carry him easily 
out of the old life into the new. But 
duty called and he answered. 

He enlisted in the Quartermaster's 
Department August 7, 1917, and was 
attached to the 301st Company, 
Motor Supply Train 401. Upon ar- 
rival in France he wrote his mother, 
"Dec. oth, 12:40 A. M., our ship 
sailed out of New York harbor and 
landed us at San Nazarre." 

He remained in France until his 
death, August 21, when after a single 
day's illness he u went West." He had 
written home: "I am gradually get- 



12 



The Granite Monthly 



ting accustomed to ray new work. 
Upon this office devolves jurisdiction 
over all motor vehicles, repair shops, 
reserve parks, storage depots and op- 
erating personnel through the section. 
I know that it will prove interesting 
work." 

It is gratifying to learn that his 
faithfulness and ability have been 
recognized by his superiors, a lieuten- 
ant's commission having been an- 
nounced almost simultaneously with 
the news of his death. How exacting 
his task was may be learned from this 
extract from one of his letters, "The 
last and the first days of the months 
are busy days in Array offices, pay- 
rolls, strength reports, ration-returns 
and rosters all require much care and 
consideration and endless hours of 
work." 

Concerning the part he played in 
this critical period of the world's life, 
a soldier-friend in Europe wrote, "He 
is doing a wonderful work and doing it 
well." His will to serve was stronger 
than his bodily strength. Doubly 
great then is the meed of praise that 
is his due. 

In Archibald Smith flowered the 
finest traits of New England culture. 
The commandment to "honor thy 
father and thy mother" never was 
more sacredly kept. It was the key- 
note of his being. The signal con- 
scientiousness manifested in his de- 
voted attachment to brother and aunt 
as well as parents was the most pro- 
nounced feature of his character. 

Modest, reverent, teachable, re- 
specting the rights of others, but 
never self-assertive, he grew in wis- 
dom and power until the end. With 
what distinctness are the very depths 
of his teachable nature revealed in the 
well-remembered words, _ spoken at 
the beginning of his business career: 
"I may not seem to be doing any- 
thing. I am just listening to father." 
His careful thoughtfutness, which 
weighed all things most scrupulously, 
was carried into every relation of life. 

A beautiful courtesy lent distinc- 
tion to his bearing. No one, rich or 



poor, wise or ignorant, ever felt that 
the just respect due him was denied. 

His innate refinement kept him 
from (he coarser things, but pure 
democracy, for which he died, was 
also something by which he had al- 
ways lived. 

Reserved and self-contained as he 
may have seemed to strangers, those 
closest to him recognized how deep 
and warm were his affections. The 
love manifest in the inner circles of 
the home was transformed beyond 
their boundaries into undying friend- 
ship for his comrades. 

Many a youthful soul has laid 
down his life for his native France, 
England, Belgium or Italy. Many 
another valiant boy from America has 
crossed the wide seas to fight and die 
by their side. But nowhere, on sea or 
land, or in the air, has a more knightly 
spirit answered to the summons of 
death than Archibald Lavender 
Smith. 

We are told that the young men, 
who comprise our armies overseas, are 
to return to their homes, grander men 
than when they left them, because 
they have been baptized into a con- 
sciousness of the spiritual realities of 
existence. No doubt Archibald, had 
he lived to come back, would have re- 
turned with his realization of the re- 
ligious value of life deeply enhanced. 
But when he left home, he marched 
away, not only a soldier of his country, 
but a soldier of the cross as well. Let 
me quote these characteristic words 
sent home: "I am thankful that you 
and my beloved father taught me the 
way and the wisdom of the Christian 
life. I am trying to .live up to my 
ideals. It may be, that I will be called 
upon, to lay down my life, in this 
great struggle. I do not fear death, 
but I want to live for my loved ones." 

From childhood up religion was a 
reality to him. He united with the 
Hillsborough Church September 10, 
1905. I can see in memory, you too 
can see, the tall willowy figure mov- 
ing graciously along these aisles, wel- 
coming all who came. He could not 



Lieut. Archibald Lavender Smith 



13 



but have carried his religion with him, 
for it was a part of himself. 

I have been proud this last year to 
think that the noble-minded young 
men of England and of France whom 
lie might meet would find before them 
a typical young American at his best. 
He was the royal product of the demo- 
cratic American home, community 
and church. He embodied American 
idealism. In an army that makes no 
distinction between rich and poor, 
Archibald marched side by side with 
his comrades. 

He was conscious of what he was 
giving. He had much to give and he 
gave all, lor he had learned that serv- 
ice of humanity crowned with love to 
God is the sum total of life's meaning. 
Last January lie wrote : " I know what 
it is like to have a sense of duty call- 
ing you in two directions at once. If 
your soul is sincere, you must yield 
to the stronger call. That is what I 
did. and I found it to be a problem." 
(In letter of January 3.) 

Amid the host of high-minded 
American boys, that have swept across 
the fields of France, or searched the 
ocean depths, or climbed the heights 
above the earth, there is not one more 
noble than he whom his native town 
crowns with loving honor today. Of 
perfect integrity, true as steel, un- 
spoiled by prosperity, this young man, 
who kept the commandment to honor 
father and mother, should, we feel, 
have received the promise that "thy 
days may be long in the land which 
the Lord thy God giveth thee." But 
1 is memory will be long in the land. 



The bell of Smith Memorial Church 
will sound sweeter as the years go by. 

His spirit and the spirits of liis 
brave companions who have gone 
forth from Hillsborough to die in the 
cause of humanity will become a pair 
of the very air we breathe. The roads 
about his native village, the hills and 
lakes and streams, with which he was 
so closely associated, will grow more 
beautiful. He will live, too, a source 
of inspiration in every word of truth 
and every act of right and liberty of 
this town. 

Had he returned there is no honor 
that could come to him equal to the 
honor that has overtaken him in -a 
foreign land and crowned in death. 

Tradition has it that Lafayette re- 
quested that soil from Bunker Hill be 
brought to France for his last resting 
place and that in this holy earth he 
was buried. 

The soil of America will not be less 
sacred — it will be more sacred— be- 
cause the bodies of our beloved boys 
that, now that the war is over, are to 
be reverently borne back to their 
native land, have first for a little space 
slept in the glorious soil of France or 
Belgium, lands for which they have 
died, that they might be set free from 
tyranny and wrong. 

"I with uncovered head salute the sacred 
dead. 
Who went and who return not. Say not so! 

They come transfigured hack, 
Secure from change in their high-hearted 

ways. 
Beautiful evermore, and with the rays 
Of morn on their white Shields of Expect- 
ation." 



A NEW NEW HAMPSHIRE NOVELIST 



The list of books to be published 
in the spring by Houghton Mifflin 
Ccmpanv, Boston, will include a 
novel, "The, Old Gray Homestead/' 
by Frances Parkinson Keves (Mrs. 
Henry W. Keyes) of Haverhill, N. H. 
It is a matter of pride to the Graxite 
Monthly that the first published 



contributions of Mrs. Keyes were 
printed in this magazine; soon fol- 
lowed, however, by her appearance 
among the contributors to the Atlan- 
tic Monthly and other periodicals of 
national circulation. The appearance 
of her first novel will be awaited with 
much interest in her home state. 



5 

:-;/ 



/ v 



OFFICIAL NEW HAMPSHIRE, 1919-1920 

1 

By Harlan C. Pearson. 



In one respect the biennial election 
of November, 1918, in New Hamp- 
shire, was of unique importance. Be- 
cause of the death of United States 
Senator . Jacob H. Gallinger, two 
members of the upper house of the 
national legislature were elected on 
the same ballot; one to complete 
Senator Gallinger's unexpired term 
until March 4, 1921, and the other to 
succeed Senator Henry F. Hollis, 
who was not a candidate for re- 
election, for the term ending March 
4, 1925. 

There were also chosen at the same 
time a new governor, two cpngress- 
.. men, the five members of the execu- 
tive council, twenty-four state-sen- 
ators, four hundred and six members 
of the state House of Representatives 
and eighty county officers. 

Because of the lively contest for 
the Republican senatorial nomina- 
tion, in which Governor Henry W. 
Keyes won from former Governor 
Rolland H. Spaulding by the narrow 
margin of three hundred votes, much 
interest was taken in the Republican 
primary, which continued, also, into 
the convention by which a candidate 
to succeed Senator Gallinger was 
chosen. 

The fact that there was no sharp 
rivalry for the Democratic nomina- 
tions gave the leaders of that party 
an opportunity to bring about the 
selection of a strong ticket, headed by 
former Congressman Eugene E. Reed 
and Chairman John B. Jameson of 
the Public Safety Committee for the 
senatorial seats; State Senator Na- 
thaniel E. Martin of Concord, one 
of the leaders of the state bar, for 
governor; and two young lawyers of 
eloquence and vote-getting ability, 
William X. Rogers of Wakefield and 
Harry F. Lake of Concord, for con- 
gressmen. 



The Liberty Loan campaign and 
the influenza epidemic occupied the 
public attention so completely during 
the month of October that the po- 
litical campaign was one of the short- 
est on record and entirely out of 
proportion to the importance of the 
issues and offices at stake. 

Former Mayor Dwight Hall of 
Dover, who managed the Republi- 
can campaign of. 1914, which elected 
Governor Spaulding and Senator Gal- 
linger, was called back to the chair- 
manship of the Republican State 
Committee, and City Solicitor Alex- 
ander Murchie succeeded as the 
Democratic Committee chairman his 
brother, Major Robert C. Murchie, 
who was in France with the American 
Expeditionary Force. 

The period of active campaigning 
covered less than a fortnight, but in 
that time rallies were held in all the 
principal centers, the newspapers car- 
ried a record-breaking amount of 
political advertising and the rival 
committees managed to spend about 
$20,000 each with the aggregate of the 
expenditures by individual candidates 
amounting to as much more. 

President Wilson and ex-President 
Roosevelt wrote letters asking for 
support for the Democratic and Re- 
publican candidates, respectively, and 
former President Taft came to New 
Hampshire to speak for the Repub- 
licans. United States senators and 
congressmen, cabinet members and 
other political leaders of national 
fame also were heard on the stump, 
and the suffragists and anti-suffragists 
took a prominent part in the fray. 

The result was that in spite of the 
absence of 17,000 New Hampshire 
men in the army and navy, only a 
few of whom were reached by the 
soldiers' voting law, the total ' vote 
passed the 71,000 mark. The Re- 



/r 



GOVERNOR JOHN II. BARTLKTT 



18 



The Granite Monthly 



publicans made almost a clean sweep 
by majorities of from 1,000 to 6.000, 
the highest office to which a Demo- 
crat was elected being the seat in the 
executive council from the Manches- 
ter district. 

The printing of brief sketches of 
the men who will make up New 
Hampshire officialdom in 1919 and 
1920 is begun herewith and will con- 
tinue in subsequent issues. 



Governor-elect John Henry Bart- 
lett was- born in Sunapee, March 15, 
1869, the son of John Z. and Sophronia 
(Sargent) Bartlett. He attended the 
public schools, Colby Academy, in 
the neighboring town of New London, 
and Dartmouth College, where he 
was a prominent member of what has 
since become known as the famous 
class of 1894. After graduation, 
while studying law, he supported' 
himself by teaching and was principal 
of grammar and high schools in 
Portsmouth for four years. Ad- 
mitted to the bar in 189S; and be- 
coming a partner of Judge Calvin 
Page, he has attained a high degree 
of success in that profession. He was 
postmaster of Portsmouth for two 
terms under Presidents McKinley 
and Roosevelt. Always an ardent 
Republican he served as chairman of 
the party city committee at Ports- 
mouth and as a member of the state 
committee. He was chairman of 
the state convention of 1016 and a 
member of the House of Representa- 
tives of 1917, serving on the committee 
on the judiciary. He was the author 
of some of the most important pieces 
of legislation of the session and made 
some of its most notable speeches. 
From the entrance of this country 
into the world war lie devoted almost 
his whole time to patriotic service in 
whatever capacity he was most needed. 
He was nominated for governor in the 
Republican primary without opposi- 
tion and the majority by which he 
was elected in November was the 
largest of th:;f of any candidate 
on the ticket. Colonel Bartlett 



gained his military title by service 
on the staff of Governor John 
McLane. He is a Mason, Knight 
Templar. Knight ' of Pythias, Patron 
of Husbandry, member of the Ports- 
mouth Athletic Club, the Warwick 
Club, the Theta Delta Chi col- 
lege fraternity and the Casque and 
Gauntlet senior society at Dart- 
mouth. He is a trustee of Colby 
Academy and of the Portsmouth 
Trust and Guarantee Company. 
Colonel Bartlett married Agnes, 
daughter of Judge Calvin Page, and 
they have one son, Calvin Page 
Bartlett, a student at Phillips Acad- 
emy. Andover, Mass. Mrs. Bartlett 
is Portsmouth's war historian and an 
accomplished genealogist. Governor 
Bartlett was reared a Methodist, but 
since his marriage has attended the 
Unitarian Church. The large meas- 
ure of professional, political and per- 
sonal success which he has achieved 
has been the result of hard work, 
diligent and thorough study, a keen 
brain and an eloquent tongue. All 
these qualifications will contribute 
to his equipment for the governorship 
and make it possible for him to shed 
new luster upon the family name he 
bears, one of the most distinguished 
in New Hampshire history. 



United States Senator Henry F. 
Hollis was elected by the Legislature 
of 1913, just before the adoption of 
the constitutional amendment for the 
election of senators by the people, 
for the term ending March 4, 1919. 
He is, and has been for some months, 
in Europe on a diplomatic mission, 
and, for personal reasons, was not a 
candidate for reelection. 

Senator Hollis was born in Concord, 
August 30, 1869. He received his 
preliminary education at the Concord 
high school and with a private tutor 
at Concord, Mass. He graduated, 
magna cum laude and Phi Beta 
Kappa, from Harvard University in 
the class of 1892, with the degree of 
A.B., and was admitted to the New 
Hampshire bar in the following March. 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



17 



^ince that time he has practised law 
in Concord, with especial success in 
the trial of large personal injury cases 
in the state and federal courts. 

Up to the time of his election as 
Senator, Mr. Hollis had held but one 
elective office, that of member of the 
Concord school board; but he had 
been the candidate of the Democratic 
party for Congress and for governor 



regarded by his colleagues as of such 
value that he was made chairman of 
the sub-committee on rural credits 
and became the father of the im- 
portant legislation on that subject. 
^ The Free Tolls Bill, the Federal 
Trade Commission Bill, the Ship- 
ping Bili and various war measures 
on President Wilson's program have 
been the subject of important speeches 



'^1 



I^Lrl-:: 



I'ntted States Senator Henry F. Hollis 



and was its recognized state leader 
after 1900. 

Immediately following his arrival 
in Washington, Senator Hollis took a 
prominent part in the consideration 
of the new tariff bill and made a 
speech concerning the textile in- 
dustry in New Hampshire which at- 
tracted wide attention. The Federal 
Reserve Banking Act next received his 
•Attention and his work upon it was 



by Senator Hollis in the upper house 
of the national legislature and he also 
has made addresses in various parts 
of the country which have attracted 
wide attention. In October, 1914, 
he was appointed a regent of the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Following the passage of his Farm 
Loan Act, the Xew Republic said in 
May, 1910, ''Senator Hollis has es- 
tablished a place for himself on the 



18 



The Granite Monthly 



roll, none too long, of constructive 
American legislators through his work 
in preparing and securing the passage 
in the Senate of the Rural Credits 
Bill that bears his name." 



Governor Henry W. Keyes, elected 
to succeed Senator Mollis, was born 
in Newbury, Vt., May 23, 1863. He 
was educated in the Boston public 
schools, at Milton Academy and at 
Harvard College, receiving the degree 



the farm with Holstein-Friesian cattle, 
personally selected by him in Europe, 
and has made it a model establish- 
ment of up-to-date agriculture and 
stock-breeding. 

Public affairs, however, have en- 
grossed much of his time. From 1894 
to 1918 he was continuously select- 
man of Ms town. He represented it 
in the Legislatures of 1891, 1893 and 
1915 and was a member of the state 
Senate in 1903. From that year 




United States Senator Henry W. Keyes 



of Bachelor of Arts from that insti- 
tution in 1887. While of creditable 
scholastic standing, Mr. Keyes was 
especially prominent in the athletic 
and social life of the university, being 
captain and afterwards coach of the 
'varsity crew and first marshal of his 
class for Commencement Week. 

After graduation Mr. Keyes elected 
to follow the life of a farmer upon the 
broad and fertile acres of the estate 
which his father had founded at 
North Haverhill upon the banks of 
the Connecticut river. He stocked 



until 1913 he was a member of the 
State License Commission and in 1915 
and 1916 was its chairman. He also has 
served as a trustee of the State College 
at Durham and has received from that 
institution the honorary degree of 
LL.D., while Dartmouth has made 
him a Master of Arts. 

Important business positions held 
by Governor Keyes include those of 
director of the New England Tele- 
pi tone Company, president of the 
Sullivan County Railroad, president 
of the Passumpsic and Connecticut 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 19 

Rivers Railroad, president of the attention at bis hands and he es- 

Woodsville National Bank, vice- tablished a new record in the way 

president of the Nashua River Paper of frictionless relations between the 

Company, director of the United Life chief executive and his council and 



d Accident Insurance Company, with the General Court, 



etc. — - 

Governor Keyes is a Mason and United States Senator George Hig- 

Patron of Husbandry and by re- gins Moses was born at Lubec, Me., 

litdous affiliation an Episcopalian. February 9, 1S69. His father, the 

He married at Newbury, Vt., June late Rev. T. G. Moses, soon removing 

^,i '-.-. .>-... ■■-.-■■, '•,'■■" ' -vjS" 



i 

■ 






fe* 4 ■ II 



United States Senator George H. Moses 

8, 1904, Frances Parkinson Wheeler, to Franklin, this state, the son was 

and they have three fine sons, Henry educated in the high school there, at 

W ., Jr., John P. and Francis. Phillips Exeter Academy and at 

As a "war governor 7 ' Senator-elect Dartmouth College, class of 1890. 

Keyes was most successful, and the Immediately upon graduation, Mr. 

authorities at Washington have been Moses joined the editorial staff of the 4 

prompt and cordial in acknowledging Concord Evening Monitor, beginning a 

the thorough cooperation of the state connection which continued almost 

of New Hampshire in all war measures. twenty-eight years and which in- 

r lhe affairs of state not connected eluded all grades of editorial service 

with the war also received careful and responsibility, and, since 1898, 



20 



The Granite Mont!,!,/ 



a half ownership in the property. 
In the earlier years of his journalistic 
work, Mr. Moses was a frequent con- 
tributor to the Granite Monthly, as 
well as to other magazines, and his 
historical sketches of New Hamp- 
shire towns are among the best 
features of certain volumes of this 
periodical. 

The natural inclination of Senator 
Moses for participation in politics 
showed itself early in his life and be- 
fore he had attained his majority he 
was secretary to Governor David H. 
Goodeli during the legislative session 
of 1SS9. And in 1890, as secretary 
of Chairman Frank C. Churchill of 
the Republican state committee, he 
began a connection with that body 
which in continuous, intimate, val- 
uable service is approached by but 
one other man in the Xew Hampshire. 

From 1893 to 1907 Senator Moses 
was secretary of the New Hampshire 
state forestry commission. In 1905, 
during the Russo-Japanese peace ne- 
gotiations at Portsmouth he acted as 
secretary to Governor John McLane 
of Xew Hampshire. In 1908 he was 
delega'te-at -large to the Republican 
national convention at Chicago; and 
in 1909 the nominee of that conven- 
tion, President William H. Taft, ap- 
pointed Mr. Moses envoy extraordi- 
nary and minister plenipotentiary of 
the United Stares to the kingdoms of 
'Greece and Montenegro. 

Returning from that mission in 
November, 1912, Mr. Moses engaged 
in building up the commercial rela- 
tions between this country and 
Greece, while acting as the fiscal agent 
of the latter country in the United 
States. He also became the active 
head of the National Republican 
Publicity Association, with head- 
quarters at Washington, and was en- 
gaged in that work at the time he 
became a candidate for the Senate. 
Originally a candidate in the primary 
for the succession to Senator II oil is, 
Mr. Moses withdrew from that race 
after the death of Senator Gallinger 
and transferred his campaign to the 



convention which made the nomina- 
tion for the unfinished term. This 
was a successful piece of political 
strategy characteristic of Mr. Moses's; 
keenness in sizing up a situation. 

Senator Moses is a member of t he- 
Patrons of Husbandry and of clubs 
in various cities. He attends the 
Congregationalist Church. On Oc- 
tober 3, 1893, he married Miss Flor- 
ence A. Gordon of Franklin and they 
have one son, Gordon, a midshipman 
in the United States Naval Academy. 



Edward Hills Wason of Nashua,. 
elected for his third term in the na- 
tional House of Representatives, was 
born in New Boston, September 2, 
1S65, the son of the late George A. 
and Clara Louise (Hills) Wason. 
He was educated in the town schools 
of New Boston, at Francestown 
Academy and at the New Hampshire 
College of Agriculture and the Me- 
chanic Arts, from which he graduated 
in 1SS6 and of which he has been an 
alumni trustee since July, 1906. 

He studied law with George B. 
French at the Boston University Law 
School, from which he graduated in 
1890, being admitted to the New 
Hampshire bar in the same year. He 
has practised his profession since that 
time with marked success in the city 
of Nashua and at the same time has 
owned and managed one of the best 
farms in the state, situated in a 
suburb of the city. He has been 
president of the Nashua and Green- 
field fairs and in very many ways has 
shown his interest in agriculture, an 
interest which has received apprecia- 
tive notice in his appointment at 
Washington as a member of the very 
important House Committee on Ag- 
riculture. 

From his youth Congressman 
Wason has been intensely interested 
in public affairs and thoroughly con- 
vinced of the necessity for the success 
of the Republican party principles in 
order that the prosperity of the na- 
tion shall continue. He was sergeant- 
at-arms of the New Hampshire State 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



21 



Senate in 1SS7 and 1SS9, assistant 
clerk in 1891 and 1893 and clerk in 
1S95. In 1891 he was chosen a mem- 
ber of the Nashua board of education 
and became its president in 1S95. 
He served as city solicitor of Nashua, 
countv solicitor of Hillsborough 



second degree Mason, Knight of 
Pythias, Patron of Husbandry and 
Elk; president of the Nashua In- 
stitution for Savings and the Nashua 



Coke Company and a 



Coal and 

member of the Nashua Country 

Club. He is unmarried. 




Congressman Edward H. Wason 



County and two years as president 
of the Nashua city council. 

A member of the House of Repre- 
sentative of New Hampshire in 1899, 
1909 and 1913 and a delegate to the 
constitutional conventions of 1902 
and 1912, Mr. Wason so thoroughly 
impressed the people of the state 
with his fitness for valuable service 
as a legislator that his promotion to 
*he national arena at Washington 
was fore-ordained. 

Congressman Wason is a thirty- 



Sherman E. Burroughs of Man- 
chester, reelected to Congress from 
the First New Hampshire District, 
was born in Dunbarton, February 6, 
1870, the son of John H. and Helen 
M. (Baker) Burroughs. He at- 
tended the town schools of Dunbarton 
and Bow and prepared at the Concord 
high school for Dartmouth College, 
from which institution he graduated 
with high honors and the degree. of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1894. While at 
college he was especially distinguished 



99 



The Granite Monthly 



as a speaker, but was prominent, in 
various activities. 

After graduation he went to Wash- 
ington as secretary to his uncle, the 
late Congressman Henry M. Baker, at 
the same time studying law and re- 
ceiving the degrees of Bachelor of 
Laws and Master of Laws from Co- 
lumbian University. Admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar in 1897, he 
has practised his profession since that 
year in the city of Manchester most 
of the time as a member of the lead- 



■r 1 



v 



W„ 






. 



X 



Congressman Sherman E. Buz roughs 

ing firm headed by Hon. David A. 
taggart. 

In 1901 he was a member of the 
Legislature from his old home town of 
Bow and served with distinction on 
the judiciary committee, also taking 
a prominent part in the debates of 
the session; but with this exception 
he found no time for political service 
until his election to the national 
House in 1917 to fill out the unex- 
pired term of the late Congressman 
Cyrus A. Sulloway. In the brief 
period of bis ofhcial residence at 
Washington he already has established 
himself firmly in the estimation of his 
colleagues as a valuable member; 



an opinion shared by the voters of 
his district, as shown by his reelection 
in November. 

No man in the state has shown a 
greater degree of interest in its pro- 
gress along all worthy lines than has 
Congressman Burroughs and few 
have given to such causes an equal 
amount of time and energy. He was 
a member of the state board of chari- 
ties and corrections from 1901 to 1917 
and its chairman after 1911 and is 
now the president of the New Hamp- 
shire Children's Aid and Protective 
Society. He is an Episcopalian and 
a trustee of the diocesan Orphans' 
Home; a thirty-second degree Mason 
and a member of various clubs. He 
married, April 21, 1898, Helen S. 
Phillips, and they have four sons, 
Robert P., John H., Sherman E., 
Jr., and Henry B., the oldest of whom 
is now following in his father's foot- 
Steps at Dartmouth. 



Stephen W. Clow of Wolfeboro, 
elected to the executive council from 
the First District, comprising the 
counties of Carroll, Coos and Grafton, 
was born in Wolfeboro, April 2, 1866, 
and was educated in the district 
schools and at Wolfeboro and Tufton- 
boro Academy, a famous school half a 
century ago. He always has resided 
in Wolfeboro and is recognized as one 
of the town's best and most sub- 
stantial citizens. He has served the 
town more years as selectman than 
has any other man in its history and 
now holds that office. He was a 
member of the House of Representa- 
tives in 1893, serving on the com- 
mittees on Military Affairs and In- 
dustrial School, and was a delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 
1902. For six years he has been a 
commissioner of Carroll County. 
Councilor Clow r always has been a 
Republican and a firm believer in the 
party principles. 

Mr. Clow is extensively engaged in 
farming and lumbering and owns and 
operates the box and sawmill at Wolfe- 
boro, doing a general mill business. 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



23 



In 

lions 



yea 



ddition he handles outside opera- 
s to the extent of from three mil- 
to five million feet of lumber a 
and is the largest single em- 



son of Honorable Aaron and Ariaunah 
Barstow Whittemore, being the great- 
grandson of a Revolutionary soldier 
and the great-great-grandson of 
Pembroke's first minister, Rev. Aaron 
Whittemore, who was ordained in 
1737. On his mother's side he is 
descended from Elder William Brews- 
ter of Plymouth. Councilor Whitte- 
more was educated at Pembroke 
Academy and the Harvard Law 
School and was admitted to the bar 
in 1879, having practiced his pro- 
fession with consistent and marked 
success since that date. 

A director and a trustee of the 
Strafford National and Strafford Sav- 
ings banks, of Dover, he rendered 
distinguished service as receiver of the 
Dover National Bank in 1S95 and also 



1 

. • i ■:■<-■ - ..• .. .v., ... .; . I Mid , . kind H 

Councilor Stephen VV. Clow 



plover of labor in Wolfeboro, as well 
as the largest owner of real estate and 
heaviest taxpayer in the town. Al- 
ways taking a deep and active inter- 
est in the welfare of Wolfeboro he has 
had a prominent part in the devel- 
opment of its summer business and 
takes just pride in its success. 

Councilor Clow is a member of 
Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, of the 
Masonic order, and of the Eastern 
Star. He attends the Ad vent Church. 
He and his wife have two daughters 
and a son, Captain Fred E. Clow of 
the Medical Reserve Corps, a lead- 
ing medical practitioner of Carroll 
County, who was a member of the 
local draft board under the selective 
service act prior to his enlistment. 



t Arthur Oilman Whittemore, coun- 
cilor from the second district, was 
born in Pembroke, Julv 26, 1858, the 



4 



Councilor Arthur G. Whittemore 



assisted in reorganizin 
worth National Bank. 



g the Somers- 
He was water 
commissioner of Dover from 1887 un- 
til his election as mayor in 1900. 
He served three terms in that office 
and while mayor was also elected 
representative to the Legislature of 
1903, serving on the committee on the 



24 



The Granite Monthly 



judiciary, which was made also the 
committee on liquor laws. From 
1903 until 1911 Mr. Whittemore was 
a member of the state railroad com- 
mission. 

He married June 21, 1SS7, Caro- 
line B. Rundlett of Dover, and they 
have two children, Lieutenant Man vol 
Whittemore. U. S. A., a Dartmouth 
graduate, and Caroline, a member of 
the senior class at Radcliffe College. 
Mr. Whittemore is an Episcopalian 
and a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and of the Bellamy Club, 
Dover, and the Derryfield Club, 
Manchester. He has been president 
of the New Hampshire Genealogical 
Society and governor of the Society 
of Colonial Wars in the state of New 
Hampshire. 




Councilor John G. Welpley 

In the council of Governor John 
H. Bartlett, as was the case with the 
council of Governor Henry W. Keyes, 
there is one Democrat, furnished by 
the city of Manchester. Mayor 
Moise Verrette, who represented the 
third councilor district in 1917 and 
1918, is succeeded by John G. Wclp- 



lev, who will occupv the chair for the 
years 1919 and 1920. Mr. Welpley 
was born in Manchester, March 1, 
1SGS, and educated in the public 
schools of that city. For more than 
twenty-five years he was in business 
as a barber on Granite Square. He is 
interested in real estate and is a 
notary and justice of the peace; his 
ability as a linguist adding to his 
business qualifications. 

Councilor Welpley has been prom- 
inent in trades union matters for 
many years and was the first state 
organizer of the J. B. 1. IT. of A. 
He is especially well known as an 
entertainer, both as a vocal soloist 
and as a reader, and as a member of 
the Imperial Male Quartette, a lead- 
ing vaudeville, minstrel and concert 
attraction. Mr. Welpley was a mem- 
ber of the once famous Bradley 
Lyceum of Manchester; was secre- 
tary and member of the board of di- 
rectors of the West Side Reading 
Room for seven years; and secretary 
of the West Manchester Taxpayers' 
Association. 

The councilor has been a delegate 
to many labor and political conven- 
tions and is a member of the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1918. He is 
a member of the executive committee 
of the Ward 11, Manchester, Demo- 
cratic Club, but has not been an ac- 
tive aspirant for political office for 
himself. Fifty prominent men of 
his party in the third district peti- 
tioned for his nomination for coun- 
cilor, he was unopposed at the primary, 
and defeated that well-known Man- 
chester attorney City Solicitor Charles 
D. Barnard at the November election. 

Councilor Welpley is married and 
the father of two children. He is a 
member of the Patrons of Husbandrv. 



General John Henry Brown of 
Concord, councilor for the fifth dis- 
trict, was born in Bridge water, May 
20, 1850, the seventeenth and young- 
est child of Deacon James Brown, and 
was educated in the town schools 
and at New Hampton Institution. 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



25 



He moved to Bristol with his parents 
in 1867 and in 1872 married Marietta 
S.. daughter of Joseph and Sally 
(Cram) Lougee. He was in trade in 
Bristol for a number of years and 



M 



Henry \V. Keyes, caused by the 
death of Hon. Edward H. Carroll, 
General Brown was elected without 
opposition; and at the regular elec- 
tion in November he was chosen to 
serve in Governor Bartlett's council 
by a majority of 2,129. 

Councilor Brown is a thirty-second 
degree Mason and Shriner and a 
member of the Vronolaneet Club, 
Concord. He is an extensive owner 
of real estate in Ward Six, Concord, 
where he and Mrs, Brown have a 
handsome home on South Spring 
Street. A successful business man and 
competent public official, General 
Brown also has, and well deserves, the 
reputation of being one of the most 
sagacious political leaders in the state. 



Councilor John H. Brown 

later was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness and as a land surveyor. In 
1881-82 he was a railway mail clerk 
and from 18S2 to 1885, "post-master 
at Bristol, where he was selectman 
for eight years, deputy sheriff, four 
years, and representative to the 
Legislature of 1891. 

He was freight and claim agent 
for the Boston, Concord Sz Montreal 
and Boston cz [Maine railroads for 
many years, during which he removed 
to Concord, of which city he was post- 
master from 1905 to 1917. He was 
commissary general on the staff of 
Governor Charles A. Busiei, 1895-96; 
delegate to the Republican national 
convention of 1896 and an " original 
McKinley man"; presidential elector 
in 1900; and delegate to the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1918. 

At a special election to fill the 
vacancy in ' the council of Governor 



Councilor Windsor H. Goodnow 

Honorable Windsor H. Goodnow of 
Keene, councilor from the fourth dis- 
trict, is one of the leading merchants 
and business men of south-western 
New Hampshire. Born in Lyme, 
December 11, 1863, he spent his boy- 
hood in East Jaffrey, where he at- 
tended the public schools, afterwards 
beeinnine his business career in the 



26 



The Granite Monthly 



genera] store in which his brother, 
Hon. Walter L. Goodnow, was a 
partner. On attaining his majority 
he became a partner in the W. L. 
Goodnow Company, now Goodnow 
Brothers Company, which controls a 
chain of fourteen department stores 
in New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island, employ- 
ing in the aggregate six hundred 
people. 

For twenty-five years Mr. Goodnow 
has been a respected and influential 
resident of the city of Kcene. which 
he served two years in the city coun- 
cil, one year as its president. In 
1903 he was a member of the state 
House of Representatives and in 1911 
of the state Senate. 

Councilor Goodnow is deeply in- 



terested in agricultural pursuits and 
is a member of the executive commit- 
tee of the Cheshire County Farm 
Bureau. lie is a director of the Ash- 
uelot National Bank, of the Keene 
Development Company and of the 
Keene Commercial Club and is a 
trustee of the Keene Savings Bank, 
and of the Keene Academy Fund. 

Mr. Goodnow is affiliated with 
the Masonic Order through Charity 
Lodge of East Jaffrey, the chapter 
and commandery in Keene and Bek- 
tash temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Concord. He is also a member of 
the Elks, Odd Fellows and Red Men 
and of the Wentworth Club. His re- 
ligious connection is with the First 
Baptist Church of Keene of which 
he is a trustee. 



THE MESSAGE OF THE LAUREL 

By E. R. Sheldrick 

More hardy than the holly, 

Or the climbing mistletoe, 
Our dark green laurel glistens 

Above the Christmas snow. 

When springtime wakes the flowers 

And roses come in June 
Then is the sturdy laurel 

All sweet with rosy bloom. 



Wilton, X 



II. 



And now though sno\v shrouds cover 
The earth, ail dead and sere, 

Like the promise of the laurel 
Comes the dawning of the year. 




EDITORIAL 



Fifty volumes of the Granite 
Monthly fill the bookshelves before 
u.5 in honorable and impressive array, 
as we write. Sets similarly complete 
are among the prized possessions of 
the best libraries, public and private, 
in our state. Those who have con- 
suited them most often are best aware 
of the treasures of historical and bio- 
graphical information and the large 
amount of good literature to be found 
within their covers. So far as our 
information goes, no other state in the 
Union has a state magazine with an 
equal record of continuous publication 
and steady devotion to a single pur- 
pose. 

That the Granite, Monthly has 
been able to make such a record has 
been due in very large measure to the 
historical learning, the journalistic 
ability, the unselfish devotion and the 
unshaken patience and perseverance 
of one man, Mr. Henry H. Metealf. 
He founded the magazine and during 
most of its life has been both its editor 
and publisher. The monetary return 
from his labors has not been large, but 
be has the satisfaction of knowing 
that no other man of his time has done 
work of equal value in ascertaining, 
recording and preserving for posterity 
the accurate annals of New Hamp- 
shire. To say nothing of the several 
admirable books of history and bi- 
ography, which bear his name as 
author, editor or compiler, and upon 
the most ambitious of which he now 
is engaged, the fifty volumes of the 
Granite Monthly form a life work 
monument of which any man well 
might be proud. 

^ The new editor and publisher of the 
Granite Monthly realizes that he 
cannot hope to continue Mr. Met- 
calf's work upon the same lines with 



similar success. But he has lived in 
New Hampshire all his life; his active 
newspaper work for twenty-five years 
has been a daily, practical study of 
the people and the places, the re- 
sources and the problems, of New 
Hampshire; he loves the Granite 
State, reveres her past, believes in her 
future; and proposes to give his ut- 
most efforts to making the Granite 
Monthly an instrument of some util- 
ity for the welfare of our common- 
wealth. 

To preserve the past, to picture the 
present, to plan for the future, of New 
Hampshire, will be the mission and 
the motto of the Granite Monthly 
under its present direction. 

If it is to be able to do this, it must 
have as much support, at least, from 
the people of New Hampshire and the 
friends of the Granite State, as it has 
had in the past. This means an in- 
creased subscription price; because in 
no business has the purchasing power 
of a dollar decreased in greater pro- 
portion than in magazine publication. 
No one cares to listen to a demonstra- 
tion of this problem. Everyone has 
troubles of his own on the same line. 
But the fact remains that two dollars 
a year for the Granite Monthly does 
not mean as much to the publisher 
today as one dollar did when the 
magazine was founded. 

So we feel compelled to increase the 
price of the Monthly to twenty cents 
a copy and two dollars a year; but 
at the same time we make this offer 
in good faith: To any paid in advance 
subscriber who at the end of the year 
feels that he has not received his 
money's worth, we will refund, cheer- 
fully and without argument, his two 
dollars. 



2Z. 



A BOOK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



One of the best of the "war books," 
and one the interest, timeliness and 
value of which have not been de- 
creased by the ending; of hostilities, is 
"The Fighting Fleets," written by 
Ralph D. Paine, representative in the 
New Hampshire Legislature of 1919 



£ 






L. . - . . ... '•''■fife,- 

Ralph D. Paine 

from the town of Durham. Mr. 
Paine has been a war correspondent 
for twenty years, beginning in Cuba 
in 1898, a boy four years out of col- 
lege, and afterwards watching the 
Boxers in China, the Russians and 
the Japs, the Greeks and the Turks, 
the Slavs and the Teutons. Also, he 
was a sailor years before he was a 
writer, and he has been in everything 
afloat from a Yale 'varsity boat to a 
blockade runner. No wonder he was 
indignant when a destroyer com- 
mander condoled with him about how 



seasick he would be if he took a cruise 
in that flotilla! 

However, he took that cruise and 
many others with our American sea 
fighters across the Atlantic. He went 
with full credentials from the Navy 
Department and the Committee 021 
Public Information; he saw all there 
was to see, he heard all there was to 
hear; and with admirable discretion, 
but tremendous interest, he has told 
the story, a story that will thrill every 
true American with pride for our 
Navy, ships and men. It did not 
take long, after we once got into the 
war, for the information to spread 
that our Navy was doing itself proud. 
We believed it, we were glad of it, but 
as to the details of it we were more 
than a bit hazy. Mr. Paine in his 
book supplies some of these details, 
many of them, and for every one of 
them we are glad. 

With him we can sail the sea hunt- 
ing for the enemy and protecting the 
bridge of ships; we can go down in sub- 
marines, we can go up in sea planes, 
and, now and then, we can touch land 
again, in Ireland, on the English 
North Sea coast, in Brittany, at Dun- 
kirk; and everywhere we find quiet 
bravery, heroic devotion to duty, 
mingled with unquenched humor and 
that American spirit, which, according 
to Kipling, fears not to shake, the iron 
hand of Fate. There is grim tragedy 
in some of Mr. Paine's pages; in others 
there is fresh emphasis upon the heil- 
ishness of the Huns; but the dominant 
note of the book is the willingness, the 
readiness and the ability of the Ameri- 
can Navy to do the great work which 
it had to do in the world war. Just as 
Air. Paine himself was able, willing 
and ready, to fill the great war report- 
ing assignment of which this book is 
the result. 



«• / 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



MRS. SOPHIA D. HALL 
Mrs. Sophia Dodge Hall, wife of Colonel 
Daniel Hall of Dover, died at their home in 
that city on Sunday afternoon, December 1, 
after a long and painful illness, borne with 
great resignation. Her activity in good 
works and for the public welfare was known 
and appreciated throughout the state and she 
is widely and sincerely mourned. Mrs. Hall 



Mrs. Hall's name headed the list of charter 
members of Sawyer Woman's Relief Corps, 
when it was organized at Dover in 1886, and 

she was its first president. In 1892-93 she 
was president of the New Hampshire Depart- 
ment, \V. R. C. In 1892 she was appointed 
by the governor of the state to represent New 
Hampshire upon the Board of Lady Managers 
of the Columbian Exposition at Chicago and 



,...L .-. - _ ■..■... ..^L^JiJi! 



The Lara Mrs. Sophia D. Hall 



was born in Rochester, August 16, 1842, the 
daughter of Jonathan T. and Sarah (.Hanson) 
Dodge, and was a graduate of Abbott Acad- 
emy for young women at Andover, Mass. 
An excellent singer, she often was heard as 
a soloist at patriotic meetings in Strafford 
county in the days of the Civil War. 

Her wedding to Colonel Hall took place 
January 25, 1877, and their more than forty 
years of happiness together were passed in the 
beautiful home which Colonel Hall had built 
for his bride on Summer street in Dover. 
1 heir one son is Arthur W. Hall,attorney-at- 
iaw, of Dover. 



her work there was unexcelled in success by 
that of any of her fellow members in that 
famous board. 

Among her many good works was the col- 
lection, of So, 000 for furnishing the New 
Hampshire Soldiers' Home at Tilton, in. which 
she v as much interested. She was chairman 
of the board of managers of the Wentworth 
Home for the Aged at Dover from its organi- 
zation to her death. One of the founders of 
the Dover Woman's Club, she was for four 
years its president. The Northam Colonists 
and-- Margery Sullivan Chapter of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution were organi. 



30 



The Grande Monthly 



zations which enlisted her active support, be- 
cause of her intelligent interest in history and 
her appreciation of the importance of its 
preservation and study. Of marked ability 
and efficient zeal in all the varied activities 
which she undertook, Mrs. Hall's chief charm 
was found, nevertheless, as one has written 
who knew her well, "in her warm and benevo- 
lent heart and her friendship and charitv for 
all."" 

She had great executive ability and lent all 
the energies of her nature to whatever she 
undertook. "Service" was the keynote of 
her life, and' she could truly say: 

"I live for those who love me. 
And those who know me true. 
For the Heaven that smiles above me 
And awaits my spirit, too; 
For the cause that lacks assistance, 
For the wrong that needs resistance, 
For the Future in the distance. 
And the good that I can do." 

She loved her home and was a model house- 
keeper, her house always a synonym of neat- 
ness and order; and she was proud of the fact 
that no one ever went away from her door 
hungry. Altruism was the strength and ac-. 
cent of her character. "She strel ches out her 
hand to the poor; yea, she stretches forth her 
hands to the needy." 

CAPTAIN WILKIE I. ELLIOTT 

Captain Wilkie I. Elliott of Nashua died 
of cancer in an army hospital in France, 
November 14. He was born in Nashville, 
Tenn., January 22, 1SG8, but came to Nashua 
as a child with his parents. Enlisting for the 
Spanish American War in 1S0S, he remained 
in the Army for seven years. Returning to 
Nashua, he identified himself with Company 
I of the New Hampshire National Guard and 
soon became its captain. He led the com- 
pany in Mexican border service during the 
trouble there and at the beginning of the 
recent war was made a recruiting officer, in 
July, 1917. He sailed for France, March 25, 
191S, and on arrival there was detailed to the 
military postal service for which his civil life 
experience particularly fitted him. 

JOSEPH LEWANDO 

Former State Senator Joseph Lewando, 
who, in the days of his activity, was one of the 
best known men in tl*e state, died at his home 
in Wolfeboro, November 19, after a long ill- 
ness. He was born in Boston. Mass.. Decem- 
ber 3, 1850, and at the age of twenty assumed 
the management of his father's dye house in 
that city. Removing to Mount Tabor, 
Oregon, he resided there for eight years, filling 
many important positions, and then came to 
Wolfeboro, his home since 1882. He was 



vice-president and director of the Wolfeboro 
National Bank and for man)- years a general 
merchant on a large scale. He was many 
velars town treasurer, served in the House of 
Representatives in 1897, where he was chair- 
man of the committee on banks, and in the 
state Senate of 1903; and was an alternate 
delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion of 1902. He was captain of the local 
military company in 18S3; and was prominent 
in Masonry and Odd Fellowship. A widow 
and two children survive him. 

EUGENE B. WORTHEN 

Eugene B. Worthen, one of the oldest and 
best known of the Amoskeag Manufacturing 
Company overseers, died at his home in Man- 
chester recently. He was born in New Lon- 
don in 1846, but went to Manchester upon 
attaining his majority and had been employed 
there ever since with the exception of a few 
months, having been an Amoskeag overseer 
since 1873. lie had served in the city council 
and was a member of the Legislature of 1909. 
One of the oldest and most prominent Odd 
Fellows in the state, he had served as grand 
patriarch of the grand encampment and as 
representative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

DR. C. W. CLEMENT 

Dr. Chauncey W. Clement, born in L)un- 
ham, Que., in 1841, died, December 9, in 
Manchester, where he had resided since 1864, 
following graduation from the Boston Dental 
College. One of the oldest and best known 
dentists in the state, he was a man of many 
other varied interests, a lover of the drama, a 
skilled hunter and angler, and active in fra- 
ternal orders, being a charter member of 
Manchester Lodge of Elks and belonging also 
to the Odd Fellows, Rebekahs, Grange, 
Amoskeag Veterans, Derryfield Club, etc. 
He was an extensive owner of real estate at 
York Beach, Me., and in Cuba, where he had 
a plantation on which he spent many winters. 

LESTER C. DOLE 

Lester Carrington Dole, one of the best 
known athletic instructors in America, died, 
December 10, at his home at St. Paul's School 
in Concord. He was born in Meriden, Conn., 
July 8, 1855, and came to St. Paul's forty 
years ago, upon the erection of the gymnasium 
there, as the school's first director of athletics. 
There he had remained ever since, developing 
athletes who afterwards attained interna- 
tional fame, especially as oarsmen and hockey 
players. All o"f the thousands of "old boys" 
of the school knew him and loved him. He is 
survived by a widow and two sons, Paul L. 
Dole of Windsor, Conn., and Lieutenant 
Richard C. Dole, who is at Nice, France, with 
the 304th Field Artillery, A. E. F. 



I volume 51 FEBB UARY f :, 191 y,.... t, 



Mr 

: II 



Ni 



zw Hampshire State Magazine 






HARLAN C PEARSON, Publisher 
CONCORD, N. H. 



J ThSs Number, 20 Gents $ 2 jfl .., 



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' : i bi ■ : 4 S • I ii : Ii ;;■ 



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/>K -- ; " ■ Jesse M; Barton 

Cak;n Pa.fe Dlari rue >';E Can 



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SENATE CHAMBER, NEW HAMPSHIRE CAPITOL, CONCORD 



$z 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. LI 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



No. 2 



GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP: A SYMPOSIUM 



i 

By Allen HolUs 

Government ownership or per- 
manent operation of railroads as 
opposed to private ownership and 
operation, more or less under public 
control, apparently presents only 
questions of expediency. Which 
method of supplying the people with 
this indispensable service promises to 
produce the most satisfactory results? 

Among the arguments in favor of 
public ownership are: 

1. The government can obtain 
abundant funds at a low interest rate. 

2. It can handle ah the railroad 
facilities as a unit with such sub- 
divisions as may be logical. 

3. The manipulation of railroad 
securities will cease. 

4. The government motive will be 
to supply good sendee rather than to 
make profits. 

5. Private enterprise can accom- 
plish nothing which the government 
can not do as well or better. 

Theoretically, all these reasons are 
sound. In practice none but the 
first has been realized, and this ad- 
vantage is said to be offset by the 
larger cost of doing construction work 
under government methods. 

After all, the discussion narrows 
down to the question of efficiency. 
Good service is the most important 
factor in the problem. While effi- 
cient management has not character- 
ized all railroad operation in this 
country, the great weight of opinion 
•-mong intelligent and unprejudiced 
people is that government operations 
are rarely either economical or efficient. 



Men in government service as a rule 
do not display the same interest, 
industry and initiative which have 
made American business a success. 
Politics, red tape, human nature are 
to blame. Unless this difficulty can 
be overcome, government ownership 
will not satisfy anyone except timid 
investors who would like to get gov- 
ernment securities in place of their 
depreciated railroad stocks and bonds. 

Government ownership, like other 
ideals of what we call socialism, will 
succeed when the individual has 
reached such a high stage of moral 
development that he will work as 
hard for the general good as he will 
for the security of himself and his 
family. Most people in this country 
do not think that time has yet 
arrived. 

It is quite possible that government 
ownership, though undesirable, may 
be the only solution for the railroad 
problems which now exist. If priv- 
ate enterprise does not find the job 
attractive, the government will be 
obliged to do it; and this will depend 
on whether Congress can and will 
devise amendments to existing laws 
which will permit private capital to 
have an assurance of reasonable 
returns, give to private management a 
fair measure of elasticity, and allow 
such rearrangement of railway sys- 
tems and terminals as to enable 
existing facilities to be used to best 
advantage. These amendments, how- 
ever, must at the same time safeguard 
the public from the kind of abuses 
which uncontrolled monopoly knows 
how to impose. 



34 



The Granite Monthly 



As the railroads are now in the care 
of the goVernment, which alone has 
the financial strength and legal au- 
thority needed to keep them in opera- 
tion under the present stress in fin- 
ance, labor, business and politics, it 
would appear to be the part of wis- 
dom not to return them to private 
hands until they have been strength- 
ened to receive them by these neces- 
sary amendments. In the meantime 
the people are receiving valuable 
enlightenment as to the practical 
effects of government operation of 
railroads which will go far to recon- 
cile them to a return to private man- 
agement. 

Editor's Note. — Mr. Holiis, who is one 
of the leading members of the New Hampshire 
bar, is largely interested in public utilities 
and is recognized as an expert upon their 
problems. Forest, water-power and water- 
ways development also have held his atten- 
tion to the public benefit. He is a director 
of the Federal Reserve Bank, Boston. In 
politics he is a Republican of what have been 
called Progressive tendencies. 

II 

By Jesse M. Barton 
As a distinctly qualifying state- 
ment, it should be said at the outset, 
that I know nothing about the fin- 
ancing and operation of railroads, and 
like the bulk of the traveling public 
do not own a share of stock in any 
railroad corporation. I am, there- 
fore, associating myself with the large 
majority who, constantly, or from 
time to time, criticise adversely the 
manner in which our railroad men 
perform their duties. With this ad- 
mission, one can not reasonably ex- 
pect anything in the line of construct- 
ive suggestions, assuming that the 
subject would admit remarks of such 
a character. 

Primarily, railroads were a dis- 
tinctly private enterprise undertaken 
by men of energy and forethought with 
an idea of making money out of the 
business of transporting freight and 
passengers for cash, a held heretofore 
occupied, if not monopolized, by the 
stage coach and the six horse wagon. 



From a hazardous mode of travel and 
a doubtful venture in finance, the 
railroad has been adopted by the 
people as their common carrier, and 
its securities have found lodgment in 
the strong boxes of the most conserva- 
tive investors. 

A few years ago William Jennings 
Bryan, having just returned from 
Germany where he had made a study 
of railroads, declared himself in favor 
of government ownership of railroads 
and tried to commit his party to this 
program. His effort was received 
with general disapprobation by men 
of affairs throughout the nation, while 
those who had clung to their idol 
through his free silver experience, 
seeing a lot of good in him and hoping 
he would eventually develop a sound 
business judgment, surrendered un- 
conditionally. The Republican party 
waxed strong on this new evidence 
that the Democratic leader was an 
unsafe guide, if not of unsound mind. 
The Socialists alone hugged each 
other with delight as they saw in the 
glow of Bryan's oratory the flare of 
the great lights of their millennium. 

Then followed the era of trust 
busting and investigation when the 
railroad came in with the rest of " big- 
business " for its share of public 
scandal. This short era was clearly 
"as destructive of public enterprise as 
the twenty-five years next previous 
had been constructive and the dam- 
age it wrought in tearing down struc- 
tures of monumental achievement in 
all great fields of endeavor, reared by 
men whom we had proudly styled 
"Captains of Industry," was so tre- 
mendous as to be impossible of cal- 
culation, while it effectually strangled 
every ambition to reach out and do 
things on a big scale either in old or 
undeveloped fields. 

Next we drifted, watched and 
waited till the nation was drawn into 
the vortex of the great European War. 
In this crisis, as a purely war meas- 
ure, so we were told, the government 
took over the railroads for the dura- 
tion of the war. Since Bryan's fain- 



V 693006 



Government Ownership: A Symposium 



35 



Otis " break' ' on the public ownership 
of railroads, the socialistic spirit has 
taken hold of the minds of enough 
professors and politicians to enable 
them to make quite a stir in favor of 
such a course, and they realize that 
now it the most opportune time, while 
the government is in possession of the 
railroads, to press their case. 

Probably half, if not three-quarters, 
of the people do not care whether our 
railroads are operated oy corpora- 
tions or by the government, or by the 
executor of the will of Julius Caesar. 
They simply want to start and get 
there, and to have their freight reach 
its destination within a reasonable 
time. Others there are, however, 
who feel that the question of govern- 
ment ownership of railroads is deeply 
involved, extending even to a change 
in our form of government. 

Summoned on the spur of the mo- 
ment to write these lines, and limited 
in the space I may occupy, I can but 
briefly assign my objections to the 
government of the United States 
operating the railroads of the land. 

U we own the railroads we must 
buy and pay for them. This means 
that the people will need to dig down 
again for billions of money. Bonds 
would of course be issued, and on 
these interest would have to be paid 
probably to the end of time, or until 
some wiser generation should discover 
our mistake and coincidently a buyer 
who would take the rails at a bargain, 
and leave the people to retire the 
balance of the bonds by some new 
scheme of taxation. Everyone knows 
that the government is extravagant. 
Money comes easy. The only busi- 
ness which the government lias man- 
aged for any length of time has been 
the post office and it is common 
knowledge that this department has 
met actual expenses only a few years 
since it was organized. Just as soon 
as the department comes out ahead 
of the game, some way is devised for 
either cutting off revenue or boosting 
expenses so that it gets back into the 
deficiency class where it really feels at 



home. If this is true in the post office 
department, what ghost of a show has 
the railroad department to break 
even? Millions of employees, rang- 
ing from the manager to the track 
walker, will have to be watched and 
paid, repairs, new equipment and 
extensions will be needed, and interest 
on billions of bonds will have to be 
provided for. If a strike should come 
just before election, one can see, 
without a very fertile imagination, 
where the money that had been laid 
aside for dividends would go. If 
now we have to sit up nights and work 
Sundays to keep the government from 
dredging brooks for water-ways, just 
to satisfy some influential representa- 
tive's constituency and give employ- 
ment to uneasy labor, one can easily 
see how a little branch railroad into 
some back "district" would be a 
small item in the large budget. And 
so the money would go, and the dear 
people would pay the bills. 

Then, too, the railroad manage- 
ment would be exceedingly liable to 
change materially at every new elec- 
tion or change in administration. 
Why not? Postmasters change at 
such times, except a few little' one 
horse affairs placed in grocery stores 
in the small back towns, where the 
occupants may hold by virtue of 
efficiency as tested under the civil 
service laws> but these may be 
changed by executive order to suit 
the whim of the politicians. My what 
a chance when the railroads get into 
politics! 

Not only would the President re- 
ward his chief lieutenants with the 
largest jobs, but the senators could 
look out for the big state jobs, while 
the representatives could take care of 
station agents, freight handlers, cross- 
ing tenders and section men. Con- 
ductors, engineers and trainmen might 
be open to the field. 

If one administration should be in 
power for eight years and handle the 
labor question satisfactorily, the peo- 
ple would have to bid good by to the 
traditional two term limit for our 



36 



The. Granite Monthly 



chief executive, and look to Mexico 
to see how long a President may con- 
tinue his term in office. 

Editor's Note. — Judge Jesse M. Barton 
of Newport, president of the New Hampshire 
State Senate of 1917 and recently acting 
Governor, during the illness of the Chief 
Executive of the state, is remembered in 
railroad circles as one of those who sought to 
bring about railroad competition in New 
England through construction of branches of 
the Grand Trunk railroads to terminals on 
our sea coast. He was chairman of the Re- 
publican State Committee in 1912. 



Ill 

By Calvin Page 

If there are any reasons why an 
intelligent citizen, who has only the 
best interests of the country at heart, 
should favor government ownership of 
the railroads I must confess that I 
have never seen these reasons plainly 
stated so that the ordinary man or 
woman can understand them. 

I think I am stating an absolute 
fact, which experience has fully dem- 
onstrated in this country, when I say 
that the government has never been 
and never can be able to own and 
conduct any public service, with the 
same ability and economy as it has 
been and is conducted by the private 
individual. Politics and favoritism 
must necessarily enter into and con- 
trol a government ownership of any 
business, and instead of having men 
thoroughly trained and fitted for the 
work, politicians and favorites of the 
government authorities hold the posi- 
tions and control the business. No 
matter how good a man is at the 
head of an institution the result of 
his management must be a failure 
wdien the duties which those under 
him are expected to perform are com- 
mitted to politicians and incompe- 
tents who are backed by those who 
can control the head. 

It is also a well-known fact that, in 
every branch of the government 
service, two men at least are required 
to do the work which one man only 
does in privately owned business, and 



in nearly every case, these two men 
have no special fitness for their work. 

When the railroads of the United 
States are owned by the government, 
and any political party in power is 
thereby controlling hundreds of thou- 
sands of votes with power to fix sal- 
aries and wages and toils at will, there 
can be no fair and free elections. 

The questions as to the kind of 
service a government owned railroad 
could furnish to the public in this 
country, and the many other serious 
problems arising from such a com- 
plicated situation manifestly cannot 
be discussed in the limited space al- 
lotted to me. None of them in my 
judgment can be answered in favor 
of government ownership. 

Editor's Note. — Judge Calvin Page of 
Portsmouth, former president of the New 
Hampshire Bar Association, president of the 
Manchester <k Lawrence Railroad, banker, 
State Senator, etc., is a leading New Hamp- 
shire Democrat. 

IV 

By Clarence E. Carr 
I approach this question which I 
have been asked to discuss, with much 
diffidence, disclaiming expert knowl- 
edge and the deep study necessary for 
the best consideration of any ques- 
tion, especially the great railroad 
problem. I can therefore only state 
in the most general way some of the 
things "burned into me" on this 
vitally important question, convictions 
based on half a century of experience 
common to common business men, 
such knowledge as I have of my coun- 
try's life and history, a love for and 
pride in her institutions, and a great 
fear that ill-considered action to meet 
an emergency, and a desire to shirk 
work and responsibility by shifting it 
to government shoulders, may im- 
pair our national virility and endan- 
ger the very institutions we have been 
fighting to make safe. 

With me, these are the main con- 
siderations. Others are important. 



Government Oivnership: A Symposium 



37 



Cost 

There is no business conducted by 
the government from the mail serv- 
ice to ship-building, river and harbor 
projects, government printing and all 
other governmental business under- 
takings, but costs from 33| per cent 
to at least 100 per cent more than it 
costs private individuals or corpora- 
tions to do the same work. Senator 
Aid rich was correct in saying that as a 
private enterprise ho could run the 
business of the government and save 
$300,000,000 per year, or a third of 
the expenses at that time. I have not 
heard of a business man who has 
studied the problem that challenged 
the statement. 

This is not an argument that the 
government should never engage in 
business for there are times, as has 
been recently the case, when coor- 
dinated and immediate action was 
imperative, when the government at 
whatever cost is justified in engaging 
in many kinds of business; but all our 
governmental experience is proof 
thai it should do as little as possible 
from an economic standpoint. There 
are certain things that it has to do 
under the constitution. 

What is true of the a cost" ques- 
tion as to business in which the gov- 
ernment has thus far engaged in times 
of peace, is true to a greater extent of 
government ownership of railroads, 
the most gigantic single/business enter- 
prise in the country. 

Government ownership will take 
away all incentive to economic opera- 
tion, to invention and new methods. 
It will eliminate the personal equa- 
tion, the greatest equation in econo- 
mic progress, invention and accom- 
plishment the world knows. This all 
adds to cost and reduces effectiveness. 
Note the present cost of fares and 
freights and operating expenses. The 
government is doubling these and 
reducing service, which is far from be- 
ing as efficient as it was before the war. 

Why, our government has not even 
a budget as a business basis for its 
expenditures. 



The Personal Element 
. Some man or men have to run the 
railroads. "The Government" is a 
sort of a general inchoate body clothed 
in our minds with quasi supernat- 
ural garments or power, when as a 
matter of fact it is composed of very 
human individuals, with very many 
and human limitations. Whether run 
by individuals or by the government, 
we must not forget that it will be an 
individual or individuals who form 
and direct the policy of government- 
owned railroads. We must know that 
no man can meet and perform an her- 
culean task inside a government 
office that ninety men can only do by 
herculean labors outside a government 
office and that the honor and salary 
of a government official will not be 
likely to command the ability and 
capacity for such heart breaking work 
as can be commanded for equal honor 
and larger compensation in doing a 
similar work outside a government 
office. 

Shifting responsibility from indi- 
viduals outside a government to an in- 
dividual inside a government is not a 
panacea for our national ills, no, not 
even progress toward their cure. 

Would Mr. MacAdoo, Mr. Hines 
or Mr. Burleson in the cabinet be a 
better man to run all the railways in 
the country than either of them and 
Daniel Willard and James J. Hill out 
of the cabinet, devoting their entire 
attention to three of them? 

Opinion of Railway Men 

The judgment of men engaged in 
managing any occupation relative to 
its" conduct is generally better than 
that of men who never conducted 
such business or had personal experi- 
ence in its conduct. 

More than ninety per cent of the 
great leaders of railroad enterprises 
in this country are opposed to gov- 
ernment ownership of railroads. They 
know their job. They know the 
responsibilities of it and the business 
acumen necessary' for its successful 
conduct. The\' are honest and pa- 



38 



The Granite Monthly 



triotic men. It is idle talk to say that 
prejudice outweighs their honesty and 
patriotism. They know the past. 
They have the clear vision of the 
future demanded of men fit to be 
placed at the head of such big business 
enterprises. They understand great 
enterprises, the economic handling of 
such, and the management of men in 
them. They know the bane and 
blight of public ownership. What 
they ask is intelligent cooperation 
helping not hampering them in the 
discharge of their public functions. 
They are willing that such coopera- 
tion should be backed by supervisory 
authority sufficient to prevent any 
railroad from abusing the privileges 
incident to such help. 

Constitutional Question 

The Constitution of the United 
States authorizes Congress to regu- 
late commerce among the states and 
with foreign nations. There is no 
provision in the constitution author- 
izing congress or the government to 
engage in commercial enterprises ex- 
cept as specifically set forth. The 
exclusion of powers is understood 
where powers are not specifically 
granted do the government. When 
the constitution put in the hands of 
congress the power to "regulate" 
commerce among the states it thereby 
inhibited congress or the government 
from conducting commerce between 
the states. 

Government ownership of rail- 
roads means the conduct of business 
between the states as well as its 
regulation. For the latter there is 
constitutional authority; for the 
former none. 

It can hardly be argued that owner- 
ship of the railroads is necessary to 
preserve the existence of the govern- 
ment to do which every power needed 
is „of course given the government, 
either expressly or impliedly, by the 
constitution. Therefore,, I do not 
believe the government has a con- 
stitutional right to engage in the 



general railroad transportation, under 
peace conditions, which government 
ownership necessarily involves. 

A Political Machine 

Ours is a government by parties. 
(he freer the people are to vote un- 
prejudiced, unbought and unawed r 
the better our government will be. 

Disguise it as we will, the post 
office department is a great political 
asset and machine in the hands of 
the party controlling the government 
and most jobs in it ultimately go to 
the partisans of the party in power 
"To the victors belong the spoils" 
is a fact and not a name simply. I 
know of no better exemplification of 
this than is now evident. 

Government ownership of railroads 
would add a real partisan army to the 
successful party with a financial 
power almost irresistible. One to 
one-and-a-half million of votes would 
be such an asset to a party that it 
would require almost a revolution to 
oust it. Add the political demorali- 
zation of the men who constituted it. 
Held together by financial interests 
and desire to retain positions — "offi- 
ces" — it would make a most powerful 
and dangerous political machine. 
It is bad enough as it has been. 
We have an awesome precedent for 
this view. We have had a foretaste 
in this country of what may happen 
in the hold-up Adamson bill. If en- 
terprises of that kind can be repeated 
and carried through continuously 
along a sufficient number of lines 
under our government, our democracy 
will be reduced to a state bordering 
on anarchy with autocracy as its end. 

Effect on Democracy 

The advocates of government own- 
ership of railroads have for years 
supported their arguments by refer- 
ence to Germany as the shining ex- 
ample of the success of such a plan. 
Let us assume without admitting it 
that the beauty and efficiency of 
government ownership of railroads 



Government Ownership; A Symposium 



39 



really existed in Germany. Germany 
operated less than 20,000 miles of 
railroad, primarily laid out for military 
purposes and under an autocratic 
government where all the officers and 
employees were practically soldiers. 
In this country we have about 250,000 
miles of railroad and nearly two mil- 
lion of employees,, not soldiers, not 
directed by an autocratic govern- 
ment or employer. A government- 
owned railroad is a logical adjunct of 
an autocracy, means an autocratic or 
bureaucratic head, leads to a central- 
ized power and personal irresponsi- 
bility, the antithesis of the democratic 
idea. The greater the mileage and 
the larger the army of men employed 
the greater the danger to democracy, 
but America's slogan is, '"Make the 
world safe for Democracy." 

We can well afford then to have 
railroads pay the men who invest 
their money hi them ten or twenty 
per cent profit, e/en more, rather 
than have the government run them, . 
first because it will then cost less than 
under government ownership and 
will be infinitely more efficient, and 
secondly is far less a strain on demo- 
cratic institutions. 

Individual responsibility and oppor- 
tunity to gain reward for personal 
service and ability are the greatest 
incentives to progress, advancing 
civilization and freedom, yet known. 
Paternalism restricts and destroys 
that and government ownership is a 
form of paternalism. 

We have just "licked" the German 
Idea which covered every form of 
business activity and absorbed and 
lost the individual in a single will 
which was an autocracy and a single 
object which was the state, which 
again was simply a machine of autoc- 
racy. Are we to embrace and marry 
out-of-hand the "Idea" that spells 
misery for humanity? The bride 
may be fair to look upon but beneath 
the white garments there's a skeleton 
clutch, a strangle hold, and the cere- 
ments of democracv. 



Present Stockholders 

So far as the stockholders are con- 
cerned, there would be one great 
present advantage to them in govern- 
ment ownership. Their stock trans- 
formed into government securities 
would entail no business risk because 
taxes upon everybody would surely 
meet dividends no matter how care- 
lessly and expensively the business 
might be conducted . Even this would 
not be a permanent advantage. 
Sooner or later the expensive govern- 
ment operation of railroads, to be 
expected from ail the evidence of 
past performances, will result in 
taxation and other burdens which 
would undoubtedly annul all tem- 
porary advantage. 

Suggestions That Have Beex Made 

We think ail the railroad men who 
have studied the problem would wel- 
come a more extended supervision 
than is now possible under the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission. That 
might still be continued as an appel- 
late body with regional bodies over 
the country to determine rates and 
routeings, to act as a board of final 
arbitration between railroads and 
patrons, between railroads and em- 
ployees on questions of labor and 
compensation, but these are only the 
merest suggestions. Because it may 
be difficult to solve railroad problems 
in a way that will be for the protec- 
tion of the public and the best inter- 
ests of it and the owners, it is foolish 
to refuse to undertake such solution- 
by turning the same question over 
to less interested, less responsible, 
less capable and less intelligent people 
under the name of government owner- 
ship. 

Editor's Xote.— Clarence E. Carr, lawyer, 
manufacturer, publicist, twice the Democratic 
candidate for Governor of Xew Hampshire. 
member of the executive committee of the 
New Hampshire Committee on Public Safety, 
has taken an active interest in railroad prob- 
lems, particularly as the}' affect Xew Hamp- 
shire, because of his position as a trustee of 
the John H. Pearson Fund, largely composed 
of railroad securities. 



90, 



A POLITICAL "IF" 



The 



Story of a New Hampshire Boy, L nremembercd Now. 
Who Once Lacked but a Single Vote of Becoming 
Tit of the United States 

By Willis McDuffee 



Preside 



In the history of ibis still youthful, 
although tremendously powerful na- 
tion, its unparalleled growth and 
rapid development, its unrivaled op- 
portunities for the young and ambi- 
tious, no matter what their station 
or early advantages, there are many 
personal chapters which read like 
veritable romances and which have 
become household words long since. 
There are also many yet unwritten 
stories and incidents not less remark- 
able and romantic and full of human 
interest. 

Among these latter is the life his- 
tory of a New Hampshire boy, who 
entered the political arena from a 
little country store at a cross road, 
actually became a United States sena- 
tor and probably was prevented from 
becoming President of the United 
States by a single vote. If ever in the 
life of any man did famous old Dame 
Fortune illustrate all her capabilities 
in the line of fickleness, it was in the 
case of this native of the Granite 
State, whose career, remarkable for 
its actual attainments and successes, 
was far more so for what it missed by 
the narrowest of margins. In few 
'lives of famous Americans has that 
little but puissant word, "If," loomed 
so large as it did in the true story 
of this man, long since practically 
forgotten in the rapid march of events 
political. 

Benning W. Jenness was his name 
and he was born in the little country 
town of Deerfield, which boasted with- 
in its limits not even a respectable 
sized village but, located under the 
shadow of the Pawtuekaway moun- 
tains, had the qualities of scenery, 
climate and soil which have given to 



so many New Hampshire men those 
granite characteristics which have 
made them famous the world over. 

His surname was common enough 
but the names which were prefixed 
thereto by his fond parents were 
stately, high sounding and aristo- 
cratic indeed, so that the whole effect 
was one of considerable incongruity, 
which was in a measure symbolic of 
the life of the one who bore it. He 
was named for the rugged old royalist 
governor of the Province of New 
Hampshire, Benning Went worth, and 
in that name the boy certainly had 
something to live up to. How brave an 
effort he made so to do, you shall see. 

Benning Wentworth Jenness had 
other handicaps besides that of his 
name. He was not born in a log 
cabin. He did not have to struggle 
for an education. He was not obliged 
to fight for his start in the world. In 
that respect, the chapter which he 
furnished in American history was 
out of the ordinary. Perhaps it was 
just that handicap which prevented 
his landing the final political honors 
that he so narrowly missed. ■ 

His father was well-to-do, if not 
wealthy, for those days. The son 
was given all the education which the 
district schools afforded and was then 
sent to Bradford Academy. Fol- 
lowing this, he did not, like most 
boys, have to serve an apprenticeship 
in some business or trade but his 
father bought for him a well stocked 
country store in the neighboring 
town of Strafford. 

Young Jenness was but seventeen 
years of age at the time and, with the 
gift of the store, his father placed him 
entirely on his own resources and told 



A Political "J/" 



41 



him to make his way in the world. 

This atoned in a measure for the lack 
©I the prescribed boyhood hardships 
which go to the making of the success- 
ful American. He was not thrown 
by his Fates into a fathomless pool 
iu his infancy and told to swim or 
drown, it is true, but he had been 
taught first to swim by careful hands 
and had then been ordered to strike 
out for himself into the great cur- 
rents of life's waters. 

In the country store the young 
man made good. He was a boy large 
of stature, vigorous of mind and body, 
of commanding personality and deter- 
mination to succeed. His business 
grew and prospered ; he made money ; 
he made friends; he also made de- 
pendents. 

The country store in those days 
was more than a place of business. 
Ji was the social rendezvous of the 
masculine portion of the community. 
It took the place of the club, the hotel, 
the restaurant of modern city life. 
There, sitting on barrels, boxes and a 
rickety chair or two, in a circle of 
which the capacious sheet-iron stove 
with its box of sawdust beneath was 
the center, the voters discussed town, 
county, state and national affairs, 
chewed tobacco and squirted the 
)uice incredible distances into the 
box of sawdust, or peeled and ate 
apples, as the argument proceeded. 
Once a week somebody read to the as- 
sembled sages the news of the day 
from the columns of the local weekly 
paper published in a neighboring city. 
The fate of nations was settled, the 
careers of politicians disposed of; 
not summarily, however, but only 
after long and serious discussions. 

The proprietor of the store natur- 
ally was a personage of some impor- 
tance in that group, especially if he 
chanced to be a young, active, keen 
individual, with more than the usual 
amount of education and a large fund 
of information on a wide variety of 
subjects. When you add to this the 
fact that this same proprietor ex- 
tended credit to a considerable por- 



tion of his audience and held mort- 
gages on the farms of not a few of 
them, you may readily imagine how 
far his voice carried in the arguments 
which were held. There were "bar- 
rel-politicians" in those days in a 
double sense. 

Well; Benning Wentworth Jenness 
went to the New Hampshire legisla- 
ture when he had barely attained his 
majority, being the youngest member 
of that august body. Nor did he 
merely go as an early acceptance of 
an honor which is supposed to come to 
every New Hampshire voter once in 
his lifetime. While there, with th 
confidence begotten of his debates in 
his store amid the circle of his admir- 
ing fellow-townsmen, he became one 
of the few who actually had a hand in 
the shaping of legislation. His fine 
presence, his energy, ambition and 
personality counted even in the larger 
field, youthful though he was. 

The young man's constituents were 
proud of his record. They gloried 
in their acquaintance with a state 
figure. The circle in the country 
store expanded. Jenness was re- 
elected several times and .soon be- 
came a real power in state affairs. 

He began to climb the rounds of 
the ladder of fame with unusual rapid- 
ity. All the offices he held were not 
those of glory and public service 
merely, either. For fifteen years he 
was postmaster of Strafford, and for 
five years he was sheriff of the county. 
Both of these jobs paid salaries, and 
his business also prospered. 

He became a leading figure of his 
party and presided at many a big con- 
vention with dignity, force and effi- 
ciency. He was even made judge of 
probate, although he had never had 
any legal training. In those good old 
days, however, justice was not a 
secondary consideration to the tech- 
nicalities of the law. His was a clear 
and logical mind, his sense of right 
and equity strong. 

It was in 1845 that the larger hon- 
ors of this remarkable political career 
began. In that year Hon. Levi 



42 



The Granite Monthly 



Woodbury, one of the most conspicu- 
ous public characters in the annals 
of the old Granite State, resigned his 
seat in the United States Senate, to 
become a justice of the United States 
Supreme Court. To till out his 
unexpired term, the governor ap- 
pointed none other than Judge Ben- 
ning Went worth Jenness. Thus at 
the age of just thirty-nine years, he 
became a national character. 

It must have been a rather discon- 
certing transition, this, from the 
country store at Strafford, or even 
from the little capital at Concord, 
to the Senate chamber in Washing- 
ton. But if the Judge had any tre- 
mors, or any lack of confidence in his 
own powers, which had never yet 
deserted him but, like a tireless and 
well-trained army, had followed un- 
flinchingly in the rapid forced marches 
from obscurity to fame and fortune, — 
he never manifested it. Aided by his 
charming and faithful wife, the pretty 
little Strafford girl whom he had mar- 
ried in 1S27, he made a place for him- 
self in the social and political circles 
of the great national capital, even in 
the brief period of his residence there. 

The picture of this forceful young 
man, thus suddenly thrust upon the 
national arena at Washington, amid 
his senatorial surroundings, is pre- 
served to us in the newspapers of that 
day. His seat was directly behind 
that of Senator Simon Cameron, and 
at his right sat Senator Alien, later 
Governor of Ohio,* at whose inaugu- 
ration in 1S74, Mr. Jenness, because 
of the friendship begun at Washing- 
ton, took a prominent part. 

Describing his appearance in the 
Senate, a Washington paper of the 
time said: "He is under middle age, 
hale and stout, the very picture of 
health and vigor. He wants but 
little of six feet in stature, with a gen- 
teel waving figure and has quite an 
attractive appearance. His face is 
between oval and round, full and 
fair as a lady's, with regular manly 
features of remarkable symmetry. 
His fine, classical forehead is oval 



and deep and bespeaks strong mental 
powers, while his neat, arched brow, 
somewhat stern, has all the pride of 
independent defiance. His eye is 
remarkably fine, being a strong, clear 
blue and glittering as a gem, and 
shows genius of no common class and 
a visible elevation of mind.'" 

Now comes the strange part of this 
fascinating life story, — the Russian 
campaign, as it were, of this Napole- 
onic career, although apparently it was 
due to no mistake of the victim but 
simply the capriciousness of Fate. 
Up to this point Dame Fortune had 
not only smiled on the young man. she* 
had actually courted him; everything 
had come his way. His progress 
had been an uninterrupted series of 
triumphs, but Fortune had now be- 
come weary of her lover or else she 
desired the excitement of teasing him, 
and tease him she certainly did. 

At the expiration of the time of his 
appointment as senator, Jenness had 
no difficulty in obtaining from the 
Democratic party a nomination for 
a full term and as that party was in 
the ascendency in the state, this 
nomination had been thought equiva- 
lent to an election. But a combina- 
tion of Whigs and Free-soilers de- 
feated him. 

Disappointed, but not crushed, and 
with a grim determination to recover 
his lost political fortunes, he came 
out the next year as a candidate for 
Congress and was nominated by his 
party. It was a hard-fought battle. 
His enemies had belittled his oratori- 
cal powers. Indeed, he had had no 
forensic training, but he was a clear 
thinker, a plain, direct reasoner. 
Above all, he was a fighter. Com- 
promise was not in his vocabulary; 
quarter was neither asked nor given 
in his political warfare. The people 
liked that spirit no less in 1847 than 
they like it today. And although a 
flowery style of oratory was in vogue 
at that time, even then there were 
other sorts of arguments more con- 
vincing. Senator Jenness stumped 
Ids district; and his speeches, fore- 



.4 Political { *If" 



43 



runners of those of a later, more busi- 
ness-like age, were effective. 

He received a plurality of votes 
over his nearest rival. But there 
were two other parties in the field 
and the Constitution provided that 
a majority was necessary to elect, 
and so there was no choice. " 

A special election was necessary 
and another campaign was made with 
a similar result. This situation was 
getting to be intolerable, and the law 
was changed, so that a plurality 
would elect for members of Congress. 
Again Jenness entered the field, this 
time confident of success. But it was 
too late; if he did not compromise, 
his opponents did. Again the Whigs 
and Free-soilers combined, and Jen- 
ness was filially defeated. 

And so we come down to the fa- 
mous National Democratic Conven- 
tion of 1S52. The histories of that 
memorable event contain no mention 
of our Strafford Judge's name. But 
how little of what really goes on be- 
hind the scenes does the most faithful 
history record. The figures of the 
Punch and- Judy show are drawn, 
described and depicted, until we can 
see them almost as if we had been 
present. But the hand that moved 
the wires was usually out of sight at 
the time, and hence it is small wonder 
that we see no trace of it, as we read 
the story of dramas long since en- 
acted. 

So, the accounts of that celebrated 
convention which have been pre- 
served to us, that convention to which 
the one at Baltimore in 1912 has been 
so often compared, simply record the 
score of candidates voted for, after 
the balloting was begun. It was at 
the thirty-fifth ballot, we are told, 
that the name of Franklin Pierce first 
put in an appearance, and it gathered 
strength and following, until on the 
forty-ninth ballot the New Hampshire 
mam received the nomination, a 
nomination which meant an election 
as President of the United States. 

^t was a cleverly managed dark- 
horse campaign, indeed, and one that 



has become historic. But back in 
the shadow of the curtain, another 
story lies hidden. 

The New Hampshire delegation to 
that convention was a group of mas- 
terly politicians. They went to Bal- 
timore, impressed with their oppor- 
tunities and determined to take ad- 
vantage of them. Out of all the 
bickerings and warfare of rival candi- 
dates, out of the deadlock that was 
bound to ensue, these men would 
bring a New Hampshire man as head 
of the ticket, the man who should be 
the next President of the nation. 

Well, they did, as we all know. But 
for a long time it was uncertain who 
that New Hampshire dark horse 
should be. At last a meeting of the 
delegation was held to determine the 
matter. Mr. Pierce had refused to 
be an active candidate but his name 
was presented as one to be consid- 
ered. The hero of this strange story 
was the other candidate. The vote 
stood, when counted, four and four, 
and after some deliberation the chair- 
man voted for Mr. Pierce. 

So, by the single vote of that chair- 
man, the choice of this convention, 
the selection of the President, was 
really made. Speculation as to how 
the destinies of this nation might 
have been affected by a different cast- 
ing of that single vote, is too fruitful 
a theme for the limits of this story. 
Senator Jenness was a thorough Demo- 
crat and his views in general coin- 
cided with those of Mr. Pierce. He 
was firm as a rock in hi? convictions 
and resistless in his energy in carry- 
ing them out. xibove all things, he 
wished to avoid a civil war and to 
keep a united country. At the same 
time, his clear mind, practical com- 
monsense and keen foresight might 
easily have led him into a different 
course as President from that fol- 
lowed by Franklin Pierce; and his 
statue might now adorn the State 
House yard at Concord, in place of 
the one so long denied to the only 
New Hampshire man who did be- 
come President. 



44 



The Granite Monthly 



As it was, this was the end of Ben- 
ning Wentworth Jenness's political 
career. Refusing a nomination as 
Governor of New Hampshire, after it 
had been given him, in 1861, he re- 
moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in the 
following year, where he died after 
amassing a fortune in the lumber 
business. 

He is remembered with affection- 
ate pride by his daughter, who still 
resides in Cleveland. He is recalled 
with admiration by an aged citizen 
of Dover, New Hampshire, who when 
a young man was a clerk in Jenness's 
Strafford store and kept his position, 
notwithstanding that he differed from 
his employer on political matters 
and used to argue with the customers 
to counteract the effect of the Judge's 
own powers of persuasion over them. 



There are a few others who recollect 
or have heard of him, and there is a 
council of the Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics at Strafford 
that bears his name. 

The store that Hon. Benning Went- 
worth Jenness used to keep at Straf- 
ford was long since destroyed but 
other country stores have taken its 
place. The voters still gather in the 
winter days around the stove, talk 
politics, dispose of the ambitions of 
their neighbors and prophesy as to 
the outcome of the war. Perhaps 
this story may be read to the group 
and some venerable citizen may clear 
his throat and w r ith pride declare that 
he well remembers as a boy the Straf- 
ford storekeeper who once came with- 
in a single vote of being President of 
these United States of America. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 



Of the contributors to this issue, 
Willis McDuffce, Dartmouth, '90, is 
the editor and one of the owners of 
the Rochester Courier, wherein his col- 
umn, " Roundabout,' 7 is one of the 
most readable features of New Hamp- 
shire journalism. Rev. Roland D. 
Sawyer, native of Kensington, is not 
only a clergyman, lecturer and author, 
but also one of the interesting figures 



in the political life of Massachusetts, 
where he is a veteran member of the 
Legislature. Charles Nevers Holmes, 
formerly of Dover, writes much verse, 
but reaches the heights of poetry in 
his prose descriptions of the changing 
heavens. Edward Hersey Richards, 
Exeter business man, employs his 
leisure time in philosophizing in both 
prose and poetry. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE MEN HONORED 



Philip W. Ayres of Franeonia, for- 
ester of the Society for the Protection 
of New Hampshire Forests, has been 
elected president of the Appalachian 
Mountain Club, the first time a New 
.Hampshire man has been thus hon-. 
ored. Dr. Charles Greeley Abbott, 
native of Wilton, for many years con- 
nected with the Smithsonian Institute 
at Washington, has been elected its 
assistant secretary. Professor Walter 
C. O'Kane, the head of the depart- 
ment of entomology at New Hamp- 



shire College, has been elected presi- 
dent of the American Association of 
Economic Entomologists. Professor 
Frank Malloy Anderson of the faculty 
of Dartmouth College has been sum- 
moned to Paris to act as an adviser 
upon matters of history to the Ameri- 
can Peace Commissioners. Joseph C. 
Grew, summer resident of Hancock, 
has been designated as supervising 
director of the secretarial staff of the 
Peace commission, with the rank of 
minister plenipotentiary. 



7£ 



OFFICIAL NEW HAMPSHIRE, 1919-1920 

II 

The State Senate 
By- Harlan C. Pearson 



As Prudent Arthur P. Morrill said 
in assuming his office on January 1, 
1919, the New Hampshire State 
Senate has a unique distinction in its 
small numbers as compared with the 
bulk ol its coordinate branch of the 
Legislature, In some states the num- 
ber of Senators is less than New Hamp- 
shire's twenty-four, but nowhere, is 
the ratio of representatives to sena- 
tors greater than the Granite State's 
seventeen to one. 

As President Morrill pointed out, 
this places an increased burden of re- 
sponsibility upon the members of the 
upper house of the New Hampshire 
General Court and requires in them 
qualities which the voters of the state 
generally have sought and found in 
making their election of senators. 

At the adoption of the state consti- 
tution and the meeting of the first 
Senate, in 1784, there were twelve 
senate: s entitled to seats, five from 
Rockingham county, two each from 
Strafford, Hillsborough and Cheshire 
and one from Grafton. In 1793 
senatorial districts were substituted 
for county representation. The dis- 
tricts changed often and do now, for 
that matter, but the number of sena- 
tors remained stationary until 1878, 
or more than a century. Then the 
number became twenty-four and so 
continues. 

Woodbury Langdon of Portsmouth 
was the president of the first state 
Senate and the other members were 
John Langdon of Portsmouth, Joseph 
Gihnan of Exeter, John McClary of 
Epsom. Timothy Walker of Concord, 
John Wentworth of Dover, Ebenezer 
Smith of Meredith, Francis Blood of 
Temple. Matthew Thornton of Mer- 
nraaek, Simeon Oicott of Charlestown, 
Enoch Hale of Rindge and Moses 



Dow of Haverhill; names that still 
mean much to every student of New 
Hampshire history. 

Glancing through the list of mem- 
bers in the hundred and thirty-five 
years many other famous names are 
seen, from Ezekiel Webster, and Isaac 
Hill, down to very recent days. More 
than half of our governors, United 
States senators and members of 
Congress have seen previous service in 
the state senate. 

That the Senate of 1919 ranks well 
up to the high average of its many 
predecessors will be seen by reading 
the following brief sketches of its 
members: 

Arthur Putnam Morrill, president 
of the New Hampshire State Senate of 
1919, was born in Concord, March 15, 
1876, the son of Obadiah and the late 
Lilla (Walker) Morrill. He was ed- 
ucated in Concord schools, at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Mass., at Yale 
University and at the Harvard Law 
School and in 1900 was admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar; but being 
associated with his father in the lead- 
ing insurance agency of Morrill & 
Danforth, he finds little time for the 
general practice of his profession, 
though occasionally he accepts such 
duties as being one of the executors of 
the will of the late United States 
Senator Jacob H. Gallmger. Senator 
Morrill entered public life as a delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 
1912 from Ward Five. Concord. He 
was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of 1915 and served on 
the Judiciary Committee and as 
chairman of the Merrimack county 
delegation. At the close of that ses- 
sion, owing to the resignation of 
Speaker Edwin C. Bean to become 



*/t. 



;., ..-•,. 



■7. («)», 



/ 



ARTHUR PUTNAM MORRILL 
President of the New Hampshire State Senate 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



•secretary of state and the illness of his 
successor, Captain Olin II. Chase, 
there was a vacancy in the office of 
speaker which was filled by the choice 
of Mr. Morrill as acting speaker. The 
manner in which he discharged the 
duties of tlie place under trying 
circumstances made his pathway easy 
to the permanent speakership, when 
he was reelected to the House of 1917; 
and, continuing his progress, his 



absolute fairness and remarkable effi- 
ciency as a presiding officer. Sena- 
tor Morrill married, November 5, 
1901, Florence E. Prescott, and they 
have two children, Elizabeth and 
Virginia. He is an Episcopalian, a 
Mason and a member of various clubs. 
Among his business positions are 
those of trustee of the Loan and Trust 
Savings Bank and treasurer and 
director of the State Dwelling: House 






Senator Daniel J. Daley 
District No. 1 



eminent success at that session in the 
chair of the lower branch, rendered his 
further promotion to his present 
position almost certain when he was 
elected to the state Senate from the 
Fifteenth District in November, 1918. 
His choice in November was particu- 
larly gratifying to Republicans because 
it redeemed his district from a Dem- 
ocratic control which seemed in dan- 
ger of. becoming permanent; and his 
election to the position he now holds 
was pleasing to the whole state be- 
cause of his wide reputation for 



Insurance Company. He was vice- 
chairman of the New Hampshire 
branch of the American Red Cross, a 
member of the executive committee of 
the N. H. Speakers' Bureau for War 
Purposes and a member of the Con- 
cord Committee of Public Safety. 

Senator Daniel J. Daley, Democrat, 
of Berlin, representing the First 
District, is the only member of the 
1917 state Senate reelected to that of 
1919, and received the votes of his 
party associates for president of that 



48 



The Granite Monthly 



body. Senator Daley was born in 
Lancaster, January 27, 1858, the son 
of John and Bridget Daley. He re- 
ceived a common school and academic 
education and studied law in the 
office of William and Henry Heywood 
in Lancaster being admitted to the 
Xew Hampshire bar in 18S5. Since 
November of that year he has prac- 
tised his profession continuously and 
with conspicuous success at Berlin, of 
which city he was five times elected 
mayor. As a youth he held town of- 
fices at Lancaster and from 1888 to 
1892 was solicitor of Coos county, 
declining further election to that of- 
fice. He also served three years in the 
Berlin City Council and three years on 
the Berlin Board of Education, its 
chairman in 1900. He was a delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 
1902. Senator Daley married, May 
8, 1886, Ardelle A. Cowan of Lancaster 
and they have one daughter, Helen J. 
Daley. He has been president of the 
People's Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, the Berlin National Bank and 
the Berlin Water Company and a 
trustee of the Berlin Y. M. C. A. In 
the present Senate he has been as- 
signed to service on the Committees on 
Hides, Joint Rules, Judiciary, of 
which he is clerk, Incorporations 
(chairman), Education, Revision of 
the Laws, School for Feeble-Minded 
and Engrossed Bills. 



Senator Joseph P. Boucher changed 
the representation of the Second Dis- 
trict from Democratic in 1917 to 
Republican in 1919, thus displaying 
the full measure of personal popularity 
and vote getting ability which his 
friends had prophesied for him with 
confidence. Pie is one of the members 
of the present Senate promoted from 
the House of Representatives of 1915, 
where he served on the important 
Committee on Appropriations and was 
chairman of the Coos county delega- 
tion. Senator Boucher is a resident 
of the village of Groveton in the town 
of Northumberland and was bom 
there March 5, I860. He was edu- 



cated in the schools of his native town 
and at Whitefield and his life story is 
that of a successful business man, as a 
general merchant at Groveton. For 
his years Senator Boucher is a man 
of extended public service, having 
b^en select man of his town six years 
and a member of its board of educa- 
tion twelve years and declining further 
election as commissioner of Coos 
county after eight years in that office. 
That he is a man of social instincts is 
shown by his membership in the 
Catholic Order of Foresters, the 
Independent Order of Foresters, the 
Knights of Columbus and the Loyal 
Order of Moose. Senator Boucher is 
married and has a fine family of five 
children. In the present Senate he is 
chairman of the Committee on State 



f 



- 



. ... ., .... ., r 



• 



. 



i ..- 



Senator Joseph P. Boucher 
District No. 2 



Hospital and serves also on the Com- 
mittees on Claims. Agriculture (clerk), 
Elections and Fisheries and Game. 



Senator Frank N. Keyser of the 
Third District is another member of 
the House of Representatives of 1917 
who is promoted to the upper branch 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



40 



in 1919 because of his good record as a 
legislator and his personal popularity 
among the voters of his section. 



chairman of the. Committee on Labor 
and serves also on the Committees on 
Incorporations, Railroads (clerk), 
Towns and Parishes, and Fisheries 
and Game (clerk). Senator Kevser 
married May II, 1894. Addie M. 
Kimball. He is a 32nd degree Mason, 
Knight Templar and Shriner, an Odd 
Fellow and a member of the Order of 
Railway Conductors of America and 
of the Anchor Club of Boston. He at- 
tends the Methodist church. 



Since the year 1897 it has seemed a 
rather hopeless undertaking for any 
man in the town of Moult onboro, with 
one exception, to try to come to the 
Legislature at Concord. ' This year, 
for the first time since 1895, there is 
another man than Colonel James E. 



Senator Frank N. Keysar 
District Xo. 3 



Senator Keyser's circle of friends ex- 
tends far beyond political boundaries, 
however, for he has been one of the 
best known and best liked passenger 
conductors on the White Mountains 
Division of the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road for many years. Along with ex- 
Governor PI en ry W. Keyes and some 
other good men, Senator Kevser re- 
sides at North Haverhill in the town of 
Haverhill, and was born there Sep- 
tember 12, 1866, receiving his educa- 
tion in the town schools. February 
27, 1888, he entered the service of the 
railroad, in which he has continued 
ever since. The Senator first came to 
the state house as a member of the 
lower branch of the Legislature in 1915 
when he served on the Committee on 
Fisheries and Game. Reelected in 
1916, he served in 1917 on the same 
committee and also upon the Com- 
mittee on Liquor Laws which recom- 
mended the passage of the state pro- 
hibitory law. In the Senate he is 



Senator George A. Blanchard 
District No. 4 

French in the General Court from 
Moultonboro. He did not do it by 
defeating Mr. French at the polls, for 
a glance at statesman's row in this 
1919 House shows the veteran chair- 
man of the appropriations Committee 
in his accustomed seat, but chose the 
easier way of making a running broad 



50 



The Granite Monthly 



jump across Mr. French and landing 
in a chair in the higher branch of the 
General Court. George A. Blanch- 
ard accomplished the feat, to Mr. 
French's entire satisfaction, be it said, 
and represents the Fourth District 
in the present state Senate. While 
Senator Blanchard, by reason of the 
unique political situation in his town, 
never has served in the House, he has 
held all other kinds of offices and at 
the time of his election to the Senate 
was. and is now, commissioner of 
Carroll county for his ninth year, 
selectman for his twelfth year and 
member of the school board for his 
ninth year, a triple political hitch 
amply attesting his popularity. Sen- 
ator Blanchard was born in Sandwich. 
October 1G, 1863, and educated there 
at Beede's Academy. He is a farmer 
and dealer in grain, a member of the 
Patrons of Husbandry, Knights of 
Pythias and Red Men. He attends 
the Methodist church and is married 
and the father of two children. In the 
Senate he serves as chairman of the 
Committee, on Forestry and as a 
member of the Committees on Agri- 
culture, Finance, School for Feeble- 
Minded and Public Health. 



Senator George W. Barnes, Repub- 
lican, of the Fifth District, was born in 
the town of Lyme, which is still his 
legal residence, March IS, 1866. He 
was educated in the public schools of 
that town and in the academies at 
Thetford, Vt., and St. Johnsbury, Vt. 
He was a member of the House of 
Representatives from Lyme in 1915, 
serving on the Committee oh Towns, 
and again in 1917, being chairman of 
the Committee on Public Improve- 
ments, a position which he holds, also, 
in the assignment of Senate commit- 
tees. He is the representative of the 
upper branch on the Joint Standing 
Committee on State Library and is 
a member of the Senate Committees 
on Forestry, Public Health. School for 
Feeble-Minded (clerk) and State Hos- 
pital. Sena*. or Barnes has been select- 
man of his town for nine years, Being 



chairman of the board at the present 
time and a member of the school 
board for two years. He is a trustee 
of the town trust funds, of the Dart- 
mouth Savings Bank, of the North 
Thetford church funds, etc., and is a 
director of the Connecticut and Pas- 
sumpsic Rivers Railroad, of the Con- 
necticut Valley Telephone Company, 
etc. As trustee of the large estate of 
his brother, the late Herbert H. 
Barnes, Senator Barnes is obliged to 
spend much of his time in Boston and 
maintains a business office there. At 
White River Junction, Vt., he has large 
real estate interests and at home in 
Lyme he is an extensive farmer, spec- 
ializing in Hereford beef cattle, in sheep 
and in poultry, which lie has dealt in 
largely. He has been very active in 




Senator George W. Barnes 
District No. 5 

war work, being a member of the State 
Public Safety Committee and National 
Defense League, local food administra- 
tor, town war historian, district chair- 
man of War Savings Stamp work, etc. 
Senator Barnes married, in 1897, 
Laura A. Smith. He attends the 
Methodist church and is a member of 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



51 



the Masonic order, the Patrons of 
Husbandry, the Boston City Club 
and the New Hampshire Historical 
Society. 



f : ' : 



■-»-■■--•■■■• ■ 



X 


i "■ 


... -'"' 


I. ■-■■ r \ 


1 . \ 

1 ... 3 ' 




i . -.. &l d&£ 



longs to all the Masonic organizations, 
including the Shrine, the 32nd degree 
bodies and the Eastern Star; also, all 
of the Knights of Pythias bodies, in- 
cluding the U. R. K. P. and Pythian 
Sisters; and the Patrons of Husbandry, 
the Laconia Gun Club, the Laconia 
Board of Trade, the Laconia Business 
Men's Club, etc. At the session of 
1915 Mr. Dearborn served on the 
House Committee on Fisheries and 
Game and was chairman of the Bel- 
knap county delegation. In the Sen- 
ate he is chairman of the Committee 
on Roads, Bridges and Canals, clerk of 
the Committees on Finance and Man- 
ufactures and also serves on the Com- 
mittees on Claims and Forestry. 



Senator Bi-rt S. Dearborn 
District No. 6 

The 1919-1920 state senator from 
District Number Six. the Belknap 
county district, is Burt Stephen Dear- 
born of Laconia, who, as a member of 
the. House of Representatives in 1915, 
achieved fame as the founder of the 
Real Republicans Club. Mr. Dearborn 
was born in Thornton, February 18, 
1881, being the youngest member of 
the present Senate, with one excep- 
tion. He was educated in the schools 
of Laconia, including the High School, 
where he was a student in the com- 
mercial department. Marrying the 
daughter of the late William Wallace 
of Laconia, who was likewise a state 
senator not many years ago, Mr. 
Dearborn engaged in business with 
his father-in-law and now is the head 
of the concern, the Wallace Building 
Company, contractors and builders, 
dealers in building supplies, wood and 
coal. Senator Dearborn is of a very 
genial and social disposition and be- 



Senator Guy H. Hubbard 
District No. 7 

Guy H. Hubbard, Republican, who 
represents District Number Seven in 
the state Senate, is a resident of the 
village of Penacook, with his home on 
the Boscawen side of the Contoocook 
river and his place of mercantile 
business in Ward One, Concord. 
Senator Hubbard was born in Pena- 
cook, November 4, 1804, the son of the 



£9 



The Granite Monthly 



late John P., and Martha ( Knapp) 
Hubbard. He was educated in the 
schools there, including the then 
flourishing Academy, and always has 
been a resident of his native town, be- 
ing now and for thirteen years the 
town clerk, for seventeen years the 
tax collector, many years a member of 
the Board of Education and represent- 
ative from Boscawen in the Legisla- 
tures of 1 9 1 5 a nd 1 9 1 7 . At the former 
session he served on the Committee 
on Fish and Game, which made a new 
codification of the laws on that sub- 
ject, and two years ago he was pro- 
moted to the Committee on Revision 
of Statutes. In the Senate he is chair- 
man of the Committee on Railroads, 
clerk of the Committees on Claims and 
Education and serves, also, on the 
Committees on Agriculture and Public 
Improvements. Senator Hubbard 
married Grace (Greene^, daughter of 
the late Ezra S. Harris of Penacook, 
and they have one daughter, Doris, a 
graduate of St. Mary's School, Con- 
cord, and at present a student in the 
New England Conservatory of Music, 
Boston. He is an Episcopalian, a 
Mason, Odd Fellow and Rebekah; 
belongs to the Wonolancet Club, 
Concord, the Union Club, Penacook, 
and the Beaver Meadow Golf Club; 
and is fond of and an adept in all out- 
of-door sports. 



Five members of the present state 
Senate have been complimented by 
their constituents with an election to 
the upper branch of the Legislature 
without the previous apprenticeship of 
a term or terms in the House. One 
of the five is Senator Fred H. Perry 
of Charlestown in District Number 
Eight; and it is a further proof of his 
popularity aud the esteem with which 
he is regarded that he defeated for the 
Republican nomination in the pri- 
mary election a veteran legislator, 
Representative William E. Beaman of 
Cornish. Over in Charlestown they 
began to elect Senator Perry as town 
clerk almost as soon as he attained 
his majority and they have kept him 



in the office for twenty years; but his 
first ambition for outside honors was 
manifested in his successful senatorial 
candidacy. Senator Perry was born 
in Charlestown, February 25, 1S73, 
and was educated in the schools there 
and at - Clarcmont. He is cashier of 
the Connecticut River National Bank 
of Charlestown; vestryman of St. 
Luke's Episcopal church; member of 
the order of Odd Fellows; married, 
and the father of three children. 
President Morrill has honored him 
with the chairmanship of the Com- 
mittee on Banks in the upper branch; 
he is clerk of the Committees on 
Incorporations and Public Health; 
and in addition serves on the Com- 
mittees on Finance and Revision of 
the Laws. 



Senator Andrew J. Hook 
District No. 9 

Senator Andrew J. Hook, F(epub- 
lican, of District Number Nine, was 
one of the prominent members of the 
lower branch of the Legislature of 
1917, in which he represented the 
town of Warner. As chairman of the 
Liquor Laws Committee, which re- 
ported favorably the act for state 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



53 



prohibition, Mr. Hook was a center 
of interest, and was given much credit 
for the success of that legislation. 
Born in Cornish. December 7, 1864, 
Senator Hook attended the town 
schools and the business college at 
Manchester, He is an insurance 
agent and engaged in- general business, 
besides serving as savings bank trus- 
tee, and is held in affection and esteem 
through a wide circle of country sur- 
rounding his home town. Senator 
Hook is a 32nd degree Mason and a 
Patron of Plushandry. He held the 
office of postmaster for eighteen years 
and that of town treasurer nineteen 
years and has served as selectman. 
During the past two years he has been 
very active in helping his town meet 
and exceed the demands upon it in 
all forms of war activities. Senator 
Hook at this session is chairman of 
the Committee on Agriculture and 
his other assignments are to the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary, Banks, Soldiers' 
Home and Public Health. 



George Herbert Eames, Junior., 
Republican, senator from District 
Number Ten, was born in Keene, 
August 25, 1884, the son of George 
H. and Margaret (Anderson) Eames. 
He was educated in the schools of 
Keene, including the High School, 
at Colby Academy. New London, and 
at Tiffin's Business College, Keene. 
In religious belief he is an Unitarian. 
Senator Eames was elected to the 
Keene city council of 1915 and to the 
board of aldermen of 1916. On 
June 19 of that year, on the departure 
of Mayor Orville E. Cain to the Mexi- 
can border with the First Regiment, 
New Hampshire National Guard, in 
which he was an officer, Alderman 
Eames was chosen acting mayor, and 
was twice reelected by popular vote. 
His business is that of wholesale and 
retail grain dealer. He is a member 
of the Masonic order, of the Elks and 
of the Monadnock Club of Keene. 
On November 1, 1905, he married 
Amy M. Ballpu and they have one 
son, Herbert Howell, born August 5, 



1909. He has been chairman of the 
Keene Public Safety Committee and 
a member of the Draft Advisory 
Board. In the Senate he is chair- 



Senator George K. Eames, Jr. 
District No. 10 

man of the Committee on State 
Prison and Industrial School, repre- 
sents the upper branch on the Joint 
Committee on State House and State 
House Yard and is clerk of the Com- 
mittees on Roads, Bridges and Canals, 
Revision of the Laws and Public 
Improvements, besides serving on 
the Committee on Banks. 



After looking at the portrait of the 
late Congressman Cyrus A. Sulloway, 
''the Tall Pine of the Merrimack." 
which hangs near one of the entrances 
to Representatives' Hall, state house 
visitors are likely to exclaim: "They 
don't make men like that nowadaj-sl" 
Whereupon the capitol guide, if well- 
posted, wili take his charges into the 
Senate gallery and let them look 
down upon Senator Benjamin G. Hall, 
of District Number Eleven, six feet, 
seven inches, in height, weighing over 
300 pounds with not an ounce of it 



54 



The Granite Monthly 



superfluous. And it is not alone physi- 
cally that Senator Hall is a ''big" 
man, as Ins success in politics and 
business attests. Born in Epsom, 



Senatorial District Number Twelve,. 
which is one of the combined city and 
town districts, is represented this year 
by a city man, giving Nashua two 
state senators in 1919-1920; and by a 
curious coincidence both are public 
utility managers. George L. Sadler, 
-Republican, is the Twelfth District 
senator and he is the superintendent 
of the Nashua division of the Man-, 
Chester, Traction, Light & Power 
Company, which controls the electri- 
cal supply of both Manchester and 
Nashua. Superintendent Sadler is a 
member of various electrical societies 
and is one of the state's experts in 
his line. Born in Windsor Locks, 
Conn., December 15. 1867, he ob- 
tained his early education there. He 
is an Episcopalian, a 32nd degree 



Senator Benjamin G. HaH 
District No. 11 

October 1, 1871, he was educated at 
Pembroke Academy and Bryant <fe 
Stratton's Pusiness College. In 
early life he was a granite cutter and 
stories of his prowess at his trade are 
still current among New Hampshire 
stone men. Removing to Cheshire 
county, he was for some time city 
marshal of Keene. then purchased a 
fine farm in the neighboring town of 
Marlborough, where he now resides. 
He also is a member of the firm of 
Hall & Croteau, furniture, insurance 
and undertaking. He has served his 
town as selectman and as representa- 
tive in the House of 1913, where he 
served on the Committee on Educa- 
tion. In the Senate he is chairman of 
the Committee on Elections, clerk of 
the Committee on Soldiers' Home and 
a member of the Committees on Edu- 
cation, Fisheries and Game and State 
Prison and Industrial School Sena- 
tor Hall is a Mason, Odd Fellow, 
Forester and Patron of Husbandry. 



Senator George L. Sadler 
District No. 12 






Mason and Knight of Pythias and a 
member of the Nashua Country Club. 
He is married and has one child. 
Senator Sadler formerly served in the 
New Hampshire National Guard and 
when the New Hampshire State 
Guard was formed as a war measure 
he promptly enlisted and saw active- 



Official New Hampshire, 1019-1920 



55 



duty when his company was ordered 
out to meet an emergency last year. 
Senator Sadler was a member of the 
House of Representatives in 1909, 
serving on the Committees on Labor 
and on Towns, and in 191 1 ? when his 
assignment was to Roads, Bridges 
and Canals. In the Senate he is 
chairman of the Committee on Towns 
and Parishes, clerk of the Labor Com- 
mittee and a member of the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary, Military Affairs. 
and Railroads. 



The Nashua colleague of Senator 
Sadler is Senator William F. Sullivan, 
Democrat, and his public utility 
position is the superintendency of the 
Permichuck Water Works. Senator 
Sullivan is a civil engineer by profes- 
sion and is a member of the Boston 
Society of Civil Engineers and the 
New England and American Water 
Works Associations. He was born at 
Lowell, Mass., in 1869, and educated 
there. He is a Roman Catholic; a 
member of the Knights of Columbus, 
of the Nashua Auto Club, the Nashua 
Country Club and the Nashua Board 
of Trade. He is married and has 
three children. Senator Sullivan has 
the unique distinction of being the 
only member of the upper branch 
whose first public office is one of this 
distinction. Further, he is the only 
member of the present Senate who 
was the regularly nominated candi- 
date on both the Republican and 
Democratic tickets in his district, an 
indication, in this instance, of the 
high regard in which lie is held by 
those of his constituents, whatever 
their political allegiance, who desire 
good government first and partisan 
success afterwards. 



Herbert Brainerd Fischer, Repub- 
lican, who represents District Num- 
ber Fourteen in the state Senate, was 
born in Charlestown, Mass., July 26, 
1872, the son of Anson B. and Caro- 
line Frances (Cutler) Fischer. He 
was educated in the public schools of 
Chariest own and Marlboro, Mass., and 



in early life was employed by the Bos- 
ton & Maine Railroad. Since 1901 
he has been a resident of Pittsfield, 
where he is cashier of the Pittsfield 
National Bank and treasurer of the 
Farmers' Savings Bank: treasurer of 
the town, of the Pittsfield Aqueduct 
Company, of the Pittsfield Gas Com- 
pany and of the Red Cross; president 
of the Board of Trade; chairman of 
the Liberty Bond Committee, and for 
several vears organist and choir 



" -.'-*•-.■: "'?' 



Senator Herbert B. Fischer 
District No. 14 

master of the Congregational church. 
In 1907 Mr. Fischer was a member 
from Pittsfield of the House of Repre- 
sentatives and served, as clerk of the 
Committee on Retrenchment and 
Reform of which Honorable Robert 
P. Bass of Peterboro, afterwards 
governor, was chairman, and whose 
investigations created considerable 
stir at that session. At this session 
the Senator's committee assignments 
are to Claims (chairman), Banks 
(clerk), Towns and Parishes (clerk), 
Incorporations, and Roads, Bridges 
and Canals. He is a member of the 
Masonic order. He married in 1900 



5G 



The Granite Monthly 



Clara H. M. Goss of Pitts&eld, who 

died in 1906. He has one son, 
Robert H., horn March 2. 1905. 



• The city of Manchester sends four 
of her citizens to this state Senate, 
evenly divided as to polities and all 
highly regarded by their constituents, 
as shown by the ballot box totals last 
November. From District Number 
Sixteen comes John J. Donahue, 
chairman of the Republican City 






jb» i 



k&&£m&*s2& 




Senator John J. Donahue 
District No. 16 

Committee, and a gentleman of wide 
acquaintance throughout the state. 
Born in Keene, August 7, 1859, he 
was educated in the public schools of 
that city, and in early life he was a 
merchant there and at Peterboro. 
Since 1890 he has been in the insur- 
ance business and has been located in 
Manchester .. for nearly a score of 
years. In 1903 and again in 1905 
he was a member of the House of 
Representatives from Ward Two of 
that city, serving in each instance as 
chairman of the Committee on Insur- 
ance. In the Senate he is chairman of 



the Committee on Revision of the 
Laws, clerk of the State Hospital. 
Committee and a member of the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary, Education, and 
Towns and Parishes, Senator Dona- 
hue is a past grand sachem of the 
Order of Red Men of the state and also 
belongs to the Patrons of Husbandry 
and various clubs. From 1907 to 
1914 he was a highly competent special 
examiner for the United States Pen- 
sion Bureau and he also has served as 
deputy sheriff of Hillsborough county. 
Senator Donahue attends the Uni- 
tarian church. He is the liveliest 
debater and most fluent orator in the 
upper branch at this session. He and 
his wife, Mrs. Jessie E. Donahue, have 
two daughters, Helen R., Radcliffe ? 16, 
and Esther, Manchester High School 
'19. Mrs. Donahue is a leading club 
woman, social worker, and craftsman, 
actively engaged in literary pursuits 
and prominently identified with the 
national organizations of the Uni- 
tarian denomination. 



The Manchester Senator from the 
Seventeenth District is known in the 
Queen City as the Beau Brummel of 
the Amoskeag Corporation and visitors 
to the Legislature have noted that 
when he comes to Concord, as he is 
rather in the habit of doing, he does 
not let down any in his sartorial stand- 
ards. Senator Clarence M. Wood- 
bury was born at Paxton, Mass., 
August 29, 1855, and became a resi- 
dent of Manchester the following year. 
Educated in the schools of Manches- 
ter, he entered the employ of the 
Amoskeag in 1870 and since 1880 he 
has been one of its overseers, holding 
its record of longest continuous service 
in that position. Senator Woodbury 
is a Universalist, an Odd Fellow and 
a Red Man. Always a Republican, 
he represented Ward Seven in the 
Manchester city council in 1887-1888, 
and in 1893 came to the House of 
Representatives from Ward Eight, 
serving on the Committees on Incor- 
porations and Journal of the House. 
Twenty years later he came back to 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



Oi 



the House, this time from Ward Four. 
and was a member of the Committee 
on Manufactures. His third term rn 
the House was at the session of 1917, 
when he served on the Committee on 
State Hospital. This year he is 



: 



Ward Four. Manchester, and served 
on the Committee on Manufactures 

and as clerk of both the Hillsborough 
county delegation and the Manchester 
city delegation. Reelected to the 
House of 1917 he served on the 
important Committee on Ways and 
Means and was appointed by Gover- 
nor Keyes on the special recess Com- 
mittee to investigate state finances, 
which recently has made its report to 
the General Court of 1919. Senator 
Horan is chairman of the upper 
branch Committee on School for 
Feeble-Blinded, is clerk of the Com- 
mittee on Elections and Forestry and 
serves also on Labor and Finance. 



Senator Clarence M. Woodbury 
District No. 17 

chairman of the Seriate Committee 
on Fisheries and Game and is a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Labor, 
Roads, Bridges and Canals, Railroads, 
and Manufactures,. 



The youngest man ever elected to 
the New Hampshire State Senate is 
Richard H. Horan, Democrat, of 
Manchester, who was born in that 
city June 29, 1888, and in less than 
six months after he became eligible 
was chosen to the office he now holds 
as representing the Eighteenth Dis- 
trict. Senator Horan was educated 
at St. Joseph's High School, Manches- 
ter, and is a metal works manager. 
He is a Roman Catholic, unmarried, 
member of the Foresters of America 
and of the St. Paul's T. A. S. He was 
elected to the House of Representa- 
tives of 1915 by the Democrats of 



Senator Richard H. Horan. 
District No. 18 



For several consecutive sessions of 
the -Legislature the French Canadian 
citizens of Manchester have had 
creditable representation in the upper 
branch of the General Court in the 
person of Senators Belanger, Marcotte 
Joyal and Chatel, and this precedent 
is continued at the session of 1919 by 
the presence in the Senate from Dis- 
trict Number Nineteen of Honorable 



58 



The Granite Monthly 



Gedeon Lariyiere, Democrat, born id 
Somerset, Province of Quebec, Can- 
ada, October 12, 1861. Senator 
Lariviere was educated in the schools 
of St. Johnsbury, Vt.,and Manchester. 
His business is that of a contractor 
and carpenter and he is a member of 
the Carpenters' Union as well as of 
the Independent Order of Foresters 
and the Association Canado-Ameri- 
cain. He is a Roman Catholic and is 
married and the father of six children. 
For six years he served in the New 
Hampshire National Guard. He has 
been a member of the board of alder- 
men and of the water commission of 
the city of Manchester and is one of the 
substantial and trusted men of that 
municipality. Senator Lariviere's Re- 
publican opponent at the polls last 
November was the well known former 
secretary of the Republican State. 
Committee, Oscar F. Moreau, Esq. 
Senator Larivie?e is chairman of the 
Senate Committee on Soldiers' Home 
and a member of the Committees on 
Military Affairs, Roads, Bridges and 
Canals, Claims, and State Prison and 
Industrial School. 



Hon. J. Levi Meader, senator from 
the Twentieth District, was born in 
Gonic, September 12, 1878. He is 
the son of John E. and Clara E. 
Meader. He attended the Rochester 
High School from which he was 
graduated and received the remainder 
of his education at the Moses Brown 
School at Providence, R. I. From 
early childhood, he worked in the 
Gonic Manufacturing Co., manufac- 
turers of woolen goods in Gonic, and 
of which he is now managing director 
and resident agent. This concern is 
one of the largest tax paying indus- 
tries of Rochester. In a business way 
he has been director of the Peoples' 
Building and Loan Association of 
Rochester since its inception and 
organization. As a Republican, he 
has been affiliated with all matters 
pertaining to the public interests in 
the town or city, honorably filling all 
of the offices which he has held. In 



1007 he was representative in the 
Legislature and during 1917 was 
Mayor of Rochester. When war was 
declared, he was appointed by Gover- 
nor Keyes. as a member of the Com- 
mittee of One Hundred for the Public 
Safety and Patriotic Service of 'our 
state, and also served on the Public 
Safety Committee of Rochester. He 
is chairman of the County Republican 
Committee, also a member of the 
Republican State Committee and an 
ex-officio member of its executive 
board. He is treasurer and chairman 
of a local organization which is or- 
ganized through the cooperation of 
the Salvation Army in Rochester, for 
the welfare of the young men and boys. 
He is affiliated with the Masonic 



Senator John Levi Meader 
District No. 20 

order, Blue Lodge, Chapter, Council, 
Knights Templars, and Mystic Shrine. 
Senator Meader is chairman of the 
important Finance Committee of the 
Senate and a member of the Commit- 
tees on State Prison and Industrial 
School, School for Feeble-Minded, 
Labor and Manufactures and of the 
Joint Committee on Engrossed Bills. 



Official New Hampshire 1919-1920 



59 



The oldest member of the state 
Senate of 1919 — and he is but sixty- 
six— is Honorable Alvah T. Ramsdell 
of Dover, representing at Concord 
the Twenty-first District, who was 
born in York, Maine, April 15, 1S52, 
and there received his education. 
He is an architect by profession. 
Senator Ramsdell was been prominent 
in public affairs in the city on the 
Cocheco for twenty-five years, having 
been a member of the Dover City 
Council in 1894 and 1895, its president 
in the latter year; an alderman in 
1S96 and 1897 and a member of the 
House of Representatives at the im- 
portant session of 1903, serving on 
the Committee on Revision of Stat- 
utes. In the Senate Mr. Ramsdell is 
•chairman of the Committee on Mili- 
tary Affairs, especially appropriate 
in view of the fact that he is in charge 
of the Dover armory construction 
for the state, and is a member of 
the Committees on Incorporations, 
Manufactures, Soldiers' Home and 
Public Improvements. At the pres- 
ent time Senator Ramsdell is a 
member of the water commission of 
the city of Dover. He is a Congrega- 
tioiialist; Mason, Odd Fellow, Knight 
of Pythias and member of the Bellamy 
Club. 



The chairman of the premier com- 
mittee, that on the Judiciary, in the 
upper branch of the New Hampshire 
Legislature of 1919 is Senator Benja- 
min T. Bartlett of Deny, representing 
District Number Twenty-two. Sena- 
tor Bartlett is rather unusually 
distinguished along this line, for at 
the session of 1915, although a new 
member of the House of Representa- 
tives, he was made the chairman of its 
Committee on Revision of Statutes, 
second in importance to Judiciary 
and Appropriations, only. He serves, 
also, in the Senate, on the Committees 
on Military Affairs, Elections, State 
Prison and Industrial School and 
Soldiers' Home. Born in Haverhill, 
Mass., November 9, 3S72, Senator 
Bartlett was educated at Dean 



Academy, Franklin. Mass., at William 
College and at the Boston University 
Law School. Since admission to the 
New Hampshire bar he has practised 



■ ■• ■ ■ ■•■■-■ 



m 



Senator Benjamin T. Bartlett 
District No. 22 



the legal profession at Derry and was 
justice of its police court from 1906 to 
1913. He is a Universalist; married, 
the father of four children; a Mason, 
Odd Fellow and Eagle and member 
of the Derryfieid Club, Manchester. 



Professor James Arthur Tufts, 
Republican, of Exeter, senator from 
District Number Twenty-three, was 
born in Alstead, April 26, 1855, the 
son of Timothy and Sophia P. (Kings- 
bury) Tufts. He prepared for College 
at Phillips Exeter Academy and 
graduated from Harvard in 1878, the 
president of his class, as he had been, 
while in the Academy, president of 
the famous Golden Branch Society. 
Immediately upon concluding his 
college course he joined the faculty 
at Exeter and there has remained ever 
since, having been for some years 
secretary of the faculty and one of its 
most useful, esteemed and beloved 



60 



The Granite Monthly 



members. He is a member of the 
^ I o d e r n L a n g u a ge A ss t > e i a t i on, the 
.American Philological Association and 
the American Unitarian Associa- 
tion; vice-president of the Society for 
the Protection of New Hampshire 
Forests, a cause in win, 
taken a long and usefu 



trustee oi 



the N 



e\v 



he has 
• interest; 
Hampshire 



the Committee on Education. He 
is now chairman of the same Com- 
mittee in the Senate, is clerk of the 
Committee on Military Affairs and a 
member of the Committees on State 
Hospital, Revision of the Laws, 
Forestry, Rules and Joint Rules. 
Senator Tufts presided at the Repub- 
lican state convention of last Septem- 





/ 



State College since 19 
secretary of that board 
Robim on Female Semina 
of the Exeter Public Lib: 
Kensington Social Libr; 
past president of the X 
Association of Englisr 
Senator Tufts is mam 
five children living. He 
ber of the House of 
lives at the sessions o 
1907, serving at each as 



Senator Jam 
District 

i 

13 and the 
; trustee of 
:y m Exeter, 
rary.and the 
ay; and a 
evv England 
i Teachers. 
.\i and has 
was a mem- 
Kenresenta- 
i 1905 and 
chairman of 



es A. Tufts 
No. 23 

ber and is well and favorably known 
as an orator of patriotic and other 
occasions. He is county chairman 
of War Savings work. 



Marvin, a familiar name in the 
political annals of southeastern New 
Hampshire, is well represented in the 
Legislature of 1919 by Senator Oliver 
B. Marvin, Democrat, of Newcastle, 
occupying the seat in the upper 
branch of the Twenty-fourth District. 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1020 



61 



Senator Marvin was born in Ports- 
mouth, October 16, 1879, and was 
educated there in public and private 
schools. He is a salesman by voca- 
tion; married and lias two sons; 
belongs to the Elks and Knights of 
Pythias; and is a very popular young 
man in his section,, as is shown by his 
victory at the polls over that strenu- 
ous Republican leader, former Repre- 
sentative E. Percy Stoddard of 
Portsmouth. Senator Marvin has 
served his town of Newcastle in almost 
all its official capacities, as selectman, 
town clerk, auditor, assessor and mem- 
ber of the board of health, as its member 
in the House of Representatives of 
1909 and as its delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1918. Also 
he is chairman of its Public Safety and 
War Savings Stamp committees and 
a leader in other war work activities. 
In the Legislature of 1909 he served 
on the Committee on Banks. In the 
present session he is chairman of the 
Committee on Public Health and a 



member of the Committees on 
roads, Agriculture, Towns and 
ishes and Fisheries and Game. 



Rail- 
Par- 






Senator Oliver B. Marvin 
District No. 24 



OLD HOME DAY IN COURT 



George W. Anderson, native of Ac- 
worth, presided over the December 
term of the United States Court for 
the District of New Hampshire at 
Concord, his first appearance in his 
judicial capacity in his native state. 
Prom the length of the criminal 
docket demanding the attention of 
the grand jury. Judge Anderson may 
have gained an erroneous idea as to 



moral conditions in the state where 
he was born. The other side of the 
shield is shown by the fact that at 
two superior court sessions of recent 
date the grand jury in each instance 
reported but one indictment; and 
that at this writing the Merrimack, 
County House of Correction at North 
Boscawen is without a prisoner in- 
mate for the first time in many years. 



DARTMOUTH, '94 



Just to show that all the success of 
the famous class of 1894 in Dart- 
mouth College is not confined to New 
Hampshire, Arthur Allan Adams, 
who leads the class alphabetically, 
was elected mayor of the city of 
Springfield, Mass., recently. The 
same class furnishes editors for two of 



the best newspapers in Massachusetts, 
Philip S. Marden of the Lowell 
Courier-Citizen and Maurice S. Sher- 
man of the Springfield Union, and 
Matt B. Jones, the Boston telephone 
official, and George E. Duffy, the 
Worcester manufacturer, are other 
big guns of the Ninety-Four roarers. 



££ 



NEW HAMPSHIRE PIONEERS OF 
^ RELIGIOUS LIBERTY 

No. 3 

Hosea Ballon, Apostle of the Larger Hope 

By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer 



However sharply the doctrinal bat- 
tle between denominations waged in 
the earlier days of New England his- 
tory, now all pay tribute to that noble 
and far-seeing son of New Hampshire 
who fought so valiantly to soften the 
harsh dogmas of Calvinist religion. 
Hosea Ballou's father was born in 
Rhode Island and when about forty- 
four years of age he crossed Massa- 
chusetts and settled as the farmer- 
pastor over the Baptist Church at 
Richmond, N. H., which adjoins the 
Massachusetts line on the south- 
western corner of our state. Rich- 
mond was then a wilderness and the 
conditions of life were hard. Ste- 
phen, the tenth child, was born in 
1768, and April 30, 1771. Hosea 
opened his eyes on this life. Two 
years later the worn-out mother died. 

New Hampshire has no more heroic 
picture to present its boys and girls 
than that of the boy Hosea Ballou, 
learning to read by the light of pitch- 
pine blazing knots before the family 
fireplace, -on the long winter evenings. 
Though a strong robust boy and 
fond of outdoor life and amusement, 
Hosea was a serious minded lad, and 
at eighteen years of age we find him 
a lover of Nature and vitally inter- 
ested in religion. 

Caleb Rich was born at Sutton, 
Mass., in 1750. He was a farmer- 
elder in the Baptist Church, and a 
scholarly man; he moved to War- 
wick, Mass., in 1771 and while there 
was excommunicated from the Bap- 
tist Church because he came to be- 
lieve in Universalism. The doctrine 
of universal salvation Elder Rich 
preached in Warwick, Richmond and 
neighboring towns and gathered 



about him in Warwick a little group 
of Universalist s. Hosea and two 
older brothers accepted the larger 
faith of -Elder Rich and were like 
him, excommunicated from the Bap- 
tist Church. This was in 1790. 
In 1785, Rev. John Murray called 
together in Oxford, Mass., a conven- 
tion of the sixteen New England min- 
isters who accepted the doctrine of 
universal salvation; they were, be- 
sides Murray, himself, Adam Street er, 
Caleb Rich, Thomas Barnes, Noah 
Parker, Elhanan Winchester, Moses 
Winchester. Shippie Townsend, John 
Tyler, Matthew Wright, Noah Mur- 
ray, Zebulon Streeter, George Rich- 
ards, Joab Young, William Farwell, 
Michael Coffin. The convention al- 
ternated its yearly meetings between 
Oxford, Boston and Milford, and thus 
came back for its annual meeting at 
Oxford in September, 1791. Hosea 
Ballou and his brother David at- 
tended; David having already 
become a Universalist preacher. 
Shortly afterward Hosea Ballou 
preached his first sermon upon the ad- 
vice of his brother and Elder Rich, the 
service being held at the home of 
Deacon Thayer of Richmond. The 
next five years Hosea Ballou spent 
in farming, school-teaching and itin- 
erant preaching, attending the yearly 
conventions and consulting with 
Universalist believers. During these 
travels the young man had found 
great satisfaction in gathering with a 
group of Universalist brethren who 
lived in a community about twenty 
miles south of his home, in a locality 
where the three towns of Hardwick, 
Petersham and Greenwich came to- 
gether. Here lived the three John- 



New Hampshire Pioneers of Religious Liberty 



63 



son brothers. Silas, Stephen and 
Aaron, all Universarists; also a Seth 
Johnson, Earl Flagg, Joel Amsden, 
John Town and others. This group 
of men in 1796 arranged with Hosea 
Ballou to come there and live among 
them and preach one Sunday a month,, 
devoting the other Sundays to neigh- 
boring towns. The young man, then 
twenty-six years of age, accepted, 
and married Ruth Washburn of 
Williamsburg and settled with them, 
preaching in that pail of Hardwiek 
which was in 1S03 incorporated as the 
town of Dana. 

Mr. Ballou had by this time passed 
through a mental evolution to where 
he took a ground far advanced of the 
rest of the Universalist brethren. 
In the next town, New Salem, the 
pastor was Rev. Joel Forster, known 
as a learned and pious Calvinist 
minister; and to him, in a spirit of 
earnest inquiry and recognizing his 
own limits in scholastic learning, the 
young Universalist pastor addressed a 
letter asking criticism of new views. 
The Rev. Joel Forster was a very 
liberal minded man, and well-read 
in orthodox learning; the letters that 
passed betv\-een himself and Hosea 
Ballou, and which Forster later pub- 
lished, form interesting reading. 

In February of 1803, Elder Ballou 
took charge of a group of Universalists 
in the five towns in Vermont, Barn- 
ard, Bethel, Bfidgewater, Woodstock 
and Hart land. The same year the 
Convention of Universalists met at 
Vv inchester, N. H., the adjoining 
town to Richmond, and adopted the 
historic Universalist Creed. The 
next, year, 1804, Ballou wrote his 
"Notes on the Parables." Then 
came his greatest intellectual con- 
tribution, "The Treatise on the 
Atonement." These books are not 
great works of genius like the work of 
Jonathan Edwards, but when we con- 
sider that the author was a self- 
educated man, a hill-town pastor 
with no books or a library, one must 
admit that the "Treatise" shows in- 



tellectual powers of a very high order. 
Ten years before Ghanning started 
his work, fifty years before Bushnell 
made his attempt to soften orthodox 
theology, this unschooled preacher 
of the hill-towns of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts and Vermont, made his 
great contribution to theological think- 
ing which broke his denomination 
from the teachings of Relly and Mur- 
ray and made Universalism a distinct 
religious sect. Next Ballou, who 
wrote some decent verse, tried his 
hand at reforming the crude and 
brutal hymnology of Calvinism. 
After six years at Barnard, during 
which time he like the Apostle Paul 
made many visits around New Eng- 
land to strengthen the brethren, and 
engaged in many controversies, Bal- 
lou moved to Portsmouth, in 1809. 

Father Ballou was rejoiced to again 
enter his native state, though now as 
a famous preacher to enter the com- 
mercial city of Portsmouth, rather 
than his quiet native town. John 
Murray had established a Universa- 
list Church in Portsmouth as early as 
1782 and Rev. Noah Parker had been 
its first pastor. Ballou successfully 
defended his views in controversies 
with the Rev. Messrs. Buckminster 
and Walton, orthodox Portsmouth 
pastors. Then came the War of 1812. 
Public feeling ran high and Ports- 
mouth sentiment was against the 
war. Elder Ballou, however, was a 
strong supporter of the war and 
preached a pro-war sermon. The 
fires thus kindled never died out and 
three years later, in 1815, Ballou was 
dismissed to go to his pastoral labors 
at Salem, Mass. Then three years 
later, at the age of forty-seven, and a 
figure of New England fame, he en- 
tered upon his Boston pastorate, 
from which place he exercised the 
leading influence over the Univer- 
salists till his death, thirty-three years 
later. 

The last ten years of his life Father 
Ballou had an assistant at the School- 
Street Church, and he spent much 



64 



The Granite Monthly 



time visiting Universalist churches 
as a venerable bishop; and he appears 
to have been especially happy when 
visiting the churches of southern 
New Hampshire. The last year of 
his life, his eighty-first year of life, 
the venerable man, well preserved 
and able to preach two or three ser- 
mons of from 45 to 60 minutes each 
on a Sabbath, made what he called 
"A Valedictory Journey of the 
Churches.'' That summer of 1851 
he visited and preached at Kensing- 
ton, Sandown, Brentwood", Newton, 
Atkinson, Portsmouth, Concord, 
Weare, Kingston; and in October 
made a last visit to his beloved Rich- 
mond. The next spring he felt able 
to continue another summer but 
pneumonia claimed him in May, and 



though his robust physique fought it 
for weeks be finally succumbed. 

Father Ballou was a valiant pioneer 
and one of America's useful men. 
He was a brave spirit and had a mind 
of vigor and power. He was a John 
the Baptist crying for a saner and 
sweeter religion than Calvinism. Of 
the great men born amid New Hamp- 
shire hills he ranks in the foremost 
ranks. Like Webster, Greeley, and 
Hale, Ballou was a pioneer. Of the 
three men, who in the days of re- 
ligious thinking between 1775 and 
I860, sought to establish a more lib- 
eral religious conception, Randall, 
Smith and Ballou, Ballou was of 
course the largest figure, and his 
influence reached the whole Anglo- 
Saxon world. 



DEATH AND ROOSEVELT 

By Ernest Harold Baynes 

(In The Independent) 

He turned your lance, O Death 

Full often from its mark. 
But he fought only in the day, 
Nor dreamed you'd take the coward's way, 

And stab him in the dark. 



Meriden, N 



H. 



Were you afraid, O Death — 

So brave the front he kept? 
Dared you not face him in the light 
But crept upon him in the night 
And slew him as he slept? 



l-sr 



QUALIFICATIONS OF ELECTORS 

And Persons Elected to Public Office Under the Colonial 

Government* 

By Albert S. BalcheUor 



Colonial government in Portsmouth, 
Dover and Exeter, as these three dis- 
tinct groupings of the early settle- 
ments are commonly designated, 
•developed as three independent mu- 
nicipalities. Hampton, granted by 
Massachusetts, in which the principal 
settlement took place in 1628 or 1629, 
was regarded as a . Massachusetts 
town until 1679, and as a municipal 
unit in the same sense that other towns 
in the colony were such units. The 
treaty of union, having exempted New 
Hampshire from the provision of 
Massachusetts law that freemen must 
be church members, a wide difference 
in one of the most essential features of 
the suffrage was established for the 
two parts of the colony. 

The regulations as to the suffrage 
and qualifications for office in Mass- 
achusetts had been a growth begin- 
ning in the first years following the 
emigration, and assuming a definite 
and permanent form in the statute 
which appears in the colonial laws, 
edition 1660, p. 196. The previous 
statutes from which this enactment 
resulted were those of 1630, 16-42, 1647, 
1653, and 1658. 

A transcript of the original text is 
its best description: 

"And it is hereby Ordered and En- 
acted. That all Englishmen, that are 
settled Inhabitants and house-holders 
in any town, of the age of twenty four 
years, and of honest & good Conversa- 
tion, being Rated at twenty pounds 
estate in a single Country Rate, and 
that have taken the Oath of Fidelity 
to this Government, and no other 
(except freemen) may be Chosen 
Select men, Jurors or Constables, and 
have their vote, in the Choice of the 



Select men, for the Town Affairs, 
Assessments of Rates and other Pru- 
dentials Proper to the Town, Provided 
al waves the Major Part of the Com- 
'panyes of Select men, be freemen from 
time to time, that shall make a valid 
Act, as also where no Select men are, 
to have their vote in ordering schooles, 
bearding of cattle, laying out high- 
waves, and distributing lands, any 
law, use or custome to the contrary 
notwithstanding." Colonial Laws of 
Mass., ed. 1660, p. 76; id. reprint, 
1889, p. 196. 

Taxes were assessed against males 
from the age of sixteen upwards: I 
Laws of N. H., 1679-1702, p. 39. 
Severe penalties were imposed at the 
time of the first union upon those 
guilty of fraudulent practices in the 
election of assistants. The simpli- 
city of the method of balloting is note- 
worthy. The act of 1643 was as 
follows : — 

"It is Ordered by this Court and 
the Authority thereof, that for the 
yearly chusing of Assistants, the Free- 
men shall use Indian Corn and Beans, 
the Indian Corn to manifest Election, 
the Beans contraiy; and if any free 
man shall put in more than one In- 
dian Corn or Bean, for the choice or 
refusal of any publick Officer, he shall 
forfeit .for every such offence, ten 
pounds, and that any man, that is not 
free, or hath not liberty of voting, put- 
ting in any vote, shall forfeit the like 
sum of ten pounds." Colonial Laws 
of Mass., ed. 1672, p. 47. 

In* the Puritan commonwealth the 
status of a freeman, his rights, privi- 
leges and duties, was clearly prescribed 
and well understood. The statute of 
1647 relates to this subject in terms 



*This article by Mr. Batchellor, former State Historian, was left among other unpublished 
papers at the time of his decease. 



6(\ 



The Granite Monthly 



which afford an adequate description 
of the office of freemen: 

''To the end the body of freemen 
may be preserved of honest and good 
men, It is Ordered, That henceforth 
no man shall be admitted to the free- 
dome of this Common-wealth, but- 
such as are members of the some of 
the Churches, within the limits of 
this jurisdiction; and whereas many 
members of Churches to exempt 
themselves from Public service, will 
not come in to be made free- 
men, It is Orderd, That no mem- 
bers of Churches within this juris- 
diction, shall be exempt from any 
publick service, they shall be chosen 
to by, the Inhabitants of the sev- 
eral] Towr.es, as Constables, Jurors 
Select men, surveiors of the High- 
waves. And if any such person shall 
refuse to serve in, or take upon him 
any such Office, being Legally chosen 
thereunto, he shall pay for every such 
refusall, such fine, as the Town shall 
impose, not exceeding Twenty shill- 
ings, for one Offence." Colonial Laws 
of Mass., ed. 1660, p. 33; id. reprint, 
1889, p. 153. It is presumed that this 
statute was deemed valid in Hamp- 
ton for reasons above stated, but 
elsewhere in New Hampshire, includ- 
ing Exeter, church-membership was 
not a qualification for citizenship. 
Bell, History of Exeter, p. 44. 

Subsequent to the restoration, en- 
ergetic influences were brought to bear 
upon the colony in favor of more lib- 
eral statutes relating to membership 
in a Puritan church as an indispen- 
sable qualification for the office of 
freeman. The desires of the ministry 
met with a degree of compliance in 
the colony. The act of 1664 presents 
an apparently extensive revision of 
the former laws. The essential value 
of these changes might, perhaps, be 
better ascertained in the application 
of the law as amended than from its 
text. The act is as follows: — 

"This Court doth Declare, That 
the Law prohibiting all persons, ex- 
cept Members of Churches, and that 
also for allowance of them in any 



county Court, are hereby Repealed. 
And do also order and Enact, That 
from henceforth all English men, pre- 
senting a Certificate under the hands 
of the Minister or Ministers of the 
place where they dwell, thai they are 
Orthodox in Religion, and not vicious 
in their lives, and also a Certificate 
under the hands of the Select Men of 
the place, or the major part of them, 
that they are Free holders, and are for 
their own proper estate (without heads 
of persons) rateable to the Country in 
a single Country Rate, after the usual 
manner of valuation in the place 
where they live, to the full value of ten 
shillings, or that they are in full Com- 
munion with some Church among us; 
It shall be in the liberty of all and 
every such person or persons, being 
twenty-four years of age, House-hol- 
ders and settled Inhabitants in this 
Jurisdiction, from time to time to 
present themselves and their desires 
to this Court for their admittance to 
the Freedome of this Commonwealth, 
and shall be allowed the priviledges to 
have such their desire propounded, 
and put to vote in the General Court, 
by the suffrage of the major part, ac- 
cording to the Rules of Our Patent." 
Colonial Laws of Mass., ed. 1672, p. 
56. 

An act passed in 1673 prescribes 
the formalities and conditions under 
which persons not church-members 
may be admitted to the privileges of 
freemen. Colonial Laws of Mass., ed. 
1672, Whitmore ed., p. 210. 

The king's commission by which 
New Hampshire was separated from 
Massachusetts and a distinct province 
created by the commission of 1679, 
provided for a president and council 
which was to be the executive branch, 
the supreme court, and the first branch 
in the General Assembly. The presi- 
dent and council were impowered to 
designate the persons in each town 
who were to have the privilege of vot- 
ing for members of the first house of 
representatives. This discretion was 
exercised and some traces of dissatis- 
faction are discovered in the history of 



Qualifications of Electon 



the period. I Laws of N. IE, 1679- 
1702, p. 2; id. note, p. 12, et seq:; id. 
Appendix E. L, p. 770. In the Cult 
laws it is provided in, regard to the 
qualification for holding office as 
follows: — 

"It is Ordered by this Assembly- 
and the Authority thereof; That all 
English men, being Protestants, that 
are settled Inhabitants & freemen 
holders in any Town of this Province, 
of the age of Twenty four years, not 
vitious in life, but of honest & good 
conversation, and such as have Twenty 
pounds rateable estate, without heads 
of persons; Having also taken the 
Oath of Allegiance to His Ma'ty and 
no others, shall be admitted to the lib- 
erty of being freemen of this Province, 
and to give their votes for the choice 
of Deputies for the General Assembly, 
Constables, Select-men, Jurors, & 
other Officers, and concerning the 
Town where they dwell. Provided 
this Order give no liberty to any per- 
son or persons to vote in the disposi- 
tion or distribution of any lands, 
timbers, or other properties in the 
Town, but such as have real right 
thereto: And if any difference arise 
about the said right of voting, it shall 
bo judged & determined by the Presi- 
dent and Councel, together with the 
General Assembly of this Province." 
I Laws of N. H., "1679-1702, p. 26. 

This article was in operation at least 
until the Cutt laws were disallowed bv 
the king, April 19, 1682. Cranfield's 
instructions, art. 26, Appendix A, post. 

By the laws enacted in the time of 
Cranfield, the provisions as to quali- 
fications for electors and of those 
elected to office were as follows: — 

/'Ffor the regulation of the choice 
of Jurors, Assemblymen, Trustees or 
Overseers for the respective Towns &c. 
That all persons, setled inhabitant & 
freeholders in any Town of this Pro- 
vince of Twenty one years, and no 
other, Shall have liberty of giving 
their votes for the choice of Assenihly- 
Jtien, Jurors, Trustees, or Overseers 
for the Respective Towns, Constables, 
or other necessary Town Officers, or in 



any other Town concerns. Nor shall 
any be chosen Assembly-men, Jurors, 
or Trustees &c. for the Towns, but 
such as hath a rateable estate of 15 L 
according to valuation of stated bv 
Law." I Laws of X. H„ 1679-1702, 
p. 63. ■ 

In the time of the Dominion of* New 
England, 1686-1689, there were no 
popular assemblies and the law-mak- 
ing power was vested, first in the pres- 
ident and council, and subsequently 
in the governor and council. 1 Laws 
of N. H., 1679-1702, p. 92-259. That 
part of the laws of the Dominion 
of New England which regulates 
towns, relates more directly to the 
powers of towns than to qualifications 
of inhabitants, as voters and office 
holders in the municipalities. Among 
the early orders issued by the king in 
his commissions and instructions, or 
by the executives and their several 
councils, was a provision that the laws 
of the province previously existing 
should remain in force until repealed 
by the order or act of the legislative 
councils of the dominion. In New 
Hampshire this rule continuing the 
former laws might apply to the acts of 
the time of Cranfield, and perhaps to 
the acts of the time of the union. 

In the brief period of about eight 
months which intervened between the 
end of the second union with Mass- 
achusetts, the New Hampshire towns 
failed to agree upon a constitution 
under which they should be united for 
a government of the whole as a tem- 
po: ary state. 

Under the second union of Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire, the for- 
mer laws were declared to be in force. 
I Laws of N. H., 1679-1702, p. 294; 
id. p. 371. There is no reason to 
suppose there would be any execption 
in regard to the qualifications of elec- 
tors and as to eligibility for public 
office as the resolve makes no excep- 
tion. I Laws of N. H., 1679-1702, p. 

King James, the Second, abdicated 
in 16S8. The downfall of the Andros 
government, Dominion of New Eng- 
land, ensued in April, 1689. In the 



68 



The Granite Monthly 



period of the second union of Massa- 
chusetts Bay and New Hampshire, 
1690-1692, every effort was made to 
obtain a renewal - of the charter of 
1629 from William and Mary. These 
efforts were futile. The charter of 
16S9 was substituted. The new con- 
stitution was not satisfactory in many 
important particulars. It impinged 
materially upon the independence 
which the colony enjoyed under the 
charter of 1629. About the same 
time. New Hampshire was established 
as a province under the king's com- 
mission. From this time on, the 
colony and province had a separate 
government although in about half of 
this period the king designated the 
same person to be governor of the 
colony and province. 

Among the most objectionable fea- 
tures of the Massachusetts laws in the 
first colonial period from the point of 
viewot the home government was the 
restriction of the privileges of citizen- 
ship which appear in the laws defining 
the status of freemen and prescribing 
the qualifications for its enjoyment 
and exercise. The colony was com- 
pelled from time to time by pressure 
from the Crown to liberalize these 
laws. The last of these attempts to 
compose these differences as for as 
they related to the privileges of the 
freemen appears in the time of the 
second union in 16S9-90. The act is 
as follows: — 

"It is Ordered by this- Court, That 
the Clause in the Law title Freemen, 
referring to Ministers giving Certifi- 
cate to Persons Desiring their Free- 
dom, be and hereby is repealed, And 
the Sum of Ten shillings is reduced to 
ffour shillings in a Single Country 
Rate (without heads of Persons) Or 
that the Person to be made free have 
houses or Lands of the Cleer Yearly 
Value of Six Pounds Freehold w'ch 
Value is to be returned to the Court 
by the Select Men of the Place, or the 
Major part of them, who also are to 
Certify that such Person is not Vicious 
in Life And the Additional Law title 
freemen, made October loth 1G73 is 



hereby likewise repealed. " I Laws 
of N.'H., 1679-1702, p. 355. 

The colony charter of 1691 and the 
province commission of 1692 prohib- 
ited discrimination in the privileges 
of citizenship between the adherence 
of the various sectarian denominations 
except Catholics, often referred to in 
the parlance of that day as Papists. 
Religious freedom and equality were 
enjoined with the exception men- 
tioned. Two notable results ensued. 
Religious freedom and equality were 
conceded in the colonial laws and the 
standing order enjoyed a growth and 
prosperity which it had never expe- 
rienced under the rigors if the earlier 
system of laws relating to this subject. 
Doyle, English Colonies in America, 
New England, in the Intercharter 
Period. 

In 1699 an act entitled "An Act to 
return able and sufficient jurors to 
serve in the several courts of justice 
and to regulate the election of repre- 
sentatives to serve in the General 
Assembly within this province" con- 
tains the following provision: — 

"No person Inhabiting within this 
Province, other than Freeholders of 
the value or income of Forty Shillings 
Per Annum or upwards in Land, or 
worth Fifty Pounds Sterling at the 
least in personal Estate, shall have 
any vote in the Election of Represent- 
atives; or be capable of being elected 
to Serve in the General Assembly." 

An act upon this subject was passed 
in 1723, but it was disallowed in the 
Privy Council. 

A very important act was passed in 
172S entitled "An Act for calling and 
electing assembly men and their 
qualifications." According to Mr. 
Belknap the purposes of the act were 
of a constitutional nature and effect. 
As to the qualifications of electors and 
as to eligibility to office, it provides as 
follows: — 

"And that no person shall be 
allow'd to serve in the house of repre- 
sentatives as a member thereof, unless 
he hath a real estate within this prov- 
ince of the value of three hundred 



Qualifications of Electors 69 



parish, or precinct where such election 
person so elected shall be determined shall be." Laws, ed. 1771, p. 16G. 
by the house of representatives, other The law on this subject remained 

than such, who has a real estate of the unchanged until the termination of 



pounds; and the qualifications of the 
person so elected shall be determined 
by the house of representatives, other 
i}iim such, who has a real estate of the 
value of fifty pounds within the town, the province period. 



WHAT'S THE USE? 

By Edward Mersey Richards 

Sometimes we mortals weep and moan 
Because we think we're all alone, 
Within a world whose heart is stone. 
But what's the use? 

Suppose the thought were really true. 
One might as well be bright as blue, 
It's just the same when one id through. 
So what's the use? 

Sometimes we think that honest men, 
From business haunts have gone to den, 
And only come out now and then. 
But what's the use? 

The business world is built, you see, 
On confidence and honesty, 
Therefore, most men must honest be. 
So what's the use? 

Sometimes we find in politics, 
Deceit and graft and fraud and tricks, 
That burn and sting to finger quicks. 
But what's the use? 

All things in love and war are fair 
And love and war each have a share 
In politics, 'most everywhere. 
So what's the use? 

Sometimes we think the weather's bad, 
The worst that mortals ever had, 
If we could change it we'd be glad. 
But what's the use? 

Life's brightest sunshine lives within 
The human heart, and cannot win 
As long as we refuse to grin, 
So what's the use? 



yo. 



EDITORIAL 



Both Governor -John H. Bartlett 
and the people of New Hampshire are 
to be congratulated upon the fact that 
throughout the state, during the first 
month of the year 1919, the chief topic 
of debate has been the inaugural mes- 
sage of the new chief executive. It is 
an obvious fact, often commented 



speedily disappears, unless something 
sensational happens to keep him 
awake. 

That something sensational has 
been furnished by Governor Bartlett's 
salutatory, and for thus stirring to life 
dormant interest in state affairs His 
Excellency should be thanked, even 



— ri 

f 



H 

: ~'v 



\ 



i . . 



Campaigning in New Ham pshire— 1918 
Left to right, front row, ex-President William H. Taft, U. S. Senator George H. Moses; second 
row, Governor Johw H, Bard.;tt, Congressman. Sherman E. Burroughs, H. L. Grinnell, Esq.; 
third row, Howard 0. Neteon, Charles D. Barnard, Esq. 



upon, that the average citizen is not so 
much interested as he ought to be in 
the workings of the official organisms, 
local, state and national, in which he is 
a unit. The indifferent citizen is an 
American type as truly as the tired 
business man and represents an even 
less desirable class of the population. 
It is a hard task, sometimes, even to 
get him to the polls on election day, 
and once the results of that voting 
have been announced his interest in 
government, visible and invisible, 



by those of us who do not agree with 
his fundamental principle that our 
present form of government, largely 
through continuing commissions, 
should be replaced by a more direct 
responsibility of the governor and 
council for the administration of the 
state's business. 

Governor Bartlett complains that 
the executive department has been 
"stripped of its powers," but Article 
55 of the Constitution of New Hamp- 
shire still says: "No moneys shall be 



Editorial 



1 



issued out of the treasury of this state 
and disposed of (except such sums as 
may be appropriated for the redemp- 
tion of bills of credit or treasurer's 
notes, or for the payment of interest 
arising thereon) but by warrant under 
the hand of the governor for the time 
being, by and with the advice and 
consent of the council, for the neces- 
sary support and defense of this -state 
and for the necessary protection and 
preservation of the inhabitants there- 
of, agreeably to the acts and resolves 
of the general court. " 

The hand that holds the purse 
strings rules the roost, and as a matter 
of fact no considerable expenditures 
have been made by any of the com- 
missions of which Governor Bartiett 
complains without consultation with 
and approval from the governor, at 
least, and usually the council, as well. 

For many years it has been the 
New Hampshire custom, a bad one, on 
the whole, not to re-elect a governor 
for a second time no matter how suc- 
cessful and worthy his administration 
may have been. The same rule has 
applied to members of the executive 
council. And there is no indication 
of any intention on the part of Granite 
State voters to change their attitude in 
this respect. 

The result is that once in two years 
half a dozen new men begin at the 
beginning to study the same problems 
of state government business and 
executive direction which their pred- 
ecessors took up afresh at the start of 
the previous administration. The 
damage to the state in delay and dif- 
ficulty is quite enough as it is; it would 
be infinitely greater if the recommend- 
ations of Governor Bartiett should be 
adopted and the state's policy in 
regard to all its institutions, its high- 
ways and other important branches of 
its business shoukl be subject to in- 
stant change at the hands of inex- 
perienced, uninformed and oftentimes 
impulsive members of a new governor 
and council body every two years. 

For more years than some seem to 
remember we have been progressing 



in New Hampshire towards that ideal 
form of government in which partisan 
politics is kept out of the state's 
business. We have not reached it yet , 
but we are nearer to it than we were 
and it would be a matter for regret if 
we were to slide to the very bottom of 
the hill again. 

With many of Governor Bartlett's 
ideas and recommendations we are in 
hearty accord. Especially are we 
glad to have him urge so strongly the 
executive budget system in support 
and, explanation of which former 
Governor Spaulding wrote in the 
January issue of this magazine. With 
that 'adopted, some of the present 
chief executive's recommendations 
would lose much of the ground upon 
which he bases them. 

His idea that some of our state- 
commissions can be reduced from 
three members to one with financial 
gain and without loss of efficiency de- 
pends for its successful working oat 
Upon the quality of the one surviving 
member. We fear that the one man 
qualified to discharge all the duties, 
judicial and otherwise, of the public 
service commission or the tax com- 
mission, would deserve and demand a 
higher salary than the state of New 
Hampshire ever has paid a public 
servant. 

There will be no dissent from the 
governor's statement that the state- 
must have more revenue. The direct 
way to get it is by increasing the state 
tax. Income, inheritance and corpor- 
ation taxes are popular, however, and 
have scriptural sanction in the aver- 
ment, ''From him that hath shall be 
taken." 

Much of the increase in the state's 
revenue, however secured, the gov- 
ernor would spend in freeing toll 
bridges, beginning with that at Ports- 
mouth, and in increasing the quantity 
and improving the quality of the 
schooling which is provided for the 
children of New Hampshire. 

A toll bridge today is an anachron- 
ism, of course, as well as a nuisance. 
They are disappearing quite rapidly 



72 



The Granite Monthly 



and we should hasten "the process as 
much as we can with financial justice 
to the other demands upon the state 
treasury. And though New Hamp- 
shire is small and poor, as compared 
with Maine, probably our state pride 
will lead us to match hor and the 
federal government dollar lor dollar in 
the work at Portsmouth. 

The educational problem is quite as 
great, but not quite so simple, as it is 
made out to be in the governor's 
inaugural and in the special committee 
report made to him in the matter. 
We all should be glad, of course, to 
have the children in Hart's Location, 
if there are any, enjoy as good schools 
as the children of Manchester; but it 
is almost as impossible, from a practi- 
cal standpoint, that they should, as 
that the children of Manchester 
should see every day as grand scenes 
as is a port of the life of the Hart's Lo- 
cation children. Moreover, any one 
who has been in touch with the New 
Hampshire legislatures of the recent 
.past knows that the people still cling 
tenaciously to some measure of home 
rule in the matter oi their schools. 
It must not be forgotten that among 
the earliest acts of the first settlers of 
our towns was the building of churches 
of their own and schoolhouses of their 
own, without needing or desiring or- 



ders to that effect from higher up. 
The closer together the school and 
the home, the greater the interest 
which father and mother take in the 
education of son and daughter, the 
better for all concerned; and a state 
commission, ruling, from Concord, all 
the school affairs of every city and 
town would have elements of danger 
in it as well as the opportunities for 
service which the committee and the 
governor emphasize. 

Whether or no this Legislature gives 
the governor more power on various 
lines, he will find, as he becomes better 
accustomed to his new office and its 
work, that he already has much more 
power than, from his inaugural, he 
seems to think he has; as much, per- 
haps, as any inexperienced governor — 
and all New Hampshire governors are 
inexperienced when they assume office 
— ought to have. 

If this general court takes Governor 
Bartlett at his word and turns over 
to him and his council sole control of 
the highways and the institutions of 
the state, will he, on January 8, 1920, 
as he turns over that sole and supreme 
control to a new governor and a new 
council, believe that thereby the best 
interests of the state are being served? 

We do not think so. 



GIFTvS OF HOUSES 



During the past month two not- 
able gifts tor public purposes of two 
well-known New Hampshire homes 
were made. Mrs. Nellie Putnam 
Chamberlin, widow of Horace E. 
-Chambcrlin, famous well-known rail- 
road manager, gave by will her beau- 
tiful home on Pleasant street in Con- 



cord to the Concord Woman's Club 
for a clubhouse; and Miss Eva L. 
Van Dyke offered the Van Dyke home- 
stead in Lancaster, one of the finest 
estates in that handsome town, for 
use as home for a bo}-s' club and as a 
memorial to sons of Lancaster in the 
war. 










7/. 



A BOOK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Mrs. Larz Anderson (Isabel Per- 
kins) is one of the present day authors 
in whose works Xew Hampshire 
people take particular interest. The 
daughter of our Granite State naval 
hero of the Civil War, Commodore 
George H. Perkins, U. S. N., his 
memorial, through her filial love, 



are more dear to her in all the wide 
world of which she has seen so much, 
not even her magnificent homes at 
"Weld" in Brookliue, Mass., and at 
Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Anderson is the author of a 
baker's dozen of books, about equally 
divided between charming juveniles 



\ 



i. 'j.u:-;-^!u . .. 



^ . . .->..; ..,.•■:. 



Mrs. Larz Anderson as a Hospital Nurse 



forms one of the attractive and im- 
portant features of the civic center of 
the state capital. From her father 
she inherited, and with him in girl- 
hood she shared, a love for the hills of 
New Hampshire and its rural life. 
The Perkins family homestead in 
Hopkinton and the extensive estate 
which her father founded in the 
neighboring town of Webster are still 
her property, and no places, it is said, 



and highly interesting books of travel. 
Most recently published, but now in 
its second printing, is "Zigzagging" 
(Houghton Mifflin Company), an ac- 
count of her eight months of war 
work in France, managing a canteen 
on the Marne, serving as hospital 
nurse, meeting the King and Queen of 
Belgium, General Pershing and Gen- 
eral Edwards, and, in general, making 
the most of unusually good oppor- 



74 



The Granite Monthly 



tunities for seeing all sides of war 
activities as well as of having a helpful 
part in many of them. 

Mrs. Anderson's literary style is 
fluent, yet direct, and full of pleasing 
contrasts which hold the attention of 
the reader and relieve tiie strain 
which some war books put upon our 
minds and hearts. Typical of these 
merits is her description of her visit 
to the rulers of Belgium. At Calais 
she was met by an officer of the court 
and taken in the King's motor to La 
Panne to dine with the King and 
Queen. At Dunkirk a very bad air 
raid was going on, and, she writes, "I 
was sitting on the bottom of the 
motor, so that in case the glass was 
broken I might not be cut and also 
in order that I might gaze up into the 
sky and see what was going on." 

Arrived at the royal villa, she found 
that her travelling bag had not been 
put into the motor, so that, perforce, 
she dined with the King and Queen 
in her uniform of nurses' blue. 

"Across the hall a door opened, and 
there stood the King and Queen in the 
center of a small sitting-room. I 
curtsied at the entrance. The Queen 
put out her hand, and I curtsied 
again, and also to the King, as is the 
custom. He was in khaki, with the 
black-and-red collar and the stars of 
the commander-in-chief of the army. 
She wore a simple white gown, cut 
V-shaped in the neck, and no jewels. 
They both looked extremely well, in 
spite of what they had been through, 
and both as young a. ; I remembered 
them five years ago. 

"Her Majesty asked me in a very 
informal way to follow her into the 
dining-room. The room was small, 
with a round table that left rather a 
blue and white impression on me. 
My seat was on the King's left, and 
the Countess was on my other side. 
I was extremely tired and very hun- 
gry, and did full credit to the simple 
meal of soup, fish, meat, pudding and 
fruit. 1 had had nothing since a cup 
of chocolate at 11, except the bread 
in my pocket. 



"The tiling that stands out now in 
my mind is that the King, who looked 
rather solemn, surprised me by jok- 
ing. ... 

"After dinner . . . the Queen 
and I had quite a long talk in the little 
parlor, all by ourselves. She was very 
simple and sweet and bright, and told 
me a good many interesting things r 
speaking in English and in the very 
low voice which royalty always seems 
to use. . . . 

"As I was leaving the palace, to my 
surprise, a little package was handed 
me, in which I found a nightgown of 
the Queen's, a comb and brush, soap 
and .several handkerchiefs! . . . 
The little inn was filled with men 
playing the piano and singing. I 
went to sleep with rollicking soldier 
songs in my ears.''' 

Another side of her experiences is 
given in extracts from her journal 
while at the Ocean Hospital. 

"But after the concert was over I 
walked home alone as usual in the 
blackness and crept up the three 
Mights of dark stairs to my little cor- 
ner, where I boiled some water and 
had a drink of malted milk, grabbed 
my hot water bottle and tumbled into 
bed all dressed — not because I was 
afraid of the boches, but to keep 
warm. . . . There are moments 
when I am a little tired of getting up 
at dawn and preparing my own 
breakfast in a stone-cold room, where 
my fingers are so numb I can hardly 
hold the dishes. What is wanted 
over here is simply women who have 
strong arms and legs— you should be 
young and well and willing to do 
what you are told. . . . 

"The Queen arrived at 10 o'clock 
this morning and stayed for two 
hours. We had given the salle an 
extra cleaning and got a special outfit 
all ready for her majesty — the usual 
white rubber apron and white cotton 
overshoes and rubber gloves. In- 
stead of the white veil which French 
and Belgian nurses wear, she put on a 
sort of turban cap of white silk. 

"She came in very quietly, and we 



A Book of Xew Hampshire Interest 75 

all curtsied. Then, as she dressed "I think it is quite wonderful of her 
the wounds, doing the work of the to work so hard, and to do it so well, 
doctors, we waited upon her. I stood For it is not pleasant to see such 
behind the movable table with dress- dreadful wounds, all open and bleed- 
ings. Her first ease was a man with a ing, and to hear men groaning and 
very bad arm, her second a man who grinding their teeth with pain, some 
had both legs cut off". She used to do crying and yelling and biting their 
this sort of thing in hospitals even be- blaiikets, arid, when under the influ- 
fore the war. ence of ether, talking so strangely." 



THE OLD TOWN PUMP 

By Charles Nerers Holmes 

By the old town hall in the village square 
Stood an old town pump, like a landmark there, 
With its short-nosed spout and its handle strong, 
And a chain attached to a dipper long. 

There the horses stopped, on an August day, 
And the oxen passed with huge loads of hay, 
And the children played, while their parents spoke 
Of good crops or news, or the latest joke. 

How that handle rose and that handle fell, 
As the water gushed from the deep, dark well, 
Through the short-nosed spout in a silver stream, 
Sparkling bright and clear 'mid the sunlight's gleam. 

Here the schoolboy came, homeward bound at noon, 
And fond lovers met 'neath September's moon, 
And the squire so grave, or the parson gray, 
Often paused a while when he passed this way. 

And the farmer, hot from midsummer's heat, 
Drank its cooling draught like some nectar sweet, 
Which his tires had quaffed in the years of yore 
And which he would quaff till life's toil was o'er. 

By the new town hall in that village square 
There's no old town pump like a landmark there, 
And no horses stop on an August day, 
And no oxen come with their loads of hav 



V } 



And that pump is gone like the times long past 
For of earthly things all must die at last, 
Yet some folks still live — -just a few — who know 
Where the town pump stood years and years ago. 



7t. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



PHILIP F. AMIDON 



Philip F 
dale, Janu 
November 

Charles Jacob an<. 



PUS. 



\midon was born at Hins- 

, IS52, and died there on 

He was the eldest son of 

Mary ; Harvey) Aniidon, 



the few . close friends who understood his 
rare qualities satisfied him; that "best por- 
tion of a good man's life/' The little name- 
less remembered acts of kindness and love 
were the daily record of his sojourn here. 
He "put his creed into his deed'' and exem- 
plified in all his dealings "that to be honest, 
as this world goes, is to be one man picked 
out of ten thousand." 



EBEN M: WILLIS 

Eben Marston Willis, treasurer and gen- 
eral manager since 1912 of the Page Belting 
Company, one of Concord's chief industries, 
died January 1, after a week's illness, of 
influenza, ending in pneumonia. He was 
born in Claremont, May 11, 1871, graduated 
from the Concord High School in 1SS9 and 
immediately began his continuing connec- 
tion with the Page Belting Company. He 
was a director of that company and of the 






The late Philip F. Amidon 
(Fro. a a photograph taken in 1S9S) 

and after attending the town schools and a 
military school at Brattleboro, Vt., entered 
his father's textile mills at Hinsdale at the 
age of eighteen. He mastered every depart- 
ment of their operation by practical experi- 
ence and at the aae of twenty-one was ad- 
mitted to partnership. Since the death of 
his father in 1900 lie had been sole owner of 
the mills at Hinsdale and Wilton, disposing 
of the former in 1917, but continuing the 
operation of the latter until his death and 
doing a large and lucrative business. He 
was a strong Republican in politics and rep- 
resented Wilton, where he resided from 1894 
to 1907, in the Legislature of 1899.. He was 
a director of the Vermont National Bank of 
Brattleboro ami a member of the Home Mar- 
ket Club of Boston; a 32nd degree Mason 
and an Odd Fellow. His wife, who was Mrs. 
Annie Estey Fulton of Brattleboro. survives 
him, with one son, James Jacob Amidon. 

A man of strong character, but of modest 
and retiring nature, Mr. Amidon was one 
whose affiliations were limited — home and 



f 














j 

i 


L 


•»<* 


••v. 




.- ; 





s. 



:..,... 



The late Eben M. Willis 

Mechanics National Bank and the Capital 
Fire Insurance Company, a trustee of the 
Merrimac County Savings Bank and vice- 
president and director of the Northern Secu- 
rities Company. A Republican in politics, he 
was a member of the Concord City Govern- 
ment from 1897 to 1903 and of the state 
House of Representatives in 1903 and 1905, 
being chairman of the State House Com- 
mittee at the latter session. He was a 32nd 
degree Mason and a member of the Wonolan- 
cet and Snowshoe Clubs of Concord and of 



New Hampshire Xecroloyy 



77 



the New Hampshire Manufacturers' Asso- 
ciation. He was a leading member oi the 
White Memorial Universaiist Church in Con- 
cord, his grandfather, the late Rev. Lemuel 
Willis, having been one of the pioneer preach- 
ers of that denomination. Mr. Willi? is sur- 
vived by his wife, one daughter, Miss Mary 
E. Willis, a member of the class of 1920 at 
Weilesley College, and his aged father. Alger- 
non Willis, formerly deputy state treasurer 
of New Hampshire. 



he was presidential elector in 1892 and a mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives in 1S95. 
He was a member of the G. A. R. Post at 
Penacook, of the Masonic Lodge there and of 
the Chapter and Commandery at Concord 
and of the Winlhrop Club at Springfield. 
For many years he had been a summer resi- 
dent of the Lake Sunapee region. Besides 



HOX. A. A. WOOLSON 

Augustus A. Woolson, born in Lisbon, June 
15, 1S35. died there, December 15, after an 
illness of eight weeks with influenza. He 
was educated at Xewbury (Yt.) Seminary, and 
Kimball Lmion Academy, Meriden: was in 
the insurance business for forty-five years 
and for twenty years was a member of the 
mercantile firm of Wells & Woolson. He was 
a member of the Legislature in 1S75-6-7-8 
and in the two latter years was Speaker of 
the Llouse..the last such officer to serve two 
terms. For almost forty years he was mod- 
erator of the town and also had been town 
clerk, town treasurer, member of the school 
board, district commissioner, deputy sheriff, 
etc. He was a member of the Constitutional 
Conventions of 18S9^ani 1902 and of the Re- 
publican National Convention which nomi- 
nated James A. Garfield for president. In 
1892 he was a presidential elector. For many 
years Mr. Woolson was president of the vil- 
lage library association and of the Lisbon 
Savings Bank and Trust Company and in all 
matters of community welfare he was a leader 
and worker. He was unmarried. 



The late George W. Abbott 



GEORGE W. ABBOTT 

George Whitefield Abbott was born in 
West Boseawen (now Webster] March 13, 
1S37, the son of Nathaniel and Mary (Fi'fts) 
Abbott, and died at Springfield, Mass., De- 
cember 27. As a young man he was a clerk 
in Boston and afterwards ensaged in the 
grocery business at Norwich, Conn., and at 
Hsherville, now Penacook, where he enlisted 
in Company E, Seventh Regiment, New 
Hampshire Volunteers, in August, 1862. He 
was wounded severely in the battle of Olustee, 
Ilorida, February 20, 1804. but rejoined his 
regiment and was mustered out in June, 18G5. 
After the war he engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits at Penacook and in 1876 formed a part- 
nership with J. E. Symonds for the manufac- 
ture of tables, which was highly successful as 
& partnership and later as a corporation. 
Mr. Abbott retired from business some years 
ago and of late has resided with his daughter, 
Myra (Mrs. Grenville M. Stevens), in Spring- 
field. He formerly was president of the Pena- 
cook Electric Light Company and a director 
of the Concord Street Railway, the Sullivan 
County Railroad and the First National 
Bank of Concord. A Republican in politics, 



his daughter he is survived by three grand- 
children, Eleanor, Abbott, and Emily Stev- 
ens, in whom he had great pride and joy. 

DR. EDWIN E. JONES 

Dr. Edwin Emery Jones met with a tragic 
death on December 28, in an automobile 
accident at North Stratford. Born in Lou- 
don, January 4, 1870, he prepared at Pem- 
broke Academy for Dartmouth College and 
graduated from its Medical School in 1894. 
He played on the 'Varsity football team for 
three seasons and in his last year was its 
captain. He practised his profession at Nor- 
wich, Vt., at Concord, and since 1S9S at 
Colebrook, where he had achieved great suc- 
cess and had contributed to the public good 
the organization of the Colebrook Hospital. 
He was a 32nd degree Mason and a member 
of the Eastern Star and Odd Fellows. In 
religious belief he was a Methodist. He mar- 
ried^ July 3, 1S94, at Suncook, Maud E. 
Northrop, by whom he is survived, with one 
son, Ralph Xorthrup Jones, born January 16, 
1898,. and now in his last year at Phillips 
Exeter Acadern v. 



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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. LI 



MARCH, 1919 



No. 3 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S FINANCIAL HISTORY 



By James 
(From an address given before the New 

I have thought that a brief sketch 
of our financial history, from the close 
of the Civil War, might be interesting 
to you os veil as a guide to your pres- 
ent deliberations. We are frequently 
informed that New Hampshire is a 
backward state in its development in 
contrast with sister states. We get 
this information largely from out- 
siders, but sometimes from 'our own 
people. In the limited time I shall 
take, it is my hope to show you that, 
considering our resources and the 
problems that have faced us, we have 
made a record of which any citizen 
may be proud. 

It is fifty-three years since the close 
of the Civil War. I shall divide 
these years into two arbitrary periods 
of twenty-seven and twenty-six years 
each. The first is the debt-paying 
period, in which the whole thought of 
the people was centered on discharging 
the obligations incurred by the Civil 
\\ ar. The second period , from 1892- 
1918, is the period of state develop- 
ment. The periods are arbitrary be- 
cause the work of state development 
began in a small way before 1892, and 
the war debts were not all paid until 
thirteen years later. 

At the close of the Civil War the 
state debt was, in round numbers,. 
**.000,0Q£>; and * the town debts of 
frfew Hampshire aggregated nearly 
S', 000,000 more. One million of the 
jftate debt was for bounties advanced 
by the state for the United States, 
which the federal government paid 



O. Lyford 

Hampshire Legislature, February 4, 1919) 

soon after. The state debt with this 
deduction was $3,000,000, and the 
annual interest charge was 8250,000, 
some of the state's obligations bearing 
for a year or two 8 per cent interest. 

The people of New Hampshire were 
confronted with a state debt nearly 
three times our present state debt, 
with a property valuation of only one 
fourth of what our valuation is today. 
It is not surprising, therefore, that the 
whole thought of the people for a 
quarter of a century following the 
Civil War was centered upon the dis- 
charge of their public debts, state and 
town, and that they could give but 
little attention to anything else. 

The state prison and the state hos- 
pital, — the latter founded largely by 
private philanthropy, were our prin- 
cipal state institutions. An indus- 
trial school at Manchester and a nor- 
mal school at Plymouth were started 
in this period; and the agricultural 
college was a struggling annex of 
Dartmouth. The salary of the gov- 
ernor was 81,000, of the state treasurer 
8600, that of the chief justice was 
82,000, and of his associates 81,800 
each. 

During a quarter of a century fol- 
lowing the Civil War, the only build- 
ing of importance erected by the state 
was a new state prison. The new 
state prison was the only public build- 
ing of its era in the United States that 
was completed within the appropria- 
tion,— a fact that was favorably com- 
mented upon by the newspapers of the 



82 



The Granite Monthly 



country. This is further evidence of 
the economy and watchfulness of 
our people at that time. 

The Legislature met in those days 
annually on the first Wednesday of 
June; and if it did not finally adjourn 
by the Fourth of July it was charged 
with extravagance and with "wasting 
the people's money. 

It was almost impossible during tins 
period of debt payment to create a new 
state agency or to increase a state salary. 

In 1871, the Legislature voted to as- 
sume the war debts of the towns, and 
§2,200,000 was added to the state 
burden, bonds being issued for that 
amount, payable after 1892 in annual 
instalments. This added an annual 
interest charge of 8132,000. The 
payment of the principal of these 
bonds did not fall until the second 
period, which we arc to consider; but 
twenty years of interest payments 
were made within the first period. 

In the twenty-seven years following 
the close of the Civil War, New 
Hampshire paid the entire principal 
of its original war debt of 83,000,000 
and at least an equal amount in in- 
terest charges on the same until it 
was finally discharged; and in addi- 
tion twenty years' interest on 82,200,- 
000, the war debts of the towns which 
she assumed, amounting to §2,640,000, 
an aggregate payment of debt and in- 
terest during these twenty-seven years 
of 88,640,000. 

In view of this task imposed upon 
them, the Legislatures from "1865 to 
i892 were probably justified in defer- 
ring to their successors the problems 
of state development, education and 
philanthropy. 

In the next period from 1892-1918, 
the thought of the people was turned 
to questions similar to those confront- 
ing you, thai have to do with the care 
of youth, the public health, the wards 
of the state, and the promotion of the 
general welfare of our people. Here, 
again, I make a division of the twenty- 
six years to be considered into two 
equal periods of thirteen year's each, 
because there was still left for the state 



to pay in bonded debt 82,200,000, 
that it had assumed of the war debts 
of the towns. This debt was paid in 
annual instalments from 1892-1905. 
In 1905, the state debt reached its 
lowest mark in our history since be- 
fore the Civil War. It was then 
8393,700. This represented obliga- 
tions created by the state other than 
war debts. The state- tax in 1905 
reached its lowest figures in our his- 
tory since before the Civil War. It 
was only 8300,000. 

I have grouped the state's activities 
since 1892 under ten heads; and the 
classification thereunder I think you 
will consider as appropriate. What 
I hope to show by the comparisons I 
make is the growing liberality of the 
Legislature after the last of the Civil 
War debts were paid, and present to 
you evidence that New Hampshire 
has been generous in the last thirteen 
years in her contributions to the pub- 
lic welfare of her citizens. 

I perhaps need to repeat, that from 
1892-1905 the state was paying in 
annual instalments the war debts of 
the towns which she had assumed, 
namely, 82,200,000, and a constantly 
decreasing interest thereon, totalling 
in principal and interest about 
83,000,000. This interest does not 
include the twenty years' interest 
paid prior to 1892 before any of these 
bonds matured. 

The ten heads under which I have 
totalled the state's expenditures from 
1892^-1905 and from 1905-1918 are,— 
Past Wars, Military, Agriculture, 
Labor, Public Health, Penal Institu- 
tions, The Unfortunate, Forestry, 
Education, and Public Improvements. 
The comparison in the two periods of 
thirteen years each since 1892 follows: 



PAST WARS 

1S92-1905 1905-19 

Soldiers' Home $iy4,346.71 $316,816 

Regimental Histories 

Aid toG. A. R 

Alabama-Kearsarge Claim 

Soldiers' Monuments 

Muster Rolls 

Spanish War 

Messcan Border Gratuity . 
vVar with Germany 



IS 



12,740.00 


1,650.00 


6,250 . 75 


28,721.70 


4,520.75 




4,834.98 




500.00 




11 1,023.94 






73.001.C9 




270,656.93 


$334,217.13 


$690,847.07 



New Hampshire's 

MILITARY 

'1892-4903 1905-191S 

National Guard $39l,0S7.29 $630,838-72 

Adjutant-General 30.446 . 39 52,470- 5S 

Axmoriea 48,000 0O 142,330>.4 L 

independent Militia 5,075. 'S3 3,900 00 

$4 SO . 600 5 1 $82 9 559 . 7 1 

AGRICULTURE 

1892-1905 1905-19.18 

Agricultural College §279,363.55 $581,970.73 

Beard of Agriculture 74,503.90 146,368. S8 

Contagious Diseases 92,309.66 173.557.25 

Bounties on Wild Animals . 32,954.63 32,056.45 

Dairyman's Associations .. 6,400.00 10,597.21 

Horticultural Society 2,100.00 8,699. 39 

immigration Commission . 11,540.77 

Moth Extermination 127.275.19 

S199.17S.51 $1,080,525.10 

* Included in expenses of Board of Agriculture after 
1905. 

LABOR BUREAU 
1 592-1905 1905-19 IS 

$13,551.84 * $55.606. 12 

* Last two years include factory inspection and free 
employment bureau. 

PUBLIC HEALTH 

1 $92-1903 1905-1918 

Board of IL alth $63,419.31 803.126.59 

Vital Statistics 17,093 .51 26,296 . 73 

Laboratory of H vgiene .... 22,161. 60 74 ,909 . 29 

Epidemic Fund 4,268 . 53 2,452 . 62 

Sanatorium 10,390 . 16 429,040 . 85 

$117,333.11 $625,826.08 

PENAL INSTITUTIONS 

1S92-1905 1905-191S 

State Prison $84,003 . 55 $439,495 . 29 

Industrial School 1CS.341 . 78 588, SOS . 35 

$192,345.33 $1,028,298.64 

THE UNFORTUNATES 

1S92-1905 1905-191S 

State Hospital $407,648.08 $3,422,204.54 

Dependent Insane 106,924.92 

D ,-af , Dumb and Blind 100,305 . 56 233.1 66 . 06 

B-.»ard of Charitic-.s 11,703. 15 *172,137 09 

School for Feeble-Minded . 97,692.57 7s6.564.60 

Miotic and Feeble-Minded . 9,910 . 21 

Commission of Lunacy. . . . 9,317.84 

$794,184.49 $4,623,390.13 

* This includes care of tubercular patients other than 
it Sanatorium from 1912. Annual appropriation 
420,000. 

FORESTRY 
1S92-1905 190-5-1918 

$25,023 26 $299,618.27 

EDUCATION 

Depj.rtmenf of Public In- 1892-1905 1905-1918 

straction S09.40-i.09 $185,953.46 

TeacLcr.s Institutes 26,860.77 31,361 OS 

ochooj Fund 12S.075.00 1,054,452 . 55 

High School Tuition 14,454 .20 32.000.00 

formal Schools , . 172,477 82 987,859.55 

Dartmouth College 100,000.00 235,000.00 

Aw Dependent Mothers . . . 39,925.00 

Ptnsions to Teachers 12,500 . 00 

S51 1,331. 94 $2, 579,051. 04 

PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS • 
u . , 1892-1905 1905-19 IS 

|*0"hways $209,593. 32*$4, 680.185. 74 

Highways to Public Waters 3,583 . 08 

J -otection of Public Rights 6,069 . 20 7,909 . 64 

|;'^ts and Buoys 7.003 . 56 24,491 . 87 

Badges 5.537 . 26 18,750 . 00 

. $231,786.42 $4,731,337.25 

. Automobile fees applied to highway of $1,500,000 
included in $4,680,185.74. 



Ft } to. n c la I H isio ry 



83 



The total spent on these ten state 
activities from 1S92-1905 is $3,230,- 
161.54, and from 1905-18 is $16,544,- 
360.10, or five times as much for the 
last thirteen years as for the thirteen 
years that preceded. 

The property valuation of the state 
in 1892 was "6182,000,000 in round 
numbers: in 1905 it was $220,000,000, 
and in 1918 it was 8453,000,000. 
From 1905-18 this valuation a little 
more than doubled, while the ex- 
penditures for the public welfare in 
the same period, in all except one of 
the groups doubled, in four of them 
they increased from five to six times, 
in Forestry the increase was prac- 
tically twelve times, and in Public 
Improvement the increase was twenty 
fold. I think you will agree with me 
that New Hampshire cannot be re- 
proached for her care of her citizens. 

Not one of these undertakings do 
we regret and there is none that 
we would relinquish. Best of all, 
there has not in my recollection ever 
been a partisan vote in the Legis- 
lature in granting or refusing an ap- 
propriation for the public welfare. 
What we have done or what we have 
refused to do has been because the 
Legislature believed its action to be 
right. 

As to the work of the present Legis- 
lature, what is the financial situation 
that we face? The last Legislature 
did not appropriate enough for the 
maintenance of the departments and 
institutions. It could not intelli- 
gently do so, as the cost of labor and 
materials was then climbing by leaps 
and bounds, and we were at the be- 
ginning of our participation in the 
war with Germany. It provided, 
however, an emergency fund for 
each of the two succeeding years, to 
be spent under the direction of the 
governor and council. This was not 
sufficient, however; and we face a 
deficit of revenue for the present 
fiscal year ending August 31 of nearly 
$300,000. 

For the fiscal vear ending August 
31, 1920, with a state tax of $800,000 



The Granite Monthly 



there will be an excess of estimated ex- 
penditures over estimated revenue of 
$275,000: and for the following year, 
for which this Legislature must also 
provide, the deficit will be over 
$400,000, a total deficit for this year 
and the two succeeding years of 
nearly SI. 000,000. 

In looking over the estimates of the 
institutions, I find that these institu- 
tions are counting upon an emergency 
appropriation to carry them through, 
so that these estimates do not repre- 
sent what may be the cost for the 
next two years. 

A state tax of 8-1,200,000 for the 
next two years is therefore necessary. 
This does not take into consideration 
any increase of appropriations over 
estimates for the next two years, or 
any special appropriation by this 
Legislature. The state tax must be 
increased, S400;000 even if this Legis- 
lature dues not add a single new under- 
taking. We must first take care of 
what we have already authorized. 
This is a burden we cannot avoid. 

The only proposition before this 
Legislature to raise additional revenue 
is the direct inheritance tax. This, 
if the exemptions are not made too 
large, may produce an average annual 
income of $200,000; but for the first 
two years the income will fall far 
short of that amount. 

Whatever this Legislature pro- 
, poses to do in addition to what is al- 
ready authorized, it must do through 
an increase of the state tax above 
£1,200.000. This is the naked situa- 
tion, and we must face it, and face it 
courageously. The war is respon- 
sible for the increase that you will 
have to make in the state tax up to 
$1,200,000. You will be responsible 
for any increase above that sum. 
Governor Bart let t has admirably ex- 
pressed it in this way: 

"Good government in a democracy 
is to provide what the people hon- 
estly want, and then levy taxes of 



some kind for payment. These two 
phases of the question must always 
be kept together. We should be 
reasonably sure the people do want 
each given thing, and then we should 
discover the best method of securing 
the necessary money. When that 
has been done, the executive function 
of the state should see that the people 
obtain those results without waste." 

You are to be reasonably sure that 
the people desire the things for which 
you are to make the appropriations,, 
and then you are to provide the rev- 
enue. The only available source of 
revenue is to increase the state tax 
above SI, 200,000 for the additional 
appropriations that this Legislature 
votes beyond the sum required to meet 
the present requirements of the state. 
If you feel that your constituents are- 
willing to stand the additional bur- 
den for the benefits you give them, 
then you will have no hesitancy in 
making the required additional in- 
crease in the state tax bevoncl $1,200.- 
000. 

Tin's morning the chairman of the 
Committee on Appropriations in his 
report shows that the requests for 
special appropriations made of this 
Legislature total over §5,000,000 for 
the next two years. To grant them 
all would mean an increase of the state 
tax beyond the §1,200,000 required 
to meet present estimates, of $2,500,- 
000 a year. You are, therefore, face 
to face with the same problem that 
has confronted your predecessors, 
namely . — to select the more pressing 
demands for which your constituents 
will justify the expenditure; and defer 
action on the remainder. The millen- 
nium will not be brought about by 
the acts of one session of the Legis- 
lature. Years hence, even if the 
New Hampshire Legislature con- 
tinues to show the same liberal spirit 
that it has for the past thirteen years, 
there will still be opportunity for im- 
proving the condition of the people. 



&'-> 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S WAR WORKERS 



New Hampshire's part in the world 
war was almost 20,000 men in service 
(the latest report of the state war 
historian gives the number of names 
then on Ins records as 18,861; : $75,465,- 
890 invested in the first four Liberty 
Loans; 150,000 members of the Red 
Cross, contributing $935,000 in 
money to the work of that organization 
and a great amount of supplies — how 
great it is impossible to ascertain; 



Within the limits of magazine ar- 
ticles it is impossible to give any 
adequate account of all the ramifica- 
tions of this war work or to render 
due credit to all the men and women 
engaged in it, but some record seems 
appropriate and desirable at this 
time, when most of the activities are 
being brought to a close as the need 
for them disappears. 

The highest meed of praise be- 




Governor Henry W. Keyes and Some New Hampshire War Workers 

Yards 



in the Xev?ington 



Ship 

$1, 000,000 given in one "United" 
drive, for the work in connection with 
the war, of the'Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. 
C. A., the Salvation Army, the Jewish 
^ elf are Work and the War Camp 
Community Service; and a great 
amount of work done and money con- 
tributed for Belgian, Armenian and 
other refugee relief, for books and 
magazines and "smileage" tickets 
for the soldiers and sailors, and in 
many other ways. Altogether, it is esti- 
mated, New Hampshire raised more 
than two and a half million dollars 
for war charities and has invested 
more than eighty million dollars in 
government war securities, or one- 
nfth of the entire wealth of the state. 



longs, of course, to the men who had 
the closest connection with the actual 
winning of the war, the men who en- 
dured the life of the trenches, the 
men who went over the top, the men 
who stopped the onslaught of the 
Hun, beat him back, broke his spirit, 
forced him to sue for peace. 

The time has not yet come for 
telling the story of the New Hamp- 
shire men overseas. It will be a 
splendid one when it is told and this 
magazine hopes to have a share in the 
telling. But that must be a thought 
and a plan for the future. 

New Hampshire's first contribu- 
tion to the man power of the war 
came in the federalizing of the 2,750 



86 



The Granite Monthly 



men of the First Regiment., New Hamp- 
shire National Guard, and the subse- 
quent incorporation of most of its 
strength in the 103rd Regiment of 
Infantry of the 26th Division. A. E. F. 



the Navy and the Marine Corps, 

amounting in all to 7,500 men. 

Then came the enactment of the 
Selective Service Act, under which 
94,801 men were registered in the 



/ 







1 



\ 



x. 



X 



X: 




Dr. George Cook 
Chairman Selective Service Bovird 



There was a highly creditable amount 
of volunteering in connection with 
filling the ranks of this regiment and 
for other service of the nation, in 
the various branches of the Army, 



state of New Hampshire and 8,925 
furnished for service. 

Under the law the responsibility 
for its enforcement in New Hamp- 
shire was placed in~ Governor Henry 



New Hampshire's War Workers 



W. Keyes and upon his recommenda- 
tion the following officials were named 
as his assistants: 

Brigadier General Charles W. Howard, the 
Adjutant General and Disbursing Officer and 
Agent of the United States and State of 
New Hampshire; First Lieutenant John. M. 
Gile, M. R. C, medical aide to the Governor; 
Miss Bessie A. Clark, chief clerk. 

District Board ■'■ Dr. George Cook, chair- 
man, Concord: W. L. Carter, Nashua, suc- 
ceeded by D. Sidney Rollins, Newport, clerk; 
Edmund Sullivan, Berlin; Richard A. Cooney, 
Portsmouth; Samuel O. Titus, Rollinsford; 
Arthur H. Chase, chief clerk. Concord. 

Local Boards: Belknap County. Frederick 
D. Elliott, Edwin P. Thompson. Frank P. 
Tilton, Dr . Edwin P. Hodgdon, all of La- 
coma. 

Carroll County: Arthur W. Chandler, 
Conway; Arthur E. Kenison, Ossipee; Dr. 
B. F. Home, Conway; Dr. George H. Shedd, 
Conway; Dr. F. E. Clow, Wolfeboro. 

Cheshire County: Edward H. Lord, Lewis 
W. Holmes, the late Carl J. Beverstock, Roy 
M. Pickard, Dr. Frank M. Dinsinoor, Miriam 
G. Starkey, chief clerk, all of Keene. 

Coos County: George W. Brown, Berlin; 
Fred C. Cleveland, Lancaster; Dr. T. C. 
Pulsifer, Berlin; Dr. Richard E. Wilder, 
Whitefield; Sarah 3d. Daley, chief clerk, Lan- 
caster. 

Grafton County: Joseph P. Huckins, 
Plymouth; Dexter D. Dow, Dr. Elmer M. 
Miller, L. C. George, chief clerk, all of Woods- 
ville. 

Hillsborough County, No. One (City of 
Nashua): Dr. George W. Currier, Thomas 
1). Luce, Dr. Benjamin G. Moran, Fred 
Cross, chief clerk, all of Nashua. 

Hillsborough County, No. Two (County 
of Hillsborough with the exception of Man- 
chester and Nashua ): Charles S. Emerson, 
Mil ford; James F. Brennan, Peterborough; 
Dr. Charles A. Weaver, New Boston; 
Wynona L. Parkhurst, chief clerk, Miliord. 

Manchester City, No. One (Wards 1. 2, 3, 
4, 5a and 9): Allan M. Wilson, Harry T. 
Lord, Dr. I. L. Carpenter, all of Manchester. 

Manchester City, No. Two (Wards 5b, 
(; > 7, 8): Thomas* H. Madigan. Joseph M. 
MeDonough, Albert A. Richards. Dr. B. E. 
Sanborn, all of Manchester. 



Manchester City, No. Three (Wards 10, 
11, 12, 13): Harry C. Jones, Dr. Wilfred L. 
Biron, Lucien J. Martin, Charles C. Tinkham, 
all of Manchester. 

Merrimack County, No. One (City of Con- 
cord): George A. S. Kimball, the late Charles 
P. Smith, George M. Fletcher, Dr. Charles 
R. Walker, Dr. Arthur K. Day, Blanche H. 
Ahern, chief clerk, all of Concord. 

Merrimack County, No. Two: Thomas F. 
Clifford, Frederick A. Holmes, Franklin; 
George W. Stone, Andover; Dr. Ervin T. 
Drake, Agnes G. Nelson, chief clerk, Franklin. 



x. 



\ 



J 



f 



y 



w 



Major D. S. Rollins 
Clerk Selective Service Board 

Rockingham County, No. One: Ceylon 
Spinney, William E. Marvin, Dr. George E. 
Pender, Effie B. Laird, chief clerk, all of 
Portsmouth . 

Rockingham County, No. Two: Herbert 
L. Grinnell, Derry; George W. Lamprey, 
Exeter; Dr. Abram W. Mitchell, Epping; 
Florence Baker, chief clerk, Exeter. 

Strafford County: Edward S. Young, 
Arthur G. Whitternore, William H. Roberts, 
Dover; Charles E. Hoitt, Durham; Dr. 
Walter J. Roberts, Rochester; Dr. Harry O. 
Chesley, Mollie E. Devereux, chief clerk, 
Dover. 

Sullivan County: Albert I. Barton, Croy- 
don; John McCrillis, Frank O. Chellis, 
Newport; Dr. Samuel R. Upham, Clare- 



ss 



The Granite Month!;/ 



mont; Bertha M. Goodwin, chief clerk, 
Newport. 

The attorneys designated to act a.-? govern- 
ment appeal agents were Fletcher Hale, 
Laconia; Walter D. H. Hill, North Conway; 
Philip H. Faulkner. Roy M. Pickard, Keene; 



In the membership of the various medical 
advisory boards for the different districts 
were included the following doctors: Joseph 
J. Cobb, Julius Stahl. Louis Benjamin Mar- 
cou, Edward R. McGee, Berlin; J. Z. Shedd, 
North Conway; Fred Meader, H. W. Brad- 



Hon. Richard A. Cooney 
Labor's Representative on Selective Service Board 



Harry G. Noyes, Gorham; Raymond U. 
Smith, Woodsvilie; Ivory C. Eaton, Nashua; 
Benjamin F. Prescott, Milford; Charles D. 
Barnard, Manchester; William W. Thayer, 
James W. Rerniek, Concord; Edward G. 
Leach, Franklin; John L. Mitchell. Ports- 
mouth; William H. Sleeper, Exeter: Albert 
P. Sherry, Dover; Henry- S. Richardson, 
Claremont. 



ford, Wolfeboro; Kenneth Bryson, Silver 
Lake; Edward E. Twombly, the late Edwin 
E. Jones, Colebrook; John M. Blodgett, 
West Stewartstown; W. H. Lang, Lancaster; 
Dermis E. Sullivan, Charles R. Walker, 
Atidrew L. MacMiilan, Chancey Adams, 
Louis I. Moulton, Concord; Arthur N. Smith, 
Louis W. Flanders, Roscoe G. Blaneharl. 
Elbridge A. Shorev, Dover; William H. 



Nev: Hampshire's War Workers 



89 



Nufe, William B. Kenniston, Herbert C. Day, 
A. G. Hooper, Charles IT. GemVu, Exeter; 
A. J. Lance, Portsmouth: James B. Erskine, 
Edwin D. Forrest, Tiiton; - William E. 
Smith, A. A. Beaton, James S. Shaw, Frank- 
lin; Frederick Robertson, Bristol: Howard 
N". Ivingsford, Elmer H. Carleton, W. H. 
Poole, Hanover; Fred VbriTobel, Lebanon; 
Edward A. Tracy, Ira J. Prouty, Arthur A. 
Prntte, Alston F. Barrett. Keene; Arthur 
W. Hopkins, West Swanzey; Park R. Hoyt, 
C. E. Rowe, Lakeport; Alpha H. Harriman, 
Clifton S. Abbott, Laconia; William H. 
Leith, Harry B. Carpenter, W. H. Thompson, 
Lancaster; George EL Morrison. White- 
field; Arthur T. Downing. Littleton; Hiram 
L. Johnson, Francuiiia; Harry H. Boynton. 
J. E. Collins. Lisbon; Emdon Fritz. Leander 
M. Farrington, William H. Lyons, Andrew 
J. Sawyer, Michael E. Kean. Daniel C. Nor- 
ton, Walter T. Crosby, William A. Thompson, 
William D. Walker, Manchester; Herbert S. 
Hutchinson, Fred JVI. Weatherbee, Eugene 
Wason, Milford; Oscar Burns, Amherst; 
Frank E. Kit trudge, William E. Reed, Her- 
bert L. Smith, George A. Bowers, Nashua; 
Fred P. Claggett, -Newport: Robert M. 
Brooks, Emery M. Fitch, William W. Cush- 
man, Clarcmont ; Charles H. Curler, Karl S. 
Keyes, Charles H. Harrington, F. G. Warner, 
Peterborough; N. F. Cheever, Greenfield: 
John Wheeler, D. H. Hallenbeck, Ezra -C. 
Chase, Plymouth; Jonathan M, Cheney, 
Ashland; the late Fred S. Towle, John H. 
Xeal, John J. Berry, Edwin C. Blaisdell, 
Arthur C. Heffenger, Portsmouth; C. S. 
Copeland, Dudley L. Stokes, Robert V. 
Sweet, Forrest L. Keay, Rochester; Philip 
H, Greeley, Farmihgton. 

The members of the legal advisory boards 
v-'ere Honorables William A. Plummer, 
Stephen S. Jewett, Oscar L. Young, La coma: 
Sfiwall W. Abbott. Wolfeboro: Arthur L. 
loole, Sanborn ville; John C. L. Wood, 
Conway; Ch. tries H. Hersey, Joseph Mad- 
den, Philip H. Faulkner, Keene; J. Howard 
Wight, George F. Rich, Berlin; Thomas F. 
Johnson, Colebrr.ok; Eri C. Cakes, Lan- 
caster; Harry Bingham, Littleton; Ira A. 
Chase, Bristol; Clarence E. Hibbard, Leb- 
anon; 



Robert J. Peaslee. David A. Taggart, Oliver 
\Y. Branch, George I. Haselton, James A. 
Broderiek, Aime E. Boisvert, Oscar F. Mo~ 
reau, Cyprien J. Belanger, Ferdinand Farley, 
Manchester; William H. Sawyer, Reuben 
E. Walker, Harry F. Lake, Concord; Frank 
N. Parsons, Franklin; Clarence E. Carr, 
Andovcr; Almon F. Burbank, Suncook; 
Edward H. Adams, Albert R. Hatch. Ports- 
mouth; John E. Young, Henry A. Shute, 
Exeter; Edwin B. Weston, Deny; Samuel 
D. Felker, Rochester; Sidney F. Stevens, 









i 
... | 

, 1 

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j 


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.4 

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i 
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^tei 



blett. 



George 



B. French, Charles J. Ham 



Alviu J. Lucier, Nashua; Ezra M. 
Smith, Peterborough; Harold D. Cheever, 
Wilton; Ralph G. Smith, Hillsborough; 



Dr. John M. Gile 
Medical Aide to the Governor 

Somersworth: Jesse M. Barton, Newport; 
•William E. Kinney, Francis W. Johnson, 
Claremont. 

All the draft work in New Hamp- 
shire, whether by the local boards 
or at headquarters, was so performed 
as to win ( the approval of inspectors 
sent from Washington and to receive 
appreciative mention from the Provost 
Marshal General. The absolute 
fairness with which every decision 
was made and the patience, per- 
severance and attention to detail 
of all concerned with the great task 
went far towards making the work- 
ings of the law so eminently success- 
ful as they were. 



90 



The Granite Monthly 



In preparing New Hampshire for 
war Governor Keyes was aided 
greatly by the enthusiastic and ab- 
solutely unanimous cooperation of 
the Legislature of 1917, led in this re- 
spect by the standing commit tee of 
the House on military affairs, made 
up of Representatives McKay of 
Manchester, Raiehe of Manchester. 



latum was enacted as the Governor 

and his advisers thought might be 
needed. How well they looked into 
the future is seen from the fact that, 
as Governor Keyes mentioned in his 
valedictory message to the Legisla- 
ture of 1919, no special session for 
war purposes of the Legislature of 
1917 was needed or even thought of. 



Hon. Edmund Sullivan 
Member of the Selective Service Board 



_ 



,,2 



Wright of Concord, Riley of Dover, 
ChaHis of Manchester,. Sanderson of 
Portsmouth. Bergquist of Berlin, Sbat- 
tuck of Nashua, Munsey of Laconia, 
Powell of Nashua, Letourneau of 
Berlin, Home of Deny, Donnelly of 
Manchester, Kidder of Rumney and 
Keenan of Concord. 

One million dollars was made avail- 
able for military expenditures, of 
which, however, but a third has been 
used; a Military Emergency Board 
was created; and such other legis- 



As the Governor further pointed 
out in that message, most of the ex- 
penditures from the special war fund 
have been for taking the votes at the 
recent election of soldiers absent 
from the' state; in giving aid to ^ the 
dependents of soldiers and sailors 
from New Hampshire in the service 
of their country; in enlarging and 
improving the military camp ground at 
the state capital: and in creating and 
maintaining a State Guard in place 
of the federalized National Guard. 



New Hampshire's War Workers 



91 



The original soldiers' aid commis- 
sion consisted of the late Montgomery 
Rollins of Dover, who died while en- 
gaged in the work; .the. late Arthur 
W. LaFlamme of Manchester, who 



has been and is today an efficient 
organization ready for any emergency 
and filling what might become at any 
moment a very pressing need. 

The present roster of the State 
Guard is as follows: 

Colonel Paul F. Babbidge, Keene. 

Lieutenant Colonel Arthur G. Shattuck, 
Nashua . 

Majors Treffle Raiche, Manchester, Frank 
E. Rollins, Dover, Otis G. Hammond, Con- 
cord, battalion commanders. 

Major William II. Xute, Exeter, surgeon. 

Captain Fred E. Howe, Keene, regimental 
adjutant. 

Captain John P. Flanagan, Keene, regi- 
mental supply officer. 

Captain Alonzo L. McKinley, Nashua, 
inspector of small arms practice. 






Adjutant General Charles W. Howard 

left the commission to train as an 
aviator and while thus engaged was 
stricken with illness and died; and 
Dr. Marion L. Bugbee of Concord, 
who resigned from the commission 
to go to France for Red Cross work 
there. Mr. LaFlamme was succeeded 
by Mr. Randolph Branch of Man- 
chester, who also resigned to enter 
the army a little later. The present 
commission is made up of Arthur 
H. White, Esq., of Manchester, 
Hon. John H. Field of Nashua and 
Mrs. Gertrude Hall Sawyer of Dover. 
Governor Keyes and the state 
were very fortunate in securing for 
the Military Emergency Board three 
retired officers of the United States 
Army, General Winfield Scott Ed- 
gerly, General Elbert Wheeler and 
Major Frank W. Russell, whose abil- 
ity and devotion were of the highest 

type. 

Under their direction a New Hamp- 
shire State Guard was formed which 




Col. Paul F. Babbidge 

Captains Alpha H. Harriman, Harry M. 
Morse, Nashua, Walter A. Bartlett, Manches- 
ter, assistant surgeons. 

Captain Edward M. Parker, Concord, 
chaplain. 

First Lieutenants Mederique R. Maynard, 
Manchester, Sherwood Rollins, Dover, Alfred 
J. McClure, Concord, battalion adjutants. 

Headquarters Company, Manchester, First 
Lieutenant William B. McKay. 



92 



The Granite Monthly 



Supply Company, Keene, First Lieutenant 
Clarence E. Stickney. 

Machine Gun Company, Franklin, Captain 
Frank T. Ripley. First Lieutenant Dana F. 
Fellows, Second Lieutenant Alfred G. Thomp- 
son. 

First Battalion 



Second Battalion 

Company E, Laconia, Captain Ross L. 
Piper, First Lieutenant Clarence E. Rowe, 
Second Lieutenant Robert F. Elliott. 

Company F, Bristol, First Lieutenant 
William II . Hill, Second Lieutenant Samuel 
Ferguson. 



Company A, Manchester, Captain Patrick Company" G, Littleton, Captain John B 



' i 



k-'>Wi~--.- 



.... .. ..:... i.^,,- 






Hon. John B. Jameson 
Chairman of the New Hampshire Committee on Public Safety 



H. O'Maliey, First Lieutenant Arthur E. 
Tinkham, Second Lieutenant Robert L. 
Manning. 

Company B, Manchester, Captain Edward 
A. G. Smith, First Lieutenant. John H. Irving, 
Second Lieutenant William B. Lang. 

Company C, Manchester, Captain Ubald 
Hebert, First Lieutenant Domicile M. Nolet, 
Second Lieutenant Ernest Lesmerises. 

Company D, Portsmouth, Captain Claude 
P. Wyatt, First Lieutenant Harry M. S. Har- 
low, Second Lieutenant Ira V. Shuttlewortn. 



Xute. First Lieutenant George H. VanNess, 
Second Lieutenant Edgar O. Baker J|^ 

Company H, Berlin, Captain Herbert S. 
Gregory, First Lieutenant George L, Atwood, 
Second Lieutenant Harlan J. Cordwell. 

Third Battalion 

Company I, Claremont, Captain George L 
Putnam, First Lieutenant Fred W. Boardway, 
Second Lieutenant Harry L. Hastings. 

Company K, Keene, Captain Eugene M- 
Keyes, First Lieutenant James P. Mores, 
Second Lieutenant Winfield M. Chaplin. 



New Hampshire's War Workers 



93 



Company L, Nashua, Captain Eugene J. 
Stanton, First Lieutenant Joseph D. Cone, 
Second Lieutenant George E. Fi field. 

Company M, Concord, . Captain James J. 
Quinn, First lieutenant Roscoe C. Gay, 
Second Lieutenant Michael PI. Mulligan. 

The semi-official or unofficial war 
work of the state, as distinguished 



committee and state war historian, 
gave an interesting and valuable 
account of the genesis of the commit- 
tee and its work up to that time under 
the title, "New Hampshire Preparing 
for War." Xo attempt was made in 
that article to give .any credit to 
individuals and it seems fitting that at 



iL.;. :-'.,<*- 



Ex-Governor Rolland H. Spaulding 
Vice-Chairman New Hampshire Committee on Public Safety 



from such strictly official work as 
the furnishing of men, the formation 
of the State Guard and the adminis- 
tration of food, fuel and labor regula- 
tions, was supervised, in the main, 
and inspired and supported, largely 
through the New Hampshire Com- 
mittee on Public Safety, formed on 
March 27, 1917. 

In the issue of the Granite 
Monthly for June, 1918, Professor 
Hichard W. Husband, secretary of the 



this time there should be printed a 
list of the members of the committee, 
with their various assignments to 
•specific duties. 

And in the first place it should be 
said that the work of the full com- 
mittee to a very great extent cen- 
tered in, and was controlled, and in 
many instances wholly done, by the 
Executive Committee of which John 
B. Jameson of Antrim was chairman; 
former Governor Ptolland H. Spauld- 



94 



The Granite Monthly 



ing of North Rochester, vice-chair- 
man,, with these other members: 
Clarence E. Carr, Anclover; Arthur 
M. Heard, Manchester; Roy D. 
Hunter, West Clareiiiont; Arthur B. 
Jenks, Manchester; Bion L. Nutting, 
Concord: James P. Richardson, 
Hanover (the successor of Professor 



Bass, Peterborough; Henry B. Quinby, 
Lakeport; Charles M. Floyd, Manchester; 
Nahum J. Bachelder, Andover; Harry W. 
Spaulding, Manchester; James B. Crowley, 
Nashua; Nathaniel W. Hobbs, Concord; 
Fred N. Beekwith, Dover; Samuel T. Ladd, 
Portsmouth; George F. Rich, Berlin; George 
H. Eames, Jr., Keene; Clarence E. Rowe, 



Gen. Frank S. Stricter 
'resident of the New Hampshire Defense League 



Harlow E. Person and Professor Frank 
H. Dixon, who were called to Washing- 
ton for war work there) ; Frank S. 
Streeter, Concord; Lester F. Thurber, 
Nashua. Secretary Husband was 
assisted by Joseph W. Wort hen, Esq., 
of Concord as assistant secretary, and 
General Harry H. Dudley of Concord 
as treasurer. 

The full membership of the com- 
mittee was as follows: 

Rolland H. Spaulding, North Rochester; 
Samuel D. Felker, Rochester; Robert P. 



Laconia; J. Levi Meader, Rochester; Fred 
H. Brown, Seiners worth; A. A. Beaton, 
Franklin; J. Wesley Adams, Deny*; Jesse 
M. Barton, Newport; George W. Barnes, 
Lyme; Frank U. Bell, Lebanon; Ernest L. 
Bell. Plymouth; Samuel K. Bell, Exeter; 
J. A. Bernier, Manchester; 'James F. Bren- 
nan, Peterborough; Orton B. Brown, Berlin; 
Sherman E. Burroughs, Manchester; Clar- 
ence E. Carr, Andover; Winthrop L. Carter, 
Nashua; Edward H. Catlin, Hill; William 
D. Chandler, Concord; Winston Churchill, 
Cornish; Arthur E. Clarke, Manchester:- 



New Hampshire's War Workers 



95 



Richard A. Cooney, Portsmouth; W. C. 
Couglilin, Kccne; George E. Curnmings, 
Woodsville; Samuel S. Drury, Concord; 
Bertram Ellis, Keene; Charles S. Emerson, 
Milford; Fred W; Estabrook, ■■Nashua; Wal- 
ter B. Farmer, Hampton Falls; George J. 
Foster, Dover; Edward J. Gallagher, Con- 
cord; John M. Gile, Hanover; John G. M. 
Glessner, Bethlehem; Frank W. Hamlin, 
Charlestown; Fernando W. Hartford, Ports- 
mouth; Arthur M. Heard, Manchester; 
George E. Henry, Lincoln: Allen Hollis, 
Concord; Ernest M. Hopkins, Hanover; 
George T. Hughes, Dover; Roy D. Hunter, 
West Claremont; Frank Huntress, Keene; 
John C. Hut chins, North Stratford; John B. 
Jameson, Antrim; Shirley M. Johnson, 
GoiTstown; Edwin E. Jones, Cclcbrook; A. 
B. Jenks, Manchester; Frank Knox, Man- 
chester; Earl C. Lane, Berlin; George B. 
Leigh ton, Dublin; William Marcotte, Man- 
chester; Willis McDuffee, Rochester; Ly- 
ford A. Merrow, Ossipee; William R. 
Mooney, Nashua; Walter A. Morgan, Dover; 
Arthur P. Morrill, Concord; Herbert B. 
Moult on, Lisbon; Robert C. Murchie, Con- 
cord; J. B. Murdock, Portsmouth; David 
E. Murphy, Concord; Francis P. Murphy, 
Newport; True L. Norris, Portsmouth; Bion 
L. Nutting, Concord; Ralph D. Paine, Dur- 
ham; Frank N. Parsons, Franklin; Edward 
N. Pearson, Concord; Harlow S. Person, 
Hanover; C. H. Pet-tee, Durham; Arthur J. 
Pierce, Bennington; E. Bertram Pike, Pike; 
Rosecrans W. Pillsbury, Londonderry; A. J. 
Precourt, Manchester; James W. Remick, 
Concord; the late Montgomery Rollins, 
Dover; L. H. Shattuck, Manchester; Hovey 
E. Slayton, Manchester; J. Brodie Smith, 
Manchester; W. Parker Straw, Manchester; 
Frank S. Streeter, Concord; Frank J. Sul- 
loway, Concord; P. H. Sullivan, Manchester; 
William BE. Sweeney, Laconia; Omar L. 
Swenson, Concord; Marcel Theriault, 
Nashua; Lester F. Thurber, Nashua; Charles 
E. Tilton, Tilton; Henry B. Tilton, Ports- 
mouth; Omar A. Towne, Franklin; J. D. 
t'pham, Claremont; J. A. Vaillancourt, ' 
Berlin; Thomas R. Varick, ?vlanchester; 
George A. Wagner, Manchester; Burtt E. 
Warren, Nashua; Elbert Wheeler, Nashua; 
David M. White, Lancaster; Gordon Wood- 
bury, Bedford, 



Sub-committees of the full committee were 
named as follows : 

Emergency Food Production Committee: 
Huntley N. Spaulding, North Rochester, 
chairman; Ralph D. Hetzel, Durham, 
executive manager; Andrew L. Felker, Con- 
cord; Fred A. Rogers, Plainfield; George 
M. Putnam, Hopkinton; George H. Whitcher, 
Concord. 

Recruiting: A. B. Jenks, Manchester, 
chairman; Richard A. Cooney, Portsmouth, 
vice-chairman; Joseph B. Murdock, Ports- 
mouth. Rockingham Counly, Norman H. 
Bean, Portsmouth; Strafford County, James 
S. Chamberlin, Durham; Carroll County, 
William N. Rogers, Sanbornville ; Belknap 
County, Fletcher Hale, Laconia; Merrimack 
County, Frank P. Ripley, Franklin; Hills- 
borough County, Robert P. Johnston, Man- 
chester; Cheshire County, Paul F. Babbidge, 
Keene; Sullivan County, Flenry S. Richard- 
son, Claremont ; Grafton County, Frank XJ. 
Bell, Lebanon; Coos County, J. A. Vaillan- 
court, Berlin. 

Hygiene, Medicine and Sanitation: John 
M. Gile, M. D., Hanover, chairman; Ernest 
L. Bell, M, D., Plymouth; E. C. Blaisdell, 
D. D. S., Portsmouth; George A. Bowers, 
D. D. S., Nashua; Damase Caron, M. D., 
Manchester; H. K. Faulkner, M. D., Keene; 
John H. Gleason, M. D., Manchester; J. B. 
Hammond, D. D. S., Somersworth; Edwin 
P. Hodgdon, M. D., Laconia; Edwin E. 
Jones, M. D., Colebrook; Howard N. Kings- 
ford, M. D., Hanover; Frank E. Kittredge, 
M. D., Nashua; Thomas W. Luce, M. D., 
Portsmouth; George W. McGregor, M. D,, 
Littleton; Carleton R. Metcalf, M. D., Con- 
cord; Abraham W. Mitchell, M. D., Epping; 
Sibley G. Morrill, M. D., Concord; Daniel 
C: Norton, M. D., Manchester; A. Wilfred 
Petit, M. D., Nashua; Andrew J. Sawyer, 
D. D. S., Manchester; Henry L. Smith, 
M. D., Nashua; A. Gale Straw, M. D., Man- 
chester; Fred S. Towle, M. D., Portsmouth, 
Samuel R. Upham, M. D., Claremont; Clar- 
ence P. Webster, D. D. S., Franklin; James 
B. Woodman, M. D., Franklin; William A. 
Young, D. D. S., Concord. 

Emergency Help and Equipment: Louis 
H. Shattuck, Manchester, chairman; Orton 
B. Brown, Berlin, vice-chairman; Irving 
W. Brown, North Hampton; W. A. A. Cul- 
len, Portsmouth; Perry H. Dow, Manchester; 



96 



The Granite Monthly 



Whitfield A. Erb. Nashua; Leonard J. Far- 
rell, Manchester; Dionesus Giilis, Berlin; 
John Frank Goodwin, Wolfeboio; George 
E. Henry, Lincoln; Charles A. Holden. Han- 
over; John C. Hut chins, North Stratford; 
Samuel F. Langdell, Manchester; Ralph C. 
Marden, Manchester; Wilbur L. Marshall, 
Colebrook; Horace E. Osgood, Nashua; 



L. Priddy, Hanover; D. Sidney Rollins, New- 
port; J. Brodie Smith, Manchester; Her- 
bert Sullivan, Berlin; Henry B. Tilton, 
Portsmouth; William E. Whitney, Simapee; 
Eben M. Willis, Concord. 

Transportation: Hovey E. Slayton, Man- 
chester, chairman (succeeded by William C. 
Spear); Frank H. Dixon, Hanover; RufusN. 



i 

Hon. Clarence E. Carr 
Executive Committee, New Hampshire Committee on Public Safety 



Joel F. Sheppard, Dover; William F. Sul- 
livan, Nashua; Omar S. Swenson, Concord; 
George L. Theobald, Concord; Cassius M. 
White, Keene. 

Industrial Survey: Frank H. Dixon, Han- 
over, chairman; John T. Amey, Lancaster; 
Richard A. Brown, Concord; James F. Cav- 
anaugh, Manchester; Guy E. Chesley, 
Rochester; Albert L. Clough, Manchester; 
Herbert L. Flather, Nashua; Thomas W. 
Fry, Clarernr.nt; William R. Gray, Hanover; 
Roscoe S. Milliken, Nashua; Thomas Officer, 
Clareraont; R. H. Porter, Durham; Allan 



Elwell, Exeter; William H. Folsom, Exeter; 
Elwin C. Foster, Manchester; J. W. Gold- 
thwait, Hanover; Thomas J. Guay, Laconia; 
Fred P. Learned, Woodsville; William R. 
Mooney, Concord; Henry C. Robinson, 
Concord; J. Duncan Upham, Claremdnt. 

Finance: Lester F. Thurber, Nashua, 
chairman, John K. Bates, Portsmouth; 
Bernard Q. Bond, Rochester; Frank P. 
Carpenter, Manchester; Irving W. Drew, 
Lancaster; George A. Fairbanks, Newport; 
Jpsiah E. Fernald, Concord; David A. Gregg. 
Nashua; William F. Harrington, Manches- 



New Hampshire 1 s ]\~ar Workers 



97 



tor; Edmund Little, Laconia; Wallace L. 
Mason, Keene; Walter M. Parker, Manches- 
ter; Albert J. Preeourt, Manchester; Henry 
E. Richardson, Littleton; Abraham M. 
Staid, Berlin; Roger G. Sullivan, Manches- 
ter; Alvah W. Sulloway, Franklin; George 
A. Tenney, Clareraont; Fred P. Weeks, 
Plymouth; Arthur G. Whittemore, Dover. 



William H. Bellows, Littleton; Cyrille Bro- 
deur, Nashua; Albert O. Brown, Man- 
chester; Harold W. Brovni, Dover; George 
A. Carpenter, Wolfeboro; John Conway, 
Manchester; John B. Gilbert, Berlin; John 
G. M. Glessner, Bethlehem; James W. Hill, 
Manchester; William F. Knight, Laconia; 
Woodburv Langdon, Portsmouth; Herbert 



: ';;^.,iV'- ".yj/-^'-h-3 






Mr.Arthur Head 
Eiecutive Committee, New Hampshire Committee on Public Safety 



Coordination of Aid Societies; Ernest 
M. Hopkins, Hanover, chairman; J. E. 
Bemier, Manchester; Harry E. Burton, 
Hanover; Arthur T. Cass, Tilton; Stephen 
S. Jewett, Laconia; Henri T, Ledoux, Nashua; 
J. C. Mandelson, Nashua; John R. McLane, 
Manchester; Edward N. Pearson, Concord; 
Lewis Perry, Exeter; William H. Riley, 
Concord; Leslie P. Snow, Rochester; Patrick 
H. Sullivan, Manchester; Frank J. Sulloway, 
Concord; George H. Turner, Bethlehem; 
Jerry p. Welhnan, Keene. 

Aid for Dependents of Soldiers and Sailors: 



B. Moulton, Lisbon; David E. Murphy, 
Concord; Ralph D. Paine, Durham; Walter 
R. Porter, Keene; Frank W. Sargeant, Man- 
chester; John F. Stark, Nashua; Charles 
W. Stevens, Nashua; George B. Upham, 
Claremont; James A. Wellman, Manchester; 
John R. Willis, Manchester. 

Military Equipment and Supplies: Wil- 
liam Parker Straw, Manchester, chairman; 
James F. Brennan, Peterborough; Harry H. 
Blunt, Nashua; John J. Colony, Keene; 
Levis Dexter, Manchester; Herman E. 
Feineman, Rochester: Henry H. Knapp, 



98 



The Granite Monthly 



Laconia; Francis P. Murphy, Newport; 
Clinton E. Parker. Concord; Thomas G. 
Plant, Moultonborough; Ralph D. Reed, Man- 
chester; Richard W. Sulloway, Franklin; 
"William. C. Swallow, Manchester; George 
E. Trudel, Manchester. 

Aviation: Thomas R. Varick, Manchester, 
chairman ; Charles W. Aiken. Frankli n ; Frank 
E. Anderson, Nashua ; Robert P. Bass, Peter- 
borough; Xonvin S. Bean, Manchester; 
Samuel K. Bell, Exeter; William R. Brown, 
Berlin; Charles L. Jackman, Concord; Philip 
C.Loekwood, Manchester; William H. Moses, 
Tilton; Calvin Page, Portsmouth: Eugene 
Quirin, Manchester; John Seammon, Exeter; 
Louis E. Shipman, Plainfield; George F. 
Thurber, Nashua; Charles E. Tilton, Tilton. 
Mobilization and Concentration Camps: 
Jason E. Tolles, Nashua, chairman; Daniel 
J. Da?ey, Berlin; Jeremiah J. Doyle, Nashua; 
Ralph F. Hough, Lebanon; Edgar H. Hun- 
ter, Hanover; Arthur J. Moreau, Manchester; 
Eugene P. Nute, Fanningion; Edward J. 
Rossiter. Claremont; Edward K. Wood- 
woith, Concord. 

Naval: Joseph B. Murdock, Portsmouth, 
chairman; William D. Chandler, Concord; 
Winston Churchill, Cornish; George P. 
Crafts, Manchester; Lewis W. Crockett, 
Manchester; Fernando W. Hartford, Ports- 
mouth; Frank Knox, Manchester; Robert 
L. Manning, Manchester; George D. Mayo, 
Laconia; Irving G. Rowell, Sunapee; Thomas 
R. Varick, Manchester. 

State Protection: Elbert Wheeler, Nashua, 
chairman; Charles M. Floyd, Manchester, 
vice-chairman; Walter G. Africa, Man- 
chester; Edwin J. Bartlett, Hanover; Wil- 
liam B. Burpee, Manchester; Edward H. 
Catlin, Hill; Harry B. Cilley, Manchester; 
Thomas F. Dwyer, Lebanon; Charles S. 
Emerson, Milford; Irving S. Goodwin, 
Nashua; Frank W. Hamlin, Charlestown; 
Michael J. Healey, Manchester; Allen Hol- 
lis, Concord; Earl C. Lane, Berlin; William 
E. Marvin, Portsmouth; James H. Mendell, 
Manchester; Lyford A. Merrow, Ossipee; 
Joseph E. Mooney, Manchester; Arthur P.- 
Morrill, Concord; Arthur J. Pierce, Benning- 
ton; James W. Remick, Concord; Merrill 
Shurtleff, Lancaster; Ralph W. Smith, 
Keene; William J. Starr, Manchester; Ed- 
mund Sullivan, Berlin; Charles W. Tobey, 
Manchester. 



Research: Charles E. Hewitt, Durham, 
chairman; Gordon F. Hull, Hanover; Vasco 

E. Nunez, Nashua. 

Speakers' Bureau: The late Edwin P. 
Jones, Manchester, chairman; Harry J. 
Brown, Concord, vice-chairman; Andrew 
L. Felker, Concord; Harry F. Lake, Concord; 
Arthur P. Morrill,- Concord; Gov. Henry 
W. Keyes, North Haverhill; J. Wesley 
Adams, Deny; E. W. Butterfield, Concord; 
Winthrop L. Carter, Nashua; Richard A 
Cooney, Portsmouth; John S. B. Davie, 
Concord; Charles M. Floyd, Manchester; 
Perley A. Foster, Concord; Ralph D. Hetzel, 
Durham; Arthur B. Jenks, Manchester; 
William Marcotte, Manchester; Huntley N. 
Spaulding, North Rochester; P. H. Sullivan, 
Manchester; Mrs. Mary I. Wood, Ports- 
mouth; Elwin L. Page, Concord, secretary. 

Americanization: Frank S. Streeter, Con- 
cord, chairman; E. W. Butterfield, Concord; 
Richard A. Cooney, Portsmouth; Mrs. R. W. 
Husband, Concord; Harriet L. Himtres.?, 
Concord; Henri T. Ledoux, Nashua; Ed- 
ward M. Parker, Concord; F. W. Rahmanopp, 
Berlin; Winfield L. Shaw, Manchester; Wil- 
liam C. Swallow, Manchester; Erville B. 
Woods, Hanover; Ralph C. Fitts, Man- 
chester, secretary-; Maro S. Brooks, execu- 
tive secretary. 

New Hampshire Division, Woman's Com- 
mittee, Council of National Defense (Aux- 
iliary Committee): Airs. Mary I. Wood, 
Portsmouth, chairman; Miss Anne Hobbs, 
Concord, vice-chairman; Mrs. Albertus 
T. Dudley, Exeter, secretary; Airs. Susan 
C. Bancroft, Concord, treasurer; Mrs. 
Wesley Adams, Deny; Mrs. O. B. Brown, 
Berlin; Mrs. Alpha H. Harriman, Laconia; 
Miss Harriet L. Huntress, Concord; Airs. 
Richard W. Husband, Concord; Mrs. George 

F. Morris, Lancaster: Mrs. David E. Mur- 
phy, Concord; Mrs. William H. Schofield, 
Peterborough; Mrs. George D. Towne, Man- 
chester. 

Four Minute Men: Louis E. Shipman, 
Plainfield, chairman. - » 

Chairman of Special War Activities: 
Huntley N. Spaulding, North Rochester, 
Federal Food Administrator; Charles M. 
Floyd, Manchester, Federal Fuel Adminis- 
trator; Holland H. Spaulding, North Roches- 
ter, chairman Second Red Cross War 
Fund: Allen Hollis, Concord, state director 



New Ham pih ire's War Workers 



99 



National War Sa*/ings Committee; Charles 
W. Tobey, Manchester, chairman Liberty 
Loan Committee. 

The scope of the activities of most 
of these sub-committees is indicated 
by their titles and has been outlined 
by Professor Husband in the article 
referred to as previously published. 



fense) a meeting was called at Con- 
cord of all the heads of women's 
organizations in the state. This 
meeting was called by Miss Anne 
Hobbs, arid a permanent organiza- 
tion of New Hampshire women was 
effected under the title of the New 
Hampshire Division of the Women's 






< 



Mrs. Mar>- I. Wood 
Chairman of Women's War Work in New Hampshire 



Their work will be described to such 
extent as space allows in future ar- 
ticles of this series. 

But without further delay tribute 
must be paid to the work which the 
women of New Hampshire accom- 
plished during the period of the war, 
& splendid achievement deserving 
the fullest possible description and 
appreciation. In brief, in June, 1917, 
i^ response to a communication from 
Washington (from the Women's Com- 
mittee of the Council of National De- 



Committee of the Council of National 
Defense, and with these officers: 

Executive Committee: • Chairman, Mrs. 
Mary 1. Wood, Portsmouth, Food Conserva- 
tion; vice-chairman, Miss Anne W. Hobbs, 
Concord, Women in Industry, Traveler's Aid; 
secretary, Mrs.- A. T. Dudley, Exeter, Ett- 
ueational Propaganda; treasurer, Mrs. Charles 
P. Bancroft, Concord, Extension of Nursing 
Service; Mrs. Wesley Adams, Deny, Co- 
operation with the Grange ; Mrs. O. B. Brown, 
Berlin; Mrs. A. H. Harriman, Laconia; 
Cooperation with Women's Clubs and Parent- 



100 • 



The Granite Mmiihly 



Teachers' Association; Miss ■ Harriet L. 
Huntress, Concord, Americanization; Mrs. 
Richard W. Husband* Concord. Social Service; 
Mrs. George F. Morris, Lancaster, Child 
Welfare; Mrs. David E. Murphy, Concord, 
Commercial Economy; Mrs. W. H. Schofield, 
Peterborough, Liberty Loan; Courses of In- 
struction; iv£rs. George D. Towne, chairman 
Manchester Unit. 

Honorary Vice-Chairmen; Mrs. Henry W. 
Keyes, Mrs. Frank S. Streeter, Mrs. John 
B. Jameson, Mrs, Huntley X. Sparkling. 

District Chairmen: Berlin, Mrs. Howard 
Parker; Claremont. Mrs. Harmon Newell; 
Concord, Miss E. Gertrude Dickerman; 
Conway, Mrs. Mary H. Shedd, North Con- 
way; L>c-rry, Mrs. Frederick J. Shepard, 
East Derry; Dover, Dr. Inez F. Nason; 
Exeter, Miss Ellen L. Wentworth; Frank- 
lin, Mrs. 1 rederick H. Daniell; Hillsborough, 
MLss Susan H. Pierce; Keene, Mrs. Herbert 
B. Viall, 129 Court Street; Laconia, Miss 
Claribel Clark, 1106 Union Avenue, Lake- 
port; Lancaster, Mrs. Merrill Shurtleff; 
Lebanon, Mrs. Eugene J. Grow; Lisbon, Mrs. 
Vida S. Webb; Manchester, Mrs. Theodore 
M. Hyde, 19S Pearl Street; Milford, Mrs. 
William B. Rotch; Nashua, Mrs. George A. 
Underbid, 5 Beard Street; Newport, Mrs. 
Frank A. Sibley; Peterborough, Mrs. Thomas 
A. Liscord; Plymouth, Mrs. Charles B. 
Henry, Lincoln; Portsmouth, Miss Martha 
S. Kimball; Rochester, Mrs. J. J. Abbott; 
Woodsviile. Mrs. Norman J. Page. 

The Women's Committee was ac- 
cepted as an Auxiliary Committee 
by the Committee of Public Safety 
by whom the necessary expenses of 
the committee were defrayed. 

The method recommended by the 
NaUuiial Committee was carried out 
to the letter in our state and a tem- 
porary chairman was appointed in 
each town who called together the 
beads of all the women's organiza- 
tions in the town and that group 
elected the permanent chairman. 
The organization soon became as 
complete and efficient as that of any 
other state, the only possible rival 
which New Hampshire had being 
Illinois, and that only because Illinois 
had a more difficult piece of work 
n organizing on account of her size, 



the percentage of towns organized 
being slightly below that in our own 
state. 

The very efficient and devoted 
chairman, Mrs. Wood, says in a letter 
to the compiler of this article : 

"The work accomplished by Airs. 
Husband in connection with the Home 
Service of the Red Cross has been 
state wide and valuable. The work 
of Mrs. Schofield for the Liberty 
Loan is, I believe, unexcelled by that 
of the women of any state. Under 
her second committee, some very com- 
mendable work has been done under 
the leadership of Miss Elizabeth 
Sawyer of Dover in placing young 
women on farms (work which is some- 
what similar in nature to the Women's 
Land Army). The work of Miss Hun- 
tress as a member of the Committee 
on Americanization has been worthy 
of most favorable comment. 

"A state wide survey, including the 
weighing and measuring of all children 
under school age, has been undertaken 
by the committee, under the direction 
of Mrs. George Morris of Lancaster; 
this has already borne fruit in the 
increased interest of the mothers in 
the health of the children, and it is 
to be hoped that a wide use of the 
public health nursing system will be a 
lasting result of this child- welfare 
work. Under Mrs. Bancroft has been 
the work done by the committee in 
recruiting nurses for both long and 
short term courses. 

"I should not feel justified in clos- 
ing this letter if I did not bear witness 
to the splendid work which the women 
of the various units (town organiza- 
tions) have done in the house-to- 
house canvass which they have carried 
on whenever asked to do so. They 
have been the active agents of the 
Liberty Loan organization, the Red 
Cross drives, the War Savings cam- 
paigns, the Child Welfare work, and 
many minor activities. Especially 
do I wish to testify to their splendid 
support in the work of the Federal 
Food Administration in New Hamp- 
shire. Through their splendid organ- 



New Hampshire's War Workers 



101 



izatiou, which apportioned each fam- 
ily in the state to the especial care of 
tome leader, the Hoover lessons were 
distritrated to each family during the 
fall and winter of 1917-18 ; the Hoover 
Fledge Cards were also circulated 
and the Home Cards of the Food Ad- 
ministration were given to each fam- 
ily and, later on, the flour and sugar 
survey of the homes of the entire 
state was taken. In every instance 
the response was ready and the result 
most satisfactory and the work was 
done at the cost of great personal 
sacrifice. 

''This account does not in any way 
chronicle the work of the various 
Red Cross chapters which show in- 
defatigable work on the part of the 
women in making socks, sweaters. 
surgical dressings, etc. Nor does it 
mention the work of the clubwomen 
who have made possible the Hostess 
House at Durham and the sending of 
at least one Y. M.C.A, canteen worker 
to France; nor the work of the Na- 
tional Civic Federation nor of the 
Naval League, nor the outfitting of a 
battleship's crew with knitted articles 
(under the leadership of Mrs. Jean- 
ette Galbnger). 

"It should mention, however, the 
splendid work of recruiting Y. M. 
C. A. canteen workers under a special 
committee of which I was nominal 
head but the credit for which should 
be given to Mrs. George Q. Pattee 
of Portsmouth, who was the execu- 
tive chairman and proved herself 
invaluable in this service. 

"I am afraid that I have omitted 
some to whom I should give credit. 
Each member of the Women's Com- 
mittee deserves all the good tilings 
which you can say of them. - The 
service and the record of attendance 
of Mrs. Dudley as secretary of the 
committee, the good work which 
each woman put into her task, these 
are things which I should be sorry to 
overlook. 

''The Women's Committee needs 
also to acknowledge the courtesy and 
assistance received at all times from 



Governor Keyes, from Mr. Jameson, 
the chairman of the Commit tee on 
Public Safety, from Mr. Husband, 
the efficient secretary of the Commit- 
tee on Public Safety, from the hon- 
orary vice-presidents, Mmes. Streeter, 
Keyes. Jameson and Spaulding. Es- 
pecially do I, as chairman o f the com- 
mittee, wish to acknowledge the great 
help and encouragement which I have 
received as homo-economies* director 
of the Federal Food Administration 
in New Hampshire, from Mr. Hunt- 




Lieut. W. L. Carter 

Of the Committee of One Hundred arid Selective 

Service Board 

ley N. Spaulding, federal food ad- 
ministrator. If it had not been for 
the assistance rendered by Mr. 
Spaulding, it would not have been 
possible for the state to have been so 
early organized nor would the state 
have received such favorable comment 
from the authorities in Washington. 
Not only did we receive from him 
every possible assistance in our work 
of organization but we were given 
credit, for everything which we were 
able to accomplish. That we have 
made good is due very largely to the 



102 The Granite Monthly 

fact that the splendid patriotism of shire in their response to their coun- 

the women of New Hampshire was try's need." 

sustained by the loyal backing of the Ector's Note. This is the first of a 

men in authority. Let me close series of articles upon the war work and war 

this letter by saying the same thing workers of New Hampshire. The second 

with which I began: I am very proud will appear in an early issue of the maga- 

of the splendid women of Xew Hamp- zine. 



A LEAGUE OF NATIONS 

By Loren Webster 

O welcome a league of the nations, 
The only sure warrant of peace, 

The crown of the world's expectations. 
From war's tribulations release. 

It proclaims that all humans are brothers; 

That God is the Father of all; 
That ours are the interests of others; 

That others will hark to our call. 

The body, though one, hath its members, 
Each serving itself and the whole: 

And Junes cannot say to Decembers, 
''Men need not the heat of the coal." 

Even so with the body of nations; 

Each hath its relations to all; 
And all must fulfill these relations, 

Or civilization will fall. 



11 older ness, N. II. 



SONNET TO EUTERPE 

(Muse of Lyric Poetry) 

By Louise Patterson Guyol 

Fair goddess, robed in dreams and azure-eyed, 
Your siiver flute-notes call me from afar, 
You beckon in the light of every star. 
You whisper in the rushing of the tide. 
By purple peak and prairie green and wide 
You pass, the wind your steed, a cloud your car, 
Where never feet but mine the woodlands mar, 
Among the fresh untrodden flowers you hide. 
When I pursue, you flee with laughter light, 
Your song eludes mine eager listening ear; 
But when I feel how little is my might, 
When heavy is my heart, then you draw near; 
You stand before me radiant in the night, 
And wake my soul with music strange and clear. 
Concord, M-< H 



163. 



OFFICIAL NEW HAMPSHIRE. 1919-1920 

III 

The House of Representatives: The Chairmen of Its Committees 

By Harlan C. Pearson 



Much interest attached to the or- 
ganization of the New Hampshire 
House of Representatives of 1919 be- 
cause of a contest, for the Republican 
nomination of a candidate for Speaker, 
such nomination being equivalent 
to an election under existing condi- 
tions. The gentlemen seeking this 
nomination were Charles W. Tobey 
of Temple, who had been a prominent 
member of the Legislature of 1915 
and of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1918, and Charles W. Varney of 
Rochester, a member of the Execu- 
tive Council of Covernor Henry W. 
Keyes, and with a record of previous 
service in both branches of the Legis- 
lature. Mr. Varney was not a candi- 
date for election to the House in 
November but upon the death of 
Representative Bradley F. Parsons 
of Ward Six Rochester, the Councilor 
whs chosen at a special election to fill 
the vacancy. He then became a 
candidate for the Speakership, for 
which his wide experience had amply 
qualified him, but the result of the 
ballot in the Republican caucus on 
the evening of December 31, 1918, 
proved the truth of Mr. Tobey's 
statement made some time before that 
a majority of the Republican mem- 
bers-elect were pledged to his support. 
Mr. Tobey was nominated in the 
Republican caucus and on the follow- 
ing day was chosen Speaker, receiving 
239 votes to 135 for William N. 
Rogers of Wakefield, Democrat. 

In assuming the office to which he 
had been chosen Speaker Tobey 
addressed briefly the members of the 
House, emphasizing the importance 
°i the problems, on the lines of after 
the war reconstruction and otherwise, 
fcuicb this Legislature would be 



called upon to solve, and urging study 
of the facts and principles involved, 
and prompt, but not hasty action 
thereon. To this end the Speaker 
himself has worked constantly and 
successfully. As a presiding officer 
he is competent, courteous, accurate 
and alert, entirely impartial, and 
evidently guided solely by a desire 
to expedite the wise transaction of 
the state's business. He has won 
the esteem, affection and admiration 
of. all the varied elements represented 
in the House membership and proved 
himself a worthy addition to the 
long and distinguished line of Speakers 
of the New Hampshire Legislature. 
Charles William Tobey was born 
in Roxbury, Mass., July 22, 1880, 
the son of William A. and Ellen H. 
(Parker) Tobey. He was educated 
at the Roxbury Latin School and 
engaged in banking in Boston until 
1903 when he came to New Hamp- 
shire and purchased a farm in Temple, 
where he engaged extensively in 
poultry raising. Temple continues 
to be Mr. Tobey's legal residence, 
but for the past two years he has been 
engaged in the investment banking 
business in Manchester. Mr. Tobey 
has been chairman of the Board of 
Selectmen and School Board of 
Temple and represented the town in 
the Legislature of 1915 and the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1918, as 
well as in the present House. He is 
a member of the Patrons of Husban- 
dry at Temple and a director of the 
Rotary Club of Manchester. Mr. 
Tobey was prominent in the Pro- 
gressive party movement in New 
Hampshire and was one of the most 
active and influential members of 
the House of 1915, but he has been 



! W. 






CHARLES WILLIAM TOBEY 
Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



105 



best known throughout the state by 
his magnificent work as chairman of 
the New Hampshire Liberty. Loan 
Committee. He married June 4, 
1002, Francelia M. Lovett of Rox- 
bury, Mass., and they have two sons 
and two daughters. 

The first and one of the most 
important tasks devolving upon the 
Speaker is the appointment of the 
standing committees of the House. 
Upon their make-up and especially 
upon the choice of their chairmen 
largely depends the efficiency and 
smooth working of the legislative 
machinery. The wisdom of Speaker 
Tobey's selection of these committee 
heads may be judged from the brief 
sketches herewith presented of the 
various House committee chairmen. 



Representative John H. Smith of 
Atkinson, chairman of the Committee 
on Agriculture, and also of the 
Farmers' Council of the Legislature, 
qualifies for those positions by a life- 
time of experience on the farm and 
also by his prominence in the agri- 
cultural order, the Patrons of Hus- 
bandry. He has served in the House 
before, at the session of 1893, and 
has a wide acquaintance throughout 
the state. Mr. Smith was born in 
Salem, this state, August 24, 1854, 
and was educated in the public 
schools. To the business of a farmer 
he has added that of a lumberman 
and is an extensive owner of real 
estate in Rockingham county. For 
twenty years a justice of the peace, 
Mr. Smith has held the various 
town offices, including that of chair- 
man of the Board of Selectmen for 
nine years. He belongs to the 
Masons and to the Jr. O. U. A. M., 
as well as to the Grange, and attends 
the Congregational Church. He is 
a widower and has one daughter, the 
wife of Rev. Roger F. Etz, whose 
husband is now engaged in Y. M. C. A 
war work in France, and one grand- 
daughter, Miss Dorothy Etz. 



Representative Frank A. Dockham, 
one of the two members from Ward 
Four, Manchester, honored with a 
chairmanship, that of the Committee 
on Agricultural College, is one of the 
veterans of the House, having been 
a member thirty years ago, at the 
session of 1889, this election having 
followed his service in both branches 
of the Manchester city government. 
After a quarter of a century interval 
Mr. Dockham came back to the 
capitol in 1915, and was reelected, 
for the session of 1917 and again for 
that of 1919. In 1917 he was the 
third man on the Agricultural College 
Committee and as neither of the two 
men above him in hue came back 
to this House his appointment as 
chairman was logical and deserved. 
Mr. Dockham was born at Pittsfield, 
October 24, 1853, and educated at 
Gilmanton Academy. He is engaged 
in the real estate and insurance 
business, is a prominent Mason and 
belongs to the Odd Fellows and 
Amoskeag Veterans. 



The oldest member of this legisla- 
ture, as he has been of many others, 
in point of service, is the veteran 
chairman ; of the Committee on 
Appropriations, Colonel James E. 
French of Moult onboro," New Hamp- 
shire's " watch dog of the treasury. 7 ' 
A member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives at fourteen sessions and of 
the state Senate at one, Mr. French 
has been more times the enairman 
of an important committee, Rail- 
roads at first, Appropriations of late 
years, than any other man in the 
legislative history of the state. 
Moderator and town treasurer for 
forty years, for a long time post- 
master, he has held, also, many more 
important offices, such as collector 
of internal revenue, state railroad 
commissioner, etc, and has gained 
the title of Colonel by service on a 
Governor's staff. Mr. French was 
born in Tuftonboro, February 27, 
1845, in the eighth generation from 



100 



The Granite Monthly 



Edward French, who came from 
England to Salisbury, Mass.. in 1637. 
He was educated in the town schools 
and at Tilton Seminary; is a Mason. 
Knight Templar and Patron of Hus- 
bandry; and attends the Methodist 
Church. The credit for keeping the 
state debt down to its present reason- 
able proportions belongs to the voters 



and directs considerable 'attention to 
the gentleman so honored, Fred 
Hubbard English of Littleton, in 
this particular case. It is the chair- 
manship of the Committee on Banks 
which Mr. English received at Speaker 
Tobey's hands and all. through the 
North Country Republicans and 
Democrats alike will agree that he 



/ 



t 




Hen. James E. French 



of Moultonboro because of their 
wisdom in returning Colonel French 
to the House, session after session, 
and doubtless they appreciate that 
fact. 



We are still partisan enough in our 
politics so that when a Republican 
speaker appoints a Democratic 
member— and a new member at 
that — to an important chairmanship, 
the occurrence causes some comment. 



deserved it because of his business 
ability and. experience. Born at 
Hartland, Vt., January 8, 1857, the 
son of John W. and Melissa (Hubbard) 
English, he was educated at the 
Littleton High School and in that 
town engaged in the grocery business 
for forty years, recently retiring. 
He is vice-president and director of 
the Littleton National Bank; 
director of the Littleton Shoe Com- 
pany and secretary of the Littleton 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



10: 



Musical Association; and has served 
on the town Board of Health and 
Board of Education. He is a 32nd 
degree Mason and past commander 



m 



Hon. F;ed H. English 



of St. Gerard Commandery, K. T., 
and attends the Congregational 
Church. July 31, 1882, he married 
Claribel Richardson of Littleton. 



Chairman Rufus H. Bailey of the 
Committee on Claims represents in 
the Legislature for the second suc- 
cessive term the town of Windham, 
where he was born, September 29, 
1858, and educated. His fellow 
citizens have shown their confidence 
in him further by making him chair- 
man of the Board of Selectmen and 
trustee of the Town Trust Funds. 
He is a contractor and carpenter by 
husiness and belongs to the Patrons 
of Husbandry. A widower, he has 
s ix children, two of his sons having 
been enlisted in the United States 
Army for the recent war. 



Six years* service as commissioner 
of Cheshire county form one of the 
qualifications of Representative Frank 
E. Nesm-ith of Surry for the chair- 
manship of the Committee on County 
Affairs. Mr. Nesmith is one of a 
croup of men in this Legislature who 
have come back to the eapitol after 
a considerable interval, his previous 
service in the House having been in 
1893. Mr. Nesmith is a native of 
Merrimack, born June 4, 1852, and 
is a farmer and dealer in real estate. 
Few of his fellow members can equal 
bis record of nineteen years' service 
as selectman and he has been town 
treasurer, also. In religious belief he 
is a Congregationalist. 



One of the men whom the experts 
picked for prominence in the present 
Legislature as soon as the election 
results of last November were known 
was Thomas Wilder Fry of Clare- 
mont, whom the Speaker has made 
chairman of the Committee on Edu- 
cation, a committee of especial 
importance at this session in view of 
the demand for changes in our school 
system, and has placed, also, upon 
the Committee on Appropriations. 
Mr. Fry, who is the secretary of the 
Sullivan Machinery Company, one 
of New Hampshire's great and grow- 
ing industries, was born in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., September 23, 1863, and was 
educated in the public schools of 
Chicago, and at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, Boston, class 
of 1885. He served in the House of 
Representatives of 1909 and has been 
a member of the Board of Health, 
president of the Board of Trade and 
local fuel administrator at Claremont. 
Fie is a Mason, a member of the 
American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers and of the Claremont 
Country Club. 



Representative Harold M. Smith 
of Ward Four. Portsmouth, has the 
honor, unusual for a young member 
and a new member, of being chairman 



108 



The Granite Monthly 



of a committee, that on Elections, 
and of serving, also, on the most 
important committee of all. that on 
Judiciary. Born in Harrington, 
September 1, 1887, Mr. Smith pre- 
pared at Coe's Academy, Northwood, 



Selective Service Legal Advisory 
Board, was one of the state speakers 
for the Liberty Loans and was chair- 
man of the Libert}* Boy work in con- 
nection with the U. W. W. drive. 
He married in 1911, Agnes Maxwell, 
and they have two daughters, Nath- 
alie Clifford and Barbara Viuing 
Smith. Mrs. Smith is a prominent 
club woman. Diligent in the per- 
formance of his duties and careful 
and constant in his attention to the 
legislative proceedings, Mr. Smith, 
even in his first term, is a valuable 
member. 



Hon. Harold M. Smith 

for Bowdoin College, where he grad- 
uated in 1909 with the degree of 
A.B. and pursued his subsequent 
professional studies at the Harvard 
Law School. He is a member of the 
New Hampshire Bar, having practised 
his profession in Rochester and 
Portsmouth; of the Masonic frater- 
nity; of the Warwick Club, Ports- 
mouth; of the Portsmouth Golf 
Club; of the Exeter Gun Club and 
of the Delta Upsilon, Phi Delta Phi 
and Theta Phi Epsiloii fraternities. 
He attends the Congregational 
Church; and is prominent in Boy 
Scout work. During the war he 
was chairman of the Four-Minute 
Men of Portsmouth, served on the 



When Speaker Tobey inquired of 
the members of the House their pref- 
erences as to committee service, he- 
was surprised to find that most of 
them wished to be named on either 
Fisheries and Game or Roads, Bridges 
and Canals. Choosing these com- 
mittees was, therefore, something of 
a problem, but that the task was well 
done is shown by their record of work 
accomplished. The Speaker first 
named Representative Mott L. Bart- 
lett of Sunapee, brother of Governor 
John H. Bartlett, as chairman of 
Fisheries and Game, but Mr. Bart- 
lett, also named on the Committee 
on Appropriations, considered the 
latter service the more important 
and asked to be relieved of his 
chairmanship. 

This resulted in the promotion of 
Representative Charles W. Bailey of 
Ward Nine, Manchester, who served 
on that committee at the session of 
1917 and therefore was well acquain- 
ted with its work. Born in Auburn, 
August 28, 1866, Mr. Bailey was 
educated in the public schools of 
Manchester and is connected with 
the Amoskeag corporation in that 
city. His legislative service was pre- 
ceded by five years in the Manchester 



Official Xtir Hampshire, 1919-1920 



109 



city government. He is a Mason 
and Knight of Pythias, attends the 
Baptist Church ami votes the Repub- 
lican ticket. 



One of the veteran chairmen of the 
House it Dr. Henry F. Libby of 
Wolfeboro, who heads the Committee 
on Forestry at the session of 1919. as 
at the previous sessions of 1915 and 
1917. L>ocior Libbv was born in 



j,-. 



Dr. Henry F. Libby 

Tuftonboro in 1850; educated at the 
old Tuftonboro and Wolfeboro Acad- 
emy and at the Harvard Dental 
School; and for many years has 
practised his profession in. Boston. 
He is a Mason and a Unitarian. Doc- 
tor Libby is most widely known 
through his Museum at VvVifeboro, 
an unique collection of great interest, 
appropriately housed, which, by his 
kindness and public spirit, is open to 
visitors during the summer months 
and is an appreciated attraction of 
the lake countrv at that season. 



Representative Adams L. Greer of 
Ward Three, Manchester, serving 
upon the Committee on Railroads at 
the 1915 session of the House is 
promoted this year to the chairman- 
ship of the Committee on Incorpora- 
tions. Mr, Greer was born in Dun- 
barton in 1879 and received a public 
school education in Gofistown and 
Manchester. He is a dealer in pianos 
and a man of wide social, and business 
activities, belonging to the Odd 
Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Red 
Men, Grange, New England Order of 
Protection and O. U. A. M., and 
having served in both the New 
Hampshire National Guard (First 
New Hampshire Battery) and in the 
city fire department. He is a Con- 
gregationalist in religious belief. 



Representative William E. Smith 
of Ward Two, Manchester, continues 
at this session at the head of the 
Committee on Industrial School, a 
position which he filled acceptably at 
the session of 1917. 



Representative Walter G. Perry of 
Keene, third man on the 1917 Com- 
mittee on Insurance, goes to its head 
at the session of 1919, a place which 
he fully merits as one of the best 
known and most successful insurance 
men in the state, being the president 
of the widely known Peerless Casualty 
Company. ■- Born in Fitzvvilliam, 
June 13, 1874, the son of Calvin B. 
and Julia E. Perry, he was educated 
in the town schools. He is a Mason, 
Odd Fellow, Elk and Red Man and a 
Unitarian in religious belief. During 
the recent war he did valuable work 
fpr the government in the quarter- 
master's department at Boston. 



110 



The Gran lie Monthly 



Unusual interest 'attached to the 
appointment of the chairman of the 
House Judiciary Committee at this 
session anil the recipient of the honor. 
Representative Robert M. Wright of 
Sanbornton. has been the object of 



versify Law School. For a number 
of years lie was connected with public 
and private schools as a teacher, then 
encaged in business at Plill, and in 
1912 was admitted to the bar. He 
practised law in the office of Allen 



i&*i*i 



Hon. Robert M. Wright 
Chairman of the Judiciary Committee 



close attention and of favorable com- 
ment for the way in which he has dis- 
charged his onerous duties. Mr. 
Wright was born in Sanbornton, 
October 31, 1877, and was educated 
at the Franklin High School, New 
Pfampshire College and Boston Uni- 



Hollis at Concord for three and a 
half years and then opened an office 
for himself in Franklin, where he is 
now practising; He has served his 
town as selectman five years, president 
of the Republican Club ten years and 
trust fund trustee. He was sent by 



Official New Hampshire, 1919 1920 



111 



his town to the Constitutional Con- 
ventionsof 1912 and 191S and to the 
Legislature in 1915, when he was 
chairman of the Committee on In- 
corporations and a member of the 
Committee on Revision of the Stat- 
utes, and in 1917. when he was a 
member of the Judiciary Committee 
and chairman of the Belknap county 
delegation. Mr. Wright is married; 
has one son; is a Mason,, a Patron of 
Husbandry and a member of the 
Society of Sons of the American 
Revolution. Alike as a lawyer and 
as a legislator, he is distinguished by 
the close and careful attention which 
he gives to the matters demanding 
his attention; by his clear and logical 
method of thought; and by the direct, 
concise and forceful manner of speech 
which he employs on the not too 
frequent occasions when he takes the 
floor. 



tion of 1918. He is a member of the 
Keene Commercial Club and inter- 
ested in all movements for the prog- 
ress and benefit of citv or state. 



One of the veteran members of the 
House and one of the most prominent 
upon the floor is Representative 
William J. Callahan of Keene, for his 
third term chairman of the Committee 
on Labor and also chairman of the 
Cheshire county delegation. Born 
in London, England. March 26, 1861, 
Mr. Callahan is a self-educated man, 
who has achieved a broad knowledge 
of facts and principles and a fluent 
facility of expression. He is a me- 
chanic by trade; a Roman Catholic 
in religious belief; married and the 
father of four children. Mr. Cal- 
lahan is especially prominent in fra- 
ternal circles, having been grand 
chief ranger of the Foresters of 
America of the state and a member 
and officer, also, of the Catholic Order 
of Foresters, the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians, the Elks, Eagles and 
Moose. He has served in the Keene 
city government, in addition to his 
legislative experience, and as a dele- 
gate to the Constitutional Conven- 



Representative Elbridge W. Snow 
of Whitefield is another of the double 
chairmen, being at the head of the 
Committee on Liquor Laws, espe- 
cially important at this stage of the 
state's progress, and of the Coos 
county delegation. Mr. Snow, whose 
overall factory is the principal in- 
dustry of his town, was born there 
December 7, 1860, and educated in its 
public schools and at the New Hamp- 
ton Literary Institution. He is a 
Mason, Odd Fellow and Methodist 
and a man who possesses the entire 
confidence of his fellow citizens as is 
shown by his election on the town 
school board for twenty-two years 
and as selectman, library trustee, 
etc. He was a member of the House 
of 1917, serving on the Committee 
on Manufactures, and is one of the 
representatives who follows the pro- 
ceedings of the session carefully and 
understandingly and speaks clearly 
and forcefully when he is impelled to 
enter a debate. 



Enoch Shenton, Republican, rep- 
resentative from Ward Two, Nashua, 
and chairman of the Committee on 
Manufactures, was born in Shrews- 
bury, England, June 20, 1854, the 
son of Rev. Joseph T. and Elizabeth 
(Jones) Shenton, and was educated 
at Christ Church School, Chester, 
England. He is now the treasurer 
and general manager of the William 
Highton & Sons Co., manufacturers 
of warm air registers, Nashua, Boston 
and Philadelphia. Mr. Shenton is 
treasurer of the trustees of the Main 
Street Methodist Church, Nashua. 
He served as a member of the Third 
Light Batter}-, Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Militia, in 1871, and in the 
United States Navv, on board the 



112 



The Granite Monthly 



II. S. S. Hartford, flagship on the 
Asiatic station, 1872-75. He is a 
32nd degree Mason and a member of 
St. George Corumandery, K. T., the 
Golden Cross, Nashua Country Club 
and Nashua Board of Trade, being 



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M*iM sJ 



Hon. Enoch S hen ton 

vice-president of the last named 
organization. He served in the 
Nashua city government, 1899-1902, 
and in the House of Representatives 
in 1903, when he was a member of 
the Committee on Revision of Stat- 
utes. During the war he has served 
as secretary of the War Service 
Committee of the Warm Air Register 
Ma nufaet urers, at Washington. Every 
position he has held Mr. Shenton has 
fillod efficiently and with honor and 
always with an eye to the public in- 
terest. 



David A. Grant of Lyme, chairman 
of the Committee on Mileage and 
of the Grafton County delegation and 
a member of the Committee on Liquor 
Laws, was born in Lyme, September 
24, 1850, on the old homestead which 



has been in the Grant name since 
the settlement of the town. He was 
educated in the public schools and at 
the Thetford, Yt., Academy, and for 
a time engaged in school .teaching. 
From the time of his marriage, No- 
vember 11, 1879, until 1905, he carried 
on the old farm successfully, then 
turning over its operation to his son. 
Mr. Grant has held nearly all the 
offices in the gift of his town, member 
of the school board, selectman, 
member of the House of 1897, serving 
on the Committee on Agriculture, 
delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
ventions of 1912 and 1918, etc. For 
the past eight years he has been clerk 
and treasurer of both the town and 
the school district. Lie served as 
chairman of the local Public Safety 
Committee, as registration officer 
and as an associate member of the 
Legal Advisory Board under the 
selective service act. He is an active 
member of the Congregational Church 
and of the Patrons of Husbandry and 
is interested in anything that will 
tend to the best interests of his home 
town and of the state. 



Captain Frank LL Challis, Re- 
publican, of Ward Four, Manchester, 
chairman of the Committee on Mili- 
tary Affairs, is one of the best known 
men in the circles of newspaper, 
political, fraternal order and military 
activity in the state of New Hamp- 
shire. Born in Laconia, March 20, 
1855, and educated in the public 
schools, Captain Challis has been, 
during most of his life, a resident of 
Manchester, where he has been con- 
nected with its leading newspapers 
in various editorial capacities and 
also has been in business for himself. 
He served seven years in the Manches- 
ter Cadets, six as captain, and three 
in the National Guard as captain; 
was a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives of 1917; is a .member 



Otjldcl Xew Hampshire, 1919-1930 



113 



of more than a score of societies and 
organizations and an officer in most 
of them; past commander of the New 
England Division, Sons of Veterans; 
ex-councilor and ex -national repre- 
sentative, 0. U. A. M.; past chan- 
cellor commander, K. of P.; first 
master workman, Security Lodge, 
A. 0. U. W.j member of L O. 0. F. } 
etc.; charter member " of the Man- 
chester Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
historiographer of the Manchester 
Historic Association, etc. Captain 
Challis was an active and prominent 
member of the House of 1917 and, as 
was expected, is one of the live wires 
of the present Legislature. 



The fact that the first important 
business to be presented to the Legis- 
lature of 1919, namely, the ratifica- 
tion of the prohibition amendment 
to the Federal Constitution, was 
referred to the Committee on National 
Affairs, for consideration and report 
gave especial prominence to that 
committee and its chairman at this 
session. Rev. James MeD. Blue of 
North Conway, Republican, named 
as the head of this committee, while 
not previously a member of the 
Legislature, is well known in the state, 
where he has held several Congre- 
gational pastorates. Born in Boston, 
Rev. Mr. Blue was educated at the 
Newton, Mass., High School; at 
Williams College, class of 1893; and 
at the Ando\er Theological Semi- 
nary, class of 1S96. He is a Mason, 
Odd Fellow and Patron of Hus- 
bandry; is married, and the father 
of four children. 



Representative Herman C. Rice, 
Republican, of Ward Three, Keene, 
is one of the few members honored 
by holding the same chairmanship 
at successive sessions. Chosen a 
member of the House of Representa- 



tives in 1917, he was made chairman 
of its Committee on Normal Sekeols 
and performed the duties of the 
position so capably that Speaker 
Tobey was prompt to invite him to 
continue at the head of the same 
committee for the session of 1919. 
Mr. Rice was born in Jaflrey, March 
15, 1867, and educated in the public 
schools of Keene. He is a dealer in 
wall paper and paints; married, two 
children; Unitarian; Mason of the 
32nd degree and member of the Sons 
of Veterans and Monadnock Club. 
His first election to the Legislature 
followed efficient service of two years 
each as councilman and alderman in 
the Keene city government. 



Another committee chairman to 
continue his service through four 
years is Dr. Henry W. Bout-well, Re- 
publican, of Ward Two, Manchester, 
the head of the Committee on Public 
Health at the Sessions of 1917 and 
1919. No member of the Legislature 
has a more distinguished record of 
public service than Doctor Boutwell 
and none is more reluctant to allow 
even the bare facts of his career to 
appear in print. Born in Lyndeboro 
in 1848, he was educated in the town 
schools, at Fran cest own Academy 
and at the Harvard Medical School. 
He has served in the state Senate and 
on the Executive Council, as well as 
in the House, and is a member of the 
Board of Trustees of State Institu- 
tions. He was surgeon general on 
the staff of Governor Nahum J. 
Bachelder, has served as chief of staff 
of the Sacred Heart Hospital, Man- 
chester, and is a member of the 
American Medical Association. Doctor 
Boutwell has a wife and daughter and 
attends the Congregational Church. 

Of equal distinction with Doctor 
Boutwell in having served in House, 
Senate and Executive Council is 



114: 



The Granite Monthly 



Honorable Charles W. Vamey, 
Republican, of Ward Six, Rochester. 
chairman of the Committee on Public 
Improvements. Born in Lebanon. 
Me,, June 4, 1SS4. the son of David 
W. and Abbie (Tibbetts) Yarney, he 



F 



Hen. Charles XV. Varrtey 

was educated in the town schools and 
at a business college in Boston. He 
is successfully engaged in the in- 
surance business and has been espe- 
cially active and prominent in fra- 
ternal order circles and in public life. 
He is a 32nd degree Mason and 
Knight Templar, president of the 
Grange Fire Insurance Com pan}', 
past state lecturer of the Patrons of 
Husbandry, member of the I. O. 0. F., 
Eastern Star. Rochester City Club, 
Waquoit Club, etc. Elected' to the 
House of Representatives of 1915, he 
climbed the ladder to the state Senate 
of 1917 and to the Executive Council 
of Governor Henry W. Keyes in 1917— 
1918 being the youngest man ever 
chosen to these offices. He was also a 
delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1918; and the mover of 
its adjournment until after the war. 



He was appointed by Governor Keyes 
one of the commissioners to take the 
votes of Xew Hampshire soldiers for 
the election of 1918, and in the per- 
formance of that duty went as far as 
Texas on a tour of the cantonments 
of the country. Mr. Yarney mar- 
ried October' 13, 1906, Matilda 
Webster Shepherd. Children: Charles 
W., Jr., born ' November 17, 1912. 
and Barbara Shepherd, born Mav 
1, 1915. 

One of the solid men of the Legis- 
lature is Representative James Mar- 
shall, Republican, of Ward Four. 
Dover, chairman of the Committee 
on Railroads. Born in Scotland, 
January 22, 1874, Mr. Marshall came 
to this country in childhood and was 
educated in the public schools of 
Dover, where is is engaged in the 
printing business. Fie is grand chan- 
cellor of the Knights of Pythias of 
the state and a member of the Ma- 
sonic order and of the Red Men. 
Good service in both branches of the 
Dover city government was followed 
by his election to the House of 1917, 
where he served on the committees 
on public improvements and rail- 
roads, and to the Constitutional 
Convention of 1918. Mr. Marshall 
is married and attends the Congrega- 
tional Church. 



Representative William C. Clarke, 
Republican,' of Ward One, Manches- 
ter, chairman of the Committee on 
Retrenchment and Reform, is one of 
the best known and most popular 
men in Xew Hampshire. The son 
of the late Colonel John B. Clarke, 
he was born in Manchester, March 
17, 1856, and was educated at the 
Manchester High School, Phillips 
Andover Academy and Dartmouth 
College. Journalism has been his 
profession, with writing on out of 
door sports and athletics, as his spe- 



Official Nm Hampshire, 1919-1920 



115 



cialty, but much of his time has been 
given to public life as mayor of 
Manchester eight years, member of 
the Manchester School Board six 
years, member of the ' House and 
chairman of its Committee on Fish 
and Game in 1891, delegate-at-large 
to the Republican National Conven- 
tion of 1900, etc. Mr. Clarke be- 
longs to the Patrons of Husbandry, 
the Red Men and the Derryfield 
Club. New Hampshire has no better- 
posted or more entertaining writer or 
more charming conversationalist. 



Representative Marshall Day Cob- 
leigh, Republican, of Ward One, 
Nashua, is chairman of the Committee 
on Revision of Statutes, which has 
one of the largest grists to grind and 
is doing it at this session with marked 
seccess. Born in Littleton, Decem- 
ber 17, 1864, the son of Ashbel W. 
and Hannah (Montgomery) Cob- 
leigh, he was educated in the public 
schools of Littleton; studied law 
there with Harry L. Heald and James 
W. Remick; and was admitted to the. 
bar in 1899. He practiced for a year 
in Littleton and for ten years in 
Lebanon and since December 1, 1911, 
in Nashua, in partnership, succes- 
sively, with General Charles J. Ham- 
blett, Senator Marcel Theriault and at 
present with his son, Gerald, under 
the firm name of Cobleigh & Cobleigh. 
While at Littleton he served as super- 
visor and as special justice of the 
Littleton police court. At Lebanon 
he was town moderator and from 1903 
to 1909 was solicitor of Grafton 
county. He was a delegate to the 
Constitutional. Convention of 1918 
from Ward One, Nashua where he has 
been chairman of the Republican city 
committee since 1916. In addition 
to his chairmanship in the present 
legislature he serves on the Com- 
mittee on the Judiciary and on the 
Committee on Rules. Mr. Cobleigh 



is a Congregationalist and a member 
of the Knights of Pythias, Grange, 
Y. M. C. A. , Langdon Club (Lebanon) 
and Brotherhood Class (Nashua). 
He married April 29, 1890, Alice J. 
Aldrich, and they have two sons, 



% 



Hon. Marshall D. Cobleigh 

Gerald F., special justice of the Nashua 
Municipal Court, and Neal W., a 
student in the Nashua High School. 



Next in popularity to the Fisheries 
and Game Committee among the 
members of the House, according to 
Speaker Tobey, was the Com- 
mittee on Roads, Bridges and Canals. 
At its head the Speaker placed a new 
member, but one who has had much 
practical experience along the hues of 
the committee's work, Representative 
Albert E. McReel, Republican, of 
Exeter. Born in Athol, Mass., March 
28, 1870, and educated in the public 
schools there, Mr. McReel now is 
treasurer and manager of the A. E. 
McReel Company (incorporated), en- 
gaged in the coal and tow boat busi- 



116 



The Granite Mont lily 



ness. He is also well known as the 
promoter and builder of several street 
railways in Southern New Hampshire. 
Mr. MeReel- married Mabel A. Mellen 
of Athoh Mass., and they have one 
son, William A. MeReel, first-class 
gunner in the 66th C. A. C, now in 
France. Mr. MeReel is a member of 
Portsmouth lodge of Elks. He is 



this committee. Born in Tilton. 
June 1, 1S65, Mr. Seaverns was 
educated in the public schools of 
Laconia. He has held, various ward 
offices and is city sealer of weights 
and measures. He is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias and the Lake 
City Club and his vocation is that of 
paperhanger. 






Hon. A. E. MeReel 



president of the Exeter Board of Trade 
and ranks as one of the town's best 
citizens and business men. 



Representative William F. Seav- 
erns of Laconia, chairman of the 
Committee on School for Feeble- 
Minded and of the Belknap County 
delegation, is serving his third term 
in the Legislature and at the head of 



Another Laconia committee chair- 
man is Representative Arthur W. 
Russell, Republican, of Ward Six 
(Post office address, Lakeport), who 
is at the head of the Committee on 
Soldiers' Home. Mr. Russell was 
born in Wilton, May 31, 1842, and 
was educated in the schools of Boston. 
He served in the Civil War with the 
rank of sergeant and is a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, as 
well as of the 1. 0. 0. F. and X. E. 0. 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



117 



P. Mr. Russell is a machinist by 
trade and a Universalis! in religious 
belief. 



Dr. Ervin Wilbur Hodsdon, Re- 
publican, representative from Ossipee, 
continues, this session, at the head 



__ . __ 



Dr. E. W. Hodsdon 

of the Committee of State Hospital, 
whose work he guided in 1917. This 
is Doctor Hodsdori's third term in the 
House and he has come to be regarded 
as one of its best working members, 
as well as one of those most popular 
among his associates. Born in Os- 
sipee, April 8, 1863, the son of Ed- 
Ward Payson Hodsdon and Emma B. 
Demerritt, the doctor was educated 
at the Dover High School, Phillips 
Fxeter Academy and the Missouri 
Medical College, now a part of 
Washington University. He has 
practiced his profession in Ossipee 
*ince 1896 and during that time has 
served twelve years as medical referee 
and has been postmaster seventeen 
>' p ars, besides holding the offices of 
selectman, member of the school 
board, etc. Doctor Hodsdon is a 



past grand sachem of the Red Men 
of the state, a past master of his 
Masonic lodge and a member of the 
A. 0. IT. W., the Grange and the 
Knights of Pythias in addition to 
state and national medical associa- 
tions and the New Hampshire His- 
torical Society. He attends the 
Methodist Church. February 25. 
1917. he married Marv L. Price. 



F One of the legislative veterans 
whose long and faithful service is 
recognized by his selection as a com- 
mittee chairman is Representative 
Fred P. Hill of Plaistow, who heads 
the State Prison Committee in his 
fifth term as a member of the House; 
besides which service he has been a 
delegate to two constitutional con- 
ventions. Mr. Hill was born in 
Sandown, December 16. 1867; was 
educated in public and private schools; 
and is engaged in the shoe business. 
In addition to his ten years in the 
General Court Mr. Hiil has been 
selectman of his town and in other 
ways has been the recipient of the 
confidence and esteem of his fellow 
citizens. 



William E. Burgess, well known 
real estate dealer and insurance agent 
of the city of Manchester, Republi- 
can representative from Ward Two 
of that city, is the chairman of the 
Committee on Towns. Mr. Bur- 
gess was born at Pleasant Valley, 
N. S., October 16, 1861, and educated 
at Halifax and Dartmouth, N. S. 
He has been to the Legislature before, 
at the session of 1909. He is a 
Christian Scientist in religious belief, 
a member of the Patrons of Husban- 
dry; and is married and has one 
child. 



Walter Stephen Thayer, Republi- 
can, member of the House from New 
Ipswich and chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Unfinished Business, was 
born December 30, 1873, in the town 
which he represents. He was educa- 



US 



The Granite Monthly 



ted in the public schools and at 
Appleton Academy. He was married 
in 1893 to Anne F. Chandler and they 
have three children, one of whom, 
Lieutenant Arthur S. Thayer, is in 
the military service of his country. 
Mr. Thayer is a farmer, a dealer in 
real estate and cattle and is engaged 
in the lumber business. He has been 
selectman ten years, chairman of the 
board eight years in succession, and 
has been overseer of the poor, trustee 
of Town Trust Funds and local meat 
inspector. In addition to his chair- 
manship he serves at this session 
upon the Committees on County 
Affairs and Forestry. 



When a member of the state Senate 
returns to the Legislature in the 
lower house his experience is sure to 



_,- 



I' 



Hoi;. Clarence M. Collins 



be regarded with respect, which 
probably is one reason why Speaker 
Tobey made Representative Clarence 
M. Collins, Republican, of Danville, 
chairman of the Committee on Ways 
and Means for the session of 1919 
and named him, also, on the Com- 
mittee on Appropriations. Mr. 



Collins was born in Danville, August 
12, 1858, and was educated at New 
Hampton -Literary Institution, having 
been president of its state association 
of alumni. He is a shoe manufac- 
turer; a 32nd degree Mason and 
Knight Templar; a Free Baptist in 
religious belief; a member of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society; 
married and the father of two chil- 
dren. He has held all the town 
offices and was a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention of 1912 
and a member of the state Senate of 
1917. In that capacity he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Henry W. Keyes 
as a member of the special recess 
committee on state finance which 
made its report to the present Legis- 
lature early in the session. He is 
also chairman of the Rockingham 
county delegates. 



Rev. Ora Wilfred Craig, Democrat, 
representative from Ward Eleven, 
Manchester, and chairman of the 
city delegation, was born in Ashland, 
January 2, 1879, of revolutionary 
stock in both his paternal and ma- 
ternal ancestry. He was educated 
at Holderness School, Trinity College 
and the Berkeley Divinity School 
and has spent his entire time as a 
Protestant Episcopal clergyman in 
the diocese of New Hampshire, first 
as a curate at Claremont, then for 
five years at Laconia and now on his 
seventh year at St. Andrew's Church, 
West Manchester. While at Laconia 
he opened a mission at Meredith 
along modern institutional lines, 
which attracted much attention, and 
also worked in other neighboring 
towns. He was for a year president 
of the Laconia Ministers' Association 
and for three years chairman of its 
Committee on Civic Life. He was 
one of the organizers and incorpora- 
tors of the Laconia Benevolent 
Association, its president one year 
and for three years in charge of the 
law enforcement end of its work. 
Rev. Mr. Craig is now serving his 
second term on the Manchester 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



119 



School Board and is chairman of the 
School Athletic Council, through 
which the board controls the athletic 
training and sports in all the public 
schools. Mr. Craig is a member of 
the Alpha Chi Rho fraternity, of all 




Rev. Ora W. Craig 
Chairman Manchester Delegation 

the branches of Odd Fellowship and 
of the Sons of Veterans. The fact 
that he is a life member of the Amer- 
ican Poultry Association indicates 
his hobby, which is hens; his -Rose 
Comb Rhode Islands Reds being as 
fine specimens of the breed as can be 
found in New Hampshire. Mr Craig 
is married and has one child. His 
work in all its lines of activity, church, 
school and public li^r'4s character- 
ized by defmiteness of purpose and 
well-considered progress towards a 
predetermined end. In these trouble- 
threatening times such men are valu- 
able bulwarks of our institutions. 



Merrimack County delegation, was 
born in Lynn, Mass., June 23, 1875, 
the son of Charles Freeman and 
Caroline D. (Pratt) Ranney, He 
was educated in the public schools of 
Newport, Vt., and at St. Johnsbury, 
Vt., Academy, and engaged for a 
time In the printing business with 
his father at Newport. In November 
1904, he purchased the plant of the 
Penacook News-Letter, which he has 
greatly enlarged and improved, 
carrying on, in connection with the 
publication of the newspaper, an 
extensive job printing business. He 
is clerk of the society and deacon of 
the Congregational Church at Pen- 
acook; town treasurer of Boscawen 
since March, 1907; president of 
the New Hampshire Weekly Pub- 
lishers' Association, etc. Fie is a 
member of the Masonic order, lodge, 




William Bradford Ranney, Re- 
publican, representative from the town 
°* Boscawen and chairman of the 



Hon. William B. Ranney 

chapter, council and commandery, 
and past patron of the Eastern Star; 
past master of Hallowe'en Grange, 
Penacook, and of Merrimack County 
Pomona 'Grange. He married Oc- 
tober 28, 1898, Alice M. Burbank of 
Webster, and they have two daugh- 
ters, Dorothy and Katharine. 



/2o. 



EDITORIAL 



The part New Hampshire is taking 
in movements of national progress 
is very gratifying to all of us who are 
as confident of her future as we are 
proud of her past. The promptness 
with which our Legislature of 1919 
ratified on the part of the Granite 
State the prohibition amendment to 
the Federal Constitution is a subject 
for congratulation and the sentiment 
for strict and impartial law enforce- 
ment everywhere in evidence will be 
of great assistance to the United 
States officers, as it has been to those 
of the state, in making prohibition 
prohibit. To prevent entirely the 
use of alcoholic beverages always 
has seemed an ideal impossible of 
achievement; and so it still may. 
prove to be. But never in history 
has so powerful a force been exerted 
to this end as will be within the 
ability of the United States Govern- 
ment. It will be the duty of every 
good citizen to do his part towards 
making- the application of this force 
entirely efficient. New Hampshire 
has a particular reason for interest 
in national prohibition and an added 
incentive to aid in its enforcement 
because the first seeds of the crop 
now to be harvested were sown more 
than forty years ago by Henry W. 
Blair, then Congressman and after- 
wards United States Senator from 
New Hampshire, when he introduced 
in the lower branch of the National 
Legislature the initial proposal on 
this line on December 27, 1870. Ex- 
Senator Blair, at four score and five, 
is still living in Washington. During 
the time of his activity and promi- 
nence as a national figure he dreamed 
many great dreams which were 
scorned by the " practical" and 
derided by the short-sighted. It is 
good to know that one of them, at 



least, now is coming to realization, 
within his lifetime. 

New Hampshire is prompt, again, 
in organizing for the promulgation 
and support of the League of Free 
Nations idea. The state association 
is fortunate in securing as its head, 
Mr. Huntley N. Spaulding, recently 
so successful as food administrator 
for New Hampshire, who will put 
the vigor and force of his personality 
behind this good work, also. It is 
fitting that the first local organiza- 
tions should be in our educational 
centers, Hanover and Durham, and 
it is easy to believe that from them 
inspiration will spread into every 
corner of the commonwealth. A 
powerful aid to that end will be found 
in the happily large number of New 
Hampshire people who attended the 
recent New England meeting in 
Boston and heard former President 
William H. Tai't at his best and 
greatest in discussion of this most 
important subject. The imperative 
work of world reconstruction can 
proceed, as we see it, on two far 
separated planes simultaneously and 
cooperatively. One can and must 
start from the home and the indi- 
vidual to reconstruct the community 
and thus to raise the level of life. 
The other must operate on that 
greatest possible scale which the 
League of Nations purposes and 
which by ensuring the world's peace 
will give full opportunity for the 
development of the race by individual 
and national initiative and execution. 
Here in New Hampshire we are 
glad to give endorsement to the 
world project, while, at the same 
time, we recognize our own pressing 
problems and give our best efforts 
to their solution. 



A3;. 



A BOOK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



The man who thought Psyche was 
"a mighty queer way to spell fish" 
would be more than ever puzzled 
after reading the first' part of Dr. 
John D. Quaekenbos's new novel, 
"Magnhild," for the hero and the 
heroine pass quickly from psychic 



than he in painting word pictures of 
its loveliness; "its background of 
sable-vested mountains — its clear, is- 
land-studded waters — its tortuous 
shore line presenting so remarkable 
a diversity, now sheer and heavily- 
timbered, now stretching in long 




Dr. John D. Quackenbos 



rapport to fishing raptures, from ex- 
periencing the " psycho vital cosmic 
relations of the human personality" 
to "that erethism of internal exalta- 
tion" that accompanies the capture 
of a Sunapee saibling. Doctor 
Quackenbos has spent a good part 
of his seventy years of life on the 
shores of our beautiful New Hamp- 
shire lake, and no one is more skilful 



reaches of sparkling sand, or sloping 
upward in brilliant pasture lands to 
ridges crested with inky spruce, anon 
opening into flower-pied meadows 
through which streams fringed with 
fern clumps pour their crystal cold 
into darksome estuaries." There are 
many of these pictures, in prose and 
verse, in the earlier pages of the book; 
many studies of the life of the lake 



122 



The Granite Monthly 



and the people about it, so that for sibilities of telepathy, "the influence 

us New Hampshire folks this part of exerted on human lives by extrinsic 

the, story will have an especial charm, personalities and the mysteries of 

But for those who are attracted to supernatural communication" will 

the book by its sub-title. "A Tale of hold the closest attention to the happy 

Psychic Love," the unfolding; of the ending, which, again, has Sunapee 

plot, with its revelations of the pos- shores as its scene. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 



Bela Chapin was born in Newport, 
February 19. 1829- Is there any- 
where a poet of greater age whose 
muse is fertile still? While he has 
passed his ninetieth birthday, Louise 
Patterson Guyol, a Concord school- 
girl, has not yet reached her nine- 
teenth. Franklin McDuftee, Dart- 
mouth '21, is the son of Editor Willis 
McDuffee of Rochester. Miss Laura 
A. Rice, one of New Hampshire's 
sweetest singers, whose verse was 
published over the name of Ray 



Laurance, died during the past month 
at her home in Northfield. Rev. 
Dr. Loren Webster is the head of the 
Holdemess School for Boys. Fred 
Myron Colby of Warner has an ag- 
gregate of published work in both 
prose and poetry which few Granite 
State writers can equal. Hon. James 
O. Lyford, editor, author, public 
official, knows state finances from A 
to Z and possesses the power of im- 
parting his knowledge clearly and 
helpfully. 



WHITHER? 

By Franklin McDuffee 

The stars are close tonight, 
Thoughts in the book of time; 

Yet veiled unto my sight 
The page sublime. 

For weary waters flow 

Into a bending sky. 
Murmuring soft and low, 

"Eternity.." 

Ever the sad, sweet ache, 
The tender, questing pain, 

The dim doubts that awake 
Nor sleep again. 

Ahead, an ocean bleak; 

Behind, the barren sand. 
Alas, for them that seek 

To understand. 



Editor's Note. — This poem, published originally in The Berria, the literary magazine 
of Dartmouth college, was one of two by Hanover students chosen for the annual 
''Anthology of College Verse/' published by' the Stratford Company, Boston. 



THROUGH THE YEAR IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Rer. Roland D. Sawyer 



Thank God for heart to understand 
The gracionsness of spreading trees. 

The changing seasons, wisely planned, 
The storms and sunshine — all of these. 

Mid-March, the Beginning of the 
Year 

In common with all the world we 
accept the Roman calendar which 
Rome thrust upon civilization when 
she conquered ancient civilization. 
The Roman calendar, however, was 
pitched to the seasons as they ran in 
the warm Mediterranean country 
and not to the hardy climate of New 
England; for, with us in New Hamp- 
shire, the year really begins in mid- 
March. Then come the longer morn- 
ings and the earlier sun which grows 
bright and warm in midday and starts 
the sap in the trees. In mid-March 
the buds begin to swell, the warmer 
winds sweep through the branches,, 
the frost leaves the earth and as we 
feel the ground heave beneath our 
feet we know that Mother Earth is 
awaking from her long night's sleep. 
The geese are flying, the robins return, 
the bluebirds gather — now it's the New 
Year really comes, never mind what 
the Roman calendar said about "Jan- 
uary first." The cold winter nights 
which gave us the chilled house and 
blustering morns have gone, the sun 
greets us with its cheering smile before 
seven, and no longer are we loath to 
leave the bed, but we must be up and 
out to mingle with the horses, cows, 
fowl and birds, greeting the signs of 
the New Year in trees, soil and animal 
life. We sort the eggs and get ready 
to set the mother-hens; we overhaul 
the farming-tools, get seeds and plows 
ready, and plan the adventure of new 
crops. It's a time of joyous expec- 
tancy; we are looking ahead to a new 
season of life; the returning songsters 
from the trees proclaim the old prom- 
ise of " seed-time and harvest that 
shall not fail in the earth. 1 ' At noon- 
day the sun lavs into barn and house 



through window and door, where 
horses, cattle, fowl and human kind 
alike feel the cheer of its live-giving 
warmth. Winter is in rapid retreat, 
the blustering wind of the morn dies 
out and shows us ixs last wail. The 
hour has indeed struck, new life is 
everywhere. 

The church is celebrating Easter, 
the resurrection of the Lord, and we 
who live in the country homes of the 
old Granite State are likewise cele- 
brating the resurrection of New Life. 
Only here and there in the woods can 
we find the snow; wooing warm airs 
have displaced the bleak winter winds; 
pity, indeed, for the one whose soul 
does not catch the springtime song, 
and whose heart does not beat the 
quicker in the joys of beginning an- 
other year. 

March Morning, Nature's Holy 
Matin Hour 

The most delightful time of the 
March days is the morning hour. 
How sweet, how beautiful it all is; we 
all feel it, from the chipmunk dodging 
among the stones of the wall to the 
birds chirping their matins from the 
trees. The winds breath God's invo- 
cation o'er the earth. If one ever feels 
the religious mood he certainly will on 
a mid-March morning in New Hamp- 
shire. These mornings are the Resur- 
rection mornings of the year. Tiny 
shoots coming through the dead leaves 
tell of the Resurrection-miracle. The 
Heart of the Universe is calling all life 
forth from the grave — never mind the 
Roman calendar, we will now begin 
our year, and plan to plant and water 
and cultivate and dig, till we reap an- 
other harvest. We have been kept 
through the severity of winter, we 
greet, the springtime with gratitude 
and joy, and never do we feel this quite 
so deeply as when in the hour of morn 
we light the fires of the household and 
go forth to greet the day. 



I*L 



AT NINETY YEARS 

By Bel a C ha pin 

Grim Winter lingers with us still, 

And cold the north winds blow; 
"While all about on Johnson Hill 

Lie drifts of pure white snow. 
But wintry days will soon be o'er 
And cheerful Spring return once more. 

It is hibernal time with me, — 

A weight of years I bear; 
Trials a few 'tis mine to see 

As on in life I fare. 
My natal day I pass again; 
My years are now fourscore and ten. 

My birth-place upon Baptist Hill, 

My home in early years, 
What memories surround it still! 

How fresh it all appears ! 
There now. as erst long time ago, 
The roses bloom, the lilacs blow. 

Right well it is that Memory brings 

More often from the past 
The pleasant than unpleasant things 

That in our path were cast. 
The good we wisely keep in mind, 
The bad we fain would leave behind. 

My father's voice I seem to hear, 

As in the long-ago; 
My mother's singing, sweet and clear, 

The hymns she treasured so. 
Those dear remembrances of yore 
I call to mind from Memory's store. 

How oft the time at Northville school 

Afresh my mind enjoys 
Where Master Wheeler well did rule 

A flock of girls and boys. 
One hundred pupils, large and small, 
That old red school-house held us all. 

Of toil and care I took my share, 
With some misfortune strove, 

And now within my rocking-chair 
I sit beside the stove 

And take my ease, though lame and old, 

While out of doors the wind blows cold. 



The Strength of the Hills 



125 



I read good books from day to day 
And find in them delight; 

Ere long I shall be called away. 
Away from mortal. sight. 

In Christian faith 1 live and wait 

A welcome at the heavenly gate. 



Clarcniont, N. H. 



THE STRENGTH OF THE HILLS 

From a sermon by Pembertjn Hule Cressey, Minister of the First Parish, Beverly, Mass. 



It was my privilege to spend a few 
weeks of the past summer within a 
short distance of Mt. Washington, 
New Hampshire. The great moun- 
tain, unobstructed from that point of 
view by lesser peaks and foot-hills, 
was constantly before me. I beheld 
it at all hours of the day and in all 
the changing moods of a summer of 
variable weather. The noble summit 
was now clear in the morning air, now 
wreathed in the clouds of some gath- 
ering storm, now crouching high and 
distant in the evening dusk. Espe- 
cially do I recall one morning of 
extraordinary clearness when the 
August air was cold and scintillating 
as with some borrowed October. I 
could almost pick out the great 
boulders on Alban ridge and Boott's 
spur. I could see the long, deep cut 
of Tuckerman's ravine, sliced into the 
slope of the mountain as if it had 
just been gashed with some titanic 
cleaver. Looking straight into the 
wide chasm of Huntington's ravine 
I could see each slide and crevice and 
yawning gap of that mighty hollow 
laised against the sky. My joy and 



wonder in the vast picture found ex- 
pression in the words : " The strength 
of the hills is his also.'' At first I 
was satisfied with the simple, ele- 
mental thought of God as the crea- 
tor. His, his was the noble mountain ! 
Enough for me to acknowledge his 
lordship and the marvel of his creat- 
ing hand. 

' But as I continued to gaze at the 
mountain in all its rugged clearness, 
I could not but think of the vast 
conflicts out of which the summit 
arose'. Clearly in the morning air 
there stood revealed the evidences of 
the tremendous struggles out of which 
and above which emerged the hoary 
peak. The buckling of the earth's 
crust through countless ages of the 
gradual cooling of internal fires, the 
grinding and crushing of the conti- 
nental glacier in its slow withdrawal 
toward the north, the blowing of 
mighty winds, the pouring of tre- 
mendous rains, the loosening of 
boulder and sand through the action 
of storm and frost — out of such epic 
conflicts came the strength of the 
hills. 



fJC, 



IN DREAMY, SUNNY MEXICO 

By Fred Myron Colby 

In dreamy, sunny Mexico 

The very winds they murmur low 

Through fragrant groves of orange trees 

And clinging vines of balconies, 

Where dark-eyed beauties loll and dream 

Behind the scented, blossoming screen 

Of tropic foliage ablaze 

With richest tints of summer days. 

Lithe water bearers, nude and brown, 

The sultry streets walk up and down. 

Dusky fruit venders cry their wares 

In the palmetto-shaded squares; 

And wood-wheeled carts move to and fro 

Behind the calm-eyed oxen slow, 

In dreamy, sunny Mexico. 

In dreamy, sunny Mexico, 

The sleepy fountains flash and flow 

In lazy cadence like a dream; 

While like a rising star agleam, 

The snowy peaks of mountains rise 

Beneath the glowing Southern skies. 

A happy land of lotus dreams, 

Where reign enchantment as it seems, 

Where wondrous blossoms catch the eye, 

And gaudy birds through thickets fly. 

A land of lutes and dulcet tones, ' 

Of silver, gold and onyx stones. 

The Aztec land of long ago, 

The place of Maximillian's woe, 

This dreamy, sunny Mexico. 

In dreamy, sunny Mexico, 

The tropic land is all aglow 

With flash of insects' gauzy wings, 

And from low boughs the toucan swings. 

The cries of wolf and coyote fall 

From thorny depths of chaparral. 

'Mid fields of cocoa and of maize 

Up o'er the hills by devious ways, 

You see the whitened walls appear 

Of haciendas, far and near. 

And o'er green slopes of figs and limes 

Sound far off cathedral chimes; 

While devout worshippers bend low 

Amid the sunset's fervid glow, 

In dreamy, sunny Mexico. 



Franklin, N. 11 



TELLING GRANDPA'S BEES 

By Laura A* Rice 

In a corner of the orchard. 

Beneath the ancient trees, 
Festooned with wand'ring grape vines, 

Are many hives of bees; 
Around, are spreading hayfields, 

And crops of waving grain, 
That ne'er will know his labor, 

In harvest time again! 

Within the old time farmhouse 

Moss covered, gray and low, 
Where aged "lay lock" bushes, 

Around the front door grow; 
The sunlight's golden splendor. 

Shines in the fore room small, 
On peaceful white haired sleeper, 

Who has answered Azrael's call. 

In a corner of the orchard, 

Beneath the ancient trees. 
A man is softly chanting, 

Before the hives of bees, 
Upon which are bits of mourning, 

From grandma's gown of black, 
"Stay honey bees, your master 

Will ne'er again come back!" 

"He had lived upon the homestead, 

For fourscore years and ten, 
He sowed, and reaped and garnered 

And wronged not fellowmen!" 
To little child near, watching, 

With wondering eyes of blue, 
The busy bees seemed listening, 

To the tidings sad, but true! 

What meant this ancient custom, 

The telling of the bees, 
When one had left the earth life, 

To go beneath the trees 
And drape the hives with mourning, 

When sun was bright o'erhead, 
And chant to busy workers, 
• "Your master old, is dead!" 

The wondering child that followed, 

Can ne'er forget the scene, 
Tho' years have long since vanished, 

She sees the landscape green, 
With the ancient apple orchard, 

And its grape vine covered trees, 
As walking back and forward 

One told grandpa's death to bees! 



f$ ?. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



EDWARD LEE CARROLL 

Edward lee Carroll, born in Warner, 
December 11, 1S80, died there. January 30, 

1919, and by his widely mourned dceea.se, 
town and slate lost one of their best young 
men. Descended from Nathaniel Carroll, 
who came from England to Massachusetts 
in the 17th century, Edward Lee Carroll was 
the son oi the late Honorable Edward 
Herman Carroll and Susie C. (Putney) 
Carroll. Upon the completion of his educa- 



parts of the state, he dealt extensively in 
apples. Lee Carroll, as he was known to his 
host of friends, was a potent force in the busi- 
ness and social life of his 'native town, and 
while he never desired political preferment. 
he served as a member of the Prudential 
Committee of the Simonds Free High School 
and was for several years a member of the 
Town School board, serving part of the time 
as chairman. He took charge of the last War 
Relief drive and had the satisfaction of seeing 
his town the first in the state to surpass its 







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Th* late Lee Carroll and His Sons 



tion in the schools of his native town and 
the Concord Business College, he be- 
came the business partner of his father, the 
firm conducting extensive and successful 
lumber operations in various parts of the 
state. Upon the lamented death of Hon. E. 
H. Carroll, in 191S. he at once assumed the 
entire charge of the company's extensive 
interests and handled them with the energy 
and success which had characterized his 
father's management, the business continuing 
under the same title; He was much inter- 
ested in forestry and forestry conservation 
and scientific lumbering methods and had 
won the commendation of the State Forestry 
Department for his met hods^bf lumbering. 
Besides operating many mills, in the different 



quota. Lie was a director of the Union 
Trust Company of Concord, Treasurer of 
Harris Lodge of Masons, member of Woods 
Chapter, Royal Arch. Masons, and Horace 
Chase Council, and a Knight Templar and 
Shriner. June 5, 1900, he was united in 
marriage with Edith Louise, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. James F. Emerson of Warner. 
She survives him, with their two sons, Edward 
H. Carroll, 2d, born August 8, 1907, and 
James Emerson Carroll, born April 30, 1913 
and his mother. To all of the many who 
knew and loved him, the death of Lee Carroll 
seems most untimely, but it did not come 
until the high quality of his character and 
his ability had been tested and proved by 
endeavor and accomplishment. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



129 



HENRY II . BARBER 

Henry H. Barber, leading citizen of Mil- 
ford, who died there January 14. was born 

in Nashua, December 16, 1S52. His educa- 
tion was acquired in an academy at Canaan, 
the native town of both his parents. He 
tvegan his business life as a clerk with a 
Nashua firm, but in 1878 he opened a dry 
goods store at Miiford which grew into an 
extensive department establishment. He 
also founded the Barber Plumbing Company 
and the Miiford Granite Company, the 



Board of Trade, he had served as its president. 
The initiative in lighting the town by elec- 
tricity was his, one of the first automobiles 
operated in Miiford was his and in general 
he always -was awake to the benefits of 
progress in all lines. He was a 32nd degree 
Mason and not long ago was presented by 
King Solomon Royal Arch Chapter with a 
beautiful jewel in recognition of his long and 
faithful service as its treasurer. He was 
also an Odd Fellow, a member of the Golden 
Cross and belonged to the New England 
associations of bankers and of dry goods' 



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The late H. H. Barber 



latter being the pioneer in the granite in- 
dustry of the town.' For thirty-six years 
he was a director of the Souhegan National 
Bank, its vice-president from 1803 to 1911 
and its president since the latter date. In 
addition to his Miiford property, including 
one of the town's most beautiful residences, 
he had an interest in the mercantile estab- 
lishment of his brother at Derby, Conn. 
He was a member of the Legislature of 1S91 
and the author of the law known by his name 
for the regulation of fraternal insurance 
orders. One of the organizers of the Miiford 



dealers. An enthusiastic golfer, he was a 
member of the Nashua and Mount Vernon 
country clubs. He attended the Methodist 
Church. In 1873 Mr. Barber w r as united in 
marriage with Miss Fostina M. Dodge, 
daughter of Alva H. Dodge of Antrim. 
Their one child is Mrs. Ethelyn F. Brown of 
Winchester, Mass. A high-grade business 
executive, a public-spirited citizen, beloved by 
a host of friends, it w r as said of him by his home 
paper that he ''will be missed by the entire 
town for he was always in the forefront of every 
movement for the good of the communitv." 



130 



The Granite Monthly 



WILLIAM S. PIERCE 

William S. Pierce, well-known member of 
the Xew Hampshire Bar. died at his home in 
Somersworth, January 30. He "was born at 
Lexington, Me.. sixty-six years ago and had 
resided at Somersworth for forty years, com- 
ing there as a school teacher. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1883 and won especial 
success as a jury lawyer, particularly in 



/ 




a 



/ 



... 



/ 



The late William S. Pierce 

criminal cases. He was a member of the 
New Hampshire House of Representatives 
in 1907, serving on the Committees on Revi- 
sion of Statutes and Elections. Mr. Pierce 
was a member of the Masonic order. He is 
survived by his wife, who was Miss Elizabeth 
Allen of Smithfield, Me., and by one son, 
Charles A. Pierce. ■ . 

ALBERT T. SEVERANCE 

Dr. Albert T. Severatwje, born in Brewer, 
Me., September 17, 1842, died at Exeter, 
Januarv Jo. Ife served three years in the 
Civil War and. was wounded ten times. In 
the order of the G. A. R. he took much inter- 
est and often served as a Memorial Day 
orator. After the war he studied dentistry 
and practised that profession at Newmarket, 
where he was superintendent of schools, and 
since 1885 at Exeter. lie was a representa- 
tive from Exeter in the Legislatures of 1901 
and 1903 and had been secretary-treasurer 
and president of the Rockingham County 
Republican Club. He was a member of the 
Masonic order and of the Methodist Church. 
His wife, who was Miss Sadie E. Leavitt of 
Newmarket, survives him. 



JOSEPH H. WIGHT 

Joseph Howard Wight, judge of the Berliu 
Municipal Court, since 1915, died suddenly in 
that city, February G. He was born in 
Dummer, March 11* 1S66; and was educated 
at the Maine Wesleyan- Seminary. Kcr.-.'s 
HilJ, and at the Boston I niversity'School of 
Law. Since admission to the New Hamp- 
shire Bar in 1S90 he had practiced at Berlin 
and had been a member of the city council, 
police commissioner, representative in the 
Legislature and . county solicitor. While 
Berlin was still a town he was chairman of 
the Board of Selectmen and town clerk. He 
was formerly president of the Berlin Savings 
Bank and Trust Company and vice-presi- 
dent of the Berlin Building and Loan Associa- 
tion. He was a 32nd degree Mason and a 
member of the Order of the Eastern Star. 
His wife, one son and three daughters survive 
him. 



DR. FRANK BLAISDELL 

Frank Blaisdell, M.D., born at GofTstown, 
May 28, 1S52, died there January 16. He 
was educated at the Swedenborgian Acad- 
emy at Contoocook and at the Dartmouth 
Medical College, from which institution he 
graduated in 1S76. Since that time he bad 
practiced his profession with eminent success 
in his native town and had been honored 
with the presidency of the state Medical 
Society and the state Surgical Club. He 
was chairman of the town Board of Health 
for a long time and a member of the School 
Board for twenty years. He had served on 
the Board of Physicians and Surgeons of the 
Elliot Hospital, Manchester, and filled the 
office of physician and surgeon for the Hills- 
borough County Hospital at Grasmere. fie 
was particularly interested in surgery and 
operative obstetrics and was the author of 
several published papers upon this and other 
branches of his profession. In 1902 _ he 
delivered the address to the graduating class 
of the Dartmouth Medical College. Doctor 
Blaisdell married, August 29, 1S77, Miss 
Anna I. White of GofTstown, who, with their 
three sons, Arthur George, Percy Newton, 
and William Edwin Blaisdell, survive him. 



REV. ELWIN HITCHCOCK, D.D. 

Rev. Elwin Hitchcock, D.D., pastor of 
the M. E. Church at Newport, born at 
Stanford, R. I.. December 25, 1S51, died 
January 23, 1919. He was the son of 
Barnabas and Sally M. Hitchcock, was 
educated at Wilbraham, Mass., Academy, 
and entered the Methodist ministry as a 
member of the New England Conference, 
but was subsequently transferred to the 
New Hampshire Conference, and filled suc- 
cessful pastorates in Haverhill, Mass., 
Nashua. Keene and Dover. He was for six 
years superintendent of the Manchester 



New Hampshire Necrology 



131 



District, and served two years as agent for 
the Methodist Clergymen's Pension Fund. 
lie was assigned to the Newport pastorate 
three years ago. and had done successful 
work and made many friends during his 
incumbency. For several months last year, 
there was no other pastor in town, and he 
was greatly over-worked in funeral and other 
necessary services, his health giving way 
under the strain, lie is survived by a widow, 
who was Miss Harriet Norton Clark, one son, 
Ernest C, a daughter, Mrs. Leon G. Adams, 
and two grandchildren. 



Keyes, November 16, 1917. He served four 
terms in the House of Representatives at 
Concord, being speaker at the session of 1005, 
and was twice a candidate for the Republican 
nomination for the National House. He 
was collector of customs at Portsmouth, 1898- 
190."), had been president of the Rockingham 
County Republican Club and of the Republi- 
can State Convention in 1904. He served 
on the staff of Governor Hiram A. Tuttle. 
Colonel Elwell was a member of the Odd 
Fellows, Red Men, Sons of Veterans and 
Derryfield Club. He is survived by his 



L_. 



: *-: -">^f*;« 



1 



The late Cot. Rufus N. Elwell 



RUFLS N. ELWELL 

Colonel RufiH Newell Elwell, insurance 
commissioner of the state of New Hampshire 
pied in Concord, Februarv 9. He was born 
in Detroit, Me., August 24, 1SG2, the son of 
George H., and Hannah E. (Prentiss) Newell. 
Lducated in the common schools and at 
Maine Central Institute, he removed with 
his parents to Newton, this state, when 
^gfcleen years of age. For many years he 
conducted box manufactories in Newton 
and Exeter; was at the head of a general in- 
surance agency in Exeter; engaged exten- 
Y v, -'y in lumbering operations; and was 
director and manager of the Abbot-Downing 
r <;ir ipariy, Concord, when appointed iusur- 
*aee commissioner by Governor Henry W. 



wife, and by two sons, George W. Elwell, a 
lawyer in Boston, and Clinton W. Elwell, 
who conducts the insurance agency in Exeter. 

CAPTAIN H. A. FRENCH 

Captain Robert A. French, of Nashua, 
died of pneumonia, December 17, at Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he was on duty in the 
intelligence bureau of the War Department. 
He was born in Nashua, September 13, 1SS2, 
the son of Flon. George B. French, and grad- 
uated from the Nashua High School, from 
Dartmouth College and from the Harvard 
Law School. Since 1908 he had practised 
law in Nashua and. Lad been prominent in 
politics, serving as councilman, alderman, 



132 



The Granite Monthly 



member of the state Rouse of Representa- 
tives, delegate to the Constitutional Conven- 
tion' of 1912, and associate justice of the 
Nashua Municipal Court. He was- secretary 
of the Hillsborough County Fish and Came 
Protective Association, of the Nashua Coun- 
try Club and of the Hillsborough County 
Republiean Club. He was a 32nd decree 
Mason and an l.!k and at . ended the First ( on- 
gregational Church. He was unmarried. 

BURT CHELLIS 

Burt Chellis, born in Claremont, Septem- 
ber 19, 1S60, died at a hospital in Boston on 
December 31. He was a graduate of Stevens 
High School, Claremont, and of Dartmouth 
College hi the class of 1883. Studying law 
with Hon. Hermon Holt, he was admitted to 
the bar in I8S6 and had been a successful 
practitioner in this state and, from 1908 to 
1914, in Los Angeles, Cal. He had extensive 
real estate interests in Claremont and was a 
man of enterprise and public spirit. He was 
a member of the Legislature of 1S97 and for 
six years was solicitor of Sullivan County and 
was chairman of the Claremont Town Build- 
ing Committee. He was a 32nd degree Ma-" 
son and a Knight Templar. June 20, 1900, he 
married Miss Esther A. Hubbard of Clare- 
mont, who survives him. as do his brother, 
Rush Chellis, and a sister, Mrs. W. H. Story. 

CHARLES W. CRAY 

Charles \Y. Gray, GO, one of the best known 
hotel men in New England, proprietor of 
Gray's Inn at Jackson since 18S5, died at 
Portland, Me., December 12, after two years 
of illness. He was a native of Jackson and 
was educated in the town schools there and 
at Lancaster Academy. He engaged exten- 
sively in the lumber business and in carriage 
building before becoming a hotel man. 
Since 1898, Mi. Gray had been the pioprietor 
ofjhe Preble House at Portland, Me., in ad- 
dition to his hotel at Jackson. He Was twice 
a member of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives and belonged to the Odd 
Fellows, Llks and Patrons of Husband cy. 

ROCKWELL F. CRAIG 

Rockwell F. Craig, a leading business man 
and prominent resident of Cheshire County, 



died at .the Elliot City Hospital in Keene, 
December 15, as the result of internal inju- 
ries received while piling logs. He was born 
in Ryegate, Yt., April 30, 1852, and came to 
New Hampshire thirty years ago. He served 
two terms in the state legislature, wa3 to re- 
turn in January for his third term. He had 
served as delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention and held numerous town offices." He 
was a Mason and a Shriner and past master of 
Marlow Grange. Mr. Craig owned large 
tracts of land and carried on an extensive 
lumber business. Until a year ago he owned 
the electric light plant in Marlow, which he 
established six years ago. Besides a wife he 
leaves one son, Capt. Willis P. Craig, in a 
camp in Virginia, and one daughter, Mrs. 
Frank E. Tloss of Keene. 

LYMAN M. STEARNS 

Lyman M. Stearns, one of the best known 
checker players and writers upon the game 
in this country, died at a hospital in Man- 
chester, from pneumonia, on December 30, 
aged sixty years. For twenty-six years he 
was state champion and was the author of 
3,000 published problems of the game. He 
gave many exhibitions of simultaneous play 
against as many as forty opponents and also 
played blindfolded. He had edited checker 
columns in many newspapers and from 1S9G 
to 1901 was the editor of the North American 
Checkerboard. 

JOHN H. WESLEY 

John H. Wesley, one of the men of longest 
legislative service in the history of the state 
of New Hampshire, died at his home in Dover, 
January 9. He was born in South Berwick, 
Me., October 16, 1873, and came to Dover as 
a boy, gaining his education in the public 
schools of that city. In 1899 and 1900 he 
represented Ward Five in the City Council 
and in 1901 and 1902 in the Board of Alder- 
men. Since 1903 he had been continuously a 
member of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives. Fie was a Democrat in 
politics, a Roman Catholic in religious belief 
and a member of the A. O. II. and Foresters 
of America. A wife and two daughters sur- 
vive him. 



Return to New Hampshwe 



133 



RETURN TO NEW HAMPSHIRE 

After an interval of thirty years. 
E. H. Rollins and Sons are again to 



establish an office in New Hampshire, 
the state where this firm had its 
early development. The company 
was first organized in 1876. The 
founder, whose name was given to 
the organization, was Edward H. 
Rollins, long a United States Senator 
and a contemporary of the late ex- 
Senator William E. Chandler. The 
other founders of the business were 
Senator Rollins's sons, Edward W. 
Rollins, who is now president of the 
company and has been a life-long resi- 
dent of Dover, and the late Frank 
W. Rollins, ex-governor of New 



Hampshire and originator of Old 
Home week. 

The New Hampshire business of 
the firm has grown to such an extent 
that it has been thought advisable 
once more to open an office here. 

At 705-706 xVmoskeag Bank build- 
ing, Manchester, an investment serv- 
ice will be maintained which will give 
especial attention to securities adapted 
for the New Hampshire market. 

This office will be under the man- 
agement of Frederick M. Swan, of 
Tilton, who has been connected with 
the company for the past thirteen 
years, eleven of which have been 
spent as a salesman in New Hamp- 
shire. He will be assisted by Richard 
H. DurelL of Manchester. 



1 Ben Franklin's 



I Picture 

P 

I on a postage stamp has 
| long been a reminder 

II that "A penny saved 

1 is a penny earned." 

M 




I 

m 



.On a 1 9 1 9 Wa r Savi ngs 



I Keep on 

I Saving 



Stamp | 

let his picture remind | 
you that I 

$4.00 saved is 

$5.00 earned 



THRIFT 15 THE 



at any 
Bank or Postoffice 




KEY TO SUCCESS 



^MrTiMxijm'Jimrfr^^^^ 



if.'.- - ••^ii.VWt- 



,„"Sfc . 



'•'^.'•iLrs't''. '..»"-:'.".*.'»'v , J *r»v'.^''. jj5«x'' .'-,.... . .;.'-«» i 



Residential and Factory Fences, Gates, Flower Bed Guards, Tree Guards, 
Trellis and Arches. 

Made of large, smooth wires, unweakened by bends, wraps or twists. 
Every joint has our patent steel clamp to hold the wires in a vise-like grip. 

Excelsior Rust-Proof Fences are the only fences galvanized after making, 
and hence they are the only fences that can be rust-proof. They are con- 
ceded to be the most durable wire fences now on the market. 















Our catalog may help you settle more satisfactorily the fence question. 
We shall be glad to send it upon request. 

WRIGHT WIRE COMPANY 

WORCESTER, MASS. 



51 



■fiPZit-fftlft 



Nu r 4 



i 



'"W^. '"■ 



i ,. 



'A' 



cf patriotic savers. The waste of 
war must be made up by the pru- 
dence of peace, 

is an ideal security in which to put 
savings* It possesses all the elers 
of desirable investment. 







Jl% 



■ 






Wear this Butt 

(*■ symbol of support :iv*i to your 
country wh< .. it needs it most 

and ask all your men-folks tc buy too. A 
uniteci, heroic effort will make this last popu- 
lar Liberty Lean the greatest success of ait 
Let us finish the job of financing the war. 

Patriotically Save for a Prosperous Peac« 

Buy (he First Day 

At any Bank — Cash or Inato.lmen.ta 
Liberty Loan Committee m New £e|knd 



£W'' 'Willi 






™~ 'ft fii 4 f 



.ber, ^ 



UcxlVl 



$2.00 a Year 



U5-I3U 






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i 



THE LATE HON. SHERBURNE J. WINSLOW 



rs/. 



n HE 



M ft 



RANITE MONTHLY 



Vol. LI 



APRIL, 1919 



No. 4 



SHERBURNE J. WINSLOW 

By N. S. Drake 



A worthy son of New Hampshire, 
who, by his business enterprise, ex- 
ecutive ability, economy and thrift, 
won a place on the honor roll of his 
native state, was Sherburne Josiah 
Winslow, who died at his pleasant 
home on Main Street, Pittsfield, N. IL, 
February 19, 1919. ' 

Mr. Winslow was born March 16, 
1834, in the town of Nottingham, the 
son of Josiah and Ruth (Tucker) 
Winslow. At the age of three weeks, 
he came to Pittsfield, where he has 
since made his home; and to him and' 
his associates is Pittsfield indebted 
for the conception and construction 
of many of its principal corporate 
features and private enterprises. 

School teaching was his calling 
from the year he was nineteen until 
well into his twenties, and in this 
work he was a decided success, develop- 
ing those traits of order, discernment 
and energy born in him and trans- 
mitted from his noted ancestor, 
Edward Winslow, the Pilgrim, who 
was business manager, as one would 
say today, of the Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, Colony. 

_ Mr. Winslow was not born with a 
silver spoon in his mouth, nor did he 
have given him the means for a start 
on a business career, but he was a 
born financier and was equipped with 
the faculties called initiative and 
thrift. In this connection it may be 
said that the first money he earned 
in teaching school was S28. paid him 
by the town of Deerfield. Of this 
sum he loaned S24 at 6 per cent inter- 
est, and from that day until his death 



he always had money at interest. 
His reward for such economy was the 
power to engage in business affairs 
as he did in Pittsfield and elsewhere. 

From teaching, he emerged into 
farming, and • became the owner of 
one of the best farms in Pittsfield, 
which, however, was in part given 
him by his uncle, the late John Sher- 
burne Tilton. Mr. Winslow always 
retained this farm in his possession, 
although it has not been his home 
since his early manhood. 

In the early sixties he took a trip 
"Out West," as it was then called, 
and while on tins journey visited his 
brother, James, who was then work- 
ing at his trade as a carpenter in 
Illinois. Mr. Winslow's keen busi- 
ness mind saw at once the opportuni- 
ties there for making money and in 
addition to making investments for 
himself he persistently urged his 
brother to buy one hundred sixty 
acres of land which was for sale at 
ten dollars per acre. At length, his 
brother heeded his advice and bought 
the land. Afterwards he erected a 
set of buildings on it and made it his 
home until the time of his death. 
After his decease his widow refused 
to accept an offer of two hundred and 
twenty-five dollars per acre for the 
farm. 

After his first western trip Mr. 
Winslow seldom missed taking an 
annual tour through the western 
states to look after his own and other 
parties' investments. 

In addition to his other activities 
he was for many years engaged in ex~ 



138 



The Granite Monthly 



tensive lumbering operations through- 
out the New England states. 

In 1894, during a period of great 
financial depression, he was chosen 
assistant treasurer of the Exeter 
Manufacturing Company, and it was 
through the success of his efforts in 
obtaining money at the time, that it 
was possible to finance the equip- 
ment of the mills with the new ma- 
chinery necessary to make a different 
class of goods, which he saw that the 
market demanded. This step placed 
the corporation on a sound business 
basis and he scored a brilliant suc- 
cess. He was later made treasurer 
of the corporation and it was during 
his administration that the bleachery 
was added to the plant. 

In 1898, after the death of George 
F. Bern\. treasurer of the Pittsfield 
Savings Bank, Mr. Winslow was- 
elected treasurer, which position he 
held until the lime of his death. To 
his efforts, this institution owes much 
of its success. 

He also took over the insurance 
business of Mr. Berry and increased 
the same until it has become the 
largest fire insurance agency in that 
section. 

He took an active part in organiz- 
ing the Pittsfield Aqueduct Company 
and the Pittsfield Gas Company, has 
been a director in both companies 
ever since they were; organized and 
was the last survivor of the original 
boards of directors. For man}- years 
past he has served as president of both 
companies. He superintended the 
construction of the entire plant of the 
Pittsfield Aqueduct Company. He 
was also called upon to superintend 
the construction of the Tilton Water 
Works and those at the Merrimack 
County Farm. Mr. Winslow had been 
for many years President of the Old 
Home Week Association; and he was 
an excellent presiding officer and a 
very ready speaker. 

Twice Mr. Winslow was honored 
with an election to the New Hamp- 
shire Legislature, but he absolutely 
declined to be a candidate for a 



senatorial nomination. He served as 
selectman and as a member of the 
school board and filled other town 
offices, lie was a director in the 
Concord and Montreal and Suncook 
Valley Railroads. 

A Republican in politics and Epis- 
copalian in religion, he had for many 
years been senior warden and treas- 
urer of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church. 
He was a member of Corinthian 
Lodge. A. F. and A. M. 

His home life was made especially 
happy through the devoted attention 
of his wife, Margaret (Denison), a 
widowed daughter, Mrs. Cora W. 
Hook, and a granddaughter, Mar- 
garet L. Hook, who was his daily 
companion and assistant in his work 
as treasurer of the Pittsfield Savings 
Bank and in his insurance business. 
Another accomplished daughter. 
Nellie W., married Dr. Frank H. 
Sargent, and resides in a beautiful 
home in Pittsfield. 

It was Mr. Winslow's great 
privilege to pass his lifetime on this 
earth during the most marvelous 
period of time in the world's existence. 

He saw both the ancient and mod- 
ern methods of living, for nearly all 
of the so-called wonderful modern 
inventions have become operative 
since he was born, the steam railroad, 
the telegraph, the telephone, both 
local and wireless, electricity for light, 
heat, power, etc., the gasoline engine, 
the automobile and tractor, the flying 
machine, the moving-pictures, and, 
in fact, the mechanical making of 
any kind of pictures of people; for 
the making of daguerreotypes began 
in 1839 and photographs came later on. 

On the farm at the time of his birth 
the implements of agriculture were 
but little better than those of the 
ancient Egyptians, nearly all work 
on the farm being done by hand or 
with oxen. The sulky plow, the disc 
harrow, the planting, harvesting and 
threshing machines, as well as the 
mowing machine, the hay tedder, the 
horserake, the hay loader and the 
hayfork, used to unload the hay, are 



The Granite Monthly 



139 



all modern implements. In this con- 
nection we mention the fact that Mr. 
Winslow bought the first mowing 
machine ever owned in Fittsfield and 
used it on his ''Til ton Hill" farm. 
In his office at the bank he had the 
typewriter, the adding machine, etc., 
while in his home was the sewing 
machine, the victrola, modern heat- 
ing and lighting equipment, etc.; cer- 



tainly a marked contrast to the 
primitive non-conveniences of his 
childhood days. 

The majority of our young people 
do not realize that nearly all of the 
so-called indispensable conveniences of 
today, which seem to be necessary in 
order to make lire worth living, have 
been invented and came into use 
during the lifetime of Air. Winslow. 



THE BLUE BIRD 

By Beta Chapin 

From southern fields afar away, 
Where long had been his winter's stay, 
The blue bird comes on merry wing, 
Blithe herald of the tardy spring. 

With hearty joy his note is heard, 
And glad we greet the well-known bird; 
In orchard, field, or garden plot, 
He now revisits each loved spot. 

And oft with open quivering wings 
A soft and pleasing song he sings; 
A bird beloved he seems to be, 
From harmful habits ever free. 

Although as yet white drifts of snow, 
Lie here and there, we surely know 
That spring, the welcome spring is here, 
And vernal scenes will soon appear. 



Claremont, N. H. 



Sweet bird, we hail thy kind return, 
In thee such mildness we discern; 
Come near and make thy summer stay, 
And cheer our hearts from day to day. 



/ L t* 




HUNTLEY N. SPAULDING 

Federal Food Administrator for the State of New Hampshire 



/■¥/. 



FOOD ADMINISTRATION IN THE GRANITE 
STATE DURING THE WORLD WAR 

By Richard WhorisJcey and James W. Tucker 

Chapter I 

Original Food Administration of New Hampshire 

April 6. 1917 will always be a 
memorable day in the history of the 
world, for on that day the United 
States of America accepted the chal- 
lenge of Germany and declared a 
state of war existing with her. Slowly 
but surely the wheels of the great 
democracy of the western hemisphere 
began to turn. The future looked 
dark indeed, as those in control of our 
destiny began to plan not for a one 
year war, but for a five year or a ten 
year war. 

With this thought in mind Presi- 
dent Wilson appealed to the people of 
the country. The response was im- 
mediate. Everyone seemed to realize 
that the life of democracy, that form 
of government under which for one 
hundred and twenty-eight years we 
had been prospering, was at stake. 
With the same spirit displayed by the 
other states of the union, New Hamp- 
shire threw its whole energy into the 
war. One of the first war measures 
put into effect by Gov. Henry W. 
Keyes was the establishment of a 
Committee on Public Safety, consist- 
ing of one hundred members, whose 
province was to control all war activ- 
ities within the state. 

In order to stimulate food produc- 
tion and conservation the executive 
committee of the Committee on Pub- 
He Safety appointed a sub-committee 
of thirty-two men. This committee 
soon resolved itself into the Central 
Food Committee, consisting of Hunt- 
Icy N. Spaulding of Rochester, chair- 
man, who was to have charge of the 
division of organization and super- 
vision; Walter C. O'Kane, of New 
Hampshire College, vice-chairman, 
in charge of the division of finance and 
publicity; William H. Folsom, of 
L. B. Robinson was appointed later in 



Exeter, in charge of the division of 
labor; Frederick W. Taylor, of New 
Hampshire College, in charge of the 
division of farm production; James S. 
Chamberlin, of Durham, in charge of 
the division of garden production. 

Rooms 156 and 157 in the State 
House were selected as headquarters 
and C. C. Steck, of New Hampshire 
College, was made office manager. 
Each town and city in the state 
named a local committee on food 
production, conservation and dis- 
tribution, to cooperate with the Cen- 
tral Food Committee. Members of 
these committees with members of 
local executive committees attended 
a conference at the State House on 
April 24, 1917, after which they re- 
turned to their homes to arouse public 
interest, to appoint local supervisors 
in the cities, to study the labor prob- 
lem connected with the farms, to 
mate provision for financial assist- 
ance and to stimulate farm produc- 
tion, home gardens and community 
and factory gardens. 

County Organizers 
On May 1, 1917 the following ex- 
pert agriculturists, all of whom, ex- 
cept one, were graduates or members 
of the faculty of New Hampshire Col- 
lege, were chosen to organize and 
supervise the work of the various 
counties: 

Name County Headquarters 

O r E. Huse - Rockingham Exeter 

C. J. Fawcett Strafford Durham 

W. R. Wilson Belknap Laconia 

E. Parsons ' Carroll' "Wolfeboro 

A. H. Brown Merrimack Concord 

A. E. Smith* Hillsborough Nashua 

V. H. Smith Cheshire Keene 

R. J. Bugbee Sullivan Claremont 

H. P. Young Grafton Woods ville . 

W. J. Nelson Coos Lancaster 

place of A. E. Smith who had resigned. 



142 



The Granite Monthly 



These organizers worked inde- 
fatigably to arouse public interest 
through mass meetings and frequent 
conferences. They were on the go 
from early morning till late at night 
and found the automobiles bought 
for them privately an indispensable 
necessity in their work. 

The}' served as a direct medium of 
contact between the Central Food 
Committee and the local food com- 
mittee:;, helped to stimulate and direct 
the work of the latter and had over- 
sight of the various local supervisors. 

Through the generosity of the Na- 
tional Civic Federation and the public 
spirited interest of Mrs. W. H. Scho- 
field of Peterboro, $5,000 was con- 
tributed to help defray the expenses of 
this work. 

Cooperating Agexcies 
As the churches in the state were 
considered a most effective means of 
reaching the people, letters were ad- 
dressed to the pastors, appealing to 
them to urge from their pulpits the 
loyal cooperation of their parishioners 
in the food campaign. 

An appeal was sent also to the 
fraternal organizations of New Hamp- 
shire asking them to promote in every 
possible way the work of the local 
food committees. The cooperation 
given by these two organizations was 
most encouraging to the Central 
Committee, for it helped materially 
the work of every community. 

The State College, responding to 
the call for trained supervisors of 
cc mm unity and factor} gardens, re- 
leased its agricultural students, giv- 
ing them full credit for the academic 
year. In addition several members 
of the faculty were relieved of their 
college duties, in order that they 
might devote their time to food work. 
The laboratories and the teaching 
staff were placed at the disposal of the 
Central Committee for the training 
of emergency demonstrators. The 
county agricultural agents shared 
their offices with the county organi- 
zers and through much of the cam- 
paign worked day by day with them, 



holding meetings and otherwise assist- 
ing in the work. 

The superintendents of the county 
institutions helped considerably in 
the work of increased production by 
planting, not only enough potatoes, 
beans, etc., for their own use, but also 
an extra supply to be sent to the pub- 
lic market. 

The manufacturers of the state 
afforded abundant opportunity to 
their employees to raise their own 
produce. Two plans were in vogue 
in the state. Under one arrangement, 
the factory provided a plot of ground, 
ploughed and harrowed it and made 
it ready for garden work. The land 
was then divided into plots and 
assigned to individual workmen. The 
latter planted what they wished and 
were responsible for the results. 
Under the other arrangement, the 
factory ploughed and harrowed a 
tract of land, provided fertilizers and 
seeds, and assigned a squad of its 
employees to plant the entire tract to 
certain staples such as potatoes and 
beans. Careful account was kept of 
the time put in by the men. The prod- 
uct of the plot was then apportioned 
to the men at the close of the season 
according to their individual credits. 

New Hampshire realized early that 
"Business as Usual'' would make it 
impossible to win the war. The fol- 
lowing communication with regard to 
unnecessary work was sent by the 
State Highway Department to all 
Boards of Selectmen: 

Dear Sir — Because of the critical food 
situation it is necessary that the people of 
Xev v - Hampshire bend every energy to in- 
crease food production. All labor that can 
properly be directed at present to farm crops 
is vitally needed there. In this work the 
Highway Department desires to assist. 

In cooperating with the Public Safety 
Committee it has been suggested that no new 
construction work be done on the State Aid 
roads until after the haying season. 

I, therefore, recommend that you make no 
plans to begin your State Aid work until the 
first or middle of August. We feel that in 
this way more men and teams will be available 
for agricultural purposes. 

Yours very truly, 

(Signed) F. E. Everett, 

Commissioner . 



Food Administratimi in the Granite State During the War 



143 



TMr. C. H. Bean of Franklin., the 
New Hampshire representative of the 
National Association of Motion Pic- 
ture Exhibitors, placed his services at 
the disposal of the Central Food Com- 
mittee and guaranteed that the mov- 
ing picture theatres of the state would 
do everything in their power to pro- 



direction of Superintendent of Public 
Instruction Henry C. Morrison and 
Deputy Superintendent G. H. 
Wlii tcher. 

Conferences 
Almost every Monday during the 
1917 food campaign the Central Food 
Committee held conferences at the 



*.*Mi?te*+ 






' ■ J 



«*:... 



2 i »■- 
X • 

. * r. . 



u 



Traveling Exhibition Booth of the Federal Food Administration for New Hampshire 



mote the work of food conservation 
by films, slides or opportunities on the 
program for Four-Minute speakers. 
The Grange through their State 
Master, Fred Rogers of Plain field, 
was one of the most potent factors in 
accomplishing the gratifying increase 
lr * planting in the food campaign. 
Another cooperating agency that ren- 
dered invaluable service was the 
school system of the state under the 



State Flouse in which at various 
times the following took part: Com- 
missioner of Agriculture Andrew L. 
Felker, Messrs. John B. Jameson, 
Frank S. Streeter, Clarence E. Can 
and Roy D. Hunter of the Public 
Safety Committee; Messrs. H. C. 
Morrison and G. II . Whitcher of the 
Department of Public Instruction; 
Mr, Starr Parsons of Wolfeboro, the 
county agents and their leader M. C. 



144 



The Granite Monthly 



Wilson; Acting President Pettee. Di- 
rector J. C. Kendall and Professors 
Gourley, Prince, Whoriskey, Knowi- 
ton and Sleek of New Hampshire 
College. 

The county organizers met the 
committee at stated times to report 
on the progress of the work in the 
different communities. ■ Notes were 
compared on local problems, and 
many points of value to all were 
brought out. The spirit of enthu- 
siasm never seemed to wane, despite 
the complicated problems that occa- 
sionally presented themselves. Mr. 
Spaulding frequently expressed Ins 
great admiration of these vigorous 
organizers, who travelled hundreds of 
miles every week, holding innumerable 
conferences and making at times 
several speeches a day. It was 
through their persistent enthusiasm 
that the men, women and children in 
their communities were stimulated 
to produce more food than they would 
need for their own use, in order that 
New Hampshire might not be obliged 
to buy in markets outside the state. 

To make clear to the people, even 
in the most remote communities, 
the crisis the country was facing, 
largely attended mass meetings were 
addressed by local speakers, members 
of the staff, county organizers, county 
agents, ministers and professors of the 
State College. 

Realizing that thousands of amateur 
gardeners must.be helped, the Central 
Food Committee secured through the 
help of the New Hampshire Repre- 
sentatives at Washington 17,000 
copies of Farmers' Bulletin 818, en- 
titled "The Small Vegetable Garden." 
This bulletin,, well illustrated with 
photographs, was distributed by the 
local food committees. In addition 
to this the Agricultural Department 
of the State College prepared fourteen 
press bulletins of one page each, which 
were sent to the 11,000 farmers and 
others on the regular mailing list of 
the college. The Central Committee 
had 5,000 extra copies of each of these 
bulletins printed for distribution by 
the local food committees. 



Community Gardexs 
As hundreds of people had no 
available land for planting and really 
knew little about gardens, cities, 
towns and public spirited citizens 
offered large tracts of land for culti- 
vation and assigned trained super- 
visors to aid those who were eager to 
produce their own vegetables. The 
school boys and girls of the state 
under the guidance of Mr. G. H. 
Whiteher, Deputy Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, took a very active 
part in the community garden work. 
The Central Committee printed and 
distributed 2,500 placards headed 
"Wanted 10,000 Home Gardens 
Planted by School Boys and Girls." 
On these placards clear agricultural 
directions and a concise planting table 
were given. These were posted by the 
district superintendents in the school 
rooms throughout the state. 

The Farm Labor Problem 

To help solve the labor problem on 
the farms Mr. Ralph F. Tabor, an 
employee of the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture and a mem- 
ber of the staff of the State College 
Experiment Station, was assigned by 
the Department of Agriculture and 
the Extension Service to work under 
the direction of the Central Food 
Committee. 

Mr. Robert A. Brown, secretary of 
the New Hampshire Manufacturers' 
Association, detailed by the associa- 
tion to work also under the direction 
of the Central Food Committee, was 
assigned to the task of securing labor 
from the manufacturers and helping 
to organize the work in the cities. 

Local labor agents were appointed 
to survey the needs of their communi- 
ties and to notify the Central Food 
Committee with regard to surplus or 
needed help. 

The plan adopted at a conference 
of the Central Food Committee, 
Director Kendall, Commissioner of 
Agriculture Felker, Superintendent 
Morrison of the State Department of 
Public Instruction, Mr. R. F. Tabor 
and Mr. R. A. Brown follows: 



Food Administration in the Granite State During the War 



145 



1. In each tovrn there will be a local farm 
labor office in charge of a labor agent ap- 
pointed by. the local food committee. 

2. In each county there will be a eounty 
labor office in charge of the county organizer 
of the Central Food Committee. 

3. At the office of the Central Food Com- 
mittee there will be a central farm labor office 
for the entire state. 

Local Lobar Agent 

1. The local labor agent will have a list of 
the farmers needing help in the town. This 
list will be furnished, in part, by the State 
Food Committee from information furnished 
by the county agricultural agents and will 
be augmented by the farmers of the town as 
they learn their needs. 

2. The local labor office will supply the 
local demand for labor from local sources, as 
far as possible. For this purpose the local 
labor agent will make a survey of available 
labor in cities or villages that can be enrolled 
for farm work. In addition the local labor 
agent will receive from the Slate Food Com- 
mittee, names of men in factories who have 
had farm experience and who can work on 
farms in the town. 

3. On Thursday of each week the local 
labor agent will report to the county organizer 
as to labor conditions in the town, in order 
that the county organizer ma}' act as a clear- 
ing house for the county. 

County Organizer 

1. The county organizer will receive each 
week, as noted above, a report from the local 
labor agents on local conditions and will en- 
deavor to supply men from one town to 
another. 

2. On Saturday of each week the county 
organizer will report to the Central Food 
Committee the conditions in his county. 

Central Food Committee 
From the reports received from the several 
counties, factories and other sources, the Cen- 
tral Food Committee will endeavor to equalize 
labor conditions over the state, to utilize all 
sources of labor supply and to exercise general 
supervision over the entire plan. 

Conservation, Including Canning 
The Central Food Committee after 
a conference at the State House with 
Dean Knowlton and Director Kendall 
of the State College, Commissioner of 
Agriculture Felker, Superintendent 
Morrison of the Department of Public 
Instruction and Chairman Jameson of 
the Public Safety Committee, de- 
cided to recruit thirty-one women 
from the teachers of Household Arts in 
the high schools of New Hampshire 
and to send them to the State College 



for one week's intensive training the 
latter part of June, prior to sending 
them through the state to give demon- 
strations and lessons in canning and 
conservation. Deputy Superintend- 
ent Whitcher was delegated to in- 
vestigate the qualifications of the 
candidates. 

A letter was then sent to each local 
food committee asking for the ap- 
pointment of a committee of three 
women on conservation. 

Emergency Demonstrators 
The thirty-one women who were 
chosen registered June 18 at New 
Hampshire State College, where 
rooms had been assigned to them and 
a course of lectures and demonstra- 
tions lasting one week had been 
arranged. 

Through the able assistance of 
Professor O'Kane of the State College 
an itinerary was made whereby from 
five to eight towns were assigned to 
each demonstrator. The plan of 
assignment made it possible for a 
demonstrator to spend one day in a 
community every other week. The 
local committee of women -in each 
community was instructed to perfect. 
all details for the demonstrations 
under the supervision of the county 
organizers. 

These emergency demonstrators ar- 
rived on June 25 in the districts 
assigned to them. For six weeks 
they gave not only instructions in 
canning garden vegetables and fruit 
but also demonstrations in the best 
methods of conservation. Every- 
where they were well received by the- 
women of the state whose whole- 
hearted spirit of cooperation made pos- 
sible the remarkable results achieved^ 

Leaflets 
A series of one page bulletins on the 
latest methods of canning, with a 
special leaflet on Thrift, was prepared 
at the State College under the direc- 
tion of Dean Knowlton. Forty-one 
thousand copies were ordered printed 
and distributed by the Central Com- 
mittee. 



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Food Administration in the Granite State During the War 



u: 



Newspapers 

Articles describing the various 
phases of the work were prepared and 
sent to all newspapers through the 
state and were given wide publicity. 
As the season progressed, timely 
articles of information were prepared 
and were printed by the newspapers. 
Throughout the campaign the coop- 
eration of the editors was most loyal. 

Results Achieved 

Mr. G. H. Whitener, Deputy State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
in charge of school gardens, made the 
following report concerning the crops 
planted and harvested by high school 
pupils: 

"The high schools of the state in 
their home field crops plots during the 
summer of 1917 produced food worth 
$36,610.45. In addition to this, chil- 
dren of the graded schools planted and 
cared for 17,000 small truck gardens 
where no attempt was made to keep a 
record of the value of the products. 

"Of the high schools that kept 
accounts last year, Colebrook Acad- 
emy stands in the lead with a crop of 
$8,775. The list follows : Alton High, 
$2,374.54; Amherst High, $2,100; 
Antrim High, $790; Chariestown 
High, $300; Coe's Academy, North- 
wood Center, $1,800; Colby Acad- 
emy, New London, $2,101.45; Cole- 
brook Academy, $8,775; Fitzwilliam 
High, $300; Gilmantdn High, $250; 
Hampton High, $600; Hancock High, 
$400; Haverhill High, $1,650; Hen- 
niker High, $466; Hillsboro High, 
£150; Hopkinton High, Contoocook, 
Si, 064; Jefferson High, $300; Kim- 
ball Union Academy, Meriden, $460; 
McGaw Institute, Reed's Ferry, 
$2,715; Marlboro High, $1,185; Mil- 
ford High, $1,400; Pinkerton Acad- 
emy, Deny, $1,982; Pittsfield High, 
$418; Simonds Free High, Warner, 
§1,200; Walpole High, $1,762; White- 
field High, $997.46; Wilton High, 
$1,070. Total, $36,610.45." 

No attempt was made to secure a 
complete summary of the increase in 
v, *ar gardens. The increase in" the 



number of vegetable gardens was 
extremely large. Thousands of men, 
women, and children who had not 
before planted gardens, prepared plots 
of ground and raised supplies of vege- 
tables. For the most part these gar- 
dens were given good care and the 
yield from them was excellent. 

The increase in the acreage of the 
principal farm crops was beyond all 
expectations. The farmers of New 
Hampshire responded liberally and 
consistently to the call for greater 
production. The following table from 
the crop reports of the United States 
Department of Agriculture shows the 
increased acreage for the several New 
England states comparing 1917 with, 
1916, covering such farm crops as are 
included in the federal reports. 

CROP ACREAGE 
1917 Compared with 1916 — Per Cent Increase or Decrease 

Corn Buck- Bar- Oats Rye Pota- Total 

wheat lev toes 

Maine 27 7 0-33 .. 20 -3 

New Hampshire.. 26 42 . . 46 35 

Vermont -13 -15 4 26 -.06 

Massachusetts ...-24 1 ..'-56 52 -2 

Rhode Island ... . 18 . . .. . . -20 5 

Connecticut -31 .. 6 -12 22 14 

The increased value of five principal 
farm crops in New Hampshire as given 
in the crop report of the United States 
Department of Agriculture, compar- 
ing 1917 with 1916, is as follows: 

Value, 1916 Value, f917 

Cora $1,005,000 $2,OS3,C0O 

Buckwheat 20,000 29,000 

Barter 2-5,000 44,000 

Oats.' 306,000 543,000 

Potatoes 2,9SS,000 3,931,000 

Totals $4,344,000 §6,630,000 

Increase 2,286,000 

Per cent Increase .. ' 52.6 

The above figures do not include 
crops such as beans, wheat and others, 
not covered in the federal reports. 

Figures are not available showing 
gains and losses in livestock. 

The canning demonstrations cov- 
ered every part of the state and were 
attended by approximately 35,000 
women. The amount of canning suc- 
cessfully done was greatly in excess 
of normal. Many thousand house- 
holds undertook such work for the 
first time. 

When the county organizers held 



148 



The Granite Monthly 



their last meeting at Concord, they 
presented the following testimonial to 
Mr. Spaiilding: 

We, the undersigned, wish hereby to ex- 
press our appreciation of Huntley N. Spaiild- 
ing in his work as chairman of the Xew Hamp- 
shire State Food Commit tee. 

His example of unselfish and zealous inter- 
est has been a constant inspiration to us in 
our work. Whatever of success has been won 
has been due largely to his leadership. 

In his future work as food administrator 
of New Hampshire, a task calling for every 



ounce of energy both physical and mental, we 
give him our heartiest wishes for success and 
pledge him our loyal support. 
(Signed by) 
Welfobd R. Wilson. Belknap County 
Albert H. Brown, Merrimack County 
Eben Parsons, Carroll County 
Westley J. Nelson, Coos County 
Oscar E. Huse, Rockingham County 
Lewis B. Robinson, Hiilsboro County 
C. J. Fawcett, Strafford County 
Ralph J. Bugbee, Sullivan County 
Harry P. Young, Grafton County 
Victor H. Smith, Cheshire County 



Chapter II 
The Federal Food Admin istration for New Hampshire 



Mr. Spauldixg's Appointment 
When Mr. Herbert Hoover was 
called to take the position of Federal 
Food Administrator of the United 
States, he selected Mr. Huntley N. 
Spauklmg to act as his representative 
in Xew Hampshire. Below are the 
telegrams and letters exchanged by 
Mr. Hoover and Mr. Spaulding, rela- 
tive to the hitter's appointment: 

Western Union- 
Telegram 
128 HN. 139 Govt. Julv 3, 1917. 

WA Wa sh in gt o n , D . C . 1.15P.M. 
Huntley X. Spaulding: 

Wfren Congress passes pending food legis- 
lation, President Wilson proposes to ap- 
point a Federal Food Commissioner for each 
state to serve without compensation and to 
administer the many important functions 
which will arise in accoidinating the work of 
the Food Administration here with the various 
activities in your state. Each commissioner 
•would cooperate closely with the Governor 
and all state organizations. Can I count on 
your 1 -iw: available and could you come to 
Washington to discuss the matter? Would 
be glad it you could arrive next Tuesday 
when representatives from a number of other 
states will be here and. remain over Wednes- 
day. 1 appreciate that I am asking much of 
you but these are times of stress and 1 sincerely 
hope you can come. Kindly consider confi- 
dential and wire answer. 

(Signed) Herbert Hoover. 

3.30 P. M. 'Copy) 

Western Union- 
Telegram 
Hfrbeut Hoover, 7-4-1917. 

Washington: 
I will be available and will l>e in Washing- 
ton Tuesday und Wednesday. 

Huntley N. Spaulding. 
(Copy) 



Herbert Hoover 
Washington 

July 11, 1917. 
Huntley X. Spaulding, Esq. 
Rochester, X. H. 
Dear Mr. Spaulding: I am anxious that 
you should act for me in New Hampshire as a 
connecting link between our Washington Vol- 
unteer Food Administration and the various 
food administration activities in the state; in 
fact, as the volunteer Representative of the 
Food Administrator. 

It is our desire to cooperate fully with the 
state organizations and to emphasize their im- 
portance and independence, but to secure along 
broad lines their adhesion to national policies 
in conservation. In fact, I am asking you to 
act on our behalf in the nature of an ambas- 
sador plenipotentiary to the state, — not to 
interfere with the state organization but to 
inspire it to the maximum effort and efficiency. 
I believe also that with the gentlemen whom 
we have asked to act in surrounding states, 
you will be able to form regional cooperation. 
Awaiting your replv, I am, 

Yours faithfully, 
(Signed) Herbert Hoover, 

Food Administrator. 



H/6 



(Copy) 



Herbert Hoover 
Washington 

July 14, 1917. 
Huntley X. Spaulding, Esq., 
Rochester, X. H. 
Dear Mr. Spaulding: With reference to 
your acting as my Representative in Xew 
Hampshire, I enclose herewith copy of letter 
which I am sending to Governor Keyes. 

We will be pleased to hear from you in the 
near future, in regard to the progress you are 
making in organizing for the work in your 
state, and wish to emphasize most strongly 
that all of us here are anxious to be of every 
possible assistance at all times. 

It was a great personal pleasure to me, and 
to the members of my staff, to meet you last 
Tuesday and Wednesday, and I trust that 



Food Administration in the Granite Stale During the War 



149 



the relationship so auspiciously begun will be 

maintained to our mutual satisfaction. 
Yours faithfully, 
(Signed) Herbert Hoover. 
H/6 (Copy) 

July 14, 1917. 
His Excellency. Henry W. Keyes, 
Governor of New Hampshire, 
Concord, X. II. 

My Dear Governor: You will remember 
recommending Mr. Huntley N. Spaulding of 
Rochester for the position of Federal Food 
Commissioner in New Hampshire. 

Congress has not yet passc-d the Food Bill 
and until it does I have asked Mr. Spaulding 
to act for me as the connecting link between 
the various food administration activities in 
the state and our Volunteer Food Administra- 
tion in Washington; in fact, as a volunteer 
Representative of the Food Administrator. 

As it is our desire to cooperate fully with 
the state organizations, I shall hope for your 
interest and assistance; accordingly anything 
which you may do to facilitate Mr. Spauld- 
ing's work will be greatly appreciated by me, 
as well as by him. Yours faithfully, 

(Simed) Herbert Hoover. 
H/6 J.W.H.:S. (Copy) 



Western Union- 
Telegram 
10SB FN 54 Govt. 

FA Washington, D. C. 3.50 P. M. 
Aug. 14, 1917. 
Huntley N. Spaulding, 

(Personal) Food Conservation Committee 
of New Hampshire 

State House, Concord, N. H. 
It gives me pleasure to inform you that the 
President has today approved your appoint- 
ment as Federal Food Commissioner for your 
state. List of appointees will be given by us 
to the pi ess latter part of this week. 

(Signed; Herbert Hoover. 
5.17 P. M. (Copy) 



Concord, N. H. y August 1 5, 1917. 
Herbert Hoover, Esq., 
Washington, I). C. 
Dear Mr. Hoo?er: Your telegram received. 
I will be very glad to cooperate with you in 
any way. 

Please be assured that it will give me much 
pleasure to carry out any instructions you 
rr »ay have for me. Yours very truly, 

(Signed) Huntley N. Spaulding. 
(Copy) 



Food Administration 
Washington 

August IS, 1917. 
Huntley N. Spaulding, Esq., 
State House, 

Concord, N. H. 

Dear Mr. Spaulding: It gives me much 
pleasure to inform you that President Wilson 
has approved your appointment as Federal 
Food Commissioner for the state of New 
Hampshire to represent in the state the United 
States Food Administration. 

This appointment is pursuant to the "Act 
to provide further for the national security 
and defense by encouraging, conserving the 
supply, and controlling the distribution of 
food products and fuel," generally known as 
the Food Bill approved by President Wilson, 
August 10, 1917, copy of which you have. 

The hopes of the Food Administration are 
threefold. First, to so guide the trade in the 
fundamental food commodities as to elimi- 
nate vicious speculation, extortion and wasteful 
practices and to guard our exports so that 
against the world's shortage, we retain suffi- 
cient supplies for our own people and to coop- 
erate with the Allies to prevent inflation of 
prices, and third, that we stimulate in every 
manner within our power the saving of our 
food in order that we may increase exports to 
our Allies to a point which will enable them 
to properly provision their armies and to 
feed their peoples during the coming winter. 

The Food Administration is called into be- 
ing to stabilize and not to disturb conditions 
and to defend honest enterprise against illegit- 
imate competition. It has been devised to 
correct the abnormalities and abuses that 
have crept into trade by reason of the world 
disturbance and to restore business as far as 
may be to a reasonable basis. 

I am glad to have your cooperation in our 
endeavors. Yours faithfully, 

(Signed) Herbert Hoover, 
U. *S. Food Administrator . 
(Copy) 

Concord, N. H., August 21, 1917. 
Herbert Hoover. Esq., 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Rower: This is to acknowledge 
receipt of your letter of August 18th relative 
to President Wilson's approval of my appoint- 
ment as Federal Food Commissioner of the 
state of New Hampshire. I shall ''be very 
glad to cooperate with you and to carry out 
your wishes in every way possible. 
Yours very sincerely, 
(Signed) Huntley N. Spaulding. 
(Copy) 



150 



The Gra n tie M o n th ly 



Chapter III 
Organization 



After Mr. Spaulding's appointment 
as ISIr. Hoover's representative in 
New Hampshire, he made a careful 
study of the best way to keep in 
constant touch with all the people of 
the State. Although the county rep- 
resentative plan was put into opera- 
tion in many states, organization by 
towns seemed preferable for the work 
in Xew Hampshire. Accordingly 



The organization, when completed, 
included two hundred and twenty 
local food administrators whose names 
appear on a later page. These men 
were a bulwark of strength to the food 
administrator, for not only did they 
cany out faithfully and efficiently his 
requests but also gave valuable advice 
in the solution of particular problems. 
Their work was frequently most ex- 



l s 



mMgjL^ 



Complimentary dinner given to the Local Food Administrators by H. N. Spauldir.g 
(Parish House, Concord, May 9, 1918) 



Prof. W. 0. O'Kane was delegated to 
visit each town in order to recommend 
as local representative the man best 
fitted for the task. 

Local Food Administrators 
Professor O'Kane spent the greater 
part of three months in this work, 
visiting the various sections of the 
state and consulting the leaders in 
every town, in order to get men who 
could be trusted to carry out the re- 
quests of the Federal Food Adminis- 
trator discreetly, and were willing to 
give both time and thought to the 
duties that would devolve upon them. 



acting, especially in the distribution 
of bulletins and posters, in the ration- 
ing of sugar, the regulation of public 
eating places and the examination, in 
the larger communities, of the bakers' 
weekly reports. They were a con- 
stant source of inspiration to Mr. 
Spauiding, as they willingly gave their 
time and energy to the duties he called 
on them to perform. The following 
message from Mr. Hoover to Mr. 
Spaulding was cordially welcomed by 
the latter as expressing his apprecia- 
tion also of the work accomplished by 
the local food administrators: 



Food Administration in the Granite State During the War 



151 



I wish you would express to each local food 
administrator in your state the great apprecia- 
tion we all have for the fine service they have 
given to. our common task. I was partic- 
ularly struck by the repeated occasions during 
cur recent conference when such expressions 
arose as "We can, and must depend upon our 
local administrators for that" or "our local 
administrators will put that over," or "''our 
local administrators have done this or that." 
All these expressions recahed to me the rela- 
tion of the army stall to the men on the firing 
line, and I wish you would take the opportu- 
nity to thank them in my name for their great 
service to their country and her people at 
home. 

(Signed) Herbert Hoover. 

Visit of Canadian Food 
Administrators 

Another flattering honor paid to 
New Hampshire was the visit of Mr. 
James W. Robinson and Mr. Mac- 
aulay of the Canadian Food Adminis- 
tration, on December 13, 1917. These 
gentlemen had spent several days in 
Washington studying the work of the 
U. S. Food Administration and were 
urged by the officials there to visit 
New Hampshire to make a special 
study of the work of the New Hamp- 
shire Food Administration. They 
were most favorably impressed not 
only by the functioning of the local 
food administrators but also by that of 
the unit chairmen. 

The Staff 

On the withdrawal of Prof. C. C. 
Steck to resume his college work in 
September, Air. James W. Tucker, a 
newspaper man of Concord, was made 
office manager. It was not long be- 
fore Air. Tucker had such a knowledge 
of the details connected with the office 
that he was made executive secretary. 
In this position he became indispen- 
sable in the work of the Food Ad- 
ministration, serving up to the present 
time. 

As the food situation became more 
critical in the Spring of 1918 it was 
evident that there would be plenty of 
Work for additional men in the office. 
The first men chosen were Mr. 
Winthrop Carter, Chief of the Division 
°i Industrial Consumption, after- 
wards called to take a position with 



the Shipping Board, and Air. George 
N. Towie, of Effingham. Chief of the 
Division of Distribution. Later Prof. 
W . C. O'Kane was made Chief of the 
Division of Miscellaneous Activities 
and Mr. James S. Chamberiin, who 
had had charge of outdoor advertising 
was made Chief of the Division of 
Retail Grocers. During the rationing 
of sugar in the summer the latter was 



s 



a 



United States Foe^DMiwsTRAriojr 

"it 



f f'?ueu* % a 



<^nis establishment stands pledged 
to serue absolutely no wheat products 
luhatsoeuer until the next harvest or 
until released from said pledge by the 
llnited States Food (JdministratoK 3 - 

cf he cooperation of the public is 
asked in this patriotic endeauor*. 

f-et/entf hoodifftfministraibr' 



'T 



Hotel Wheatless Piedge Card 
i 

assisted by Mr. Robert Jameson of 
Antrim. Mr. J. Ben Hart of Man- 
chester, who had served ably as 
chairman of the Hotel and Restaurant 
Committee became Chief of the Hotel 
Division and Prof. H. H. Scudder was 
appointed Director of Public In- 
formation. - Mr. John F. Cioutman of 
Farmington and Prof. C. C. Steck, 
first detailed as Baking Inspectors, 
were placed in charge of the Divisions 
of Public Eating Places and Industrial 
Consumption respectively. Other 
members of the staff were Mr. Roy D. 
Hunter, Mr. David E, Murphy, Mr. 
Walter B. Farmer, .Mrs. Mary I. 
Wood, Miss Catharine A. Dole, Miss 
Grace Blanchard and Prof. Richard 
Whoriskey. Below will be found a 
list of those who served three months 
or longer on the staff, with other data, 
including biographies. 

The members of the staff met fre- 



152 



The Granite Monthly 



quently in conference with Mr. Spauld- 
ing, and although their work often 
kept them in the office till near mid- 
night, it all really seemed a source of 
pleasure rather than drudgery. 
There were occasional breaks from the 
routine, when the Staff made trips 



to the Beaver Meadow Links with 
the Food Administrator, to have an 
informal supper. This was not al- 
ways complete diversion, however, for 
the problems of Food Administration 
were usually the chief topic of con- 
versation. 





SI 


AFF 








Name 


Tide 


Address 




Term of Servia 




Janits W. Tucker 


Executive Secretary 


Concord, N. H. 


Oct. 


1, 1017, to date 




Jam os S. Chamberlin 


Head Div. Retail Grocers 


Durham, N. H. 


Aug. 


10, 1917, to Dec. 1, 


191S 


George N. Towle 


Head Div. Distribution 


Mountainview, N. H. 


Feb. 


18, 1918, to Feb. 1, 


1919 


John F. Cioutman 


Head Div. Public Eating Places 


Farminruon, N. H. 


May 


8, 1913, to Dec. 1, 


1913 


George A. Place 


Chief Div. Mfgs. 


Concord, N. H. 


Aug. 


1, 191S, to Dec. 1, 


19 IS 


Walter C.O'K&ae 


Head Div. Misc. Activities 


Durham, N. H. 


Aug. 


10,1917, to Feb. 1, 


1919 


Richard Whoriskey 


Head Div. Cooperating Organiza- 












tions 


Durham, N.H. 


June 


1, 1918, to Oct. 1, 


1913 


Charles C. Steck 


Head Div. Industrial Consump- 












tion 


Durham, N. H. 


Auk. 


10, 1917, to Oct. 1, 


1918 


Harold H. Scudder 


Director of Public Information 


Durham, N. H. 


Mar. 


1, 191S, to Oct. 1, 


1918 


J. Ben Hart 


Chairman Hotel and Restaurant 












Committee 


Manchester, N. H. 


Aug. 


10, 1917, to Feb. 1, 


1919 


Walter B. Farmer 


Head Div. Fish Industry 


Hampton Falls, N.-H. 


June 


1, 1918, to Dec. 1, 


191S 


David E. Murphy 


Merchant Representative 


Concord, N. H. 


Sept. 


12, 1917, to Feb. 1, 


1919 


Roy D. Hunter " 


Head Live Stock Cornm. 


Clarernont, N. H. 


Oct. 


1, 1917, to Feb. 1, 


1919 


Frederick E. Hooper 


Baking Inspector 


Concord, N. H. 


June 


6, 19 IS, to Sept. 15, 


191S 


Frederick W. MansEeW 


Baking Inspector 


Concord, ~S.ll. 


June 


5, 191S,toSer>t.l5, 


\1918 


Mrs. Mary I. Wood 


Home Economics Director 


Portsmouth, N. H. 


Aug. 


10, 1917, to Feb. 1, 


, 1919 


Miss Catherine A. Dole 


State See. Volunteer College 












Workers 


Lebanon, N.H. 


July 


1, 1918, to Feb. 1. 


. 1919 


Miss Grace Blanchard 


Library Director 


Concord, N.H. 


Oct. 


1, 1917, to Feb. 1. 


. 1919 



Biographies of the Staff Members of the Federal Food Adminis- 
tration for New Hampshire 



Huntley N. Spauldixg 

HuntlevN. Spaulding, North Roch- 
ester, N, H.; born October 30, 
1869, Townsend, Mass. Early edu- 
cation received in public schools of 
Townsend; graduate of Lawrence 
Academy, Groton, Mass., and Philips 
And over Aeademv, Andover, Mass. 
Married August 11, 1900, Harriet Ma- 
son. Manufacturer; partner Spauld- 
ing, Limited, London, England;. part- 
ner J. Spaulding Sz Sons Company, 
Rochester, N. H., with factories in 
Townsend Harbor, Mass., Tonawanda, 
New York, Rochester, North Roches- 
ter, Milton, N. H., offices in Chicago, 
New York City, and Boston; president 
International Leather Company, Bos- 
ton, Mass.* president Atlas Leather 
Company, CaseyviLIe, 111.; vice-presi- 
dent Spaulding & Frost. Fremont, 
N> II.; vice-president Hill. Smith 
Leather Goods Company, Boston. 
Appointed Federal Food Adminis- 
trator for New Hampshire by Presi- 
dent Wilson, August 14, 1917; honor- 



ary degree Doctor of Science conferred 
by New Hampshire College in recog- 
nition of services to state May 15, 
1918. 

George Napier Towle 
George Napier Towle, born April 
24, 1865, Biddeford, Me., where 
father, Dr. Benjamin N. Towle, wdio 
was assistant surgeon 15th New 
Hampshire Volunteers, had settled 
after his. return from Civil War. 
Later removed to Somerville, Mass., 
then to Charlestown, Mass. Mr. 
Towle graduated Charlestown High 
School 1883, afterwards attending a 
commercial college. First employ- 
ment with Tow T er, Giddings & Com- 
pany, bankers; 1890 became member 
Boston Stock Exchange and formed 
firm Leiand, Towle <fe Company, 
stock brokers; in 1889 firm dissolved 
and was succeeded by Towle & Fitz- 
gerald; in 1910 he became partner in 
the firm of Thompson, Towle & Com- 
pany with offices in Boston and New- 
York; member New York Stock Ex- 



Food Administration in the Granite State During the War 



153 



change and governor Boston Stock 
Exchange for a considerable period; 
since 1915, when firm Thompson, 
Towle ct Company dissolved, retired. 
Present home in Effingham, "X. EL, 
Carroll County, where he devotes his 
time to farming. Member Algonquin, 
Country Club and Rocky Mountain 
Club, New York. Chief division dis- 
tribution. Federal Food Administra- 
tion for New Hampshire. 

Walter Collins O'Kane 

Walter Collins O'Kane, Durham, 
N. H.; born November 10, 1877, Col- 
umbus, Ohio. Graduated Ohio State 
University, B.A. 1897, ALA. 1909. 
Entomologist New Hampshire State 
College; newspaper and magazine 
work, 1897-1909; professional work 
1909 to date; Deputy Commissioner 
of Agriculture, state of New Hamp- 
shire. Married Clifford Hethering-' 
ton, 1902; four children. Vice-chair- 
man New Hampshire Emergency 
Food Production Committee, 1917, 
assistant executive manager 1918; 
chief division miscellaneous activities, 
Federal Food Administration for New 
Hampshire. 

Mary I. Wood 

Mary I. Wood. Portsmouth, N. H.; 
born January IS, 1866, Woodstock, 
Vt. Early education Black River and 
Vermont academies. Corresponding 
secretary General Federation of 



W 



Oman's Clubs 



chairman 



New 



Hampshire Division, Woman's Com- 
mit tee, Council of National Defense; 
was for fourteen years manager bureau 
of information, General Federation of 
Woman's Clubs; for several years 
editor club page, Ladies' Home Jour- 
nal; has been member State Board of 
Charities and Correction of New 
Hampshire; member Board of Public 
Instruction, Medford, Mass., and 
Portsmouth, N. H.; president State 
Federation of Woman's Clubs. Mar- 
nod October 14, 1884, George. A. 
Wood; four children. Director home 
economics, Federal Food Administra- 
tion for New Hampshire. 



James Sanderson Chamberlix 
James Sanderson Chamberlin, 
"Turn o' th' Road" Farm, Durham, 
N. H.: farmer; born June 13, 1875, 
Milton, Penn., Lafayette College, East- 
on, Penn., class 1896. For number of 
years with American Car and Foun- 
dry Company. For five years mana- 
ger one of its plants, Manchester, 
England. Married July 23, 1908, 
Milieent C. Coleman; three children. 
Chief, retailer's department, sugar 
division, Federal Food Administra- 
tion for New Hampshire, also chief, 
out-of-door advertising section, pub- 
licity division. 

J. Ben Hart 

J. Ben Hart, Manchester, N. H.; 
born April 26, 1865, Portsmouth, 
N. H. Grammar school education, 
graduated Bryant & Stratton Business 
College, 1880. Public accountant; 
summer hotel business; secretary and 
treasurer Derryfield Club, Manches- 
ter; secretary New Hampshire Hotel 
Association; treasurer and clerk First 
Unitarian Society; auditor Manches- 
ter chapter Red Cross. Married 
June 1, 1S99 to Alice Chandler; one 
child. Chairman hotel and restau- 
rant committee, Federal Food Admin- 
istration for New Hampshire. 

Roy D. Hunter 

Roy D. Hunter, West Claremont, 
N. II.; born Carson, New, 1873; 
farmer; married; two children; chair- 
man live stock committee, Federal 
Food Administration for New Hamp- 
shire. 

Charles C. Steck 

Charles C. Steck, Durham, N. H.; 
born March 24, 1884, Wheaton, 111. 
Early education North Western Acad- 
emy, Naperville, 111. Graduated 
Wheaton College 1906, University of 
Chicago 1911. 1907-1909 instructor 
mathematics Geneseo Collegiate Insti- 
tute, Geneseo, 111. Professor mathe- 
matics New Hampshire State College 
1911-1919. Married, 1909, Jennie 



154 



The &ranite Monthly 



Ward Kinsman; three children. Office 
manager central committee on food 
production, conservation and distribu- 
tion; chief baking division and chief 
division industrial consumption, Fed- 
eral Food Administration for' New 
Hampshire. 

John F. Cloutmax 

John F. Cloutman, Farmington, 
N. H.; born Farmington, May 18, 
1877. Early education public schools 
Farmington until 1S93, graduated 
St. Johnsbury (Vermont) Academy, 
June 1S95. Shoe manufacturer. 
Married July 12, 1902, Bessie E. 
Went worth of Farmington; two chil- 
dren. Chief department public eating 
places, sugar division. Federal Food 
Administration for New Hampshire, 
also baking inspector for short period. 

Harold H. Scudder 

Harold H. Scudder, Durham, N. IF; 
born Washington, D. C, January 10, 
1880; educated Dartmouth College; 
took up newspaper work on Manches- 
ter (N. H.) Union, continuing journal- 
istic work in New England and at 
Spokane, Washington; entered De- 
partment of English, New Hampshire 
State College, 1913. Married, 1912, 
Delia Ida Pike; two children. Pub- 
licity director, Federal Food Admin- 
istration of New Hampshire. 

David Edward Murphy 

David Edward Murphy, Concord, 
N. H. ; born in Concord and educated 
in public schools there. Dry goods 
merchant. Director First National 
Bank; trustee Union Trust Company, 
Concord; trustee State Industrial 
School under administrations of Gov- 
ernors MeLane, Quinby. and Bass. 
Married April 26, 1905, Catherine 
Louise Prentis. State merchant rep- 
resentative, Federal Food Adminis- 
tration for New Hampshire. 

Grace Blaxchard 

Grace Blanchard, Concord, N. H.; 

born JDunleithj 111. Early education 

public and high schools, Concord; 

graduated Smith College 1SS2; City 



Librarian, Concord, for many years; 
library publicity director, Federal Food 
Administration for New Hampshire. 

Catherine A. Dole 

Catherine A. Dole, Lebanon, N. H.; 
born December 25, 1SG9, Haverhill, 
N. H.; early education public schools, 
Lebanon. Graduated Smith College, 
1891; teacher Lebanon High School, 
1897-1914; at present superintendent 
schools Hanover-Plainfield district; 
state secretary of volunteer college 
workers for Federal Food Adminis- 
tration of New Hampshire. 

Walter B. Farmer 

Walter B. Farmer, Hampton Falls, 
N. IL; born April 5, 1876, Arlington, 
Mass. Early education grammar and 
high school that city and Goddard 
(Vermont) Seminary. Farmer. Mar- 
ried June 9, 1899, Gertrude S. Jones; 
two children. Has been interested Li 
increasing grain growing and live 
stock, especially thorough bred ani- 
mals, and all modern farming methods. 
Chief division of salt water fishermen, 
Federal Food Administration for New 
Hampshire. 

George A. Place 

George A. Place, Concord, N. H.; 
born Concord; haberdasher; unmar- 
ried; chief department of manufac- 
turers, Federal Food Administration 
for New Hampshire. 

James William Tucker 

James William Tucker, Concord, 
N. H.; born April 4, 1885, at Concord; 
married, three children; newspaper 
and publicity work: executive secre- 
tary Federal Food Administration of 
New Hampshire. 

Richard Whoriskey 

Richard Whoriskey, Durham, N. H.; 
born Cambridge, Mass., December 2, 
1874, graduate student Harvard Uni- 
versity, 1897-1898; member of faculty 
New Hampshire State College since 
January, 1899; secretary College Ad- 



Food Administration in the Granite State During (he War 



155 



ministration Committee; former pres- 
ident modern language section, New 
Hampshire Teachers' Association: 
former president New Hampshire 
Schoolmasters' Club; Harvard Club, since April, 1917. 



Boston. Chief division of cooperating 
organizations, Federal Food Adminis- 
tration for New Hampshire, and one 
of the speakers of the administration 



Women's Part in the Food Work 



As the problem of the Food Admin- 
istration was to reach all the homes in 
the state, it was necessary to have a 
woman in every community to do 
this work. The New Hampshire 
Branch of the Woman's Committee 
of National Defense, with a unit 



ling from one town to another to in- 
spire her assistants — and she called 
every woman in the state her assist- 
ant — to renewed cooperation with the 
Food Administration. 

Besides tins inspirational work, 
Mrs. Wood was called upon, as home 



Unit Chairmen New Hampshire Branch, Woman's Committee Council of National Defense 



chairman in every town, whose names 
appear on a later page, was just the or- 
ganization for this purpose. It offered 
its services to Mr. Spaulding through 
its chairman, Mary I. Wood, who was 
later appointed by Mr. Hoover, home 
economics director for New Hamp- 
shire. The offer was gladly accepted, 
and throughout the war the unit 
chairmen achieved remarkable results. 

Home Economics Director 

These results were due in great 
measure to the devoted leadership 
of Mrs. Alary I. Wood. Of unusual 
physical endurance and tremendous 
enthusiasm she kept in close contact 
frith the women of the state, travel- 



economics director, to' devote a great 
deal of time to. office work. Thou- 
sands of letters came to her asking for 
special advice, receipts, menus and 
suggestions. These letters received 
careful attention, and every effort 
was made to encourage the housewives 
of the state in their effort to carry 
out the wishes of the food adminis- 
trator. 

In fact the articulation of this 
organization with the office of the 
Federal Food Administration for New 
Hampshire and the housewives of 
the state was so good that Air. Hoover 
requested Mr. Spaulding to draw up 
an outline of it for the use of the food 
administrators in the other states. 



150 



The Granite Monthly 



Correspondence 

The following letters between Wash- 
ington and Federal Food Adminis- 
trators relative* to New Hampshire's 
organization for conservation work 
will be of interest to the people of 
New Hampshire. . 

United States Food Administration 
Washington, D. C. 

In your reply refer to 
6-H-3 
October 3, 1917. 
To All Federal Food Administrators: 

Dear Sir: Mr. Huntley X. Spaulding, 
Federal Food Administrator for New Hamp- 
shire, has perfected an exceptional!}- effective 
organization throughout his state. When in 
Washington recently with Mrs. Mary I. 
Wood, Home Economics Director for New 
Hampshire, he explained in detail the organi- 
zation of women's, activities. 

The plan adopted in New Hampshire 
which is working so successfully along the 
lines of food conservation, was so interesting 
and is doing such effective work, that we re- 
quested Mr. Spaulding to write an outline of 
this plan upon his return to Concord. Quot- 
ing from Mr. Spaulding's lelter: ''The theory 
is to establish a machinery so completely and 
minutely organized among the women that 
there is a definite channel from the state 
authority to the home and those who live 
therein." 

As the success of the campaign for food 
conservation depends so largely upon reaching 
the housewife in the home, personally and 
effectively, we enclose herewith a cop}' of this 
plan which we feel sure will be of interest — 
and possible use — to you. 

Faithfully yours, 
IT. S. Food Administration, 
(Signed) Herbert C. Hoover. 
(Copy) 

United. States Food Administration 

Fedepal Food Administrator for New 

Hampshire 

Huntley N. Spauldlng 

State House, Concord, N. H., 

Sept. 20, 1917. 
Mr. Herbert C. Hoover, 

U. S. Food Administration, 
Washington, D..C. 
Dear Mr. Hoover: As suggested in your 
letter of September 14th, it is a pleasure to 
write you an outline of the plan that we are 
following in organizing the women's activities 
of New Hampshire. 

Perhaps it would be as well to preface the 
Outline by a statement of the general princi- 
ple under which this organization, as well as 
that of the men, is canied out. This prin- 
ciple is briefly that of extending divisions and 
sub-divisions throughout the state until there 



is brought about actual contact with the in- 
dividual in the household. In other words, 
the theory is to establish a machinery so com- 
pletely and minutely organized among the 
women that there is a definite channel from 
the state authority to the home and those who 
live therein. 

Every effort is made to carry this through 
completely and minutely. This channel then 
serves for conveying to the individual what- 
ever advice it may be the desire of the. state 
authority to transmit, or whatever informa- 
tion or instruction may be received from the 
Food Administration at Washington . Just as 
far as this machinery is rendered complete 
and practical it is available for each lesson or 
each movement. In other words, the effort, 
expended in securing efficiency of a complete 
organization of this kind, I believe to be trebly 
worth while, because the machinery is useable 
clay by day and week by week. 

The organization of Women's Activities is 
entrusted to Mrs. Mary I. Wood of Ports- 
mouth, officially appointed as Home Eco- 
nomies Director of New Hampshire and work- 
ing as a representative of the Federal Food 
Administrator for New Hampshire in all that 
pertains to food problems in the home. Mrs. 
Wood is the head of the Women's Council of 
Defense of the state and thus represents the 
official choice of the women themselves. 

It will thus be seen that in matters relating 
to food problems within the household, the 
Federal Food Administrator carries out meas- 
ures of this nature through the agency of the 
women themselves. To Mrs. Wood and her 
organization is delegated responsibility as 
well as authority. They are co-workers with 
the Federal Food Administrator. They dis- 
cuss with him measures that are in con- 
templation. With him rests the ultimate 
decision, but in practice plans are evolved 
cooperatively. The women share in discussion 
and decision, and by virtue of this fact they 
logically and willingly assume definite respon- 
sibility. 

To transmit these plans to the household 
the state has been divided into districts con- 
sisting of about five towns or townships each, 
depending upon the population or other fac- 
tors. Each of these districts is sub-divided 
by towns with a committee, chosen for each 
town. Each town again is sub-divided into 
groups of twenty-five families. 

A supervisor has been selected for each of 
these districts to have charge of the organiza- 
tion and coordination of the various normal 
activities of women within that territory. In 
charge of each group of twenty-five families 
there is a local leader who v. ill carry into each 
of the twenty-five homes assigned her a 
printed pamphlet containing a resume of the 
food lesson of the month. This piinted les- 
son, in addition to the verbal message tha 1 the 
local leader will carry, should give the house- 
wife a more comprehensive idea of the message 
that the demonstrator seeks to convey. 



Food AAminiblration in the Granite State During the War 



157 



Thus in the city of Portsmouth, with 2,000 
families, there are eighty local leaders or one 
to each twenty-five families. In smaller 
communities the number is proportionately 
less and in larger communities proportion- 
ately greater. 

This then furnishes the machinery by which 
a direct line is established from the Federal- 
Food Administrator to each ultimate house- 
hold. In order to provide for all these house- 
wives thoroughly practical, scientific advice 
and help, there has been established a force of 
ten Home Economies teachers. These have 
been selected by the State College. Each one 
is adequately and s ncni ificr.lly trained and is 
possessed of such personal qualities as enables 
her to transmit her knowledge readily. 

The entire state has been divided into ten 
instructional districts corresponding in part 
to the ten counties of the state, but with some 
added emphasis on cities. In those parts of 
the state in which farm women had already 
been organized, under the State College Ex- 
tension Service, due recognition is made of 
this fact, and the organization is included in 
the plan. One of the Home Economics 
teachers has been assigned to each instruc- 
tional district. Within her district a complete 
schedule has been arranged so that she visits 
each community once a month. As a rule, 
she has an entire day for each community but 
occasionally spends an afternoon at one place 
and an evening at another nearby. In each 
community, she presides at a meeting of the 
local leaders and any other women who would 
like to attend. 

The meeting serves three purposes. It 
enables the teacher to convey and explain the 
food lesson of the month as received from the 
Food Administration at Washington or other 
instructions that may be desirable, explaining 
at the same time the facts on which the les- 
sons or instructions are based. It gives 
opportunity, for the housewives who attend, 
to exchange information that they have 
gained through practical experience, and it 
affords a channel by which knowledge of the 
conditions through the state may reach the 
Food Administrator. 

The ten Home Economics teachers are pro- 
vided by the State College and are directed 
by the college authorities as to their instruc- 
tional methods. The subject marter of the 
lessons is determined and furnished by the 
Food Administration at Washington. 

1 trust that this brief outline may serve 
your purpose, and I shall be delighted to 
answer any questions as to detail. ■ 
Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) H. N. Spauldixg, 
Federal Food Administrator 
For the State of New Hampshire. 

Unit Chairmen 
With such an organization of loyal 
v - omen efficiently led by Mrs. Mary I. 
Wood it was necessary for the food 



administrator for New Hampshire 
simply to express his wishes and the 
results were assured. The enthusi- 
asm began at a meeting in July, 1917, 
in Concord, of the unit chairmen from 
all parts of the state, which was ad- 
dressed by John B. Jameson, Huntley 
N. Spaulding, Miss Ida Tarbell and 
Dean Sara Louise Arnold. From that 
day till the signing of the armistice, 
seventeen months later, the women 
of the state were the very backbone 
of the food administration work. 

The first definite duty, aside from 
the food lessons explained above, was 
the distribution of the Hoover pledge 
cards. The first campaign, begun in 
August, resulted in the signing of 
45,000 cards. In the second cam- 
paign in October New Hampshire 
won a rank among the first in the 
Union, for 80,000 families, i. e., about 
80 per cent of the families in the state, 
signed the pledges voluntarily. 

In April, 1918, the unit chairmen 
made a survey of the flour and sugar 
supply in the various households of 
the state. This survey was carefully 
and thoroughly made and resulted in 
signed statements of 95,000 house- 
holders, showing the amount of flour 
and sugar in each house. 

After the signing of the armistice 
it became necessary to arouse the 
women to the necessity of continuirg 
a program of general thrift. Again 
the women showed a keen interest in 
spreading the information concerning 
the food situation of the world and the 
need for continued thrift. 

Conservation 

Now that the organization had been 
settled, the next step was to set the 
machinery going. The immediate 
problem was conservation. Two 
methods were possible, compulsory 
rationing with adequate police super- 
vision or voluntary conservation. 
Mr. Hoover, considering the latter the 
American way, adopted it. Some may 
say that people were forced to save 
because of the fear of legal conse- 
quences. This may have been so in 



158 



The Granite Monthly 



many cases, but when viewed by and 
large, trie American way was a tre- 
mendous success, for thousands upon 
thousands conserved, because they 
had the same spirit of patriotism that 
our soldiers had, who offered their 
lives that democracy might live. 

Home Demonstration Agexts 
As the policy of the New Hamp- 
shire Food Administration was to use 
every available force as a cooperating 
agency, an arrangement was effected 
with the State College, the U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture, the New 
Hampshire Branch, "Woman's Coun- 
cil of National Defense and later with 
the Farm Bureaus for the women's 
work in the state. Through this 
arrangement the state college had 
charge of the instructional work and 
the Food administration furnished 
the vehicle for carrying the instruc- 
tions to the people. Upon the New 
Hampshire branch, Woman's Council 
of National Defense, fell the task of 
distributing- bulletins and arranging 
for the meetings at which the following 
ten home demonstration agents gave 
demonstrations. 

Ann F. Beggs — Hillsboro County 
M. Pearl Grant — Merrimack County 
Dorothy Emerson — Portsmouth 
Ida D. Moulton — Strafford, Carroll Counties 
Helen E. Osborne — Rockingham 
Ruth W. Sykes — Nashua and Concord 
M. Roseland Tilden — Belknap County 
II. Irene Weed — Sullivan, Cheshire, Merri- 
mack Counties 
Olive Wilkins — Manchester 
Kathryn Woods — Sullivan 
Neva E. Woods — Coos County 

These young women were as fine a 
group of patriots as New Hampshire 
produced during the war. Tireless 



in their energy they worked day and 
night under their state leader, Miss 
Bertha Titsworth of the Extension 
Service, New Hampshire College. 
Many a day during the terribly severe 
winter of 1917-1918 they made their 
way over almost impassable roads, 
frequently suffering severely from the 
intense cold. Undaunted they kept 
up their work and accomplished great 
things. 

Although they gave demonstrations 
on saving fats, uses of cornmeal, war 
breads, meat savers, milk and its 
products, war time menus, child and 
invalid feeding, the making and the 
use of the tireless cooker and the pres- 
ervation and use of greens, they em- 
phasized, after the 50-50 rule became 
effective, at every demonstration, the 
use of wheat substitutes. They took 
an active part also in all the special 
food campaigns. 

Statistics gathered by Miss Tits- 
worth at many of the demonstrations 
in April show that 545 families re- 
ported an increase of SO per cent in the 
use of milk because of the demonstra- 
tions. Furthermore 387 families re- 
ported an average use of 11.2 pounds 
of wheat per week in 1917 and 4.4 
pounds per week in 1918; 375 families 
reported a weekly saving of 2,674.25 
pounds of wheat per week, and 226 
families reported a saving of 897.73 
pounds per week. 

On July 1, 1918, the home demon- 
stration agents severed their connec- 
tion with the New Hampshire Food 
Administration, although they con- 
tinued to give demonstrations in 
canning and drying under the aus- 
pices of the Extension Service of New 
Hampshire College. 



Cooperating Organizations 



Churches 
^ In order to get the fullest coopera- 
tion of the churches of the state a 
representative of the Food Adminis- 
tration had very cordial interviews 



with Father Brophy, representing 
Bishop Guertin of the Catholic Church, 
and Bishop Parker of the Episcopal 
Church, both of whom helped im- 
mensely in the work of food conserva- 



Food Administration in the Granite State During the War 



159 



tion. Letters were also sent to every 
minister in New Hampshire and on 
May 28 the Hoover message was read 
in 5.S5 churches of the state. 

Fraternal Organizations 

Copies of the Hoover message were 
sent to the 1,406 fraternal organiza- 
tions of New Hampshire with the re- 
quest that resolutions be adopted to 
abstain as far as possible from the 
use of wheat till the next harvest; to 
limit the consumption of meat, in- 
cluding poultry, to two pounds per 
week per person over four years of 
age and to conserve sugar. Three 
weeks after the message had been sent, 
a large number of these organizations 
had reported the adoption of the 
resolutions. 

Town Meetings 

A gratifying response to the Hoover 
message came at the March town 
meetings. Upon the reading of the 
message the voters throughout the 
state pledged themselves to raise 
food and save food. 

Schools 

The schools of the state during the 
1918 campaign sustained the high 
degree of cooperation that they had 
displayed the previous year. Mr. 
E. W. Butterfieid, superintendent of 
public instruction, Miss Huntress, 
Mr. G. H. Whitcher and Mr. James 
Pringle, deputy superintendents, 
showed themselves ever willing and 
able to get splendid results from the 
teachers and the pupils of the state 
in every- special food campaign. Mr. 



Whiteher's accomplishment - in the 
school garden work again stood out 
conspicuously. 

The teachers took an active part 
not only in the " Pledge-Card''' and 
the "Keep-a-Pig" campaigns, but 
also in informing their pupils of the 
food crisis in the world. A little inci- 
dent will serve to illustrate the latter. 

The federal food administrator for 
New Hampshire on one of his many 
trips to various parts of the state, 
visited the fourth grade of the Pearl 
Street School, Manchester, taught by 
Miss Marjorie Woodbury. A lesson 
on the necessity of food conservation 
was in progress. When the food 
administrator, to test their knowl- 
edge, asked various questions, these 
little boys and girls had the answers 
on their tongue tips. It was after- 
wards ascertained that this room 
was typical of the food work carried 
on under the supervision of Superin- 
tendent Herbert S. Taylor in all 
Manchester schools. 

Volunteer College Workers 

Tins work, in charge of Miss Cath- 
erine Dole, was carried out by college 
and normal school students and grad- 
uates under the immediate leadership 
of a district captain. These volun- 
teers gave from four to ten hours a 
week in caring for children, while 
their mothers were in public service; 
in instructing children in garden 
work; in helping district chairmen in 
clerical work; in working in gardens 
and on farms; in canning and in giv- 
ing demonstrations in canning and 
drying. 



Special Campaigns 



The Potato Drive — April 15 to 
May 15, 1918 

The patriotic response of the farm- 
ers to the call for increased potato 
production in 1917 was so great that 
the crop in the United States was 
nearly 100,000,000 bushels in excess 
01 the average for the preceding five 



years. The severe winter and the 
congestion in transportation made it 
difficult to move this crop. In order 
that the food value of this large avail- 
able supply of potatoes might not be 
lost and in order that it might be 
used to relieve the strain on the 
fast diminishing wheat supply, New 



160 



The Granite- Monthly 



Hampshire launched a great potato 
drive. The slogan was "Buy and Eat 
Potatoes Now." The campaign was 
-a- wonderful success, for not only 
were the local crops all moved from 




Start of the Potato Campaign 

the bin to the dining table, but the 
state also did its full share in helping 
to use up the surplus Western and 
Maine crops. 

The Corn Meal Campaign — May 15 
to June 15 

"A Pound of Corn Used Is a Pound 
of Wheat Saved'' was the slogan used 
in this campaign. New Hampshire had 
an excess stock of cornmeal amount- 
ing to 2,000,000 pounds. It could 
not be exported: it would spoil, if not 
■consumed at once. The millers of 
New Hampshire began to mill all the 
cornmeal they could, and the jobbers 
bought abundant quantities. The 
housewives used it as a substitute in 
bread, and everybody helped to 
consume it. The result was that the 



people of New Hampshire had regis- 
tered another victory to their credit. 

W. R. W. 

The World Relief Week campaign 
in December, 1918, found the people 
of the state suffering a reaction be- 
cause of the signing of the armistice. 
Notwithstanding this fact, the 
churches, fraternal organizations, in- 
cluding the woman's clubs, and com- 
munities throughout the state held 
meetings and adopted resolutions to 
prevent waste and the selfish use of 
our food reserves. 

Speakers 

In the course of the work of the 
state food administrator, public meet- 
ings were held in practically every 
community large and small in New 
Hampshire. For these various meet- 
ings speakers were provided largely 
through the office of the state food 
administrator. The topics discussed 
were various phases of the world food 
situation, the need for conservation, 
the plan and purpose of the Federal 
Food Administration and the reason 
for the various restrictions and regu- 
lations pertaining to food commodi- 
ties. For the most part, the speakers 
provided were members of the staff 
of the state food administrator. The 
Chautauqua lecturers cooperated also 
in spreading the gospel' of food con- 
servation. 

New Hampshire was particularly 
fortunate in having speakers repre- 
senting the U. S. Food Administration 
detailed for inspirational work here. 
Among them were Fred Walcott, 
William Arthur Dupee, W. A. Milne, 
John Munn, Miss Edith Guerrier, 
Franklin Fort, Dean Sara Louise 
Arnold and E. F. Cullen of the staff, 
and Mrs. Beatrice Forbes Robertson 
Hale. 



{To he continued.) 






From, a photograph by Ralph F. Pratt 

Mount Kearsarge, New Hampshire 



KEARSARGE: -MOUNTAIN AND WAR-SHIP 

By Charles Stuart Pratt 

Before the Gun of Sumpter thundered, 
And brother faced his brother in the fight, 

Ere Southern State from Northern sundered, 
Serene uprose the Kearsarge height. 

Ere Minute-Men their muskets lifted 

Against the British King's oppressing hand — 

New England from Old England rifted, 
Kiasaga stood above the land. 

Yea, earlier than the Mayflower olden 
Bore freedom to New England's hardy shore, 

And dawned the Western Cycle golden, 
The Peak was granite-gray and hoar. 

The grass had uplifted its myriad green spears 

Through the dead grass of other and happier years; 

On Plymouth's low coasts the bluebird had sung, 

Through New Hampshire's rock hills its echoes had rung — 

But song sank to silence, and sunlight grew gray, 

On that unforgettable April day 

When lightened and thundered the Sumpter Gun, 

In the terrible year of sixty-one. 

Swift, swift as the Gun's dread lightning had leapt, 
Its thunder, in ominous echoings, swept 
From Great Lake to Gulf and from blue sea to sea. 
Men's hearts fell a-chill at the terror to be — ■ 



162 



The Granite Monthly 



Men's hearts, as their hands touched their swords, burst aflame 
With the patriot fire that from Lexington came; 
And the hosts of the North, under Stripes and Stars, 
Marched down on the South and its flag of bars. 

It was then that the war-ship, the Kearsarge, sailed 

Out of Portsmouth Bay, while the shore sank and paled, 

Until, domed and alone, above the blue rim 

Of the sea horizon, far distant and dim, 

Stood the Peak that had given to the ship its name — 

The great inland beacon, prophetic of fame. 

Slow the moon wheeled its circuits of gleam and of gloom 

Through the year that had threatened the Republic with doom, 

Wheeled its circuits of gloom and of gleam that year 

When the Fatherland launched the South's privateer — 

Alabama, "the pirate," which scourged all the sea, 

Through that year and the strenuous year sixty-three, 

And relentlessly on into sixty-four, 

Until men were aghast, and the sea cried, "No more!'' 

Yea — but the Northern Mountain moved not, 

Serene alike at victory or rout, 
At cheer or wail; yea— it behooved not 

The Mount the might of right to doubt. 







i 



3 






v 



The Battle between the Kearsarge and the Alabama 



So had come, in the mid-June of sixty-four, 
That fateful day off the Channel shore, 
Wheu the summer sun rose warm over France 
Till it touched with the glow of its golden advance 
The Stars and the Stripes, the lied, White and Blue, 



Which the war-shin, the Rear 



sarge, gallantly flew. 



Kearsarge: Mountain and War-Ship 163 

Lo, the peace of the Sabbath lay over the sea! 

Its calm held no forecast of tempest to be; 

The chimes of the church-bells made holy the air, 

And the ship's bell hod called to the service of prayer — 

When, "The foe!" ''Alabama!" uprose a great shout, 

As boldly from Cherbourg the cruiser steamed out. 

Then the old Pilgrim spirit in Winslow awoke, 

The spirit that once in the Mayflower spoke: 

The prayer-book he dropped, and with trumpet in hand, 

While the drum beat to quarters, his voice rang command. 

Every man sprang to place, and the decks were cleared, 

And the great guns manned — and no heart feared. 

But sudden the bolt burst out of the blue 

And shattered God's stillness through and through! 

Where the peace of the Sabbath had brooded the sea, 

Raged a tempest of war with its horrors to be — 

And the thunder and crash the sea-winds bore 

To the ear of the Fatherland, aye, and more, 

To the ear of Old Hampshire on Old England's shore, 

Aye, into its churches by window and door. 

And the dueling ships, stem to stern, side to side, 

Sailed a circle of flame in their hate and their pride — 

Side to side, stern to stem, in their pride and their hate, 

"Sailed great circles seven that were circles of fate. 

Like the seven-times circuited city of old, 

When the Kearsarge its foe had circled seven-fold, 

The God of all battles the victory gave, 

And the crushed Alabama sank under the wave! 

Yet no cheer from the throats of the victors uprose — 
The dead and the vanquished were brothers, though foes — 
And, great as the triumph of battle, we know 
That this triumph of silence the greater shall grow. 

Now, hail to thee, Kearsarge . and hoil again, 

Mountain-sired, and the mountain-sired thy men! 

You the laurels wore of the Civil War; 

And through thirty years of its peace you saw, 

In the great reunion, man's hand clasp hand, 

And the war-sundered states become one land. 

Then the sea claimed its own, and you went to your sleep; 

But the sons of the country your glory shall keep — 

And forever your requiem be sung as 'today 

By the thunder of surf on the Roncador Cay. 

And still, above the hill-land's greenness, 

Gray Kearsarge watched the nation's every trend. 

Watched launch or wreck witli like sereneness— 
Looked on beyond each little end. 



161 



The GtaniU Monthly 



Beyond the Alabama sinking, 

Beyond the Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador, 

While men of joy or grief were thinking, 
Kiasaga in the future saw,. 

The resurrected ships go sailing, 
uAs comrades go, in past the Portsmouth bars, 

Ana brave from boh their mastheads trailing 
Old Glory's shining Stripes and Stars! 

Note. — Kearsarge Mountain, in Warner, N. EL, was called by the Indians Kiasaga. "The 
great inland beacon" is visible at sea off Portsmouth. The war-ship Kearsarge was built at 
Portsmouth, N. H., in 1 SGI, and was named after the mountain. The Alabama was built at 
Birkenhead, England, in 1862. The duel of the Kearsarge and the Alabama was fought June 
19, 1864, in the English Channel, off Cherbourg, France, and opposite Old Hampshire, in Eng- 
land. During the fight the ships sailed a course of seven great circles. The Kearsarge was 
wrecked on Roncador Cay, in the Caribbean Sea, February 2, 1S94. In the last of the nine- 
ties, two new battleships were built and named the Kearsarge and the Alabama. On Septem- 
ber 18, 1900, at Portsmouth, the state of New Hampshire presented "the resurrected ships" 
with bronze tablets commemorating the event, and the reuniting of the North and the South. 
Captain Winslow of the Kearsarge, afterward Admiral, was descended from a brother of Ed- 
ward Winslow of the Mayflower, and Governor of Plymouth Colony. His grave at Forest- 
Hills is marked by a boulder from Kearsarge Mountain. 



ft 



f 



.: 



■-•• . 






w 'ft ■ 3B -& X & 



*& 






. . - ' :Z 



The U. S. S. Kearsarge of Today 



/<>*>. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE SHIPS 

By Harry C. Raynes 



Nearly one hundred 
and fifty years ago, many 
men of kindred trades 
gathered on the banks of 
the Piscataqua to build 
ships. 

The burning spirit of 
liberty and patriotic de- 
votion wrought into these 
hulls brought to the'young 
navy of our beloved coun- 
try' a never-fading glory. 

Merchant ships fol- 
lowed and the reputation 
of Piscataqua built vessels 
as sea boats and for hon- 
est workmanship by 
•''Yankee" mechanics 

spread throughout the 
India trade. 

Last year, again, many 
men of kindred trades 
gathered on the same 
waters to build ships. 
The same fierce love of 
country and freedom 
shone in the faces of the 
workers and they dug 
deep into the frozen 
ground and laid the keel. 
The future of shipbuild- 
ing in Xew Hampshire 
depends to a very great 
extent upon the attitude 
o1 t)ie people of Xew 
Hampshire, because the 
corporations building 

"nips on the Piscataqua 
Beed the help and en- 
couragement of every 
toyal citizen. 

Both steel and wooden ships are 
y^uilt in New Hampshire as econom- 
ically as they are elsewhere and the 
Workmanship is far superior, as it has 
sag been conceded that New England 
tobor produces more per hour than is 



H. C. Raynes 
Manager Atlantic Corporation 

produced by any other section of the 
country, due to the fact that New 
England has the most competent and 
efficient mechanics, having always 
been in the lead in industrial enter- 
prises. 



l&o. 



BUILDING SHIPS AT PORTSMOUTH 

By F. W. Hartford 



During the early history of our 
country NewEngland was its shipping 
center. Practically all foreign busi- 
ness, especially with the Far East, 
passed through the ports of Boston, 
Salem and Portsmouth. As a result, 
the building of ships became a very 
important industry. 

Portsmouth, owing to her natural 
resources, location and superior water 
facilities, was one of the principal 
centers of this industry. But, through 
causes which brought about the loss of 
American ships from the seas, this 
industry would have become a lost 
art in and about Portsmouth were it 
not for the continually increasing 
activities of the United States Navy 
Yard and the unprecedented demand 
for ships brought about bv the World 
War. 

Portsmouth has the deepest water 
of any port in the United States ex- 
cept that of Puget Sound. There is 
absolute freedom of ice and no dredg- 
ing is required for either the harbor or 
its approaches; therefore, there is no 
expense for maintenance. The water 
depth in front of the ways of the 
Atlantic Corpo-ation at mean low tide 
ranges from sixty to seventy-five feet, 
the average depth being from forty- 
seven to one hundred feet from the 
ways down the river to the broad 
Atlantic, a distance of less than two 
miles. 

Consequently, Portsmouth has 
again taken her place as a leader in 
producing ships and now has three 
important yards, building as many dis- 
tinctive types, wooden, steel and naval. 

An attempt in this article to more 
than outline the part taken by the 
Portsmouth Navy Yard,, and the 
ships built there, during the entire 
history of the United States, would 
mean writing practically the complete 
early history of our Navv, and a 



chronicle without interruption to date, 
only a proportionately lesser task. 

The first ship of which we have any 
authentic record as built at Ports- 
mouth is the frigate Falkland, of 
fifty-four guns, added to the Royal 
Navy of England the second of March, 
1695, being one of many of its type. 

When it became apparent that war 
with England was unavoidable, and 
that it was necessary to build a navy 
to protect our seaboard from the 
incursions of the enemy, the natural 
position of the port of Portsmouth for 
the purpose of a naval station became 
obvious and measures were at once 
taken to establish a building yard. 

The island, now known as Badger's 
Island, was then the property of John 
Langdon, and, with that spirit of 
patriotism which was so conspicuous, 
in him, he tendered its use to the 
Continental Congress. The offer was 
accepted and, almost immediately, 
March 21, 1775, the keel of the frigate 
Raleigh, of thirty-two guns, was laid. 
She was launched May 21st, just 
sixty days later. 

The date of the origin of the navy 
yard should be this year, 1775, as 
Badger's Island was used exclusively 
by the Government for naval purposes 
from 1775 to 1800, the time of the 
purchase of the site of the present 
yard. 

One cannot help recalling the ex- 
ploits of the Ranger under the com- 
mand of Paul Jones, when mentioning 
this era of warshipbuilding at New 
Hampshire's port. Among the others 
built there of the same class were the 
Raleigh, America and Crescent. 

The story of the wonderful record 
made by the L. H. Shattuck, Inc., in 
wood ship construction is known 
throughout and beyond the state. 
This company was organized by L. H. 
Shattuck of Manchester, Robert Jack- 



Building Ships at Portsmouth 



1C" 



son of Concord and Major F. W. Hart- 
ford of Portsmouth, and it is today 
the largest wood shipbuilding yard in 
the country. The company stands 
fourth in point of production and it 
has a fine record. 



yard, the L. H. Shattuck plant, has. 
twelve ways, and during the year 191S 
it has delivered six Ferris type steam- 
ers to the Government. Beginning 
with July 4, when three Shattuck 
hulls hit the water and added to the 



>i&4 



!■!■' 4 




I ': 



U- 



*?b;. 






Scene at Shattuck Yard 



•3 i 

u 



The following reference to the Shat- 
tuck Yard is from the Emergency Fleet 
Neics: 

" More than a century ago the wood 
shipbuilding industry had its start, 
a nd there are those up New Hamp- 
shire way who say that the first keel of 
f«e first American wood ship was laid 
lI » Portsmouth. In those days the 
Riost modern wood shipyard had two 
crude ways; today Portsmouth's wood 



Independence Day total of 95 launch- 
ings, there have been seven launchings 
in 1918. 

u Old men in Portsmouth claim that 
they can remember the time when the 
building of a wood ship — by no means 
as large as a Ferris type steamer of 
3,500 deadweight tons — required three 
to four years and the production of 
one such ship a year from a single 
yard would have been miraculous. 



16S 



The Granite Monthly 



"Ground was broken for the Shat- 
tuck plant on August 1, 1917, on soil 
so firm that it was unnecessary to re- 
sort to any artificial foundation for 
one of the shipways. Three slabs 
of concrete were laid on the gentle 



ilope ti 



i ne 



Piscataqua River and 



the first way was ready. The ground 
was found to be somewhat softer 
under the remaining ways, however, 
and it was necessary to drive 4,000 
piles to support them. 



"The Shattuck yard has developed 
a noteworthy labor-saving device in a 
machine, designed for shaping and 
ceiling plank. One operation of this 
machine tapers and levels the plank 
and makes the caulking scam. A 
naval architect, connected with the 
Shattuck yard invented this machine. 
It takes the place of expensive hand 
work and on the first hull upon which 
it was used, officials of the yard de-* 
clared that it effected a saving of 






U. S. S. Woyaca Leaving Ways at L. H. Shattuck Ship Yard 



"The Shattuck yard is one of the 
Tew shipbuilding plants in the East 
-equipped with a system of cable ways 
to handle material. This system is 
more common on the Pacific Coast. 
The Shattuck cables are mounted on 
90-foot masts in the vertical position 
on the- straight line between the ship 
ways. The masts can be inclined 15 
feet in either direction, so as to let 
material in or upon the hulls on either 
.side. They are adjustable, inde- 
pendently of each other, although all 
are carried upon one lateral guide for 
the head masts and another for the 
tail masts. 



20,000 man-hours. On subsequent 
hulls they say the saving will be greater 
with the corresponding further econ- 
omy in ceiling. " 

The Atlantic Corporation was or- 
ganized in January, 1918, for the 
purpose of building steel cargo 
vessels, and a contract was entered 
into with the Emergency Fleet Cor- 
poration to build ten such vessels of 
8,800 tons D. W. C. 

The following are the directors of 
the Atlantic Corporation: Arthur A. 
Sharpe, president, Boston, Mass.; 
Walter L. Clarke, vice-president, 
Boston, Mass.; William A. Bent, 



Building Ships at Portsmouth 



169 



Taunton, Mass.; F. G. Barrows, Bos- 
ton, Mass,; Captain Thomas Doe. 
Lowell, Mass.; Loyal A. Osborne, 
New York; H. C. Ravnes, Portsmouth, 
N. H. 

The corporation purchased the prop- 
erty of the Colonial Paper Company, 
which plant, built at a cost of mil- 
lions, had lain idle for a number of 
years, and the conversion of this 
property into a modern shipyard was 
commenced on February 17, 1918. 



the ways, it was necessary to move the 
substantial edifice built for an ad- 
ministration building by the Colonial 
Paper Company. This building was 
moved intact to a more suitable loca- 
tion two hundred yards away without 
damage to the building; and with 
the office force serenely working as 
usual. 

Directly in the rear of this structure 
is that known as Building No. 2, 
containing on the first floor, the 



Bird's-Eye View of Atlantic Heights, Built for Atlantic Corporation Employees 



The buildings, of brick and steel, lent 
themselves with comparatively little 
change to meet the requirements of the 
war industry. Large gangs of labor- 
ers were set to work, with steam shov- 
els, auto trucks and other appliances, 
to remove the material necessary to 
make the ways. This material was 
used to grade the south end of the 
grounds, adding several acres to the 
storage capacity of the yard. Five 
w ays were built, as was also a fitting-- 
r, ut dock about 500 feet long and up to 
date in every particular. 

In order to make room in front of 



material department, general stores, 
pneumatic tool room, the general ac- 
counting department, hull superin- 
tendent's and other field offices; the 
joiner shop, master mechanic's of- 
fice and employees' restaurant and 
cafeteria on second floor; mold loft, 
educational department offices, en- 
gine and hull drafting and blue print 
departments, ship supplies and stores 
on the third floor. The free area 
covered is 29,000 feet. 

Back of Building No. 2 is the build- 
ing now used as a steel plate shop, 
originally intended to be used as a 



170 



The Granite Monthly 



machine shop by the paper company, 
covering an area of 141,000 square feet, 
three sides and most of the roof being 
of glass. The plate and angle fur- 
naces and blacksmith shop are located 
at the northern end of this building. 
Shears, planers, bending rolls, punches, 
hydraulic press, bull riveter, and other 
fabricating equipment also functionize 
in this so-called u Plate Shop. " Over- 
head traveling cranes, electric trucks, 
railroad tracks, and numerous jib 



manufacture of marine engines of 
large size. It was practically im- 
possible to obtain certain needed 
tools; accordingly the ingenuity of the 
foreman of this shop was called into 
action and he developed a number 
that are a credit to himself and to the 
corporation. 

The first keel was laid May 23, 
1918, and by being able to launch the 
ship on January 18, 1919, a record for 
a new plant was made. This record 



Office Building Atlantic Corporation Portsmouth, N. H. 



cranes facilitate the handling of the 
heavy material. 

It would take too much space, and 
probably would not be overinteresting 
to the layman, to describe in detail the 
other twelve buildings; suffice it to say 
that great difficulties were overcome 
during the stress of war in equipping the 
buildings to perform their part. Hovv'- 
ever, before leavingthe buildings, it will 
not be amiss to say a word about the 
machine shop, which covers an area of 
about 28,000 square feet, is provided 
with a forty ton overhead crane and 
the machine tools necessary for the 



was accomplished by the company's 
fortunate choice of a thorough engi- 
neer of wide experience as its manager, 
Harry C. Raynes, whose ancestors 
were shipbuilders in the early days 
of Portsmouth. It is interesting to 
note that Mr. Raynes is a nephew of 
George Raynes, who, together with 
his contemporaries, Fernald and Mar- 
cey, built and launched during the 
early part of the nineteenth century an 
average of nine so-called "-clipper" 
ships a year, which plied between New 
England ports and the West Indies. 
The Kisno-p, the first vessel launched 



Building Ships at Portsmouth 171 

by the Atlantic Corporation, is of eating engines of 2, S00 horsepower and 

single screw type, 427 feet long overall,, the steam capacity furnished by three 

beam -54 feet, draft 24 feet, tonnage water tube boilers. She carries two 

8, SCO D. W, C, full displacement steel masts and will be manned by 

11,300 tons; is propelled by recipro- sixty men, including officers. 



View Atlantic Plant From Water Front 



H'OTTUT, N. fl. 



APRIL 

By Fred Myron Colby 

The thrush sings in the meadow, 

The bluebird breasts the breeze; 
The bees are blithely humming 

Beneath the budding trees. 
There's laughter, song and gambol 

'Mongst rivulets and rills; 
And white-hoofed flocks are nibbling 

The grasses on the hills. 
April is here! 

Amongst dried leaves of autumn 

Arbutus peeps up and smiles; 
Green carpets are unfolding 

Within the forest aisles. 
The daffodils are springing 

From out the teeming sod, 
And crocuses and violets 

In southern breezes nod. 
Summer is near! 



/72. 



THROUGH THE YEAR IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer 

April 

As the young; mother awakes from a long night's sleep, 

The eager infant rolls back the garment from her breast, 

And with convulsive eagerness seeks the food which gives him life. 

So now Mother-Earth awakes — 

And with the shining shard of our plow w T e roll back the furrow T s 

And uncover the sweet flesh of the steaming soil; 

Ardently as the eager babe we turn to the long furrows — 

We drop the beads of sweat, we draw T hard breath o'er spade and hoe, 

We dig, and plan, and plant, thrilled by the promise of a new 7 season. 

The promise of March moves rapidly tow r ard fulfillment; the sun rises higher, 
the days are longer and warmer, the frost has gone, and o'er the fields we hear 
the call of the farmer as he drives his plow across his land. Every resident 
of a rural home in New Hampshire hails with keenest joy the month of April. 
That which we have looked forward to is now here, and with eager zest we 
buckle down to the joys of labor on the soil which will bring us another harvest. 
And not only in the toil of life is there a renewed joy, but Nature gives us the 
forerunners of the grandeurs of her out-of-doors season in New England. First 
in these esthetic joys comes — 

The Edge of April Days 

We now get the longer sunrise and sunset; there is time between sunrise 
and breakfast to pause and enjoy the sunrise; and there is time between 
sunset and bed-hour to stop and brood a bit. These longer mornings and 
evenings are full of beauty, of cheer, of the good-w T ill of the earth. In them we 
can wander about, think, brood, enjoy. The weather is again mild, one can 
sit for a moment on the old stone-wall, chat with a neighbor, look out across 
the lands which he owns and so proudly tills. During the mornings we are 
stirred by the merry notes of the returning birds, but it is in the evenings that 
we get the most splendid of all the spring-time sounds, it is 

The Flutes of the Frogs 

The music of the glad w r et spring is voiced in a thousand trills, 

As up from the meadows comes a wild, mad music that thrills — : 

It's the piping notes from a hundred throats in merry spring-time lore, 

As the emerald frogs neath sodden logs awake to life once more. 

I am one who has had the pleasure of drinking deeply from the well oi 
nature-emotions. The purring of the pines, the insect chorus of the sua- 
warmed summer fields, the music of the trickling brook, the deep majesty^ of 
the pounding waves upon the shore at Hampton, the spell of the star-lit night, 
the cheery songsters in the boughs, all these have filled me with those emotion? 
which Byron so well says, w We can ne'er express." Fiut seldom is there a 
nature-emotion that comes stronger than that indescribable feeling that 
comes to us when we hear the piping of the frogs. We are then filled with ft 



A Book of New Hampshire Interest 



173 



sense of mystery, of Longing, of memories of the past and hopes of the future. 
The rural homesteader is much indebted to those little green-coated fellows 
who so hardily break forth in early April and send their shrill vibrant notes 
across the meadows to our homes. They are mysterious, romantic little fel- 
lows, living off there in the mysterious swamp, and their notes are the vanguard 
of the millions of birds and insects who will sing to us before the year is over. 
By and by their shrill pipings will be joined by the hoarse notes of the big frog, 
as he brings his water-soaked banjo to die surface and twangs away on its 
strings, but now they have the field to themselves, and each night their flutings 
reach deep down into our souls. 



A BOOK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



The severest critic never complained 
of a lack of interest in the stories told 
by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott. And it 
is merely an added interest which the 
people of New Hampshire take in her 
books because they are very largely 
written in a Granite State farmhouse. 
Mrs. Fordyce Cobmm, to give the 
writer her other than pen name, is 
and has been since she was a little 
girl a summer resident of Wilton, 
Hillsborough County, where her 
father, Rev. Dr. Edward Abbott, 
named Rollo Farm in honor of the 
most famous character created by his 
father and Mrs. Coburn's grandfather, 
Jacob Abbott, author of some of the 
"best-sellers" of his day. 

There must be many of us whose 
boyhood libraries had the Rollo 
Books among their foundation stones 
and for whom Rollo and his guide and 
mentor, Jonas, formed an open anti- 
dote for our stealthy studies of Dead- 
v.-ood Dick and Calamity Jane. None 
of us is reminded of the Rollo Books 
by the works of the family genius, in 
this generation. And yet in some 
respects, in surpassing and almost un- 
believable innocence and in frequent 



misfortunes, the heroine of Mrs- 
Coburn's latest story, "Old Dad," 
has a resemblance to Rollo. And 
"Old Dad" himself might be cast for 
the role of a very sophisticated, 
twentieth century Jonas. 

It is difficult to imagine Air. Jacob 
Abbott's Rollo in the predicament in 
which Eleanor Abbott's Daphne finds 
herself in the first chapter of the 
present story; but doubtless the wise 
Jonas would have wished and worked 
for the same final issue which Old 
Dad brought about in his own way, 

In the old days we used to see in 
many stories plays for the stage; now 
we see, instead, pictures for the films. 
And for that further popularity "Old 
Dad" seems especially fitted. The 
characters chop up their conversation 
into most suitable screen titles. Every- 
character is a "type." The action 
is fast enough to suit the most strenu- 
ous director and the Florida stage 
settings are the most picturesque 
imaginable. The publishers, E. P. 
Dutton <fc Company, New York, 
might well ask for a referendum of 
readers on the movie actress best 
fitted for the part of Daphne. 



/>y. 



EDITORIAL 



The New Hampshire Waterways 
Association, recently formed, has in 
it great possibilities for the develop- 
ment of our state, beginning with our 
port of Portsmouth, but directly or 
indirectly affecting all our people. 
The Maine to Florida intercoastal 
waterway now comes north from the 
Cape Cod Canal thirty miles to 
Gloucester Harbor through the Annis- 
quam Canal, owned by the state of 
Massachusetts, thence by the Plum 
Island River to the Merrimack River; 
thus far by existing waterways. It 
now is proposed to build a canal from, 
the Merrimack through the Salis- 
bury, Mass., marshes, Hampton Har- 
bor, Hampton marshes and Taylor 
River to the Exeter River and down 
that river to Great Bay and the 
Piscataqua. This inland waterway 
has the backing of the National 
Rivers and Harbors Congress and of 
the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Asso- 
ciation. A government survey is to 
be made of it and its projectors are 
confident of its construction in the not 
distant future. Its possibilities in 
the way of water transportation 
freight rates are at once apparent. 
Great Bay is an inland salt sea of 
eleven square miles, parallel to the 
ocean, with a channel Go feet deep. 
A canal only three miles long to the 
ocean would give slack water navi- 
gation to Portsmouth Harbor and 
Congress will be asked to cut this 
canal. Another canal 20 miles long 
from the Newmarket River to Man- 
chester would make the New Hamp- 
shire metropolis a seaport in the 
manner of its namesake in England. 
A century ago a canal was surveyed 
from Great Bay to Lake Winnipesau- 
kee and four times charters were 
granted by the New Hamsphire 
Legislature for its construction. It 
will yet be built, and, like all the new 
waterways mentioned, it will be of 
great benefit to the business and the 



pleasure of New Hampshire and the 
nation. New Hampshire has re- 
ceived from the national treasury for 
waterways development the least 
amount of any state in the Union and 
one reason therefor is because we 
never have asked for much on this 
line. The New Hampshire Water- 
ways Association intends to remedy 
this lack, and all who are interested 
in the future prosperity of the state 
will wish this new organization the 
best of fortune in securing what it 
seeks. Senators Moses and Keyes, 
Congressman Burroughs,. Governor 
Bartlett, former Governors Spaulding 
and Bass and other leading men of 
the state are among its officers and 
members, and its secretary is 0. L. 
Frisbee of Portsmouth, who has 
devoted a lifetime to the problems of 
waterway development, particularly 
as affecting our Atlantic coast and its 
tributary territory. 

It is good for the soul of any man 
who takes pride in the state of New 
Hampshire to read the record of the 
town meetings which were held in the 
various little republics of this state 
on Tuesday, March 11, 1919. In 
almost all of them the community 
view was shown to be upward and 
forward. The majority disposition 
in evidence was to hold fast to all we 
have that is good and to proceed to 
get that wdrich we have not now, but 
wmich it is desirable that we should 
have. It was to be expected that a 
general desire would be expressed to 
honor New Hampshire's soldiers and 
sailors in the world war in some tangi- 
ble way in their home towns; and 
such was the case. In many cases 
Old Home Day this year will be 
especially dedicated to sons returning 
from the service of their country, and 
such observance seems most fitting- 
Town meeting proceedings cover a 



Editorial 



175 



wide range, from where a new street 
light shall be placed to whether or no 
the town shall buy the local street 
railway; and one question is given as 
careful and courteous attention as 
the other. Appropriations are made 
with a caution that is wise; not nig- 
gardly. Every citizen, be he farmer, 
mechanic, capitalist, laborer, employer, 



employee, professional man 
loafer, stands on the same 
footing on the town hall 
entitled to and gets his share 
tion; and bears his share of 
biiity. Long may the town 
of New England and New 
shire survive! They are a 
institution. 



or town 
sawdust 
floor; is 
of atten- 
responsi- 
meetings 
Hamp- 
splendid 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 



Prof. Richard Whoriskey of New 
Hampshire College and James W. 
Tucker, Concord newspaper man, 
who begin in this issue the detailed 
history of food administration in New 
Hampshire, are, because of their 
experience, the best qualified men in 
the state for the task. Maj. F. W. 
Hartford is actively interested in, and 
closely connected with, the Ports- 
mouth ship-building enterprises con- 
cerning which he writes. Nathaniel 
S. Drake of Pittsfield, agreeable 



writer and well-posted publicist, pays 
tribute to his friend and fellow-towns- 
man, the late Sherburne J. Winslow. 
Charles Stuart Pratt, in the days of 
his activity one of the best known 
editors and literary men in New 
England, now is living in retirement 
at Warner. Miss Frances M. Pray 
is a member of the faculty of St. 
Mary's School, Concord. Messrs. 
Sawyer, Chapin and Colby have con- 
tributed to previous numbers of the 
magazine in the present year. 



THE CALL 

By Frances Mary Pray 

Up! the east is golden in all its morning splendor, 

The first returned of robins is singing in the day. 
White frost lies in the shadows and the breeze is cool and bracing, 

The air is full of springtime with its call to ''Come away!" 

The leaf buds now are swelling and the first spring flowers peeping 
From out their dark leaves' shelter where the sun has stolen thru. 

The smell of new-bared earth comes up with deep and pungent fragrance 
And above, there is no cloud to break the wide expanse of blue. 

The hills are soft and purple in the golden light of morning 
Far below, the stony river winds its twisted valley down. 

Its murmur rises louder now, then fainter in its calling 

To come and walk the live-long day along the banks so brown. 

The pine tiees gently wave and sigh above their carpet soft, 

A brooklet gurgles past their shelter tall, 
Beyond, the willows bend their silver catkins o'er its banks 

"Come to us," the woods and brooklet seem to call. 

Up! the east is golden in all its morning splendor, 

The first-returned of robins is singing in the day. 
White frost lies in the shadows and the air is cool 1 and bracing, 
The air is full of springtime with its call to "Come away!" 
Concord, N. H. 



/% 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. ERNEST M. GOOD ALL 

Hon. Ernest Montrose Goodali. foremost 
•citizen of Sanford, Maine, who died at his 
winter home in Miami. Florida. January 29, 
was born in Troy. August 15, 1853, the young- 
est son of the late Thomas and Ruth Goodali. 
He attended school in his native village, at 
Thompson, Conn., in Burlington, Yt., and in 
England, during his sojourn with his parents 
in that count rv 1866-67. 



Ernest M. Goodali, who had been president 
of the Sanford Mills Company since the re- 
tirement of his father in 1883, became presi- 
dent of a consolidation of all the interests in 
ISS5 and held that position at the time of his 
death. He was one of the organizers and 
always a member of the board of directors of 
the very successful Goodali "Worsted Company. 

Other companies which he organized and 
of most of -which he was president included 



The late Hon. Ernest M. Goodali 



On* returning to the United States, the 
elder Goodali decided to locate in Sanford 
and there his sons were associated with him 
in starting"^ he mills which have become so im- 
portant and successful an enterprise. Show- 
ing marked executive' ability. Ernest was 
made superintendent of the Sanford Mills 
while still a very young man. The develop- 
ment of the business was rapid and on various 
lines, including the manufacture of carriage 
robes, the first made in this country, of plain 
and fancy blankets, of mohair car and furni- 
ture plushes, carriage robes, etc. 



the Sanford Water Company, the Maine 
Alpaca Company, the Mousam River Rail- 
road, the Sanford & Cape Porpoise Railroad, 
the Atlantic Shore Railway, the Sanford 
Power ' Company, the Cape Porpoise Land 
Company, the Holyoke (Mass.)' Plush Com- 
pany, the Oakdale Cemetery Association and 
the Sanford Trust Company. 

Mr. Goodali was a Republican in politics 
and a public-spirited citizen who gave much 
of his valuable time to official service. He 
was several times selectman and served in the 
House of Representatives, the State Senate 



Meiv Hampshire Necrology 



177 



and the executive council of the state of 
Maine. He headed the local and county 
Republiean organizations and served on the 
state committee of the party for many year-. 

Mr. Good all was an ardent sportsman, 
being especially interested in baseball, for 
which he built fine grounds at Sanford, and 
in yachting. His splendid yacht, the Nemo, 
he placed at the disposal of the government 
immediately upon the entrance of this courtf- 
try into the world war. 

"To business ability and sagacity of the 
highest type, Mr. Goodall added a genial and 
kindly disposition and a genuine friendly 
interest in his fellowmen winch won him the 
affection as well as the deep respect and re- 
gard of all with whom he was associated, be 
they his- employees or his fellow-leaders in 
business and public life. His benevolences 
were many, but carefully guarded from pub- 
lic knowledge, because of his dislike of 
ostentation. 

Mr. Goodall is survived by two brothers, 
Congressman Lores B. Goodall and Hon. 
George B. Goodall, of Sanford. 



New York City, and Claremont, before be- 
coming general secretary and superintendent 
of the New Hampshire Baptist Convention 
in 1901 . This position he held untiliil^alth 
necessitated his retirement in 1914. Rev. 
Mr. Sargent was a life member of the Amer- 
ican Baptist Home and Foreign Missionary 
Societies; three years president of the New 
Hampshire Y. P. S. C. E., a director of the 
Mew Hampshire Bible Societv, a member of 



■ 



GILBERT HODGES 

Gilbert Hodges, widely known engineer, 
who died in FranHin, February 13, was born 
in Brcokfield, Mass., December 8, 1S50, the 
son of Rev. Joseph Hodges, a Baptist clergy- 
man. He graduated from the Cambridge 
(Mass.) High School and from his IGth to his 
20th year was a sailor before the mast. He 
was engaged in business for some years, but 
in 1881 entered the service of the L'nion 
Pacific Railroad as an engineer and con- 
tinued in that profession until his death, in 
connection with various railways and inde- 
pendently. Air. Hodges was a delegate to 
the constitutional convention of 1918 and had 
served in the city councils of Medford, Mass., 
and Franklin. He was a 32d degree Mason, 
worthy patron of the Eastern Star, member 
of the Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
the Sons of the Revolution and the Boston 
Society of Engineers. He was a Republican 
m politics and attended the Baptist Church. 
Mr. Hodges is survived by his wife, three sons. 
the oldest of whom is Maj. Gilbert Hodges of 
the A. E. F., and one daughter. 



REV. ORISON G. SARGENT 

Rev. Orison Clark Sargent, prominent 
Baptist clergvman, born at Pittsford, Yt., 
October 1, 1849, the grandson of a "Green 
Mountain Boy/'' died at his home in Concord. 
pbrusiry 26." He was educated at the Fair- 
fax. (Yt.) Literary and Scientific Institute, at 
Colgate Academy, at Colgate University, 
AjB. 1S75, and A. M. 1S7S, and at Hamilton 
i heolojdcal Institute, B. D. 1878. He was a 
jnember of Phi Beta Kappa. Ordained to 
L ne Baptist ministry in 1S7S, he held pastor- 
ates at Jewett City,' Conn., Randolph, Mass., 






\ 



/ 



The late Rev. O. C. Sargent 

the New Hampshire Historical Society and of 
various religious and reform organizations. 
He married June 25, 1S78, Anne Phidelia 
Sears of Delhi, N. Y., who survives him, 
with one daughter, Miss Elizabeth Sears 
Sargent, Mount Holyoke College, '03, a 
member of the faculty of the Concord High 
School and president of the Concord Woman's 
College Club. 

GROSYENOR S. HUBBARD 

Grosvenor Silliman Hubbard, born in 
Hanover, October 10, 1842, the only son of 
the late Prof. Oliver Payson Hubbard of 
Dartmouth College and Faith Wadsworth 
(Silliman) Hubbard, daughter of the eminent 
Professor Silliman of Yale University, died in 
New York City, January 4. He graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1802 and was admitted 
to the bar in New York City in 1867. His 
practice was very extensive and eminently 
successful and his position in his profession is 
indicated by the fact that he was appointed 
referee in more than four hundred cases. He 
never married. 



178' 



The Granite Monthly 



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MANASAH PERKINS 
Manasah Perkins, leading citizen of the 
North Country, died at his home in Jefferson, 
March 1. He was born in that town. October 
28, 1855, the only son of the late Nathan 11. 
Perkins, whose extensive business interests 
and great influence the son worthily con- 



tinued, and Elizabeth (Hicks) Perkins. 
Manasah Perkins was a farmer and lumber 
dealer and identified with the management of 
the Whitefiekl & Jefferson Railroad, the 
Waumbek Hotel, Jefferson, and the Brown 
Lumber Company. ' A Democrat \\\ politics 
he had represented Jefferson in the Legisla- 



New Hanpshire Necrology 179 

ture and had held all the town offices and in DR. FRANK W. MITCHELL 

1904 was a delegate to the national conven- Dr> Fmnk Walton Mitchell was born in 

lion of his party. He was a member of the Manchester, April 20,, 1S62, and died of 

Masonic, Odd Fellow and Red Men frater- apoplexy at his home in Bakersfield, Cal., 

nities. Few men had so wide and accurate a January 12. He graduated from the Chand- 

knowiedge of the White Mountain country ler Scientific School of Dartmouth College in 

as did Mr. Perkins and it save him pleasure 1S76 and was a member of the college crews 

to use it for the benefit of his myriad friends. a* &e intercollegiate "regattas of 1874 and 



IS 75 at Saratoga. He took his degree in 
medicine from the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, New York, in 1880, and practised 
in Wisconsin and California, since 1902 at 
Bakersfield. His wife, who was Addie M. 
FRANCIS A. HOUSTON Chase of Litchfield, survives him. 



lie is survived by a widow, who was Mary A. 
Shillings of Jefferson, and by two sons, Harold 
M. Perkins and Nathan Ft. Perkins, 2d. 



JOSEPH W. VITTUM 



Francis A. Houston, born in Keene, Decem- 
ber 16, 1S53, died at his home in Concord, 
Mass., February 10. He graduated from Joseph Wentworth Vittum. president of 

Harvard College in 1S79 and from its Law the Pentucket Savings Bank of Haverhill, 
School in 1882. Entering the employ of the Mass., who died there January 28, was bom 



New England Telephone & Telegraph Com- 



m 



Sandwich, May 7, 183S. He was engaged 



pany in March, 1885, he continued therein f^ ™ny years in the shoe = a„d 1 leather •busi- 



until 1017 when he resigned his office of 



ness at Haverhill, fie was a Republican, a 
Mason and Odd Fellow and a trustee of the 



Laving been, previously, vice- Bhptist church ; Retiring from active busi 

president and general manager. He had ness in 1903 be had since - devoted himself to 

served many years on the Concord school the management of his own and several other 

board. His wife and two sons, one in the large estates. His wife and one son, William 

A E. F., survive him. S. Vittum, survive him. 



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i Ben Franklin's 
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II Volume MAY, 1919 rnbex 5 



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Ji fed £ fi Ji ti %& . ' & ! ^ ^ 4iM & llii ii 



IN THIS NUME ! 






HARLAN C. PEARSON, Publisher 
CONCORD, N. H. 



This Number, 20 Gents 



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New Hampshire State Magazi 

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By Mrs. Henry w. Keyes 

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Entered at thepost o$ct at Concord, AT, //,, gi second-dm mrfbrudtei. 



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HERBERT HOOVER 
United States Food Administrator 



//5 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. LI 



MAY, 1919 



No. 5 



FOOD ADMINISTRATION 
STATE DURING THE 



IN THE GRANITE 
WORLD WAR 



By Richard Whorishey and James W. Tucker 

(Concluded from the April Granite Monthly) 

Chapter TV 

Regulation 



Although it is true that the United 
States Food Administration preferred 
to rely on the voluntary cooperation 
of the people of the country to accom- 
plish the necessary conservation of 
food-stuffs, yet it is also true that it 
became necessary to license and regu- 
late certain classes of manufacturers 
and distributers of food commodities 
in order that the flow of these com- 
modities from producer to consumer 
might be direct and uninterrupted. 

It is also a fact that this regulatory 
control of commodities interfered with 
the so-called law of supply and de- 
mand. This conflict with a natural 
economic law was undoubtedly an 
evil, but as Mr. Hoover so often 
stated, it was the lesser of two evils 
and necessary- in order that the people 
of Europe might obtain sufficient 
food to carry the war to an immediate 
and successful conclusion. 

The success of Mr. Hoover's system 
is now apparent. Essential commodi- 
ties, such as flour and sugar, in which 
there was a serious and world-wide 
shortage, were so controlled as to keep 
the price reasonable and the quantity 
Sufficient to supply the actual needs of 
every family. Contrasted with the 
Civil War period, the conditions dur- 
ing the World War in this country 
*'cre almost ideal as to price and 
available supply of essential food 
commodities. 



Under proclamations of the Presi- 
dent, issued from time to time during 
the war, the various classes of manu- 
facturers and distributers of food 
commodities were brought under li- 
cense control. In New Hampshire 
the Federal Food Administration had 
under its jurisdiction the following 
classes of licensed dealers: whole- 
salers or jobbers, retailers doing a 
gross business of $100,000 a year; 
millers, salt water fishermen, bakers 
either commercial or hotel, using four 
barrels of flour or meal monthly and 
a few banners. When it became 
necessary to ration sugar to commer- 
cial users, bottlers and manufacturers 
of ice cream and syrups, including 
druggists, were brought under the 
jurisdiction of the New Hampshire 
Administration for that particular 
purpose. It has always been a 
source of immense gratification to. Mr. 
Spaulding and all the staff members 
of the New Hampshire Administra- 
tion that every retail grocer in the 
Granite State, whether he was classed 
under the provisions of the license 
regulations or not, felt it his duty to 
obey those regulations to the letter. 
Every other class of licensed dealers 
in the state was equally responsive to 
the wishes of the national and state 
administrations and the number of 
violations was surprisingly small. 

Lists of all New Hampshire licen- 



184 



The Granite Monthly 



sees were maintained in the Adminis- 
tration offices at Concord and. when- 
ever a new regulation was issued at 
Washington, an. interpretation of the 
effect of that regulation on the New 



Hampshire licensee was 



mailed 



. in the 



shape of a bulletin, to the licensee 
concerned. The broad and common- 
sense views adopted by Mr. Spaulding 
in his interpretation of these regula- 
tions for the New Hampshire licensees 
were highly appreciated and undoubt- 
edly resulted in a closer bond of co- 
operation between licensees and the 
state office. 

The Wholesalers 
Early in December of 1917 Mr. 
Spaulding called all of the jobbers 
of food commodities in the state to 
Concord for a conference. The regu- 
lations, particularly with regard to 
margins of profit, were talked over 
and the relations that should exist be- 
tween this class of dealers and the 
New Hampshire administration were 
thoroughly discussed. As a result of 
the conference, the dealers present- 
resolved to cooperate in every possible 
way during the period of the war, and 
it is highly satisfactory to be able to 
record that the resolution of that 
initial meeting was always lived up to 
on the part of the jobbers. Numer- 
ous other conferences were held with 
the wholesalers during the period of 
the war, the last one on December 3, 
1918. At this final meeting Air. H. J. 
Reed of the Daniels-Cornell Company 
of Manchester thanked Air. Spauld- 
ing on behalf of the wholesale grocers 
of New Hampshire for the " uniformly 
fair and courteous treatment'-' he had 
accorded them and also for the " splen- 
did way in which the New Hampshire 
Administrator had always cooperated 
with the jobbers of the state to make 
their work, under the regulations of 
the Food Administration, as easy as 
possible." ' 

The 50-50 Regulation 
The importance of the cereal, wheat, 
in the world's diet, is more fully real- 
ized today than ever before. It is the 



most essential of all cereals. In 
January, 1918, there was put squarely 
up to Mr. Hoover the problem of 
supplying the wheat needs of Europe 
from a surplus of twenty million 
bushels, then apparent in this coun- 
try. How the United States saved 
enough wheat to ship one hundred 
and twenty million bushels in addition 
to this surplus is too well known to 
bear repeating here. The regulation 
that resulted in this wonderful saving 
of wheat in the United States has be- 
come popularly known as the "50-50 
Regulation." 

New Hampshire had a proud part 
in this venture. The regulation was 
issued on January 28. No one had 
previous knowledge of the rule or its 
import. On January 29, 1918, it was 
imposed on the jobbers and retailers 
of New Hampshire, and their immedi- 
ate response in the face of difficulties 
more numerous than can be easily im- 
agined was perhaps the most gratify- 
ing incident in the entire history of 
the New Hampshire Administration. 
For three days anxious inquiries 
were poured in on Administration 
headquarters by telephone, letters and 
personal .visits. No one questioned 
the judgment of the framers of 
the regulation. How are we going 
to put it across was the import of 
every query. 

The object of the regulation, as 
everyone now knows, was to pass 
down from the mill to the con- 
sumer through every distributing 
branch an equal amount of wheat 
flour and substitute cereal like corn 
meal, barley or oats. , New Hamp- 
shire was, in a sense, isolated from all 
the big centers of cereal distribution 
and the immediate problem was to 
get the substitutes to pass to the con- 
sumer with the flour. 

On January 31 the following tele- 
gram was received from the United 
States Food Administration by Mr. 
Spaulding: "Congratulations to New 
Hampshire for adhering absolutely 
to the 50-50 regulations.''' The con- 
gratulations were passed along to the 



m. 




186 



The Granite Monthly 



millers, wholesalers and retailers of 
New Hampshire and to the patriotic 
New Hamsphire citizens who had 
been really responsible for the success- 
ful adoption of the stringent regula- 
tion. 

On February 1 salesmen of mills 
and wholesalers reported a big falling 
off in the sale of white flour, and there- 
after the problem was gradually 
worked out to the satisfaction of 
everyone concerned in the state. 

The Patriotic Householders 

The immediate response on the part 
of the housewives of the state to the 
admonition of the Food Administra- 
tion to save flour was inspiring. In 
many cases dealers had numerous re- 
quests from their customers to take 
back flour which the customers had 
purchased in quantity before the 50- 
50 regulation went into effect. Al- 
though for some time dealers had re- 
stricted the amount of wheat flour 
sales to not more than a one-eighth. 
bag in urban districts or a quarter bag 
in rural .districts, many people who 
were accustomed to put in one or two 
barrels or even more for a year's sup- 
ply, found themselves with a con- 
siderable amount of flour on hand. 

Although many dealers acceded to 
the requests of their customers and 
took back barrel lots of flour, the Ad- 
ministration announced that this pro- 
cedure was unnecessary and that con- 
sumers" who used an equal amount of 
substitutes in conjunction with flour 
on hand would not be regarded as 
hoarders. It is interesting to note 
that, while many complaints were 
made of people hoarding large 
amounts of flour, these complaints 
were found upon investigation to be 
for the most part unfounded. 

Farmers who raised their own sub- 
stitutes were allowed to purchase 
flour without substitutes upon pres- 
entation to their dealer of an affidavit 
to the effect that they had raised and 
had on hand ready for use an amount 
of substitute cereal equal to the re- 



stricted amount of flour they were 
allowed to purchase. 

Distribution of Excess Substi- 
tutes 

The falling off in the sale of white 
flour resulted in the gradual accumu- 
lation of excess lots of substitute 
cereals by the jobbers of the state. 
Sales of flour had been reduced to 
fifteen or twenty per cent of normal, 
and in many cases dealers became 
overstocked with a product that was 
perishable. With the approach of 
warm weather during the latter part 
of April, 1918, it became necessary to 
take immediate steps toward the 
solving of the excess cereal substitute 
problem. 

A conference of jobbers was held on 
May 7, and a canvass of cereal stocks 
showed that there were in the hands 
of New Hampshire jobbers the fol- 
lowing: 8, GOO barrels of flour, 417,000 
pounds of barley flour and 6,000 bar- 
rels of corn meal. 

To effect an equitable distribution 
of the substitutes the jobbers voted 
to make the Food Administration 
office a clearing house for information 
as to supplies. The jobbers with over 
supplies of any substitute sent notice 
of the amounts which they wished to 
dispose of to the Food Administrator 
who was to send out regular informa- 
tion sheets, informing all jobbers of 
the state where they could purchase 
substitutes in the state from their own 
associates. For this reason the im- 
porting of these commodities into New 
Hampshire was reduced to a minimum. 

The Food Administration, acting 
on the information obtained from 
jobbers, made arrangements at once 
for a corn meal drive which has been 
previously noted and urged all pa- 
triotic citizens to consume as much 
corn meal as possible in the next two 
months that the oversuppiy in New 
Hampshire might be consumed before 
hot weather. The Food Adminis- 
tration was highly gratified at the 
spirit of cordial cooperation shown 
by the jobbers in their willingness to 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



187 



assist the Administration in every 
way. 

Substitutes Shipped Abroad 

The arrangement to redistribute 

within the state, the surplus substi- 
tutes in the hands of jobbers proved 
to be a good move, for stocks of flour 
and substitute cereals soon almost 
ceased to move, and the Grain Cor- 
poration of the United States Food 
Administration decided to lend a help- 
ing hand to the jobbers of the country 
by purchasing from them as much of 
the excess cereal stock as could be 
shipped abroad and sold to neutral 
countries. Arrangements were made 
for the disposal of excess New Hamp- 
shire stocks through the port of Bos- 
ton. All of the cereal purchased by 
the Grain Corporation had to conform 
to certain analytical standards, and 
Mr. Spaulding arranged with Mr. 
B. E. Curry, chemist of the New 
Hampshire College Experiment Sta- 
tion, to take samples of barley flour 
and make analyses of corn meal held 
by jobbers in all sections of the state. 

Letters were sent to the whole- 
salers asking them to fill out blanks 
in duplicate with the amounts of 
cereal substitutes they desired to sell 
to the Grain Corporation for export. 
As a result of the activities of the 
Administration in this direction the 
jobbers were able to export about 
7.000 barrels of their excess stocks to 
Europe. In writing to Mr. Spauld- 
ing with regard to the results of this 
export proposition in New England, 
A. C. Ratehesky, Assistant Food 
Administrator for Massachusetts, 
said: "In addition it would be well to 
know that, pro rata to the popula- 
tion, the state of New Hampshire was 
given more help than any other state 
in New England, which proves that 
your efforts were not in vain." 

On September 1 the Food Adminis- 
tration's "50-50 Regulation" was 
modified so that flour could be sold 
*ith substitutes in the ratio of 80 per 
r ent flour and 20 per cent substitutes. 
MUs was put into effect immediately 



in the state and, although it resulted 
in alleviating conditions in a small 
degree, it did not clear up entirely 
the matter of excess substitute stocks. 
Substitutes were 1 sold with flour in this 
reduced proportion until the regula- 
tion was rescinded altogether. 

The first of December, 1918, the 
Food Administration Grain Corpora- 
tion again made plans to assist in un- 
loading surplus stocks of substitutes 
in the hands of jobbers, and A., I. 
Merigold was sent to Boston to look 
after the exporting of cereals from 
New England. Mr. Spaulding called 
a conference of jobbers for Wednes- 
day. December 3, and at that time an 
inventory of surplus stocks showed 
that there were approximately fifteen 
carloads in the hands of New* Hamp- 
shire jobbers. These were offered 
to the Grain Corporation and have 
been practically all shipped abroad. 

Rejected Shipments of Perish- 
ables 
Another and frequent way in which 
the wholesaler or jobber came in con- 
tact with the Federal Food Adminis- 
tration for New Hampshire was under 
the regulation relative to the shipment 
of perishables. This regulation was 
designed to prevent the wasting of 
food commodities through the rejec- 
tion of shipments of perishables by 
consignees. Under the regulation, 
whenever there was a question as to 
the acceptance of a shipment of per- 
ishables like potatoes, onions, cab- 
bages, etc.. the consignee got in touch 
with the Local or State Food Admin- 
istrator and asked for. an inspection 
of the car by the Administration. 
Following the inspection the Admin- 
istration sat as a referee and adjusted 
the matter in dispute, usually to the 
entire satisfaction of both parties and 
always without the loss of any of the 
perishable shipment. In this, as in 
all other relations with the licensees, 
matters were adjusted harmoniously 
and with the maximum of cooperation 
on the part of the licensees. 



1SS 



The Granite Monthly 



The Retail Dealer 
The relation between the office of 
the Food Administration and the 
fifteen hundred or more retail dealers 
of the state was most cordial. Only a 
few retail dealers were licensed. It 
is true that this class of dealers could 
be forced to obey the regulations, 
whether licensed or not, but the re- 
markable thing was that the retailer, 
even though doing a business amount- 



plaint and with an evident desire to 
assist the sugar division in its difficult 
task of making an equitable allotment. 
In the same spirit they adopted the 
schedules of profit margins prepared 
by the Administration and endeav- 
ored to make their prices fair and 
reasonable at all times. Many of the 
dealers adopted the ''cash and carry" 
plan as a war measure that would be 
of general assistance to the Aclmin- 




Public Market — Berlin 



ing to but a few hundred dollars a 
year and located in a remote, inacces- 
sible part of the state, was for the 
most part always anxious to play the 
game fairly and squarely. When 
they were a c ;ked to sell flour and 
sugar hi restricted quantities, they 
did so to the best of their ability. 
There were not more than a half- 
dozen complaints that a dealer was sell- 
ing wheat flour without the proper 
substitutes. They accepted the ra- 
tioning of sugar in the best spirit 
imaginable and put up with the incon- 
venience of having to buy their entire 
supply on certificates issued from this 
Administration office without com- 



istration in its desire to pass commodi- 
ties along to the consumer at- the 
lowest possible prices. 

Sugar Rationing 

Although the sugar shortage in the 
world had long been a matter of con- 
cern, the United States Food Admin- 
istration depended at first on the 
voluntary saving of the people to 
weather the crisis. This plan was 
satisfactory, until the U-boats and 
crop failures made rationing inevi- 
table on July 1, 1918. Each state was 
to receive a limited supply, based 
on records furnished by refiners, and 
this supply was to be equitably dis- 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



189 



tributed by each state Food Admin- 
is trator. 

When N«'W Hampshire received her 
-allotment, it was found that the state 
was far short of her proportionate 
share. A special trip of the New 
Hampshire Food Administrator to 
Washington and several hours of in- 
tensive work with officials of the Sugar 
Division rectified the mistake. Then 
the work of distribution began at the 
State House under the efficient guid- 
ance of .George X. Towle, head of the 
Sugar Division. 

As the questionnaires, returned by 
the retailers especially, seemed to in- 
dicate the need of careful readjusting, 
supplementary questionnaires had to 
be sent out. These proved to be 
satisfactory. 

The staff, aided by an increased 
office force, worked often until mid- 
night in an endeavor to solve satis- 
factorily most complicated problems 
and in issuing sugar certificates. Nu- 
merous conferences were held with 
wholesalers, retailers and individuals. 
Despite the long, grinding hours, the 
spirit of the staff never showed to 
better advantage than during the 
months of the sugar rationing. 

From July 1, 1918 to December 1, 
10,728,798 pounds of sugar were 
rationed as follows: 

Julv 2,654,874 

August 1,039,000 

September 1,880,008 

October 1,304,090 

November 1,678,191 

December 2,172,635 

Food Production in 1918 
The Food Production Campaign for 
1918 in New Hampshire had one goal 
in view, the best effort on the part of 
everybody to beat the splendid record 
made in 1917. The Federal Food 
Administrator for New Hampshire, 
Mr. Huntley N. Spaulding, desirous 
of making use of every available 
agency that would help to solve the 
immediate problem, accepted the 
chairmanship of the Committee on 
Food Production. The other mem- 



bers of the committee were Pres. II. D. 
Hetzel of New Hampshire College, 
executive manager; Andrew L. Felker, 
Commissioner of Agriculture; George 
M. Putnam, President of the Fed- 
erated Farm Bureau Association of 
New Hampshire; Fred A. Rogers, 
Master of the State Grange; G. H. 
YVhiteher, Deputy Superintendent of 
Public Instruction. 

The committee accepted the offer 
of New Hampshire College to estab- 
lish headquarters at Durham, and to 
President Hetzel, the executive man- 
ager, was delegated the task of direct- 
ing the campaign. The first thing- 
he did was to appoint the following 
committees: 
Administration — Executive Manager, Pres. 

R. D. Hetzel; Assistant Manager. Prof. 

W. C. O'Kane, Director J. C. Kendall. 
Publicity— Prof. W. C. O'Kane and Prof. 

H. H. Scudder. 
Field Crops — Dean F. TV. Taylor. 
Machinery and Finance — Mr. B. E. Curry. 
Farm Labor— Mr. F. C. Bradford. 
Live Stock — Director J. C. Kendall, Mr. 

E. G. Ritzman, Prof. O. L. Eckman, 

Prof. J. M. Fuller and Prof. A. W. 

Richardson. 
War Gardens— Prof. J. H. Gourley. 
School Gardens — Deputy Superintendent of 

Public Instruction G. H. Whitcher. 
Women in Food Production — Miss Elizabeth 

C. Sawyer. 

County Agents 

The County Agents represented the 
state committee in their respective 
counties, and in seven of the counties 
assistant county agents were em- 
ployed to enable the county agent to 
carry on essential parts of his regular 
work. These agents helped materi- 
ally in organizing local committees, ar- 
ranged for mass meetings and through 
several surveys kept in active touch 
with the progress of production in their 
counties. 

Cooperating Agencies 
The Farm Bureaus of the state put 
all their, facilities at the disposal of 
the committee and were very active 
in urging increased production by 
their members. The State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, the schools of the 



190 



The Granite Monthly 



state, the Grange, the fraternal orders, 
the churches, and the stall of the Ag- 
ricultural Division of the State College, 
gave their cordial support to the work 
at hand. 

Campaigns 

Mass meetings were held in every 
county to stir up enthusiasm. The 
speakers at these meetings were Pres. 
R. D. Hetzel, Commissioner Andrew 
L. Felker, Dean J. R. Hills of 
Vermont, Director J. C. Kendall, 
Prof. W. C. O'Kane and Major Guy 
Bayer of Canada, who had just re- 
turned from three years of service on 
the western front. Following these 
county meetings. local meetings were 
held in practically every community 
of the state and were addressed by 
county agents and others. In order 
to keep the need of increased produc- 
tion before the people, articles and 
press notices were sent to the news- 
papers, and posters, information sheets 
and press bulletins were distributed 
throughout the state. 

Surveys 

That the Committee on Food Pro- 
duction might be fully informed of the 
difficulties confronting the farmers, 
frequent surveys were made by the 
county agents and the local commit- 
tees. The latter reported on special 
blanks to the county agents the needs 
of the farmers, as well as the surplus 
supplies of seeds, live stock, labor, 
machinery, etc. The loyal effort of 
the farmers was evident in the answers 
to the questionnaires sent out by the 
county agents early in the season. 
The replies received from 6,447 farms 
indicated an increased yield of 32.6 
per cent over 1917 in the combined 
acreage of potatoes, corn, oats and 
wheat. 

. Farm Labor 
To Mr. F. C. Bradford of the 
United States Department of Agri- 
culture was assigned the task of solv- 
ing the shortage of farm labor. Mr. 
H. N. Sawyer of Atkinson spent a 
week at the Boston office of the 



United States Employment Bureau 
interviewing 200 men and boys who 
were interested in coming to New 
Hampshire to work. Many of these 
applicants were sent direct 1}' to farms, 
and the names of others were sent to 
county agents. Much help in supply- 
ing needed labor was given by Mr. 
J. S. B. Davie, State Commissioner 
of Labor, and Mr. E. K. Sawyer of 
Franklin, who was in charge of state 
headquarters of the United States 
Employment Service. A few " con- 
scientious objectors" were sent from 
Camp Devens to farms in the state, 
and a plan was worked out in con- 
ference with Roy D. Hunter of Ciare- 
mont, Agriculture Adviser for New 
Hampshire, whereby the county 
agents listed draft registrants en- 
gaged in agricultural work and veri- 
fied their status. 

Women in Food Production 

Miss Elizabeth C. Sawyer of Dover, 
who had charge of this work, enrolled 
many college graduates and under- 
graduates and assigned them to farms 
in different parts of the state. These 
young women carried out their tasks 
faithfully and gave proof, as the 
women in France and England had 
given proof, that they could replace 
men on the farm, if the need became 
urgent. 

War Gardens 

As State Garden Supervisor, Prof. 
J. H. Gourley had charge of tins work. 
Meetings were held during Garden 
Rally Week from March 18-23 to 
explain to the people of the state the 
impending food crisis and to urge 
them to do more than they had ever 
done before. Supervisors of com- 
munity and factory gardens were ap- 
pointed and worked under the guid- 
ance of the State Garden Supervisor. 
This work was a great success, for at 
the end of the season 15 cities reported 
an increase of 75 per cent in the acre- 
age of their war gardens over the 
acreage of 1917. The number of 
plots given out in these cities increased 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



191 



by 79 per cent over the plots assigned 
in 1917. Thirty rural towns reported 
tax average of 25 acres per town in 
gardens. 

Although the severe frosts of June 
19 and 20 discouraged many for a 
moment, the comment most fre- 
quently heard was. "Well, I have to 
replant my garden tomorrow." 

School Gardens 

As in 1917 the response of the school 
boys and girls to the P^a of Mr. G. H. 
Whitcher was all that could be wished. 
They went out to beat their previous 
record, and they did . Thirty-two thou- 
sand pupils carried on garden projects 

CROP AC 
Percentage Increase, 19 



and, although accurate returns as to 
the money value of the crops harvested 
are not vet available, the indications 
are that it will exceed 8100,000. 

United States Crop Report for 
December, 191S 

That the Committee on Food Pro- 
duction carried out its program ef- 
fectively, may be judged from the 
Monthly Crop Report for December, 
1918, published by the United States 
Department of Agriculture. The fig- 
ures for corn, buckwheat, barley, 
oats, rye and potatoes, the Xew Eng- 
land field crops included in this report, 
are as follows:— 

RE AGE 

IS COMPAP.ED WITH 1917 





Corn 


Buck- 
wheat 


Barley 


Oats 


Rye 


Potatoes 


Total 


Usem Hampshire ... 


+ 16 
+42 
+ 15 
+25 
+0 
+ 17 


+ 100 

+40 

+ 16 

+ 100 

+60 


+0 

+ 100 

+23 


+41 
+40 
+26 
+71 
+ 
+33 


'+6 

+33 

+ 57 


-4 
-25 
-13 

— 5 

+0 
-4 


+17 

+ 10 




+16 


Massachusetts 1. . . . 

Rhode Island ....... .f .... . 

Connecticut 


+ 16 

+0 

+ 19 







A better index of the production imately a normal year. The following 

attained by New Hampshire in the tables give such a comparison, based 

year 1918 is afforded by comparison on the federal crop reports: 
of 1918 with 1916, which was approx- 

CROP ACREAGE 
Principal New England Field Crops, 1918 Compared with 1916 



Mt.ine 



1918 



1916 



New 

Hampshire 



1918 



1916 



Vermont 



1918 1916 



Massachu- 
setts 



1918 



1916 



Rhode Connecticut 

Island 



1918 



1916 



1918 



1916 




28,000 19,000 45,000! 45,000) 40,000 
2,000' 1,000 14,0001 12,0001 2,000 
l.OCOj 1,000! 16,000! 15,000 



42,000 
1,000 



160,000 2-1,000; 12:000 IQ.3',000; 80,000 K.606 



11,000 

1,0001 1,000! 4,000 3, COO 
26,000 23.00OJ 36,000 ^5,000 



13,000 



2,000 
5,000 



11,000 



2,000 

b'.ooo 



56,000 70,000 
8,000; 5,000 



24.OOO; 17,000 
11,000! 8,000 
26,0001 22,000 



CROP ACREAGE 
Pebcentage Ixckease or Decbease, 19iy Compabed WITH 1916 






' Buck- _ . 
Corn wheat Barley 


Oats 


j 
Rye Potatoes 


Total 


New Hampshire 


+47 4-100 

+80 +.50 
+0 +16 
-5 1 +100 

+ 18 J 

-20 ; +60 


+0 
+ 100 

+7 


+ 100 

+5 

+29 

49 

+0 

+41 


'+6 

+33 

+37 


+40 
-11 
+ 13 
+44 
-16 
+ 18 


+58 

+6.6 
+ 16.5 
+14.6 

+5 

+2.5 


**wne. . . . 


**mont 


Massachusetts. . . . 


Hhode Island 


Connecticut. 


— 



193 



The Granite Monthly 



The increased value of the five and 1916, according to the figures in 
principal field crops of New Hamp- the Monthly Crop Report is shown 
shire in 1918 as compared with 1917 in the following tabie: 

INCREASED VALUE OF THE FIVE FIELD CROPS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE, 1918 COMPARED WITH 

1917 AND 1916 





19,16 


. 1917 


19 IS 


Corn 


$1,005,000 

20,000 

25,800 

306,000 

2.9SS.000 


$2,083,000 1 
29,000 ! 
44,000 

543,000 i 
3,931,000 j 


31.890,000 




68,000 


Barlev 


48,000 


Oats 


793,000 




4 * ? 63 000 








$4,341,000 


$6,630,000 


$7,062,000 



It will be noted that the above 
tables do not include wheat, beans, 
and some other crops of considerable 
importance in New Hampshire. 

The total yield of wheat in New 
Hampshire in 19 IS was estimated at 
96,500 bushels. The area in wheat 
was estimated at 4,500 acres. 

The Bakers 

As so many people buy their bread 
from bakers, che United States Food 
Administration required practically 
all bakers to have licenses. One of 
the first permanent and special divi- 
sions of the Federal Food Adminis- 
tration for New Hampshire was a 
baking division in charge of Winthrop 
Carter of Nashua. Mr. Carter saw the 
immediate need of soliciting the 
assistance of the bakers themselves 
in solving the numerous unprec- 
edented problems which would arise. 

Consequently he arranged for a 
mass meeting at Manchester of all 
bakers in, the state and at this meet- 
ing the state was divided into seven 
districts with a captain in charge 
of each district. These captains kept 
the bakers of their district in- 
formed of all developments emanat- 
ing from the baking division. One 
of the first and probably the most 
important regulation imposed on the 
baking industry of the country w r as 
promulgated on February 2-1, 19 IS, 
and made it necessary for all bakers 
to use a dough mixture composed of 
80 per cent white flour and 20 per 
cent substitute cereals. This was 



indeed a problem, and at the bakers 
meeting in Manchester an expert was 
present to discuss with the bakers the 
best methods for making bread under 
the new conditions imposed by the 
Administration. On April 24. "l918, 
the amount of substitutes was in- 
creased to 25 per cent. 

To assist the bakers, the baking 
division furnished standard dough 
sheets, and on these sheets the bakers 
were required to post each clay the 
amounts of wheat and cereal sub- 
stitutes used in the making of their 
bread. Other regulations were im- 
posed upon the bakers with regard to 
the method of manufacturing their 
products and the ingredients used in 
the same, but the so-called '"80-20 
Regulation" was by all means the 
most important. 

For the most part the bakers lived 
up to the law in every detail. As 
some got careless it became necessary 
to send inspectors through the state. 
These inspectors did very effective 
work for they found many violations 
of the regulations. The transgressors 
were given hearings before the Federal 
Food Administrator and nearly all of 
them were found guilty. Some were 
obliged to close their shops for vary- 
ing periods. Others were given the 
choice of contributing a certain sum 
of money to the Red Cross Or other 
war welfare societies or running the 
risk of having their licenses revoked 
by Washington. All preferred the 
former penalty. 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



193 



Hotels and Restaurants 

One of the very important divisions 
of the Federal Food Administration 
for New Hampshire was the Hotel 
and Restaurant Division. It was 
composed of J. Ben Hart, chairman; 
W. E. Carter, Rye Beach; George Q. 
Pattee, Portsmouth: A. P. Fairfield, 
Hanover; George I. Leighton, Dover. 

Appointed in August, 1917, the 
chairman made a canvass through 
postmasters, selectmen and town 
clerks, of the hotels, restaurants and 
boarding houses of the state. Al- 
though 1,578 were listed at that time, 
the number had dwindled to 1,325 by 
December 30, 1918, many of them 
having gone out orbusiness on account 
of the high cost of foods and the im- 
possibility of getting sufficient help. 

From Mr. Hart's office in Manches- 
ter approximately 53,000 pieces of 
mail were sent out, including letters, 
bulletins, questionnaires, etc. No 
letter came to the office that was not 
.answered or acknowledged. Only 8 
per cent of the hotel, restaurant and 
boarding-house i eepcrs refused or 
neglected to sign ..he Food Adminis- 
tration Pledge Card and in Manches- 
ter only one person refused to sign. 

The " Roll of Honor" card, designed 
by this office for those who signed the 
wheatless pledge, made such an im- 
pression outside the state that it was 
adopted, with the approval of the 
chief of the Hotel and Restaurant 
Division at Washington, by many of 
the other states. 

The actual food savings reported 
from October, 1917, to October, 1918, 
were as follows : 

Months Pounds 

Meats, 12. 211,425 

Flour, 12 214,514 

Sugar, 12 163,380 

Fats, 6 , 62,503 

On the basis of the replies re- 
ceived, the estimated savings for' all 
places were as follows: 



Months Pounds 

Meats, 12 1,686,456 

Flour, 12 1,933,267 

Sugar, 12 1,323,299 ... 

Fats, 6 480,960 - 

It is interesting to note the gain in 
reported sayings of wheat flour in the 
month of July, after the wheatless 
pledge became effective. The re- 
ported savings for May were 15,232 
pounds; in June, a part of which 
month was affected by the wheatless 
pledge, the reported savings were 
20,908 pounds and in July 48.205 
pounds. The estimated total savings 
for May were 150,000 pounds, for 
June 121,562 pounds and for July 
335,610 pounds. 

A letter from Mr. Kiser, the state 
chairman for Indiana, to Mr. Hart 
stated that he considered, from a care- 
fid examination of the figures in the 
Publicity Division, New Hampshire 
stood among the first five in the coun- 
try in the work accomplished by the 
Hotel and Restaurant Committee, ' 



M 



)mmk* ii fak;^**k £& &L. 

Typical School Room Exhibit — Food Conservation 

Cantonments 

When the shortage of sugar became 
acute, it was reported to the New 
Hampshire Food Administration that 
a soldier had bought an excessive 
amount of sugar at the Quartermas- 
ter's Department, Fort Constitution. 
On complaint of Mr. Spauldmg, 
Colonel Patterson investigated the 
matter, found the charges true and 



194 



The Granite Monthly 



staled that every effort would be 
made henceforth to cooperate with 
the United States Food Ad minis! ra- 
tion. 

The report of the wasteful throw- 
ing of perfectly good food into the 
river at the Portsmouth Navy Yard 
was also investigated by the Food 
Administrator. He was able to re- 
port on his return from the Navy 
Yard that he had had a pleasant and 
profitable interview with the com- 
mandant and that the navy officials 
were doing at that time' everything 
possible to conserve food. 

The cantonments at Dartmouth 
and New Hampshire State College 
responded loyally to all requests made 
of them by the Federal Food Admin- 
istrator for New Hampshire. 

Poultry Regulation 

In February the Administration 
looked with alarm upon the situation 
which the poultry industry of the 
United States was in. The demand 
for dressed poultry had been so great 
that the flocks of the country were 
threatened with extermination and 
the outlook was similar to that which 
had spelled 1 uin the previous year for 
the poultry industry of England. 

On February 11 the poultry division 
of the United States Food Adminis- 
tration in conjunction with the United 
States Department of Agriculture 
issued an order which prevented the 
killing of hens or pullets by licensees 
or others until April 30. This order 
was faithfully adhered to in New 
Hampshire until it was rescinded on 
April 20, a few days before the time 
originally set for its termination. 

A single exception had been made 
to the provisions of the regulation. 
This was in be-half of the Jewish 
people of Manchester who based their 
claim for exemption on the ground of 
religious practices. The gratitude of 
these people was expressed in the fol- 
lowing letter: 



Manchester, X. H., April 17, 1918, 
Mr. Huntley N. Spatjlding, 

Food Commissioner, 
Concord, N. H. 
Dear Sir: On behalf of the Jewish People 
of Manchester, N. H., we wish to thank you 
for your kindness in having granted our peti- 
tion for the killing of chickens on Passover 
Week. Your order was more than appre- 
ciated by our community and helped them 
materially and spiritually in making their 
celebration a week of joy and cheer. 
Yours very truly, 
(Sgd) Rev. M. Taran, 

Harry Shewfeld, Pr. 

Price Interpretation 

In nine cities and larger communi- 
ties of New Hampshire local price- 
interpreting committees were set up. 
In establishing these committees the 
following plan was adopted: 

A meeting of the grocers, retail and 
wholesale, was called by the local 
food administrator. This meeting 
was attended, also, by a representa- 
tive of the State Food Administrator, 
ProL Walter C. OTvane. At this 
meeting the plan and purpose of a 
price-interpreting committee was ex- 
plained. The grocers attending the 
meeting were then invited to choose 
two or three men to represent them 
on the committee. Two citizens 
representing the public and not en- 
gaged in selling food supplies were 
selected by the local administrator 
and the representative of the state 
headquarters. In most instances 
these people were ratified by the 
grocers at their meeting. These citi- 
zen representatives, together with 
those chosen by the grocers, served 
as the price-interpreting committee 
under the chairmanship of the local 
food administrator. 

A limited list of commodities was 
chosen at the beginning and this list 
was later extended somewhat on re- 
quest from Washington. The prices 
decided on were made to conform to 
the margins laid down by Washington 
headquarters. 

Some difficulty was experienced in 
securing publication of prices. News- 
papers stated that they already had 



Food Administration in the Granite Slate 



195 



an impossible amount of war material 
for which space was not available and, 
in addition, there was considerable 
complaint that the public exhibited 
little" interest in the list of prices 
published, 

A representative of the state ad- 
ministrator cheeked up retail prices 
at various points in the state and in 
practically no instance, found an ex- 
orbitant margin charged by the re- 
tailor. The margin on certain kinds 
of commodities, such as wheat sub- 
stitutes in bulk, was apt to be some- 
what higher than that specified by 
Washington instructions, bur the mar- 
gin on other commodities, such as 
canned goods, was lower. The aver- 
age appeared to be reasonable. 



__ 



! ,. 



-: : 



i o ioc 






Fat Conservation — Window Display 

Wheat Regulations 

On October 8, 1918, after a two 
days' conference held by Food Ad- 
ministrator Huntley N. SpauMing 
with Master of State Grange Fred A. 
Rogers, Commissioner of Agriculture 
Andrew L. Felker and other repre- 
sentative .farmers, the regulations 
with regard to the milling and dis- 
posal of wheat were amended to suit 
conditions as they then existed in 
New Hampshire. 

The United States Food Admin- 
istration regulations with regard to 
the milling, sale and use of wheat 
were adapted for the wheat-growing 
belts of the United States but were 
not proper for the peculiar local con- 



ditions where farmers had planted a 
comparatively few acres of wheat for 
use in grinding their own flour. The 
changes in the regulations were- most 
acceptable to all of the farmers in the 
state. 

Ice Dealers 

On May 8, 1918, communications 
were mailed to New Hampshire ice 
dealers and local administrators which 
resulted in preventing increases in the 
price of ice to the consumers. In 
some cases dealers were able to show 
that increases were necessary because 
of the higher cost of doing business 
and whenever this occurred, the in- 
creased rates were approved by the 
Federal Food Administrator. 

The Live Stock Committee 
October 2, 1917, the State Food 
Administrator appointed the following 
to act as the Live Stock Committee: 
Roy D. Hunter, West Claremont, 
Chairman; W. H. Neal, Meredith; 
W. II. Ranney, Deny ; Harry Morrison, 
Orford; John Walker, Newmarket. 
P. A. Campbell, Dixville Notch, later 
succeeded W. H. Neal. 

Swine 

After careful study of the situation 
the Live Stock Committee decided 
that the farmers of the state should 
be urged to produce more swine and 
that the "Keep a pig" movement 
should be encouraged. 

Two circular letters were mailed to 
New Hampshire farmers. News ar- 
ticles were published in the state 
press, and Prof. E. Ritzmann and 
the Extension Department of the 
State College stressed the matter. 

Surveys by county agents in the 
spring of 1918 showed an increase in 
the hog population of 6.7 per cent. 
Reports received in the fall and 
winter of 1918 indicated a supply of 
pigs in excess of the demand. 

Dairy Cattle 

Dairying is the chief agricultural 
industry of New Hampshire. Dur- 
ing the period under review it was 



196 



The Granite Monthly 



subject to varying factors which made 
it impossible for the committee to out- 
line any general policy. 

The summer of 1917 was marked 
by a large hay crop, the fall by rapidly 
advancing price of feed stuffs and 
the winter by scarcity of feeds due 
to transportation difficulties caused 
by the unusually severe winter and 
war demands. New Hampshire had 
largely imported its feed stuffs but in 



milk. Better breeding and feeding 
methods are now being taught by the 
Farm Bureaus and other agencies. 
The condition and progressiveness of 
the industry compares favorably with 
that of other states. 

The special need for the future is 
the more general use of pure-bred 
sires and cooperative breeding. The 
best development of New Hampshire 
agriculture must come through supe- 



<■ : j 



Faculty Potato Harvest — New Hampshire State College 



1918 made an increase in the produc- 
tion of grain. Reports indicated 
considerable slaughter of dairy cows 
in the summer of 1917. This was 
checked by advancing prices for cattle 
in the fall of that year. 

The chief market for New Hamp- 
shire milk is at Boston. The Regional 
Milk Commission took over the situa- 
tion in the fall of 1917 and fixed the 
prices fur ail markets. 

Prospects for the Future 

An ample- supply of milk was main- 
tained during the war. The with- 
drawal of milk from bread-making on 
order of the Federal Food Adminis- 
tration and the advancing retail price 
created a surplus which seemed likely r 
to affect the future of the industry. 

Notable progress was made in the 
cooperative purchasing of grains in 
car lots by farmers and in methods 
of collective bargaining for the sale of 



rior live stock. As the topography of 
the state prevents quantity production, 
the improvement must come through 
quality. The development of bull 
clubs is the most promising plan in 
sight for the dairy industry of the 
state. 

Beef Cattle 

During the fall of 1917 several car- 
loads of beef cattle were brought in 
from Texas to various points of the 
state. The results of these operations 
are not yet available. To what ex- 
tent feeding can be' profitably carried 
on is not known. The State College 
is collecting data and it is hoped that 
general lines can be laid down for the 
guidance of farmers. 

Pure-bred and high-grade beef cattle 
are being raised in the state in limited 
numbers. This business can doubt- 
less be extended advantageously. 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



197 



Sheep 

The sheep situation was carefully 
studied and many factors entering 
into its profitableness were considered. 
Action on the dog menace was taken 
by inducing the Committee on Public 
Safety to offer a reward of $25 for 
each conviction under the do*: laws. 
This action had a decidedly good effect. 

Poultry 

The Committee consulted with Mr. 
James C. Farmer, Deputy Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture, who is a poultry 
specialist. 

The industry was found to be labor- 
ing under difficulties from the high 
price of feeds and lack of correspond- 
ingly high prices for products. The 
severe winter was hard on poultry. 
The spring survey showed a decrease 
of 16.7 per cent in the poultry of the 
state. Reports indicate better con- 
ditions prevailing in the fall of 1918 
and less tendency for poultrymen to 
abandon the business. 

Publicity 

In November, lil7, Mr. James S. 
Chamberlin, of tht Staff, was dele- 
gated to look after the installation of 
large painted signs and billboard 
advertisements calling attention to 
food conservation. These signs were 
put up in conspicuous places in Man- 
chester, Nashua, Concord, Dover, 
Berlin, Portsmouth, Rochester and 
on the grounds of the State College, 
Durham. Attractive as they were, 
they appealed to the eye and kept the 
problem of conservation before the 
people. 

In addition to this, the bill-posting 
system in every one of the cities of 
New Hampshire was placed at the dis- 
posal of the Food Administrator, and 
managers and proprietors of these 
systems were always glad to use the 
large posters that were sent to them 
a _t various times from Washington. 
Mr. Joseph G. Chandler, proprietor 
of the Bachelder system in Concord, 
not only placed his own boards at the 
disposal of the Food Administration, 



but also secured the cooperation of 
other systems throughout the state. 
Hotels also assisted in the publicity 
campaign by printing on their menus 
an appeal for conservation, and mer- 
chants, running advertisements in 
newspapers, used part of their space 
for the same purpose. 

A great number of posters from the 
Washington office and several original 
ones from the Concord office were put 
up by the local representatives in 
their respective communities. The 
school teachers, too, of the state 
called frequently for posters to be 
hung up in their school rooms and 
Mr. David Murphy of Concord, the 
State Merchants' representative, made 
an automobile trip through New 
Hampshire in order to put posters in 
the windows of the merchants in every 
city. 

A Food Administration Booth, de- 
signed by Mr. James W. Tucker, the 
executive secretary, was also used to 
advertise conservation. This booth 
was so constructed as to be easily 
assembled or taken down, in order 
that it might be shipped to different 
fairs and exhibitions in the state. 
Demonstrations in canning and dry- 
ing were given in this booth by an 
expert, and one of the attendants 
distributed bulletins or answered ques- 
tions on food conservation. Although 
the full usefulness of the booth was 
interfered with in the early fall of 
1918 by the influenza epidemic, it 
attracted hundreds of people at Con- 
cord and at Hampton Beach during 
carnival week. 

Another method of appealing to the 
people was through lantern slides dis- 
played in the moving picture theaters 
of the state, The Food Administra- 
tor for New Hampshire also had films 
made of "The Awakening of Amer- 
ica/' a pageant written and produced 
by Miss Dorothy Emerson, one of the 
emergency demonstrators. 

The newspapers of New Hampshire, 
both daily and weekly, showed them- 
selves exceedingly generous in pub- 
lishing Food Administration news. 



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Food Administration in the Granite State 



199 



Most of them ran the column of 
"plate" sent to them each week by 
H. H. Scudder, Publicity and Edu- 
cational Director. There .was also a 
regular service of daily news stories of 
which the dailies made constant use. 

In Retrospect 

The compilers of this report of the 
part New Hampshire took in help- 
ing to solve the world food crisis have 
never had a more agreeable task 
assigned to them. From the moment 
they became connected with the Food 
Administration they felt themselves 
in an atmosphere where work was a 
pleasure, and a constantly inspiring 
spirit of service dominated everybody 
connected with the organization. 
When they took trips to Washington 
in connection with their duties, they 
always came back brim full of en- 
thusiasm. Why? 

• Perhaps it was because the officials 
at Washington expressed so frequently 
their delight with the achievements of 
the New Hampshire Food Adminis- 
tration. Perhaps it was because they 
realized that, they had b?en exchang- 
ing ideas with men who were living 
up to the highest conception of Amer- 
ican patriotism. It may have been 
both; for it is undoubtedly true that 
state consciousness is a potent factor 
in time of war in encouraging com- 
munity effort, and contact with na- 
tional leaders is a source of inspiring 
incentive to renewed endeavor. 

This was clearly evident in the great 
mass meeting held under the auspices 
of the Public Safety Committee in 
Concord May 9, 1918, when Major 
Laughiin Maclean Watt, of the fa- 
mous Black Watch Regiment of Scot- 
land, Mr. Arthur Bestor, of the Com- 
mittee on Public Information, and 
Mr. • Fred Walcott, of the United 
States Food Administration, gave so 
vivid a portrayal of the crisis con- 
fronting the world. And that same 
evening at a dinner given in Concord 
by the Federal Food Administrator of 
New Hampshire to his personal repre- 
sentatives throughout the state, Major 



Watt, Mr. Walcott and Mr. Arthur 
Dupee thrilled those present and made 
thorn realize that they could not relax 
for a minute in the work assigned to 
them in the state of New Hampshire. 

Now this was not the sole effort of 
the United States Food Administra- 
tion on behalf of the Granite State. 
It was also most generous in sending 
various members of the staff to ad- 
dress audiences in our large cities. 

The New Hampshire Food Admin- 
istration felt particularly indebted, 
however, to Mr. John Hailowell and 
Mr. Arthur Dupee of Mr. Hoover's 
staff. These men, endowed with the 
same marvelous spirit of patriotism 
that their chief possessed, worked 
constantly in the solution of difficult 
problems in the States Relations 
Division. They showed a special 
interest in the progress of the work in 
New Hampshire and were of inestim- 
able service to the state in many ways. 

How successful the work was, the 
reader has already seen. The first 
emergency food production campaign 
put New Hampshire at the top of the 
New England States with a 35 per 
cent increase, while her nearest com- 
petitor, Connecticut, had a 14 per 
cent increase. The second campaign 
under the Food Production Com- 
mittee in 1918 gave New Hampshire 
an increase of 17 per cent over 1917, 
2 per cent behind Connecticut, the 
leader. A comparison of the pro- 
duction in 1918 compared with that 
in 1916, however, shows that New 
Hampshire had an increase of 58 per 
cent, while Vermont, her nearest com- 
petitor, had an increase of only 16.5 
per cent. 

In the Hoover Pledge Card Cam- 
paign, New Hampshire stood among 
the leaders, with SO per cent of the 
families signing the pledges volun- 
tarily and in the work accomplished 
by the Hotel and Restaurant Com- 
mittee, the state was rated among the 
first five in the country. Other suc- 
cessful achievements were the small 
gardens throughout the state, the 
work of the school boys with a pro- 



200 



The Granite Monthly 



duetion in 1917 and 1918 of crops to the 
value of about $150,000, the Canning, 
the Potato and the Corn Meal Cam- 
paigns. Two great sources of satis- 
faction were the sending by Mr. 
Hoover of the plan of organization of 
the women of New Hampshire to 
all the Federal Food Administrators 
in the country and the visit of the 
Canadian representatives to study 
our system. 

The important factor in the success 
mentioned above was naturally the 
organization of the Food Administra- 
tion. It seemed like a big family 
whose sons and daughters, the unit 
chairmen and the local administra- 
tors, living in different communities 
of the state, worked in complete ac- 
cord with the parent authority in Con- 
cord, that the old Granite State might 
maintain its high standard of service 
to the nation in time of need. 

This high standard of service pre- 
vailed, too, among the wholesalers, 
retailers, the bakers and the hotel men 
of the state. They realized what was 
at stake and gave their best thought, 
at the conferences caF.ed by the Food 
Administrator, to thj solution of the 
problem at hand. Although there 
were some violations of the regula- 
tions^ it may be said that the central 
office worked in the closest harmony 
with all the forces having anything to 
do with the dispensing of commodities. 

The problem that affected all the 
people of the state most particularly 
was the rationing of sugar. Hours 
and hours were devoted by the staff 
to the study of the best method of 
distributing the sugar allotted to New 
Hampshire. An efficient plan was 
finally evolved, and everything was 
going along smoothly, when the 
United States Sugar Division an- 
nounced a big decrease in the amount 
of sugar allotted to the state. Mr. 
Spaulding went at once to Washing- 
ton, convinced the authorities of their 
mistake and returned to Concord with 
an order for enough sugar to meet 
the minimum requirements of New 
Hampshire. 



The thought may suggest itself that 
the extensive work carried out by the 
Food Administration in New Hamp- 
shire must have cost a lot of money. 
Here, again, New Hampshire leads; 
for figures at Washington show that 
the cost to the United States of the 
work of the New Hampshire Food Ad- 
ministration was the lowest in the 
country, not only actually, but rela- 
tively. The state, through the Pub- 
lic Safety Committee, by giving office 
room and equipment had something 
to do with keeping the expenses down. 

A very delightful testimonial of the 
devotion of the staff and the em- 
ployees to Mr. Spaulding was the sur- 
prise dinner given to him at Concord, 
at which time he was presented with 
a silver water pitcher. The local 
administrators, who with the unit 
chairmen had been the backbone of 
the state organization, also gave a 
dinner to Mr. Spaulding and pre- 
sented him with a large silver punch 
bowl. 

As one looks back on the work of 
1917 and 1918, there comes the feel- 
ing of deep pride in the responsive- 
ness of all the people of the state to the 
call to do their utmost that democracy 
might live, and mingled with it is the 
sense of gratitude for the privilege of 
serving the old Granite State. 

Unit Chairmen 

The following are the unit chair- 
men of the Women's Committee, 
Council of National Defense, co- 
operating with Huntley N. Spauld- 
ing, the Federal Food Administrator 
for New Hampshire. 

Miss Julia P. Baker, Acworth. 

Mrs. Irma J. Nickerson, Albany. 

Mrs. Nat G. Plummer, Alexandria. 

Miss Helen M. Kimball, Alstead. 

Mrs. E. R. Wright, Alton. 

Mrs. Fannie L. Clark, Amherst. 

Mrs. Nahum J. Bachelder, East Aadover. 

Mrs. Mary J. Wilkinson, Antrim. 

Mrs. Louie V. Fifield, Ashland. 

Mrs. Herbert A. Sawyer, R. F. D. 3, Haverhill' 

Mass. 
Mrs. Alice J. Shattuck, Auburn. 
Mrs. Ralph \V. Tuttle, Center Bamstead. 
Mrs. Francis O. Tyler, East Harrington. 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



201 



Mrs. Marlon R. Stoddard, Bartlett. 

Mrs. Martha F. WIggin, Bedford. 

Mrs. F. W. Fitzpatrick, Belmont. 

Mrs. Helen Dunklee, Bennington. 

Mrs." A. M. Stahl, Berlin. 

Mrs. Mary Dunham, Bethlehem. 

Mrs. Belle Brown, Boseawen. 

Mrs. Annie W. Stevens, R. F. D. 4, Concord. 

Mrs. Mary L. H. Carr, Bradford.' 

Mrs. John Lake, Brentwood* 

Mrs. Sherman Fletcher, feridgewater. 

Mrs. Samuel Ferguson, Bristol. 

Mrs. L. S. Powers, Brookline. 

Mrs. Daisy M. Stickney, R. F. D. 3, Ply- 
mouth. 

Mrs. James B. "Wallace, Canaan. 

Mrs. Frank E. Fage, R. F. D. 1, Manchester. 

Mrs. Freeman T. Jaekman, R. F. D. 11, 
Penacook. 

Mrs. L. B. Hall, Twin Mountain. 

Mrs. F. B. Stanley, Center Harbor. 

Mrs. William H. Gilson, Charlestown. 

Mrs. Edith H. Tappan. Chester. 

Mrs. Ruth M. Webb, West Chesterfield. 

Mrs. Sally P. Carpenter, Chichester. 

Miss Emma H. Baum, Claremont. 

Mrs. Horace Comstock, Clarksville. 

Mrs. Lizzie Young, Colebrook. 

Miss E. Gertrude Dickerman, Hunt wood 
Terrace, Concord. 

Miss Myrtle P. Conant, Bath. 

Mrs. Lillian S. Newell, Contoocook. 

Mrs. A. M. D. Blouin, Center Conway. 

Mrs. Lizzie C. Wood, R. F. D. 4, Windsor, Vt. 

Mrs. Helen L. Barton. Crovdon. 

Mrs. Thomas Smith, R. F. D. 1, Whitefield. 

Mrs. Miles Roby. Danburv. 

Mrs. Allen C. Keith, Danville. 

Miss Laura M. Marston, R. F/D. 1, Ray- 
mond . 

Miss Izetta Fisher, Hillsborough. 

Mrs. Lando B. Hardy, Derry Village. 

Mrs. Robert Ashley, Dorchester. 

Miss Alice Clark, 30 Summer St., Dover.. 

Mrs. M. D. Mason, Dublin. 

Mrs. C. H. Lord, R. F. D. 2, Concord. 

Mrs. Annie J. Morgan, Durham. 

Miss May Shirley. East Kingston. 

Mrs. W. X. Snow, Snowville. 

Mrs. Augusta Pike, Effingham. 

Mrs. Katherine Carlton, Enfield. 

Mrs. Margie E. RiYkcr, R. F. D. 1, Epping. 

Miss Eleanora S. Chesley, Epsom. 

Mrs. Harriett G. Burlingame, Exeter. 

Mrs. E. C. Perkins, Farmington. 

Mrs. George H. Ian banks, Fitzwilliam. 

Mrs. E. D. Stevens, Francestown. 

Mrs. H. L. Johnson, Franconia. 

Miss Mary A. Proctor, Franklin. 

Mrs. Walter Nutter, Freedom. 

Mrs. J. Harold Mitchell, Freedom. 

Mrs. Bertha Stevenson, Fremont. 

Mrs. W. A. Jackson, Gilford. 

Mrs. Clarence P. Ballard, Giimanton Iron 

A Works. 

Mrs. Dana Wilder, Gilsum. 

Mrs. Mary A. Parker, Golfstov.n. 



Miss Mary E. Noonan, Gorham. 

Mrs. Lillian K. Morgan, Goshen. 

Mrs. A. E. Valia, Grafton. 

Miss Virginia Diamond.-Grantham. 

Mrs. Nellie F. Heller, Greenfield. 

Mrs. D. C. MacLachlan, Greenland. 

Mrs. W. H. Doonan, Greenville. 

Mrs. Annie K. Little, Hampstead. 

Mrs. Howard G. Lane, Hampton. 

Mrs. William H. McDeavitt, Hampton Falls. 

Miss Ella Ware, Hancock. 

Mrs. Homer E. Keyes, Hanover. 

Mrs. E. L. Keniston, Harrisville. 

Mrs. Norman J. Page, Haverhill. 

Mrs. Harry Morgan, Hebron. 

Mrs. F. L. Chase, Henniker. 

Mrs. Jean M. Shaw, Hill. 

Mrs. John B. Smith, Hillsborough. 

Miss Georganna R. Scott. Hinsdale. 

Mrs. Lorin Webster, Holderness. 

Mrs. Charles E. Hardy, Hollis. 

Mrs. C. Frank Stevens, Hooksett. 

Mrs. Franklin Johnson, Hopkinton. 

Miss Annabel Morgan, Hudson. 

Mrs. J. B. Hurlin, Jackson. 

Mrs. Homer White, East JafTrey. 

Mrs. Annie Small, Riverton. 

Mrs. Fred E. Barrett, Court St., Keene. 

Mrs. G. A. Prescott, Kensington. 

Mrs. Levi Bartlett, Kingston. 

Miss Claribel Ciark, Laconia. 

Mrs. Merrill ShurtlefT, Lancaster. 

Mrs. C. S. Chandler, Landaff . 

Mrs. George Porter, Langdon. 

Mrs. A. J. Hough, Lebanon. 

Mrs. Louis Snell, R. F. D. 5, Dover. 

Mrs. Susie B. Hurd, Lempster. 

Mrs. Charles B. Henry, Lincoln. 

Mrs. Vida S. Webb, Lisbon. 

Mrs. R. H. Campbell, R. F. D. 1, Hudson. 

Mrs. G. E. Speare, Littleton. 

Mrs. Rosecrans W. Pillsbury, Londonderry. 

Mrs. W. A. Megrath, Loudon. 

Mrs. W. S. Tarbell, South Lyndeborough. 

Mrs. Frank J. Bemis, Madbury. 

Miss Emma M. Forrest, Madison. 

Mrs. George D. Towne, 2279 Elm St., Man- 

. Chester. 
Mrs. Kate K. Davis, Marlborough. 
Mrs. Jennie F. Wright, Marlow. 
Mrs. Eugene Whitaker, Mason. 
Mrs. D. Emery Eaton, Meredith. 
Mrs. Joseph N. Henderson, Merrimack. 
Mrs. J. S. Phipps, Milan. 
Mrs. W. Francis French, Milford. 
Mrs. Caroline Fifield, Lyme. 
Mrs. James P. Wiley, Milton. 
Mrs. Agnes Gibson, Monroe. 
Mrs. Ralph E. Goodwin, Moultonborough. 
Mrs. Susan F. Wallace, Nashua. 
Mrs. T. N. Barker, East Sullivan. 
Mrs. Annie B. Read, New Boston. 
Mrs. Florence H. Symonds, Newbury. 
Mrs. Myra J. Jones, New Durham. 
Mrs. Harry G. Atwood, Newfields. 
Rev. Anna B. Parker, New Hampton. 
Mrs. Henry Barnes, Newington. 



202 



The Granite Monthly 



Mrs. Phillip F. Gordon. New Ipswich. 
Mrs. Melville Robbies, New London. 
Mrs. Alanson Haines, Newmarket. 
Mrs. Mary M. Sibley. Newport. 
Mrs. John E. Hayford, Newton. 
Mrs. Harry B. Smith. Groveton. 
Mrs. Florence L. Miner, Northwood Ridge. 
Mrs. Elizabeth W. Fernald. Nottingham. 
Miss LueUa M. Huse, R. F. D., Canaan. 
Mrs. Francis B. Morrison. Orford. 
Mrs. E. C. Connor, Ossipee. 
Mrs. Alice Hillman, R. F. D., Nashua. 
Mrs. Henry S. Roberts. Suneook. 
Mrs. William H. Sehofield, Peterborough. 
Mrs. John P. Metcalf, Piermont. 
Mrs. Henry Johnson, Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. William Ely, Pittsfield, 
Mrs. James C. Wark, Windsor, Vt. 
Miss Cora B. Pollard, Plaistow. 
Mrs. Verne F. Pierce, Plymouth. 
Miss M. I. Boger, Portsmouth. 
Mrs. John H. lioothman, Randolph. 
Mrs. Charles P. Armstrong, Raymond. 
Mrs. Harold Dickinson, Richmond. 
Miss Mary Lee Ware, West Rinclge. 
Mrs. J. J. Abbott, Rochester. 
Mrs. Jessie Doe. R. F. D., Dover. 
Mrs. George C. Craig, Rumney. 
Mrs. Agnes E. Perkins, Rye Beach. 
Mrs. H. E. Pulver. Salem Depot. 
Mrs. Frank Dunlap, Salisbury. 
.Mrs. Charles Page, North Hampton. 
Mrs. George A. Underhill. 5 Beard St., Nashua. 
Mrs. M. A. Hill, Sanbornton. 
Mrs. Laura J. M. Talbot, Sandown. 
Mrs. F. M. Smith. Sandwich. 
Miss Annie M. Perkins. Seabrook. 
Mrs. Mae Taylor, Shelburne. 
Mrs. William Ames, Somersworth. 
Mrs. Maurice Brock, Springfield. 
Mrs. Lou Merrill, Stewartstown. 
Mrs. Mary F. Sanborn, Stoddard. 
Mrs. Herman R. Hill. Strafford. 
Mrs. Lena J. Rich, Stratford. 
Mrs. Annie W» Scammon, Stratham. 
Mrs. Ella D. Brown, Sullivan. 
Mrs. R. T. Walcott, Sunapee. 
Mrs. J. V. Stillings, Surrv. 
Mrs. Ada L. Little, North Sutton. 
Mrs. E. A. Nelson, East Swanzey. 
Mrs. Sarah F. Kimball, Tamworth. 
Mrs. David Williams, Temple. 
Mrs. Frank L. Hazeltine, Thornton, 
Mrs. W. B. Fellows, Tilton. 
Mrs. F. Ripley, Jr., Troy. 
Mrs. Walter Fernald, Melvin Village. 
Mrs. Carrie Reed, Unity. 
Mrs. Clara H. Sanborn, Sanbornviiie. 
Miss Mary Howiand Bellows, Walpole. 
Mrs. Frederick Adee Smith, Warner. 
Mrs. George E. Brown, Warren. 
Mrs. H. R. Batchelder, Washington. 
Mrs. M. E. Currier, North Weare. 
Miss Winnifred M. Putney, Webster. 
Mrs. Mary L. Thomas, Wentworth. 
Mrs. Eva Burt, Westmoreland. 
Mrs. Bertha Sawyer, Whitefield. 



Mrs. Vernon L. Fisher. Center Wilmot. 
Mrs. W. H. Jennings, Winchester. 
Mrs. J. Arthur Nesmith, Windham. 
Mrs. C, O. Doe, Wolfeboro. 
Mrs. Bernice Orozoco. North Woodstock. 
Mrs. Sidney P. Wiley, Charlestown. 
Mrs. Frank A. Mace, Kensington. 
Mrs. Caroline Edgerly, Tuftonborough. 

Local Administrators 

The following are the names of local 
food administrators who cooperated 
with Huntley N. Spaulding, the 
Federal Food Administrator for New 
Hampshire. 

Guy S. Neal, Acworth. 
Ichabod Hammond, Pequaket. 

B. H. Sleeper, R. F. D., Bristol. 
M. A. Currier, Alstead. 
Charles H. McDutiee, Alton. 
Charles P. Dodge, Amherst. 

H. L. Thurston, East Andover. 

Robert W. Jameson, Antrim. 

Carl H. Robinson, Antrim. 

Albion Kahler, Ashland. 

Herbert N. Sawver, Atkinson. 

Fred H. Hall. Auburn. 

Dr. George H. Hawley, Center Barnstead. 

Lawrence Haley, East Barrington. 

William Pitman, Intervale. 

T. B. Southard, Bath. 

Harry W. Peaslee, R. F. D. 7, Manchester. 

Col. John M. Sargent, Belmont. 

Maj. A. J. Pierce, Bennington. 

L. H. Parker, Benton. 

William E. Matthews, Berlin. 

Benjamin Tucker, Bethlehem. 

Frank L. Gerrish, Boscawen. 

Robert W. Upton, R. F. D. 3, Concord. 

George W. Cofrin, Bradford. 

Rev. A. Gibson, Brentwood. 

Eveiett Atwood, R. F. D. 1, Plymouth. 

Ira A. Chase, Bristol. 

Charles Wiliey, R. F. D. 1, Sanbornviiie. 

Orvilie D. Fe.ssenden, Brookline. 

George D. Pattee, R. F. D. 3, Plymouth. 

Frank D. Currier, Canaan. 

Willis E. Lougee, Candia. 

Elmer Osgood, R. F. D. 3, Penacook. 

E. W. Burns, Twin Mountain. 
Orvilie P. Smith, Center Harbor. 

C. A. Smith, Charlestown. 
Olin R. Hanscom, Chatham. 
William Underhill, Chester. 
Burton C. Thatcher, Chesterfield. 
Albert S. Dame, R. F. D. 7, Concord. 
Judge H. S. Richardson, Claremont. 

F. W. Johnston, Clarernont. 
Darwin Lombard, Colebrook. 
Freeman G. Marshall, Columbia. 
J. C. Derby, Concord. 

PL Boardman Fifield, Conway. 
W. E. Beaman, Cornish. 
Charles P. Barton, Croydon. 
Rev. D. C. Hershev, White-field. 



Food Administration in the Granite State 



203 



Dr. L. V. Knapp. Danburv. 
Clarence M. Collins, Danville. 

Chester E. Maynard, South Deerfield. 
H. Chester Smith, Hillsborough. 
William H. Ranney, Derry. - 
George N. Burnham, Dorchester. 
Dr. Louis W. Flanders, Dover. 
Jlenry N. Cowing, Dublin. 
Ernest P. Goud, Milan. 
F. E. Garvin, Dumbarton-. 
C. H. Pet tee, Durham. 
Anson J. Cole, East Kings Ion. 
Charles A. Young, Easton. 
Eugene Hatch, Center Conway. 
E. Forrest Leavit':, Effingham. 

E. C. Wilcox, Enfkld. 

Dr. A. W. Mitchell, Epping. 
Dr. Roscoe Hill, Epsom. 

F. H. Evans, Errol. 

John Seammon, Exeter. ' 

Frank Adams, Farmington. 
Fred I. Thayer, Farmington. 
Rev. Albert A. Howes, Fitzwilliam. 
Rodman SchatY. Fitzwilliam, 
Edward W. Farnum. Francestown. 
Dr. H. L. Johnson, Franconia. 
Leonard M. Aldrich, Franconia. 
Warren F. Daniell, Franklin. 
George I. Phiibrick. Freedom. 
Stephen A. Frost. Fremont. 
Leland M. James, Gilford, 
Stephen Weeks. Gilmanton. 
Phin M. Wright, GiLsum. 
Charles G. Barnard, Goffstown. 
Judge A. R, Evans, Gorham. 
FrelW. Pike, Mill' Village. 
A. W. Bennett, Grafton Center. 
Perley Walker, Grantham. 
E. H. Clover, Greenfield. 
Charles H. Brackett, Greenland. 
Frederick W. Ely. Greenville. 
J. A. Rogers, North Groton. 
Daniel Emerson, Hampstead. 
Joseph B. Brown, Hampton. 
Walter B. Farmer, Hampton Falls. 
Edson K. L'pton, Hancock. 
Prof. C. D. Adams, Hanover. 
Percy W. Russell, Chesham. 
Charles H. Morey, Hart's Location. 
Horace B. Knight Haverhill. 
Frank O. Morse, East Hebron. 
William II. Bean, Henniker. 
Jean M. Shaw, Hill. 
John H. Grimes, Hillsborough. 
W. F. Robertson, Hinsdale. 
Charles E. Kayou, Hinsdale. 
Lawrence J. Webster, Holderness. 
Willis C. Hardy, Mollis. 
George Keating, Hooksett. 
Robert T. Gould, Gontoocook. 
Prank A. Conneli, Hudson. 
Arthur P. Gale, Jackson. 
Charles L. Rich, East Jaffrey. 
Riehard B. Eastman, Jefferson. 
Robert Faulkner, Keene. 
Judge Louis G. Hoyt, Kingston. 
Arthur G. Wadleigh, Hampton Falls. 



Judge F. M. Beekford, Laconia.. 

Fred C. Congdon, Lancaster. 

Charles S. Chandler. LandarL 

II. A. Holmes, Charles-town. 

F. U. Bell, Lebanon. 

Lewis H. Snell, R. F. D. 5, Dover. 

A. L. Benway, Lempster. 
Alfred Stanley, Lincoln. 

• Ben S. Webb, Lisbon. 

Norris C. Griffin, Manchester. 
Henry E. Richardson, Littleton. 
J. C. Donahue, Livermore. 
Ralph Parmenter, Hudson. 
Dr. W. H. Mitchell, Loudon. 
C. E. Mason, Lyman. 
George W. Barnes, Lyme. 
Roy N. Putnam, Lyndeborough. 
William E. Hayes, Madbury. 
John F. Chick, Madison. 
Dr. J. H. Gleason, Manchester. 
William B. McKay, Manchester. 
Robert Whitney, Marlborough. 
George A. Corey, Marlow. 
Albert B. Eaton, Meriden. 

B. R. Dearborn, Meredith. 
Norris Henderson, Merrimack. 
Charles F. Young, Reed's Ferry. 
Charles Knowles, L 7 nion. 

L. A. Bickford, Milan. 
Emory D. Heald, Milford. 
William Lougee, Milton. 
Willis L. Reynolds, .Milton Mills. 
Rev. C. L. Carter, Monroe. 
George D. Kittredge, Mont Vernon. 
James C. French, Moultonborough. 
Harry P. Greelev, Nashua. 
H. E. Priest, Nelson. 
Louis W. Swanson, New Boston. 
John H. Gillingham, South Newbury. 
George H. Jones, New Durham. 
Harry G. Atwood, Newfields. 
Arthur E. Cox, New Hampton. 
Stillman A. Packard, Newington. 
W. A. Preston, New Ipswich. 
M. Gale Eastman, New London. 
W. M. Pilsbury, New London. 
Henry E. George, Newmarket. 
George A. Fairbanks, Newport. 
Irving M. Heath, Newton.. 
Joseph O. Hobbs, North Hampton. 
E. II. Macloon, Groveton. 
John Towle, Northwood Ridge. 
Thomas E. Fernald, Nottingham. 
Barney Eastman, Orange. 
Harry E. Morrison, Orford. 
Dana J. Brown, Ossipee. 
Sherman O. Hobbs, Pelham. 
George W. Fowler, Pembroke. 
Arthur H. Spauldmg, Peterborough. 
Admon C. Drury, Piermont. 
Parker Tabor, Pittsburg. 
Herbert B. Fischer, Pittsfield. 
Fred P. Hill, PlaLstow. 
Louis E. Shipman, Plainfield. 
John E. Smith, Plymouth. 
Frank J. Beal, Plymouth. 
George A. Wood, Portsmouth. 



204 



The Granite Monthly 



John H. Boothinan. Randolph. 
Walter J. Dudley, Raymond. 
Leason Martin, R. F. D., Winchester. 
Harris H. Rice, Kindge. 
Leslie P. Snow. Rochester. 
John K. Allen, Rochester. 
Guv Smart, Rochester. 
Joseph D. Roberts. R. F. D., Dover. 
Thomas M. Dillingham, Roxbiny. 
George C. Craig, Rumriey Depot. 
H. Russell Sawyer, Rye Beach. 
William E. Lancaster. Salem. 
Buron W. Sanborn, Andover. 
Frank H. Hunkins, Sanbornton. 
John G. Goodwin. Chester. 
Charles B. Ployt, Sandwich. 
Jacob F. Dow, Seabrook. 
Alpha T. Wilson. Sharon. 
Lawrence A. Philbrook, Shelburne, 
Judge C. H. Wells, Somersworth. 
James M. Carr, South Hampton. 
S. W. Pliilbrick, West Springfield. 
Paul R. Cole, Groveton. 
Leon Riplev, West Stewartstown. 
C. B. McClure, Munsonville. 
James H. Stiles, Center Strafford. 
John C. Hutchins, Stratford. 
Frank H. Pearson, Stratham. 



Arthur E. Rugg, Sullivan. 

George Gardner, Sunapee. 

Hiram F. Newell, Keene. 

Fred H. Pratt, Sutton. 

Henry W. Brown. West Swanzey, 

Ralph B. Smith, Tamworth. 

George H. Wheeler, Wilton. 

W. B. Emmons, West Thornton. 

Osborne J. Smith, Tilton. 

Franklin Ripley, Sr.. Troy. 

John A. Edgerly, Mirror Lake. 

Frank Reed, Unity. 

J. Frank Farnum, Union. 

George L. Houghton, Walpole. 

Andrew J. Hook, Warner. 

F. C. Jackson, Warren. 

F. A. Peaslee, East Washington. 

George Eastman, South Weare. 

Benjamin P. Little, Warner, 

Dr. Samuel Frazier, Wentworth. 

Edward C. Greene, Westmoreland. 

E. M. Bowker, WMtefield. 

F. E. Goodhue, Wiimot. 
Frank L. Davis, Wilton. 

G. C. Hawkins, Winchester. 

John E, Cochran, Windham Depot, 
Judge Ernest H. Trickey, Wolfeboro. 
Frank A. Fox, North Woodstock. 



MY MOTHER 

By Edward Hersey Richards 

Who is it keeps the pace with time 
No matter to what heights I climb 
And holds rav heart with love sublime? 
My Mother. 

Who is it, when I wayward bend 
Bereft of hope, or gold, or friend, 
Awaits me, loyal to the end? 
My Mother. 

Who is it, when the shadows fall 
And Sorrow's night obscures my all 
Holds out the light and heeds my call? 
My Mother. 



Exeter, N. H. 



Who is it when she goes away 
Where angels dwell, and goes to stay, 
Departing, bids me watch and pray? 
' My Mother. 



366. 



THE SPIRIT AND THE VISION 

"Where there is no vision the people perish." — Old Spanish Proverb 
By Frances Parkinson Keyes 



I 

The battered little Ford runabout, 
three years old and never repainted,, 
its shabby top thrown back, its hinges 
creaking, looked strangely out of place 
as it drew up at the brilliantly lighted 
entrance of Mr. Thomas Hamlin's 
town house, and came to a noisy and 
abrupt stop. Mr. Thomas Hamlin 
was a dignified and imposing per- 
sonage, and his residence certainly 
reflected its owner's characteristics; 
onl} r the most expensive, silent, and 
shining limousines stopped there as a 
rule, and impassive chauffeurs sat 
staring stolidly in front of them, while 
the owners of the marvellous machines 
walked with quiet assurance up the 
broad, low, gray marble steps. The 
young man who had been driving the 
Ford, however, jumped out, shut the 
door of his car with a bang, and pushed 
the house-bell with considerable de- 
termination. He was tall, lean, and 
frankly shabby, from the crown of his 
rough, weatherbeaten gray cap to the 
soles of his heavy leather boots. 
Nevertheless, the face of the very 
correct man-servant who opened the 
door changed its- expression to some- 
thing not unlike a smile, and he spoke 
with real cordiality, mixed with sur- 
prise, before the visitor had so much as 
stated his errand. 

"Mr. Garland!. I'm that glad to 
see you, sir! It's a long time — beg- 
ging your pardon, sir — since you've 
been here." 

"Rather!" The visitor smiled, 
showing some very white teeth. "I'm 
glad to see you, too, Thompson — 
convinces me somebody's been taking 
good care of the family, anyway." 
Oh, as to that, sir — " 



"I know. Is Miss Gloria 



m! 



Thompson coughed, and his ex- 
pression became doubtful. "Yes, sir. 
she's in; but very much engaged, I'm 
afraid, sir." 

"Very much engaged!" thundered 
the caller, his bright smile quite gone. 

"Oh no, not — that way — not as I 
know of, sir. But there's been a din- 
ner, and there's quite a crowd in for 
dancing afterwards, besides, sir — 
you'll hear the music beginning again 
just now. But if you'll step into the 
reception-room, sir, I'll see what I can 
do — I'll tell Miss Gloria, anyway, that 
you're here." 

The boy pulled off his shabby cap, 
and followed the servant into the 
white-panelled room with it's gilt 
furniture and its glare of light; then, 
as if attempting to escape as far .as 
possible from it all, he crossed to the 
window, threw up the shade, and stood 
staring angrily out into the street. 
What an atmosphere! It wasn't sour 
grapes — he was honestly glad that he 
had never lived in it. Did anyone 
really live in it? — Did Mr. Thomas 
Hamlin, with his heavy correctness, 
and. his manner of uttering bromidic 
nothings as if they were the brilliant 
and original inspirations of his own 
dignified brain? Did Mrs. Thomas 
Hamlin, with her lorgnon that shut 
with a click, and her carefully regu- 
lated smile, and equally carefully 
regulated figure? Did Thomas Ham- 
lin, Jr. — and all the friends that he 
brought home with him — with their 
silk socks, and their imported ciga- 
rettes, and their taste for musical com- 
edy? Yes, and their ability to buy 
long-stemmed roses and big boxes of 
chocolates for Gloria! Did Gloria 
herself really live? — Gloria, who at 
sixteen, her years divided between 
a country boarding-school in the 



206 



The Granite Monthly 



winter, and a very quiet seaside resort 
in the summer (that was before Mr. 
Thomas Hamlin had pulled oft' that 
last enormous deal in copper) had 
been so wholesome and sunshiny and 
generally delicious?- Not that he 
meant to be unjust to Gloria, in her 
later development, or bitter about 
her — not in the least — only — 

"Steven! Where on earth did you 
drop from? And— and — why if you 
don't mind my asking?" 

The boy turned abruptly. Gloria 
Hamlin had come into the room 
quietly and quickly, pulling the pink 
brocade portieres together behind her 
as she did so. Her golden hair was 
piled up high, soft and fine and shin- 
ing, on her erect little head; her 
sleeveless dress, with its mere apology 
for a bodice, was of gold-spangled 
tulle; there were gilt slippers on her 
feet, and a small gilt fan in her hand; 
and out of all this dazziing glitter, her 
face and neck and arms shone all the 
whiter and lovelier and more perfect 
than he had ever seen them. 

'•'Good Heavens, Gloria, you star- 
tled me! I didn't hear you come in — 
must have been thinking about some- 
thing pretty hard, and you're — sort of 
dazzling — " 

"Sorry to have interrupted a valu- 
able train of thought — I suppose I'm 
quite the most expensive looking 
creature you've seen lately and that it 
was too much for you!" 

"Exactly. Thank you for. supply- 
ing me with just the right phrase," 
the boy retorted in a voice as hard as 
hers, the honest admiration entirely 
faded from it. She stamped her foot. 

"There you begin, quarrelling with 
me again, and you haven't been inside 
the door five minutes! Do tell me 
what you want quickly! Didn't 
Thompson tell you — I'm having a 
party?" 

"He said you were very much — 
engaged — are you? ' ' 

"Is that what you came to find 
out?" 

"'Partly." 

"What else?" 



"Is it really necessary to treat me 
quite so much like a tramp asking for 
a job? Well, mostly to ask you if you 
wouldn't go out for a ride with me — 
just once more?" 

The girl burst, out laughing. "Just 
once more ! " she mocked. " I wonder 
how many times I've heard you say 
that, as the ending to all kinds of 
sentences! Gloria, do dance with 
me — just once more! Gloria, do let 
me come and see you again before I go 
back to college — just once more! 
Gloria, forgive me for losing my tem- 
per — and being cross and jealous — 
and disagreeable — just once morel 
Gloria, let me kiss you — just once 
more ! All that went on for two years, 
and you know how it ended — two 
silly children, wrangling and making 
love in one breath, and then getting 
found out, and very properly sep- 
arated by their parents! I think your 
mother was as angry as mine, and 
your father has a truly Biblical hatred 
of the idle rich! And now that it's 
all been over two years, you suddenly 
turn up, without any warning what- 
ever, when the house is crammed with 
people, and calmly ask me to go out 
to ride with you — as if you expected 
me to accept!" 

"Aren't you going to?" asked 
Steven quietly. 



"No — no — no — of course I'm no 



f! 



It wouldn't be just once more at all — 
even if there were nothing else to be 
said against it! — It would mean 
starting the whole thing all over 
again ! " ' 

"So you're afraid of that?" 

The girl stamped her foot again. 
"'Of course I'm not — what makes you 
twist my words so? But I know 
perfectly well what 'just once more' 
means with you!" 

"This time it happens to mean 
exactly that. I've ridden all day — 
over all kinds of roads — to get here 
tonight, hoping you'd say yes. I've 
got to get back home tomorrow to 
stay with my mother till Saturday." 

"If it's the same old Flivver "—the 
boy nodded — "You must have put 



The Spirit and the Vision 



207 



in an awfully uncomfortable, jiggly, 
jolty, wild-goose chase — for nothing!" 
said Gloria flippantly. "May I in- 
quire where you're going on Saturday 
■ — just to assure myself that I shan't 
have to turn down another preposter- 
ous invitation from you?" 

"I'm going to France/' said Steven 
Garland. 

II 

Afterwards- — it was not until he was 
on the steamer — Steven realized how 
suddenly the lovely mocking face grew 
pale and quiet, and that Gloria, 
catching hold of the portiere, dropped 
the little glittering fan, and that it lay 
for a full minute on the floor between 
them before he stooped to pick it up. 
At the time he was only conscious of 
how rapidly she spoke and acted, 
after that one silent moment. 

"Don't bother; let it stay there — I 
shan't need it." Her fingers were on 
the electric bell. "Why are you 
going?" 

"I can't help it." 

"Father says the United States 
may not get into the war at all." 

"I hope that isn't so; but that 
wouldn't make any difference." 

"'Are vou going into the Ambulance 
Corps?" 

"No — Aviation." 

Gloria stooped over, and picked up 
the fan herself; her hands were tremb- 
ling — Steven remembered that after- 
wards too; then she flung open the 
poitiere; Thompson was standing out- 
ride. 

"You rang, miss?" 

"Yes. Ask Mane to give you a 
heavy coat and scarf for me and bring 
them to me in the vestibule — you'll 
hurry, please. Come, Steven." 

She put her hand on his arm, draw- 
ing him after her, switched off the 
entrance lights, and closed the front 
door after them. Before Steven found 
his voice, the servant had reappeared, 
holding her wraps. Breathlessly, she 
slipped into the coat, and wound the 
scarf about her head. 

"I'm going out with Mr. Garland, 



Thompson. I may be late getting 
back." 

"Yes. Miss." 

"You'll please tell my mother." 

"Er — just that, begging your par- 
don, miss?" 

"Yes, it isn't to be a secret this 
time — after I get away. But thank 
you, Thompson, just the same." 

And then she was climbing into the 
motor, and asking "Will you drive, or 
shall I?" and he was answering "I 
will," and watching her, stupidly, 
without offering to help her, while she 
tucked herself in beside him. They 
were in the suburbs before he was able 
to fully realize that it had really 
happened — that they were together — 
and alone — again and that the chance 
he had hoped and waited for so long 
had come. He turned to her. 

"Warm enough, Gloria?" 

"Yes." 

"Rather have the top up?" 

"No." 

" Care particularly what time we get 
back?" 

"Not in the least." 

"You're a good sport, same as al- 
ways, aren't you? Because if you 
don't, I thought we'd get straight out 
into the country, to that little lake we 
found once — remember? — and climb 
out, and sit beside it for a while — ■ 
there's an awfully jolly- moon, and it 
isn't cold — and — and — I think it would 
be rather fun, don't you? " 

"Anywhere you say." 

"Look here, Gloria, you're awfully 
quiet! Is anything the matter?" 

They were already past the lighted 
streets, and her face, shadowed by the 
scarf, was turned away from him. 
Steven gave a little laugh. 

"There were advantages to that 
little old brown horse I used to have, 
after all," he said. "I could drive 
him with one hand, and he didn't 
need much driving, at that! On a 
pinch I could drop the reins entirely, 
he went along about the same. But 
I've got to hang on to this blamed 
wheel, or we'll go into the gutter. So 



208 



The Granite Monthly 



please be a good girl, and look round at 
me just this once!" 

The words were out before he could 
stop them, and he tried to eateh them 
back, fearing another bitter answer. 
But Gloria surprised him — she turned 
around, to be sure, but quite silently, 
and in the dim light he saw that she 
was crying, as if her heart would 
break. 

His own suddenly stood still; less 
than an hour before she had been 
standing before him so hard and glit- 
tering and erect, making him hot and 
cold with bashf ulness, and resentment, 
and shame — and now she was out 
alone with him, this glorious spring 
night, her shimmering dress covered 
with a little rough serge coat, her 
hands bare and cold because in her 
haste she had not stopped for gloves, 
her wilfulness and self-assurance all 
gone — crying! Was it possible that 
this was the same girl? Or was it the 
old Gloria, miraculously come back? 
He steered the motor to the side of the 
road and stopped it. 

"Gloria," he began, his voice 
trembling a little, "you mustn't. I 
shall be most awfully cut up, if you do. 
I had no idea you'd take it like this. 
I didn't think you'd care a bit. I 
didn't feel 1 could go off without seeing 
you just — without saying good-bye, 
that's all," and timidly, almost awk- 
wardly, he put his arm around her. 
He was rewarded with a flash of the 
old spirit. 

"You do that very badly.'' 

"I'm out of practise.''" 

"Too bad," flashed back Gloria, 
"Let me help you" — and she threw 
both hers around his neck; he drew 
her towards him, and without speak- 
ing, looked straight into her eyes. 

"Yes," she said. "If you don't 
hate me too much — I should think 
you would, " and began to cry again. 
Then Steven surprised her; he let her 
go, and started the car again. 

"I'm not going to," he said stub- 
bornly, "not until we get to the lake, 
and sit down, and thrash things out. 
Then maybe you'll say no." 



"Aren't you taking rather a long 
chance?" asked Gloria. 

"Yes, I am; but I've got to take ii. 
I can't get near you when you're 
making fun of me, because you hurt 
me too darned much — nor when 
you're crying, because that also hurts 
too much — I don't see things straight. 
This may be the last chance I'll ever 
get to talk to you, and I've just got to 
get them straight — see?" 

"I see," said Gloria, and sat staring 
ahead of her for a long time; then at 
last, "but I think you might have 
kissed me — just once more!" 

"That tiresomeold phrase," mocked 
Steven: but Steven's mocking was 
very different from Gloria's. He 
managed to get one arm around her 
again, for a minute, in spite of tl^e 
wheel, and then he laughed very 
happily, showing all his white teeth. 
"There's not going to be any just 
once more about that, darling, if I 
get started at all, but I'm not certain 
that I'm going to get started. " 

"Aren't you?" asked Gloria lightly, 
"why not?" 

' " Because, as I've kept trying to tell 
you, I asked you to come out here 
with me tonight so that I could have 
a chance to talk to you — alone and — - 
away from — all that stuff you live 
cluttered up with. ' I haven't the least 
idea of trying to get you to change 
your mind about — well, about marry- 
ing me. Of course it was a mistake 
that we ever thought of that — I know 
that now just as well as you do. But 
I did care an awful lot for you, and 
so—" 

"You Wid'f" 

"Oh, I do, then! you know I do! 
But that's beyond the mark. The 
real point is, that because I did — and 
do — I can't bear to go off to France 
and perhaps— get — hurt — and have 
to lie still for a long time thinking of 
you doing the sort of thing you've 
been doing the last year or two, with- 
out even attempting to make you see 
that you're built for something much 
better than that. It won't amount to 
much — my going over, I mean — except 



The Spirit and the Vision 



209 



to me personally. It'll be a tremen- 
dous satisfaction to me to go, but there 
are hundreds of other fellows who can 
accomplish five times as much as I can, 
and who are doing it, right along. 
Whereas you" — he broke off, and 
brought the little Ford to a stop — 
"well, that's what I came to talk to 
you about. Here we are — climb out."' 

Ill 

Steven made her very comfortable 
first. There were pillows tucked 
away in the back of the motor ("He 
must have been pretty certain I was 
coming!" said Gloria to herself, as 
she watched him taking them out) 
and he spread the rug that had been 
around them on the ground, and piled 
the pillows up in one corner of it, and 
then he unearthed a small blanket to 
put over her; and when she was all 
settled, he took out a battered old 
pipe, filled and lighted it, and sat 
looking down on the quiet little lake 
shining in the moonlight for a long 
time without speaking or moving. 
At last he reached for her hand, which 
was very smooth and small and cold, 
and trembling a little, and taking it in 
both his big rough warm ones, held it 
fast. 

" Isn't this wonderful, Gloria?" he 
asked softly. "All this silence- and 
space and water and light, the open 
bits of pasture and little pointed fir 
trees, and — you and I alone? I'll 
never forget it, or get over being grate- 
ful to you for coming with me. I 
know it was a lot to ask of you; but 
while I'm flying around up in the 
clouds 'over there,' I'll live it over 
and over again in my mind, just as 
long as I live myself." 

"If that shouldn't happen to be 
very long," he went on after a short 
pause, during which Gloria did not 
stir, "I think we'll both be glad that 
we parted differently than — than the 
way we did the last time — that we did 
go out together .'just once more!'" 

"Steven — won't you believe me 
when I tell you that I'm sorry — oh, 
desperately sorry — for everything I 



said and did that day. I've been 
paying for it ever since, if that's any 
satisfaction to you. I did care!" 

"You — did—" 

"I — do! Oh, I can't let you go to 
France! There are lots of other men 
to go, just as you said. What dif- 
ference will it make in the winning of 
the war if you stay home? And 
aviation, of all things! Why, I 
never hear of an aviator except to read 
that he's been killed and that's the 
way you feel about it yourself — don't 
you suppose I can tell? You know 
you'll never come back, if you go — but 
I won't let you go: I'll do anything — 
anything — you ask me to now, if you'll 
only stay with me!" 

"I'm going on Saturday," he said 
quietly "and I'd rather you talked to 
me the way you did the last time than 
like that. It doesn't mean much to 
me after all, to have you care for me 7 
if that's the way you feel. " 

He dropped her hand, and turned. 
a face towards her from which all the- 
youth and gentleness seemed to have- 
gone, leaving it stern and white and 
cold. 

"Listen to me," he said, "if tins 
war hasn't done anything else good, 
it has at least brought back to most of 
us the capacity, which we seemed to 
have lost, of seeing things in their 
proper prospective — of being able to 
distinguish between what really mat- 
ters, and what only seems to matter; 
and after we've been able to do that — 
of choosing to stick to what's worth- 
while, and dropping everything else 
like a hot cake. I suppose, when 
you're young like us, you can't help 
making a personal matter of the big 
events — I can't, anyway. And I 
understand now — which I didn't be- 
fore — why everything went dead 
wrong with us from the beginning — we 
kept letting non-essentials get in our 
way; and the non-essentials, in our 
ease, were that you were beautiful 
and rich and clever and worth-while, 
and that 1 was just an ignorant no- 
count, stupid boy from a little one- 
horse country town, where my father 



210 



The Granite Monthly 



is a teacher in a two-by-four college, 
and supports his entire family on less 
than your father pays his butler! 
I'd never even seen a girl like you 
until that day I found you changing a 
tire — quite capably and ail by your- 
self — on the road between Meriden 
and Boston, and stopped to see if I 
couldn't help you. I couldn't, of 
course — you were perfectly able to do 
it yourself, and I saw that, after the 
first minute; but I couldn't help 
hanging around — just for the pleasure 
of watching someone so lovely — and 
so efficient — and when you asked me 
perfectly casually, after everything 
was in order again whether you 
mightn't give me a lift — well, I nearly 
jumped out of my skin with joy. I 
was crazy about you from that 
minute, " 

''We'd saved for years to take that 
trip to the seashore; none of us had 
ever seen the ocean before- — and of 
course we all expected wonderful 
things of that vacation. But nothing 
half so wonderful as what did happen. 
When I wandered into that dance at 
the Casino,, the Saturday night after I 
met you, I felt just like what I was — 
a great big count ry boob, and then 
some — I was dressed all wrong, and I 
didn't know any of the new dances, 
and I was sure not a girl there would 
look at me. Then suddenly, as I was 
standing leaning against the veranda 
rail, wondering whether I'd better go 
home, or drown myself right then and 
.there, and rid the earth of such a 
cumbersome object, you came along, 
with half-a-dozen fellows at your heels, 
and stopped and shook hands, and 
said you were glad to see me again, 
and hoped 1 was having a good time; 
and while I was wondering how on 
earth you did it — -spoke so easily 
and pleasantly, and as if nothing could 
possibly embarrass or disturb you — ■ 
the music began again, and I blurted 
out "May I have this dance?'' and 
then went hot and cold all over be- 
cause I'd' said it. And — the next 
minute you Were in my arms — do 
you remember, Gloria?" 



"I remember how angry the boy to. 
whom the dance really belonged was, " 
she said with a little laugh, "and that 
you danced very well indeed — so well, 
that I was glad to have another with 
you. Go on. ". 

"Well, I'm not going to bore you 
reviewing the whole thing. You were 
kind to me at first because I was such 
an absolute outsider that you could 
afford to be; and by the next summer 
— you'll never know how I worked 
to scrape together the money to go to 
Meriden a second time — you were 
kind because — someway — in spite of 
yourself- — you cared. Didn't you?" 

"'Yes,'" said Gloria, very low, "I 
cared — quite a lot. " 

For an instant it looked very much 
as if Steven were about to forget his 
strong-minded resolutions; but he 
pulled himself together and went on. 
" Now, if we'd only had sense enough 
to face the non-essentials right then 
and there, and thrash them, and stick 
them behind us once for all, we'd have 
been mar— we wouldn't have come to 
grief the way we did. But although 
we both knew they were there, we 
tried to ignore them and shirk them. 
So, as a result of our cowardice, we 
quarrelled about them. And since 
you were my superior in every way — 
and I knew it — and you knew it — 
and we each knew that the other knew 
it — I was constantly in the position of 
a starving dog who's grateful for any 
meager bone that the little girl who 
lives in the big house he's always 
hanging around will throw him— and 
that's not a suitable attitude for any 
<■ man to have towards the girl that's 
promised to marry him." 

"Steven!" 

"Well, that's the way things really 
were, if you'll only be sincere enough 
to admit it. You said this evening 
that you thought my mother was just 
as angry as yours when we were 
. found out. She wasn't angry, but she 
was pretty nearly heart-broken. She 
thinks a lot of me, just because I'm 
hers, you know, and she said she'd 
never get over the disgrace of having 



The Spirit and the Vision 



211 



her only son making love to a girl 
secretly — with the help of a friendly 
butler — when he didn't think he was 
good enough — and the girl didn't 
think he was good enough — to go and 
ask her father for her, like a decent 
man, and then, if he were refused, 
put up a good fight for her! In the 
open! She said she didn't wonder 
that I turned tail and ran, instead of 
making you stick by me, for my whole 
behavior had been just as dishonor- 
able and cowardly as if I'd — " 

"As if you'd— what?" asked Gloria, 
for he stopped and turned his head 
away. 

The boy swallowed hard, and flung 
back his head. c ' As if I'd ruined some 
poor little creature in the streets," 
he muttered, "she said the only dif- 
ference was that a girl like you was 
safe, and the other kind — wouldn't 
be- — that didn't make my share any 
better." 

''And didn't your mother ever say 
that J had behaved disgracefully? — 
led you on, and played with you, and 
then thrown you over after- I'd got 
over the fun and excitement of a new 
plaything — the prerogative that any 
idle, rich girl has over the man she 
considers beneath her?" 

''No, she never said that — I don't 
believe she ever thought it. You see, 
I'd told her about vou. " 

"Told her what?" 

"Why, how wonderful you were — 
how capable and self-confident and 
fearless — and how sweet and noble 
and lovely, too." 

" Did you feel that way about me — 
afterwards? " 

' ' Of co ursc— why n o w ? We ha d let 
the non-essentials spoil things for us, 
but the essentials were there just the 
same, weren't they?" 

"What were the essentials?" 

"Those qualities in you I've just 
described — and the fact that we loved 
one another." 

He took her hand again, and this 
time kissed it gently and laid it against 
his cheek and held it there for a minute. 



like, me — can go out and fight, and 
die if we have to, but women — like 
you— have got to win the war — same 
as they always have. Aren't you 
ready to begin to do your share?" 

"But I don't know how to do any- 
thing! What can I do? What is my 
share?" 

'"You ought to be able to decide 
that better than I can; but I'll tell 
you what I think, if I may. " 

"Please; only Steven — " 

" Yes, dear?' 5 

"Don't — hurt any more than you 
can help. "Whatever you tell me, 
don't say it in that voice you used 
when you said it didn't mean much to 
you after all to have me care if I was 
such a coward." 

"I don't want to hurt you; but I do 
want to bring you to your senses — if 
I can. " He stopped, as if seeking for 
just the words he wished to use. 
"I'm not a clever talker, and I feel 
an awful lot, and between the two it's 
hard for me to express myself." 

"Do you mean you think I ought 
to stop dancing, and playing cards 
and all that, and go in for Red Cross 
work and food conservation, and 
Civic Reform?" 

"Partly that, but not entirely. It 
isn't all in what you do-. Red Cross 
work and Civic Reform are mighty 
good things, but there's nothing wrong 
—per se — in playing cards and danc- 
ing, if you've got the time and 
strength for them, after you've done 
more important things — the way I 
look at it anyway. It's the spirit — 
and the vision — back of it all that 
really counts." 

"The spirit — and the vision?" 

"Yes — the vision to discover not 
only the right and the wrong, but the 
essential and the non-essential; and 
having been granted the vision, the 
spirit to follow it faithfully — at all 
■ costs." 

"How?" 

"I can't tell you that. " Every 
woman must decide that for herself. 
1 suppose sometimes it's making 



Listen darling," he said, "men — bandages, and sometimes its taking 



212 



The Granite Monthly 



some fellow's job outright, and keep- 
ing it for him while he goes to the 
front, and sometimes it's giving up 
dinner-parties so that you can. send 
food to France. Women can't all 
work the same way, any more than 
men can. Now you know that I can 
tinker with any kind of a machine, 
and I'm light and quick and strong; 
I know a good deal about higher 
mathematics and astronomy, which 
I've been considering rather useless for 
a long time, when suddenly I dis- 
cover that I've all the qualifications 
for an embryonic aviator! Whereas 
Bill Smith, who weighs two hundred, 
and doesn't know a triangle from the 
dipper, or an automobile from a 
locomotive, may in some other mighty 
efficient way of his own be exactly 
what General Blank is looking for to 
serve as a Non-Com. in the Heaw 
Artillery." 

Steven laughed a little, and then 
sat quietly for a few minutes looking 
off into space, as if dreaming that the 
new work had already begun for him- 
self — and Bill Smith of the Heavy 
Artillery. Gloria waited. At last he 
turned, his face shining with a radi- 
ance which did not seem to come 
wholly from the moonlight, but from 
the clarity of such a vision as he had 
tried to express to her. 

"Excuse me, darling," he said, "I 
was Somewhere in France for a 
minute, i guess. I hadn't finished 
what I was trying to say, though — 
there's something else. Whatever 
women do — and whatever they do 
without — I think they ought someway 
to make the men who've gone to light 
feel that they're trying to do their 
shares — taking their part of the work 
and the pain and the sacrifice — and 
not entirely for the sake of one man 
whom they love, but for all of them — 
every single man that's gone. Have 
you read anything about the women 
in France who are still safe — the work 
they're doing? Why, there's nothing 
— nothing — that seems too much, or 
too hard! Don't you suppose that 
our soldiers will do more, when they 



know that their women are helping 
like that? Have you read anything 
about the women in Belgium — I 
don't mean wild-cat reports, but 
perfectly authentic accounts? Well,- 
our men are trying to save you — yes, 
women just as rich and lovely and safe 
as you, Gloria — from horrors like 
that> 

"When you came into the room 
tonight," he went on in a low voice, 
" of course the only thing I could think 
of at first was how beautiful you were, 
and how glad I was to see you, and 
how r I hoped to get you — in my arms — 
and — kiss you, all I wanted to, just 
once more before I went away. And 
then — a new feeling seemed to sweep 
over me like a flame and drive out 
everything else. I saw that your 
dress wasn't useful, or warm, or — or 
even modest, but just a glittering, al- 
luring wisp of gauze; and that you 
were coming to me, straight from 
some man with whom you'd been 
dancing — -who'd had you in his arms — 
some man who's probably just as 
young and strong and able to fight 
as those fellows over there in the 
trenches; and when you spoke to me, 
it was to jeer at me, and mock the way 
I used to plead with you, and tell me 
to go away and leave you to go back 
and dance some more, dressed like 
that, when I'd ridden a hundred and 
fifty miles on the chance of seeing you, 
and in the hope of asking you to 
think — more gently of me before I 
went away for good." His voice 
sank almost to a whisper, "Oh, 
Gloria, darling, please .don't think I'm 
venturing to preach, or even criticise, 
I never did amount to much, and for a 
little while — when you first threw me 
over — I did things that were so weak — 
and mean— and bad that I couldn't 
tell you about them. I'd been pretty 
straight, as men go, until then; but 
with the memory of that time in my 
mind, still pretty fresh and bitter, I 
know I'm not fit to consider myself 
even half as worthy of you as I used 
to be. But I couldn't help thinking 
— if hundreds of others, already over 



The Spirit and the Vision 



213 



there had seen you, just as I did, 
wouldn't they have felt — just as I did 
— that it wasn't worth-while to go 
out and fight for women, if. all they 
were going to do in return was to stay 
at home, and make themselves lovely 
for the slackers!'' 

Steven sprang to his feet, and walk- 
ing away, stood for a full minute with 
jiis back towards Gloria, his shoulders 
shaking. The radiance of the night 
had dimmed a little: the moon had 
gone under a cloud, and a slight chill 
wiud. foreboding rain, had sprung up. 
The boy shivered. Then he set his 
teeth, and turned again. .Gloria was 
standing beside him. 

"Steven," she began, but he in- 
terrupted her. 

'That's why I wouldn't kiss you, 
even when you gave me the chance 
much sooner than I expected," he 
said gently, "even when I found yon 
still cared, and had been suffering too; 
I had to tell you all this first — and 
ask you if you wouldn't give your own 
self — the girl I told my mother about, 
you know — a fair chance to do her 
share. I'm sorry if I've hurt you — 
I haven't meant to — have I?" 

She hesitated, but only for a 
moment. Then, unasked, she slid her 
hand into his. 

" You've hurt me dreadfully," she 
said, "but that doesn't matter — what 
matters is that you've brought me out 
here, and talked to me, and shown me 
your whole soul — and 1113' own. I've 
been longing for you — all these two 
long years — but I've been too proud 
to send for you and tell you so, and 
say that I was ashamed from the 
bottom of my heart at the way I had 
treated you and ask you to take me 
back — and give me another chance to 
show you how much I loved you. 
When you came, I tried not to let you 
see how glad I was— 1 didn't want to 
throw myself into your arms before 
you'd even asked me to — and then — 
when I found you were going to 
France — that I'd got to lose you right 
straight off again — I felt, just for a 
minute, as if I couldn't bear it. 



But of course, now, 1 know I can. I 
want you to go. Only before you do 
— I must tell you — though I don't 
know whether it means much to you 
now — I've been silly and idle and 
proud, but I've — never for one instant 
forgotten — how much you meant to 
me. Engaged! Oh, Steven, you 
ought to have known better than that 
without asking! I never cared for 
anyone else, and I never shall — no 
other man has ever touched me — my 
darling, won't you kiss me now?" 

How long they stood there, his arms 
around her. her wet cheek against his, 
they never knew; and when at last 
Steven raised his head again, he found 
himself looking into such a new- 
strange beauty in the pale and tear- 
stained face still raised to his, that he 
was fright eaed. 

''Gloria — dearest — I didn't mean 
to let myself go," he said, "but— you 
never kissed me — we never kissed each 
other I mean — like that before, I 
don't see now — how I can give you up. 
You belong to me now, whatever hap- 
pens. I've got to have you for my 
verv own. " 



"Will you — take me 
pered, "will vou marrv 



?" she wbis- 



me — and take 
me home with you? I know it's an 
awfiil lot to ask of your mother to 
share you with me, but somehow I 
think she'll understand — and forgive 
me. I don't think my father will 
mind as much as you imagine — now — 
but if he does — well, 1 was twenty-one 
last week, and I've got a little money 
of my own-— enough to keep me from 
being a burden to your family if you 
shouldn't — I mean, until you come 
back. I won't keep you from going on 
Saturday — I want you to go — but be- 
fore you do — " 

"Gloria," began Steven huskily, 
and stopped. "Gloria," he said 
again, and again found that he could 
not go on. "I — I — mustn't," he 
breathed at last, "I haven't any right 
to. Aviation isn't as dangerous as 
you imagine, and much less — less 
dreadful than the trenches, but still 
I'm — sure I'm never coming back — " 



214 The Granite Monthly 

"I know. I — feel that way. too. or perhaps I might — perhaps 1 

And so — if I could be yours — your wouldn't be alone all the rest of 

very own before you go — " my life after all. But even if I am — 

"All the rest of my. life." she went J'U.ez-uft, every time I think of you 

on, when he would let her speak because I've had so much more thj 

again,. "I can remember that. I'll — those others. And after you've 

feel so rich — and safe — and proud — gone — after Saturday — I can find my 

compared to all the other women work — whatever it is — and do it 

who's husbands are with them at well, because you've given me the 

home. We may be mistaken — you spirit — and the vision — for ever and 

mav come back safe and sound — ever. 7 ' 



Newton, Mass. 



THE SCHOOL CHILDREN 

By Charles Nevers Holmes 

They pass so blithely to and fro 

On fair or stormy day 
As to and from their school they go 

Like lambkins full of play: 
At morn, at noon, near shades of night, 

Surcharged with roguish joys. 
They pass my home — hearts always light 

happy girls and boys! 

I hear their merry laugh and shout ; 

Like mine long, long ago. 
Restrained by neither fear nor doubt — 

; Tis well they do not know: 
I see their faces fresh and fair. 

As fresh as once was mine. 
Their mirthful eyes and curly hair. 

But not a careworn line. 

Unselfish, loving, good and free — 

Ah, could they so remain 
And never, nover taste or see 

Earth's cup of death and pain; 
Oh. if this life would backward fly 

And make us free as they. 
Without one care, without one sigh, 

A child just for today! 



OFFICIAL NEW HAMPSHIRE, 1919-1920 

By Harlan C. Pearson 
IV 

The Work of the Legislature 



The New Hampshire General Court 
-of 1919 assembled on Wednesday, 
January 1-, at 11 o'clock in the fore- 
noon, and was prorogued between 
8.30 and 9 o'clock in the evening, 
actual time, at 5 p. m., legislative 
time, of Friday, March 28. Of these 
S7 days, 62 witnessed sessions of the 
two bodies and business was trans- 
acted on 38 of them. 

The total number of measures orig- 
inating in the Senate was 55; in the 
House, 484. Of these 309 became 
laws, 228 were killed in one branch or 
the other of the Legislature, one was 
vetoed by the governor and from one 
in the last hours of the session he 
withheld his approval. 

Two members of the House, Brad- 
ley Ford Parsons, of Ward Six, Roches- 
ter, and Harry K. Young of Easton, 
died before the assembling of the 
Legislature. Charles W. Varney was 
chosen in place of Mr. Parsons, but 
no special election was held to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of Air. 
Young. Dining the session the 
deaths occurred of Representatives 
Ralph C. Gray of Ward Two, Ports- 
mouth, and John H. Wesley of Ward 
Five, Dover. 

After considering the results of 
inspections of votes, the House seated 
on recommendation of its Committee 
on Elections, George M. Randall of 
Ward Two, Dover, and Delor L. 
Floyd and Edward H. King of Clare- 
rnont, all Democrats. 

According to the figures given in the 
Official Manual of the General Court 
the Senate was made up of 19 Repub- 
licans and 5 Democrats; the House of 
244 Republicans, 160 Democrats, 1 
Independent Democrat and 1 Inde- 
pendent; total, -190. 



A valuable and informing feature of 
the session was the number of addresses 
made before the Legislature upon 
subjects connected with its work, or in 
which its members were much inter- 
ested, by men ranking as authorities 
in the different matters. Among 
those whom the members were privi- 
leged to hear in this way were General 
Clarence R. Edwards, U. S. A., former 
Governor Charles S. Whitman of New 
York City, Presidents Hopkins, of 
Dartmouth, and Hetzel, of State 
College; Educational Commissioner 
Hillegas, of Vermont; Bishop Edward 
M. Parker; Will M. Cressy, the actor 
and overseas worker; Captain Arthur 
J. Coyle, aviator: Major Frank Knox 
of the A. E. F.; State Treasurer 
Plummer, Chairman Lyford of the 
bank commission, Public Service 
Commissioner Worthen, State For- 
ester Hirst, Rev. Lyman T. Powell of 
New York, Rev. Manley B. Townsend 
of the Audubon Society, Representa- 
tive Ralph D. Paine, war correspond- 
ent with the fighting fleets abroad, 
Professor Lewis Johnson of Harvard, 
authority on taxation, Doctors Dun- 
can and Weaver of the state "board of 
health department. General Frank S. 
Streeter, Commissioner Butterfield 
of the department of public instruc- 
tion, Secretary William J. Ahern of 
the state board of charities, Commis- 
sioner Felker of the department of 
agriculture and others. 

When the General Court of 1919 
convened for the first time, each 
branch was called to order by its 
veteran clerk. Earle C. Gordon in the 
Senate and Harrie M. Young, in the 
House. The oath of office was admin- 
istered by the acting governor, Judge 
Jesse M. Barton of Newport, who, in 



216 



The (Jraniic Monthly 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1919 

DID 

Increase the pay of. jurors. 

Endorse the League of Nations. 

Increase the poll tax from $2 to S3. 

Make the purple lilac the state flower. 

Lengthen the open season for hunting deer. 

Prevent automobiles from escaping taxation. 

Punish more severely offenses against chastity. 

Extend the scope of the law taxing inheritances. 

Enact a new general law governing incorporations. 

Prevent discrimination at places of public entertainment. 

Legislate against "the overthrow of government by force." 

Change the system of management of the state's institutions. 

Require the weekly payment of wages by employers of labor. 

Authorize cities and towns to own and operate street railways. 

Authorize towns to create voting precincts within their boundaries. 

Authorize the reorganization of the Boston & Maine Railroad system. 

Raise the municipal debt limits of Manchester, Portsmouth and Berlin. 

Give half a million dollars towards an interstate bridge at Portsmouth. 

Ratify the prohibition amendment to the Constitution of the United 
States. 

Strengthen the law enforcement provisions of the state prohibitory 
statute. 

Create a military staff for the governor and continue the State 
Guard organization. 

Place the highway department under the more direct control of the 
governor and council. 

Regulate the sale of wood, and of air guns, the practice of chiropody 
and the operation of jitneys. 

Reorganize the public school system of the state on a basis of super- 
vision and Americanization. 

Recognize, financially and otherwise, the service of New Hampshire 
men in the war with Germany. 

Make increased appropriations for schools, the State College, highways, 
agricultural work and health work. 

Increase the salaries of the state treasurer, the adjutant-general, the 
deputy state treasurer, the attorney-general, the assistant attor- 
ney-general, the deputy secretary of state, the governor's 
secretary, the fish and game commissioner, the commissioner of 
motor vehicles, the deputy commissioner of agriculture, the admin- 
istrator of the blue skv law. 



Ojfidcl New Hampshire, 1919-1910 



217 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1919 
DIDN'T 

License cats. 

Place a bounty on crows. 

Prohibit smoking in garages. 

Increase the bounty on bears. 

Increase the homestead right. 

Repeal the direct primary law. 

Require bonds of automobilists. 

Lengthen the terms of selectmen. 

Define the rights of labor unions. 

Change the Sunday observance law. 

Amend the employer's liability law. 

Require a woman factory inspector. 

Require uniformity in guide boards. 

Investigate the fees of probate officers. 

Allow the sale of beer, wine and cider. 

Lengthen the legal size of brook trout. 

Advertise the state's vacation business. 

Allow municipalities to engage in business. 

Create additional state free employment offices. 

Increase the salary of the insurance commissioner. 

Provide for a new revision of the Public Statutes. 

Erect new buildings at the various state institutions. '" 

Establish a 48-hour-work week for women and children. 

Provide for participation in the Pilgrim Tercentenary celebration. 

Establish new normal schools at Manchester, Nashua and Whitefield- 

Authorize municipalities to adopt the city manager form of gov- 
ernment. 

Give the governor and council more power over the fish and game and 
forestry departments. .,_„_ 

Instruct our United States senators to vote to submit to the states a 
suffrage amendment to the federal constitution. 

Establish a state police force, a minimum wage commission, an indus; 
trial welfare commission, a board of boiler rules. 

Make our laws uniform with those of other states upon the subjects of 
conditional sales., fraud, conveyances, warehouse receipts, stock 
transfers, etc. 



218 



The Granite Monthly 



the illness of Governor Henry W. 
Keyes, came to discharge the chief 
executive's duties by virtue of his 
office as president, of the state Senate 
of 1917. 

Professor James A. Tufts of Exeter 
was chosen as temporary presiding 
officer in the Senate and Marshall D. 
Cobleigh of Nashua, chairman of the 
House Republican caucus, in the lower 
body. Permanent organization was 
effected by the choice of the Republi- 
can nominees. Arthur P. Morrill of 
Concord, speaker of the House of 
1917, was elected president of the 
Senate, the vote being made unani- 
mous on motion of his Democratic 
opponent, Senator Daniel J. Daley of 
Berlin: For speaker of the House 
Charles W. Tobey, Republican, of 
Temple had 239 votes and William 
N. Rogers, Democrat, of Wakefield, 
135. 

Wednesday afternoon, a farewell 
message sent to the Legislature by 
Governor Henry W. Keyes from his 
sick bed at North Haverhill, was read 
to a joint convention of both r branches 
by Secretary of State Edwin C. Bean. 
In it the governor reviewed briefly the 
work of his administration, with partic- 
ular reference to New Hampshire's 
participation in the World War. 

On Thursday at noon Governor 
John H. Bartlett was inaugurated in 
the presence of a brilliant company of 
guests, in addition to the legislators 
to whom Ins message, of unusual 
length and interest, was addressed. 
After the exercises in Representatives' 
Hall the Governor and his party held 
a reception in the Council Chamber, 
at which the attendance was the 
largest in the history of similar occa- 
sions. 

The governor's inaugural message, 
occupying 90 minutes in its delivery, 
assumes particular importance as a 
state document because of the re- 
markable degree to which its -recom- 
mendations were enacted into law by 
the Le gi sla t u re . 

Among these recommendations 
were the raising of all the schools in 



the state to a uniform standard of 
excellence: return to the executive 
department of various powers of which 
it had been shorn; the freeing of 
toll bridges; the Americanization of 
aliens; the abolition of the board oi 
trustees of state institutions; giving 
the governor and council more control 
over the highway department; estab- 
lishing the executive budget system; 
increasing the state's income by new 
taxes on incomes, inheritances, corpo- 
ration franchises and intangibles; 
suitable recognition of the work of 
our soldiers and sailors in the World 
War; consolidating various state 
agencies of law enforcement; substi- 
tuting one man for three-men state 
commissions; retaining the corpora- 
tion taxes in the state treasury; and 
the ratification of the prohibition 
amendment to the federal constitu- 
tion. 

The feature" of the second week of 
the session was the brilliant debate 
upon woman's suffrage during a recess 
of the House. Mrs. Carrie Chapman 
Gatt, Mrs. Mary I. Wood, Mrs. W. L. 
Shaw and Miss Doris Stevens spoke 
for suffrage; Mrs. A. T. Dudley, 
Mrs. Lydia D. Jackson, Airs. John 
Batch and Miss Charlotte Rowe in 
opposition. The House then voted, 
210 to 135. to request Senators Holiis 
and Moses to vote for submitting to 
the states an equal suffrage amend- 
ment to the federal constitution; but 
during the following week the Senate 
killed the concurrent resolution to 
this effect by a vote of 15 to 6. 

During this week standing com- 
mittees were appointed in both 
branches and Rev. Harold H. Niles, 
pastor of the White Memorial Univer- 
salist Church, Concord, was elected 
chaplain of the Legislature. 

Tins week saw the first law of the 
session enacted, both branches pass- 
ing and the governor signing a bill 
authorizing his appointment of a 
personal military staff. The former 
statute on this point had been put out 
of commission by the federalizing of 
the National Guard. 



Official Xew Hampshire, 1919-1920 



219 



The third week of the session wit- 
nessed the ratification by the state of 
New Hampshire of the prohibition 
amendment to the federal constitu- 
tion by a vote of 222 to 121 in the 
House and 19 to 4 in the Senate. 
Secretary of State Edwin C. Bean and 
State Treasurer John Wesley Plum- 
mer were re-elected to those positions 
without opposition. 

In the fourth week of the session the 
time limit for the Introduction of bills, 
except by unanimous consent, or 
through committees, expired, with 
only 12 measures docketed in the 
Senate and 299 in the House. These 
ngures were the smallest in many 
years, and while they were almost 
doubled before tie end of the session, 
still the final total was far below the 
average for the past 20 years. 

Not until this week was the initial 
casualty of the session among the bills 
reported, the first measure killed 
beingan act to require the licensing of 
photographers. 

During the second month of the 
session its interest lay largely in the 
committee rooms where public hear- 
ings were given upon all the bills and 
in some cases the measures were ably 
and amply debated by counsel and 
citizens seeking to influence the com- 
mittee recommendations. The Farm- 
ers' Council also held some interesting 
meetings at which the State Master of 
the Grange and other prominent 
agriculturists gave their views upon 
pending legislation as affecting the 
farmers of the state. 

The passage of the Boston & Maine 
reorganization bill was the event of 
the fifth week oi the session. The 
sixth week saw the appearance of the 
fcrst of numerous budget bills, accom- 
panied by the first of several state- 
ments as to probable increase in 
expenditures from Chairman James 
E« French of the Committee on Ap- 
propriations. At previous sessions 
there had been but one "budget bill/ 7 
coining in very late in the session and 
covering practically all the appropria- 
tions, but this year the policy was 



adopted of bringing in separate bills 
for the different departments so that 
each could stand or fall on its own 
merit. As it happened.' they all stood, 
but such might not always be the case. 

With the seventh week of the 
session the period of debates began, 
oratory flowing freely in the House 
upon the subject of beer and light 
wines, against which the majority 
pronounced, on this occasion and 
again later in the session. A favor- 
able committee report upon the bill 
to license cats was overthrown by the 
House without the interesting discus- 
sion which the topic was expected to 
provoke. 

During this week the oldest member 
of the Legislature, Representative 
George S. Peavey of Greenfield, 
reached his 84th birthday and the 
occasion was made much of in the 
House. 

The eighth week was featured by 
the biennial Governor's Ball, which 
w r as the most largely attended in many 
years. For the entertainment of 
visitors to the Legislature in connec- 
tion with this event a debate on the 
state flower bill was staged, which 
ended in the House voting for the 
apple blossom. The Senate later 
chose the purple aster. Then a 
committee of conference on the 
momentous topic was arranged and 
in the closing hours of the session the 
purple lilac was agreed upon as a 
compromise. 

The ninth week brought real progress 
in important legislation. The gover- 
nor's bill to abolish the board of 
trustees of state institutions, which 
went through the House without 
trouble, was fought bitterly in the 
Senate, President Morrill leading the 
opposition, but finally passed the 
upper branch 15 to 7. The move- 
ments of the House during this week 
were on decidedly different tangents, 
one bill passed being a very liberal 
Sunday law and another a drastic 
stiffening of the state prohibitory 
statute. Later the Senate passed the 
liquor law, with a few amendments, 



220 



The Granite Monthly 



but killed the Sunday bill. Three 

other attempts were made to secure 
Some modification of the Lord's Day 
"blue laws/" hut none was successful. 
It was agreed, however, to give the 
governor authority to appoint an ad 
interim commission to consider the 
subject and make recommendations 
to the next Legislature, 

The tenth week saw both branches 
unite in the adoption of resolutions 
expressing sympathy for Ireland in 
her struggle for the right of self-deter- 
mination. 

The Senate passed another of the 
governor's bills, in which the House 
later concurred, giving the executive 
department the final decision in mat- 
ters of highway department policy. 

As is usually the case, the legislative 
week including Town Meeting Day 
was only two days long and was ended 
by the first and only adjournment of 
the House for the lack oi a quorum 
during this session of the General 
Court. A number of appropriation 
bills and labor bills were killed, the 
latter causing lively debate. 

The House began the twelfth week 
of the session by voting to take final 
adjournment March 28 and proceeded 
to suit its deeds to its words byclearing 
it-stable at a lively rate. The Ports- 
mouth bridge bill, the soldiers' bounty 
bill,, the general fish and game bill 
and the bill increasing the poll tax 
rate were important measures sent 
up to the higher branch during this 
week. 

Not until Wednesday of the final 
week of the session did the Senate 
decide as to the time of adjournment 
and then the sentiment in regard to 
the matter was so evenly divided that 
President Morrill was obliged to break 
a tie, which he did by casting his vote 
in favor of a session of 13 weeks 
instead of 14. Be it said to the credit' 
of the Senate that all its members, 
whatever their wishes as to adjourn- 
ment, worked like Trojans during the 
last few days and gave careful and 
sufficient consideration to all the 



large number of measures that piled 
up in front of them at the finish. 

The friends of beer, wine and cider 
fought in the Llouse to the very 
finish for a bill to allow the beverage 
use of liquids containing not more 
than 2 . 75 per cent of alcohol, which 
was beaten only 179 to 161 on Tues- 
day of the last week of the session. Its 
advocates, encouraged by this show- 
ing, returned to the charge on Wednes- 
day, but a motion to reconsider the 
action of Tuesda} r was beaten ISO to 
139. 

Governor Bartlett's one and only 
veto of the session was received in the 
House on Wednesday and was directed 
against a bill which had passed 
both branches unanimously, reducing 
the membership of the Portsmouth 
school board from twelve to six. The 
House voted 176 to 105, not quite the 
necessary two thirds, to pass the bill 
over the governor's veto. 

Important bills coming from the 
Senate and passed by the House in the 
last hours of the session included an 
act giving the state's law department 
more power in the way of suppressing 
Bolshevism should it make its appear- 
ance in New Hampshire; requiring 
permits for all parades and meetings 
in the public streets; and exempting 
from taxation registered sires of pure- 
bred cattle. 

An attempt in the Senate to raise 
the soldiers' bounty from $30 to S50 
per capita failed by a 17 to 5 vote on 
roll-call. 

Friday, the final day of the session, 
had the usual windup features, a mock 
session, presentations of gifts, etc., 
and some new ones as well. Will M. 
Cressy, just back from overseas, gave 
a splendid address on the work of our 
soldiers, after which Speaker Tobey 
led the singing of " America" and the 
members joined with Chaplain Harold 
H. Xiles in the Lord's Prayer. 

Governor Bartlett made the follow- 
ing farewell address in proroguing 
the General Court: 

" The New Hampshire General Court 
of 1919 has presented to me for my 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



221 



consideration 250 bills and 55 joint 
resolutions, ail of which I have signed, 
with the exception of two, one. House 
Bill No. "309, which I vetoed. and which 
failed to pass over said vet%, and the 
other, Senate Bill No. 23, from which 
I have withheld my approval. 

"This has been a legislature which 
faced an unusual situation and extra- 
ordinary circumstances. For this rea- 
son, I am presuming that you would 
desire me to review more extensively 
than otherwise the financial record of 
this legislature. 

'"The legislature of 1917 appropri- 
ated for its two fiscal years sums of 
money which required a regular tax of 
$800,000 each year in addition to a 
special Mexican War soldier tax. 

'•This legislature has appropriated 
sums of money which require a state 
tax of $1,800,000 for our first fiscal 
year and SI, 500, 000 for our second 
fiscal year, or an average of 81.650,000 
for each year. Expressed in different 
form, ihis legislature has appropriated 
sums of money which require a state 
tax for the first year of $1,000,000 and 
for the second year of $700,000 in 
excess of the state tax of the preceding 
legislature. In other words, we have 
to account for the appropriation of 
about $1,700,000 for our two fiscal 
years in excess of the appropriation 
of the two fiscal years last past. 

4 'How do we account for this excess 
of $1,700,000. for the next two fiscal 
years over the past two fiscal years? 
In other words, what will the people 
of the state get in return for this excess 
in the state tax over two years ago, 
and what. conditions have made this 
increase necessary? 

"The first item with which we were 
faced was an item of $365,000 to meet 
a necessary deficiency which we inher- 
ited from the last administration or 
administrations, and which arose 
because of unexpected war conditions, 
which could not be foreseen when the 
state tax was assessed by our immedi- 
ate predecessors. 

"The next item (in bulk) which I 
call to your attention is $616,000, 



which this legislature has appropriated 
to the general cause of education, 
including the Agricultural College, 
in excess of what was appropriated by 
the last Legislature. This sum di- 
vides itself naturally into three parts 
as follows: $107,000 would have been 
required by the Educational Depart- 
ment if the so-called Americanization 
Bill had not passed. That is, by its 
regular budget the educational depart- 
ment would have required $107,000 of 
this Legislature more than it required 
of the last Legislature. The passage 
of the Americanization Bill, however, 
called for $334,000 additional for the 
two years combined. Again, the 
conditions at Durham, created largely 
by the war, called for an additional 
appropriation, all things included, of 
$175,000. Every item of this appro- 
priation for the college was gone over 
very carefully by the entire Legisla- 
ture and everything was cut as much 
as possible. The state will, however, 
acquire valuable additional property 
through this appropriation. 

' 'Again, for the two years combined, 
the highway appropriations will 
amount to $475,000 more than two 
years ago. This, however, reckons 
the increase in automobile fees over 
the sum at which it was reckoned 
two years ago. It also reckons an 
additional appropriation of $100,000 
which qualifies us, with our other 
appropriations, to receive from the 
federal government nearly $800,000. 
This extraordinary sum which we are 
to receive from the federal govern- 
ment we could not afford to lose by 
failure to meet the necessary condi- 
tions imposed by the federal govern- 
ment. In fact, the state is extremely 
fortunate in being able to thus aug- 
ment its available highway funds. . 

" Again, the agricultural department 
will receive at the hands of this 
Legislature about $60,000 more than 
from the last. This is to make possi- 
ble the work which was recommended 
by a committee of our leading agricul- 
turists, in whom I have great confi- 
dence. 



222 



The Granite Monthly 



"We have appropriated for soldiers 
$26,500 more than two years ago, but 
this does not include the soldiers' 
bonus which I will mention later. 

"The additional Expense of collect- 
ing the new inheritance tax we 
estimate at $24,8<J0. 

"The increase m salaries is ?1 1,000. 

''We have appropriated §18,000 to 
pa}' an old debt at Durham which has 
been running for years in order to 
clean up and start square. 

"We have appropriated §10,000 
extra for dependent mothers. 

"We have appropriated $10,000 for 
a constitutional convention. 

"We have appropriated 810,000 
extra to help check the spread of 
tuberculosis or consumption. 

"We have appropriated about 
$5,000 for the check of a serious dis- 
ease. 

"This Legislature was called upon 
to meet interest on war bonds, so that 
our extra interest charges were $66,- 
000 more than two years ago. 

"The foregoing items are sum- 
marized as follows: 

To cover deficiency 8365,000 

Education and agricultural 

college 616.000 

State highways 475,000 

Agricultural department . 60,000 

For soldiers (not soldiers' 

bonus) 26,500 

Expense of new inherit- 
ance tax law 24,800 

Increase in salaries 14,000 

Old debt at Durham 18,000 

Dependent mothers 10,000 

Constitutional convention 10,000 

Tuberculosis . ^ 10,000 

Check of special disease . . 5,000 

Interest on war bonds .... 66,000 

Total $1,700,300 

"You will bear in mind that I am 
giving only a birdseye view of the 
situation, so that you can tell, gener- 
ally, how we stand, and I am speaking 
in terms of two years combined and 
not of one year singly . 

" You will see that quite a consider- 
able sum is appropriated in order that 



we may clean up old matters and 
start square with a view of running 
the state on the policy of 'pay-as-you- 
go.' 

"There remains about $190,000 of 
the half-million bond issue which is 
still in the treasury unexpended and 
unappropriated. A little more of this 
will be used in winding up the business 
of that appropriation, and it is under- 
stood that $30,000 of it shall be used 
to pay the United States government 
for the buildings at Durham. The 
rest of it will remain in the treasury as 
cash. 

"Now, on the other hand, this 
Legislature has opened up new sources 
of revenue, for which, in dollars and 
cents, we shall not get the full credit. 
The extension of the inheritance tax 
law which has been passed by this 
Legislature will produce, in my judg- 
ment, over $400,000 annually, or 
$800,000 for two years after ithas had 
time to get under full swing. In 
making our state tax, however, we 
have been ultra-conservative in figur- 
ing only $100,000 from this source 
annually. My personal belief is that 
before the fiscal period ends for whicli 
we are legislating, this new law will 
produce an average of $200,000 in- 
stead of $100,000 as reckoned. 

"We have also enacted a modern, 
sound, and honest, corporation law, 
which is a distinct asset to the state 
and which will produce some money, 
but we have made no account of this 
in reckoning our state tax. We have 
figured on a sure basis. 

"When cost conditions get normal 
again, and when the revenue bills 
which we have enacted get into a 
maximum operation, the state tax can 
again approach more nearly what it 
was before the war, unless we take on 
additional duties of expenditure. _ 

"The people demand new things 
and are willing to pay for them pro- 
vided they get value received for their 
money. 

"We have left undisturbed the law 
by which the state collects each year 
over a million dollars in taxes from 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



223 



corporations, banks, insurance com- 
panies, etc., and then returns this 
money to .certain cities and towns in 
accordance with existing law: While 
this money is paid hrk) the state 
treasury as taxes, it does not go to 
the use of the state in any form. I 
do not believe in this law on account 
of the injustices and inequalities in 
connection with its return to the cities 
and towns. Some day this will be 
changed, but it did not seem to be a 
thing which we could fight out in this 
session. 

"We have added a half million to 
our state bonded indebtedness in 
order to take a long step toward 
emancipating the highway system of 
the state from the payment of tolls. 
This had become an imperative prop- 
osition. Civilization is not a success 
when private corporations own its 
highways. By this bridge law. we 
raise our bonded indebtedness from 
about §1,500.000 to about $2,000,000. 
This is not disturbing. After the 
Civil War we had a bonded indebted- 
ness of over S3, 000, 000, and our prop- 
erty at that time was only about one 
third the value of our property at the 
present time. Our state is more con- 
servatively bunded. I believe, than 
most any state in the Union. It is 
conspicuous in its conservative finan- 
cial strength, and for this, much credit 
must be given to those who in the 
post and the present have stood firm 
against extravagance. 

'• We have appropriated about $600,- 
000 as a kind of a thank-offering to 
those gallant boy.-- who risked all to 
preserve our civilization. It was in 
Qo sense as a payment, but merely an 
'appreciation.' We can never repay 
them. This money is to be raised by 
& special tax, and I believe this is well, 
because it will remind every person in 



the state that he is contributing. He 
should do it cheerfully. The country 
should do more. We are bound to do 
more as we can. Those who' actually 
suffered for as shall never suffer for 
money. 

i; I believe the people of our state 
will surely justify the acts of this 
Legislature with reference to financial 
matters. Nothing has been appro- 
priated which can be called extrava- 
gance. Many meritorious proposals 
have been denied. The new steps 
which we have caused the state to 
take, involving expenditures, have, in 
my opinion, been veritably demanded 
by the duties and needs of this recon- 
struction period and in order that the 
affairs of the state may be safely and 
prosperously administered. 
• "I am profoundly grateful for your 
sympathetic cooperation with me in 
the solution of the problems of this 
Legislature. I thank each one of you 
personally for the spirit of kindness 
and cordiality which has uniformly 
marked your criticism and business 
association. During the remainder 
of my life, I shall regard as partic- 
ular and special friends, you men 
who have thus been associated with 
me in the service of the state. I 
trust that our united influence in the 
future may be conducive of higher 
levels of citizenship in our state. 

' 'Having been informed by the joint 
committee of the Senate and House of 
Representatives that you have com- 
pleted the business of the session and 
are ready to adjourn, I do, by the 
authority vested in me as governor, 
hereby declare the General Court of 
New Hampshire adjourned to the last 
Wednesday in December in the year 
of our Lord- one thousand nine hun- 
dred and twenty. 77 



224 



The Granite Monthly 






Hon. William F. Sullivan 



Hon. William F. Sullivan of Xinhua, mem- 
ber of the New Hampshire state Senate of 
1919 from the Thirteenth District, was one of 
the influential members of that body, al- 
though one of the minority as a Democrat in 
politics. In the primary, however, he was 
the regularly nominated* candidate of both 
the Democrats and the Republicans of his 
district and he represented both parties ac- 
ceptably in the upper branch of the Legisla- 
ture. His principal speech of the session was 



made in connection with a bill which had 
passed the House of Representatives, abol- 
ishing the police commission of the city of 
Nashua, and substituting for it one police 
commissioner. This measure Senator Sulli- 
van opposed in the upper branch in detail and 
with great vigor, the result being that it was 
killed by a vote of 22 to 2. Senator Sullivan 
was born in Lowell, Mass., in 1869. He is 
the superintendent of the Pennichuck Water 
Works at Nashua and a well-known engineer. 



Official Xeic Hampshire, 19W-W20 



225 



One of the most popular members, of the 
New Hampshire state Senate of 1919 and one 
whose record on roll-calls and in debate 
showed him to be imbued with independence 
in action, yet consistency of principle, was 



other public offices, Mr. James, was born in 
Northwood March 19, 18(38, and was edu- 
cated at Coe's Academy and at New Hamp- 
shire College, graduating from the latter in- 
stitution in the class of 1S93. Mr. James is 



p-v>: ■.*.■*■— ..■■- ..- - 



f" 






Hon. Alvah T. Ramsdell 



Representative Orrin M. James 



Hon. Alvah T. Ramsdell, Republican, of the 
Twenty-first District. Senator Ramsdell 
was born in York, Maine, April 15, 1852, and 
was the oldest member of the present Senate, 
although that fact was a hard one for his fel- 
low-members and for visitors to the Senate 
Chamber to believe. Senator Ramsdell has 
been the leading architect of the city of 
Dover for many years and likewise has been 
a leader in its public affairs, serving in the 
city government and in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, prior to his promotion to the upper 
branch of the General Court. As chairman of 
the Senate Committee on Military Affairs he 
piloted through to the governor some of the 
more important legislation of the session. 



Representative Orrin M. James of North- 
wood, Democrat, was assigned to no less than 
three important committees, Agricultural 
College, Banks and Elections, at the recent 
Session of the Legislature, a distinction to 
which he was well entitled by reason of his 
intelligent and constant devotion to dutv in 



8 well-known engineer, of long service at the 
head of one of the divisions of the State High- 
way Department, and was the representative 
of New Hampshire at the most recent per- 
ambulation of the boundary line between this 
state and Massachusetts. He has held vari- 
ous town positions of trust and is a Mason, 
Odd Fellow, Patron of Husbandry and a 
Baptist. 



By virtue of his nomination as the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Speaker of the House of 
Representatives William N. Rogers of Wake- 
field became the floor leader of his party, 
probably the youngest man ever to receive 
that honor in New Hampshire and certainly 
one of the most eloquent and efficient. Born 
at Sanbornville, January 10, 1892, Mr. Rog- 
ers was educated at Dartmouth College and 
the University of Maine law school and is a 
member of the New Hampshire bar. Elected 
to the Legislature of 1917, Mr. Rogers made 
a reputation there as an orator, a thinker and 
a hard fighter in support of his convictions. 
In 1918 he was nominated for Congress in the 



220 



The Granite Monthly 



First New Hampshire District and made a 
splendid run, the plurality of his opponent, 
Congressman Sherman E. Burroughs, being 
but? 1,536, Re-elected to the House of 1919, 



in it. Rev. Mr. Blue is a Congregational t*t 
clergyman, a graduate of Williams College 
and the Andover Theological Seminary, and 
one who iloes his part to make the church 



fi&% 



i 



Representative William NT. Rogers 



L..,,.- 



Rev. James McD. Blue 



he rendered valuable service, as before, on 
the Judiciary Committee, and won new 
friends* and admirers by the consistent cour- 
age of his course and the eloquence and logic 
of his speeches. 



a living factor in state progress and good 
citizenship. 



Rev. Jarne^ McD. Blue of North Conway, 
Republican, chairman of the Committee on 
Nations! Affairs in the House of Representa- 
tives of 1919, took his cue from that import- 
ant appointment, and while he was constant 
in attendance and conscientious in his every 
vote, he took the floor in debate only upon 
outstanding questions. One of his notable 
speeches was in favor of New Hampshire 
participation in the Pilgrim tercentenary cele- 
bration, for which his committee had rec- 
ommended an appropriation, and while the 
bill failed, as did many other worthy projects, 
because of financial conditions, Mr. Blue's 
remarks demonstrated to all his hearers the 
importance of the object sought and the de- 
gree of interest New Hampshire ought to feel 



Representative Benjamin W. Couch, Re- 
publican, of Ward Five, Concord, is the 
youngest of New Hampshire's legislative vet- 
erans; that is to say, no other man of his age 
has served so prominently for so many years 
in the state House of Representatives. Born 
in Concord, August 19, 1873, he has been 
continuously a member of the House since 
1911, and for four sessions was chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee. Educated at Dart- 
mouth College and the Harvard Law School 
Mr. Couch has practised his profession in 
Concord since his admission to the bar. He 
has been police court justice, trustee of the 
state hospital, president of the Concord city 
council, police commissioner, member of the 
stare board of control and chairman of the 
board of trustees of state institutions; and is 
a director of the Meehanicks National Bank, 
trustee of the Merrimack County Savings 



Official Ncic Hampshire, 1919-1920 



227 



as of that nn State Prison. Born at Blue 
Hill, Maine, September 24, 1866, Mr. Wes- 

cott was educated at the academy there and 
then entered mercantile life, in which he has 
achieved much success: He is a leading dry- 
goods merchant of his city and has served as 
director and publicity manager of the Roch- 
ester Chamber of Commerce. He was an 
active war worker and chairman of the Red 
Cross membership committee for his city- 
Representative Wescott has received double 
political honors from his constituents in a 
short period of time, being a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention of 191S as well a 
member of the General Court of 1919. He is 
a member of the various Masonic bodies, 
lodge, chapter, council and commandery. 



Representative Benjamin W. Couch 

Bank, director of the Xew Hampshire Spin- 
ning Mills, clerk of the Concord <i- Montreal 
Railroad, etc. 



Representative Roy E. Marston, Republi- 
can, of Ward Six, Concord, not only acted 
ably in the interests of his constituents dur- 
ing his term of service, but also represented on 
the floor of the House the National Rifle 
Association of America, of which he is a mem- 
ber, and the Xew Hampshire Rifle Association 
of which lie is treasurer. In the room of 
the Committee on Fisheries and Game, to 



Representative Ernest Charles Wescott, 
Republican, of Ward Two, Rochester, was a 
member at the session of 1919 of the import- 
ant committee on Ways and Means, as well 



r 






n 



Representative Ernest Charles Wescott 



B 



Representative Roy E. Marston 

which he was: appointed by the Speaker, and 
in open debate of the whole House, Mr. Mars- 
ton was a valiant champion of those who love 
the open air and its sports. Mr. Marston 
was born in Deerfield, September 3. 1881. 
He conducts a brick manufactory and farm; 
is a Mason, lodge, chapter and council, and a 
Free Baptist; is married and has one daughter. 



228 



The Granite Monthly 



The condition of the state treasury, with 
t\ie demands to be made upon it. caused the 
importance of the Appropriations Com- 
mittee of the House of Representatives to be 
recognized more generally at the session of 



defeated by him without making a speech 
but simply by making the right motions at 
the right time. Mr. Lewis was born in New- 
port, April 14, 1861; is a graduate of the New- 
port high school; treasurer of the Newport 





i e 



Representative James H. Hunt 

1919 than ever before. Especial care was 
taken in the choice of able, competent and 
courageous men fur service upon it. As the 
representative of Nashua, the Second City of 
the state, Captain James H. Hunt was picked, 
and his service was as faithful and valuable 
as it was expected it would be. Captain 
Hunt was born in .Stoddard, November 25, 
1841 fought in the Civil War; and since its 
conclusion has been engaged in business at 
Nashua, also holding office for the last 32 
years as assistant city marshal, deputy sheriff 
and county commissioner. Captain Hunt is 
a Mason of high degree and a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic and the Loyal 
Legion. At the 1919 encampment of the 
New Hampshire Department, G. A. R., he 
was chosen junior vice commander. 



S* Representative George E. Lewis, Republi- 
can, of Newport, although a new member, 
was assigned to the important Judiciary 
Committee, where he rendered faithful and 
valuable service. That he was an apt stu- 
dent in the legislative school is shown by the 
fact that the much talked of bill to require 
the licensing of cats, favorably reported from 
the Committee on Fisheries and Game, was 



Representative George E. Lewis 

Savings Bank for 28 years; married; Mason, 
Knight Templar and Odd Fellow, past rep- 
resentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
and trustee of the Odd Fellows' Home; mem- 
ber of the school board 13 } T ears, moderator, 
town treasurer, school district treasurer, chief 
of the fire department; president and treas- 
urer of the Newport Electric Company. 



While Dr. Charles B. Drake of West Leb- 
anon was one of the experienced members of 
the House of Representatives of .1919 and 
rendered valuable service as a member of 
the Committee on Public Health, he was best 
known to his fellow-members as the victorious 
champion of the . purple lilac as the state 
flower. One of the first bills to be intro- 
duced came from him with this purpose, but 
it was not until almost the end of the session 
that he won his desire. Doctor Drake was 
born at St. Johnsbury, Vt., August 19, 1848, 
and studied at the Medical School of Dart- 
mouth College. Fie is a member of county, 
state and national medical associations and 
of the Masons, Odd Fellows and Grange. 
As far back as 1883 he was a member of the 
Legislature and was a delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1909. He has 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 



229 



r ; "' 



high esteem with which his fellow-members' 
regarded him was shown by their unanimous 
vote, instructing the clerk of the House to 
send Mr. Smalley flowers and a message of 
sympathy. Born in Rockingham, Vt,, De- 
cember 9, 1S57, Mr. Smalley is by occupation 
a farmer and was assigned by Speaker Tobey 
to service on the standing Committee on 
Agriculture. Mr. Smalley has served two 
terms on the board of selectmen of his town. 
He belongs to the Odd Fellows and Patrons 
of Husbandry and is a Universalist in re- 
ligious belief. He is married and has two 
children. 



Representative Dr. Chaiies 3. Drake 



Representative Arthur E. Davis, Demo- 
crat, of Sutton, was one of the members of 
the House of Representatives of 1917 re- 
elected to the Legislature of 1919, an honor 
which he deserved by his faithful service at 
the former session and for which he showed 
appreciation by his work this year, both as 
a member of the standing Committee on 
Liquor Laws and as a constant attendant 
upon the meetings of the House, whose 



served his town as selectman and as a mem- 
ber of the boards of health and of education. 



When Representative Fred 0. Smalley of 
Walpole was taken ill toward the close of the 
session and was unable to be present, the 



Representative Fred O. Smalley 



Representative Arthur E. Davis 

work he watched carefully from a favorable 
seat just in front of the Speaker. Mr. Davis 
was born in Sutton, September 30, 1SS4, and 
educated there. He is a farmer and lumber- 
man and is especially interested in cattle and 
sheep raising. He is a member of the Patrons 
of Husbandry, attends the Baptist church, is 
married, and has a daughter and two sons. 
He is one of the diligent and thoughtful type 
of legislators whose value to the state is 
great. 



230 



The Granite Monthly 



Representative Bartholomew F. McHugh 



Representative Bartholomew F. McHugh, 
Democrat, of GorHain, during his two terms 
in the Legislature has so won the esteem of 
his colleagues and of the public, that universal 
praise has been bestowed upon his appoint- 
ment by Gov. John H. Bartiett as one of 
the new board of trustees of the state prison. 
Born and educated in Gorham, Mr. McHugh 
in early life studied law, but felt the call of a 
business career and for many years has been 
one of the best known and most successful 
traveling salesmen in New England. Enter- 
ing politics for the first time through his elec- 



tion to the House of Representatives of 1917 
he made a reputation in that body as a work- 
ing member of sound ideas and pleasant ways. 
Returned by his constituents for a second 
term he continued his good work, making 
occasional effective speeches, watching closely 
the progress of business and guarding care- 
fully the interests of his constituents. Mr. 
MeHugh's war activities took the principal 
form of endeavors for the Liberty Loans in 
which he made a splendid and appreciated 
record. 



Official Neir Hampshire, 1919-1920 



231 



: x 



\ 



k' 





Representative William J. Ahern 



Representative William J. Ahern, Demo- 
crat of Watd Nine,' Concord, participating in 
his 12th session of the House of Representa- 
tives, acted in his customary capacity as 
lubricator of ihe wheels of the official ma- 
chinery and for his work at that post de- 
serves much of the credit given to this Gen- 
eral Court for its comparatively short session 
and expeditious transaction of important 
business. Mr. Ahern was born in Concord, 
May 19, 1855, for many years was engaged in 



the clothing business, but has been the secre- 
tary of the state board of charities and cor- 
rect ion* since that office was established. In 
addition to his state house duties he has been 
commissioner, deputy sheriff and jailer of 
Merrimack county. No man in the political 
history- of the state has done more favors for 
legislators, members of both parties, and 
thereby won more friends than has Mr. 
Ahern. 



I 



232 



The Granite Monthly 



Representative John H. Graff, Republican, 
of Ward 3, Berlin, was one of the interesting 
men of the 1919 Legislature. At our request 
he has furnished us with this brief autobio- 
graphical sketch; 

"I was born in Norway on the thirteenth 
day of May, 1877, in a place called Eidskogen, 
very close to the boundary of Sweden. 

'"My ancestry on my father's side which 
was a mixture of Danish, German, French 
and Russian blood, came to Norwav in 1809. 



Representative John H. Graff 

My great-grandfather, by a decree of the 
King of Denmark at that time, was appointed 
the first forester in Norway. 

•'My mothers ancestry, however, was pure 
old Norwegian stock with an identical record 
of direc: lineage from the year S00. 

"Father, who graduated with decrees of 
Master of Arts and Bachelor of Theology, 
was originally prepared for the ministry of 
the Lutheran Church, but shortly after his 
marriage he went to America as a newspaper 
correspondent, and five years later returned 
to Norway where he has since been engaged 
as an import agent of the Scandinavian 
countries. 

"My mother who died when I was still 
very young, was one of the first, if not the 
first woman in Scandinavia to graduate as a 
doctor of dentistry, which profession she 
practiced in the city of Christiania prior to 
her death. 

"Although my educational opportunities 
were not restricted, in my boyhood 1 had no 
particular liking for books, I personal!}' do 



not know how I ever graduated with the 
opportunity to enter the university if I so had 
chosen. At the age of sixteen, I enlisted for 
a one-year forestry course, from which. I 
graduated, the following - year. In my 
eighteenth year I entered the government's 
free school of military engineering, from which 
I graduated. August", 1S99. 

"Shortly after, I went to Germany where 
for three years I was employed as a draftsman, 
besides continuing my studies in the voca- 
tional schools. After three years of con- 
tinuous attempt to live two days in every 
twenty-four hours. I had a complete nervous 
breakdown, forcing me not only to discon- 
tinue my studies, but to give up my work, 
whereafter, in the year 1901, during the 
attempt to regain health and control of myself, 
I decided to emigrate to America, where I 
for six years in New York, had the same 
experiences as probably many other emigrants 
have had, before I was able to lay any definite, 
constructive plan for progress and existence. 
During this period, I also met my present 
wife who also was a Norwegian, and had 
arrived in this country shortly before me. 
We were married in 1906, and the year after, 
we became the parents of a boy, who at 
present is the only addition to our family. 

"In February, 1910, I had the opportunity 
to be offered a position with one of the owners 
of the Brown Company in Berlin, and have 
lived in New Hampshire ever since. After 
my two first years of general utility work. 
I was transferred to the drafting department 
from which, I with the assistance and good 
will of the company, was enabled to develop 
the use of scientific photography in industry, 
which gradually developed into a separate 
department which now is considered a neces- 
sary section of the research department. 

"Although a Lutheran by birth, I never 
had any natural inclination for Orthodox 
teachings, but am of nature, very religious 
but opposed to all forms of sectarianism. 
The trend of my thinking probably can be 
understood best by reading my favorite 
authors, Tagore, Welsh, Churchill, and Ibsen- 
Am a strong believer in cooperation and unity 
of effort, and am a member of the Photo- 
graphers' Association of America, New 
England Photographers' Association, Profes- 
sional Society of Photographers of New 
Hampshire, Technical Association of the 
Pulp and Paper Industry, Masonic Order, 
Y. M. C. A., and the local Scandinavian Sick 
Benefit Society. 

"Having been brought up in a family very 
active in politics, I have had political interest 
from as far back as I can remember. My 
earliest tendency was very radical, but always 
opposed to what we in a general way under- 
stand by Socialism. In later years, however, 
I have become more and more conservative. 
My greatest ideal of an American is the late 
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt. My political 



Official New Hampshire, 1919-1920 233 

belief is in the Republican Party under a life, and if I should not have done full justice 
Progressive leadership, as a representative, I know at least that 1 
"My first official experience in politics was have learned the difference between oratory, 
when I entered as a candidate for membership hot air and convincing arguments,, and that 
of the present Legislature, and lucky enough the other fellow is just as much entitled to 
to poll the necessary votes, 1 had, what I consideration as I am. I believe that my 
considered, not only the honor, but the experience as a representative will make me 
fortune, to be elected, and by the Speaker better fitted and equipped as a good citizen, 
was appointed as a member of the Committee and hope some day. possibly to earn the con- 
on Education and a member of the Committee fidence of the voters of the First Senatorial 
on Labor, of which later, 1 had the pleasure District of the State of New Hampshire, and 
to be elected clerk. I will always consider my thereby also have the experience of being 
experience in this 1919 Legislature of New state senator from the district in which. 1 
Hampshire as one of the most valuable in my belong." 



THE LILACS BY THE DOOR 

By Harriet Barton 

(The New Hampshire Legislature of 1919 chose the purple lilac as the state flower.) 

Some lilacs quaint I chanced to see in a crowded city street, 
Across the sultry air they sent a fragrance strangely sweet, 
It seemed that I was there alone, for memories blest they bore — • 
The dear old home of long ago — with the lilacs by the door. 

As vesper bells that softly call bring peace to a restless heart 
Those blossoms quaint a message held while standing there apart, 
The burdened years had slipped away, I saw her as before — 
My mother — waiting at the home with the lilacs by the door. 

There, far from the world's mad din and strife the birds sang blithe and gay, 
There humble tasks in simple faith made up each gladsome day, 
There Sabbath clays, so holy, we sang of the Golden Shore, 
The 'home of hallowed memories with the lilacs by the door. 

I stood again by the noisy brook that sang the woodland through, 
I heard the robin calling from the garden wet with dew, 
T lie cows were lowing at the bars, the summer's day was o'er — 
Fond mem'ries of a peaceful home with the lilacs by the door. 

Through the vista of the bygone years again I saw them all, 

Familiar faces of the past, loved voices seemed to call, 

And rose-tints came where skies were gray while drifting back once more 

Through misty years to the old home with the lilacs by the door. 

The home-folks now are scattered far; to some came joy and gain, 
To some the world's corroding care, with bitter loss and pain, 
J>ut ruem'ry's gem of purest ray I'll treasure evermore — 
The dear old home of long ago with the lilacs by the door. 



&3H 



THROUGH THE YEAR IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



By Rev. Rola 



No. 3 



The Month of May 
"To the month of Mary: 
Welcome, O.May, we greet thee: 
We praise thee as the month of the Holy 

Mother, 
O jovous month and stainless." 

—Alfonso the Wise, 1221 A. D. 

The'month of May ushers us into 
the six open-air months which the 
rugged climate of New Hampshire 
gives us. The colonial residents of 
the state fixed, upon the six months 
between May 20 and October 20 as 
. the open-air months in New Hamp- 
shire, and their judgment meets ap- 
proval in all New England; for on 
May 20 the New England farmer 
turns out his stock, and on October 20 
the pasturing season closes. 

The Cowslip Season 
",'Tis Flowery May, who from her green lap 
throws 
The yellow cowslip and pale primrose." 

So sang Milton in his tribute to May 
in England. And indeed it is quite 
true that while American writers have 
paid their tribute to June, among "the 
British writers the tributes go to May. 
I suppose this is because their season 
is a little less rugged than ours, and 
that May is more like our June. But 
with us as with them, there comes in 
the early days the season of the cow- 
slip. Gold seems Nature's favorite, 
color for the open-air months; she be- 
gins now with the cowslip, then come 
the dandelions, buttercups, daisies, 
and finally the season ends in the 
goldenrod and ripened golden leaves 
of the trees. In addition to the yellow 
of these common flowers by every 
roadside there are also a host of less 
common, such as water-lilies, sorrel, 
mullein, butter and eggs, yellow star- 
grass and the sunflower. The cow- 
slip is thus the forerunner of the sum- 
mer's gold. Many writers have paid 
their tribute to the modest cowslip 
and it is said to have been Shake- 
speare's favorite flower. But apart 



nd D. Sawyer 

from its beauty and prophetic place 
in Nature-life, we here in New Hamp- 
shire find its utilitarian side; its tender 
leaves make the best dish of greens 
that ever appears on the table of man, 
and the olden traditions testify to its 
medicinal value as well. My old- 
time friend, Col. Jerry Poor, used to 
say he must eat two bushels each 
spring as spring medicine. 

M id-May Days 

Mid-May is the season of the begin- 
ning of the fulfilment of promise. The 
orchards begin to show forth their 
blossoms, the showers come that leave 
everything so green and clean, and we 
see that the Scripture promise of 
seedtime and harvest will again be 
fulfilled. 

What splendid weeks are those 
which come in the second part of May, 
the beauty of Apple-Blossom Time, 
the springing forth of the splendor 
and fragrance of that greatest of all 
homestead adornments, the purple 
lilac. Whitman painted for us a 
deathless picture of ''The old home- 
stead with its lilac bush of heart- 
shaped leaves, and beautiful fragrant 
flower." New Hampshire was most 
happy in choosing the purple lilac for 
its state flower at the recent session. 
Apple-blossoms, lilacs, the green val- 
leys, and the cows and young stock 
that appear on the hillsides, what a 
wealth of satisfaction these bring to 
us in New Hampshire in the closing 
days of May. To love these green 
trees, fields, these flowers, to feel the 
.beauty of it all, is to feel. God's emo- 
tions after him, and is to know how 
God must feel as he looks out over his 
creation and calls it "good." People 
in our cities know nothing of it all 
save a bunch of Mayflowers they may 
buy at a street corner, but all the gold 
and greenbacks that the city can give 
are poor compensation for giving up 
the joys of life in the rural parts of 
New Hampshire in the closing days of 
May. 



sfes: 



EDITORIAL 



Occasionally, in baseball or some 
other athletic endeavor, a man so dis- 
tinguishes himself by some exploit 
supposed to be beyond his ability to 
accomplish, that the critical spectator 
renders the verdict, u He played better 
than he knew how." The same 
thought comes to as in connection 
with the work of the New Hampshire 
General Court of 1919. The session 
occupied less time than any other 
since 1905. Fewer debates and roll- 
calls were recorded. Partisan politics 
did not make their appearance until 
the very close of the proceedings. As 
is quite often the case, it was not the 
most important questions which re- 
ceived the most attention and were 
discussed the most thoroughly. To 
the greatest extent which we remem- 
ber, tin's Legislature was ready to 
accept the say-so of outsiders upon 
the merits of measures whose fate it 
had to decide. The executive. depart- 
ment had a more definite program to 
recommend to the legislative depart- 
ment and pressed it with more insist- 
ence than usually is the case. To a 
greater extent than is customary, im- 
portant laws were made to order 
outside of the legislative halls and 
committee rooms and received surpris- 
ingly little revision during the progress 
irom introduction to engrossment. 
The members of the General Court 
seemed to remember and to accept 
the dictum of their nursery days: 
"Open your mouth 

And shut your eyes, 
And we'll give you something 

To make } r ou wise." 
, It is for these reasons we say that 
tne General Court of 1919 accom- 
plished more than it knew it was ac- 
;,J *nplishing and more than it knows 
now, more than most . people know 
R °W, that it accomplished. We do 
r «ot say that the awakening, when it 
pomes, will be an unpleasant one, but 
" vail cause some eyes to open widely. 



The a school" bill, the "rum" bill and 
the "force" bill, so-called, all worthy 
measures, contain provisions so dras- 
tic that their comparatively easy 
progress to enactment was the wonder 
of those who watched the work of the 
Legislature. It is good to be able to 
say that few successful measures, and . 
those of minor importance, were re- 
actionary in their nature. Most of 
the new legislation was progressive, 
some of it was radical and some of it 
was socialistic, using all of these ad- 
jectives in their "good" sense, to a 
surprising degree. If it is adminis- 
tered wisely, its results, on the whole, 
should be for the benefit of the state. 
This applies, also, to the greatly, but 
not extravagantly, increased appro- 
priations. In the case of the schools, 
the highways, the state's wards, it was 
necessary that we should continue 
progress and pay the big bills there- 
for, or lose ground, miss opportunities 
and negative much good work already 
accomplished . The former course was 
chosen, and wisely. 

A danger attending too complaisant 
legislation was illustrated in the mat- 
ter of the law concerning the subject 
of an executive budget, remarked 
upon more than once in these pages 
and recommended in the inaugural 
messages of Governors Spaulding, 
Keyes and Bartlett. A bill embody- 
ing many, though not all, of the good 
features of the executive budget sys- 
tem, was introduced into the Legisla- 
ture late in the session. It came from 
committee with favorable report and 
undoubtedly would have passed the 
House, at least, the body in which it 
originated, without opposition. But 
the chairman of the committee, saying 
that he had heard of opposition to 
some of its features, had the bill 
recommitted. It came back into the 
House during the final week of the 
session and was hurried through to 
enactment without being printed in 



236 



The Granite Monthly 



its new form. In that form it does 
not add one jot or tittle to the Law on 
the .subject which has been on the 
statute books since 1900. Its enact- 
ment is simply a waste of time, 
money and space in the law books and 
is an insult to the intelligence of the 
state's citizenship. In 1921, let us 
hope, a real budget law may result 
from this fiasco. 

Under the pressure of public opin- 
ion, and in accordance with the advice 
of experts whose advice he secured, 
Governor Bartletr modified consider- 
ably his ideas m regard to the direct 
management of state affairs by the 
executive department upon which edi- 
torial comment was made in the Feb- 
ruary issue of the Granite Monthly. 
We cannot say. however, that even in 
their revised form, in which they se- 
cured enactment into laws, these ideas 
were necessary or beneficial. So long- 
as good men are retained at the head 
of the various state departments, com- 
missions and institutions, not much 
damage may be done by the backward 
steps in this regard which have been 
taken at Governor Bartlett's desire. 
But we shall be. surprised if, at the 



end of two years, they are able to jus- 
tify themselves by any improvement 
in efficiency and economy over the 
administration of the state's business 
in the recent past. 

Sentiment was unanimous in the 
state, as well as in the Legislature, for 
some recognition of the splendid serv- 
ice rendered by our Xew Hampshire 
boys in the war with Germany. 
Speaking in terms of money, the 
$50 bonus originally proposed was 
little enough and the reduction to $30 
was not a course to brag about, espe- 
cially in comparison with the $120 
given her men by our sister state of 
Vermont. But a more important 
criticism, in our opinion, can be levelled 
against our soldier legislation on the 
ground of its failure to take action on 
the lines of reconstruction and imme- 
diately and particularly on the lines of 
re-employment. Such action would 
have given a permanence to the state's 
expression of gratitude to its soldier 
sons which they would have appreci- 
ated and which would have been to 
the great benefit of the common- 
wealth and its industrial interests. 



THE SOLDIER RETURNS FROM FRANCE 

To A. J. 

By Louise Patterson Guy 61 

Ah yes! I am so tired, so tired, 
Weary of war. of blood, of flame, 

I only wish to pause a bit, 
And be a while without a name. 

I wish a time of golden days. 

A light canoe, a friendly stream, 
A wood of leafy solitude, 

Where I can go to rest and dream; 



Concord, N. H 



To lie beneath the silent stars, 

And watch the shadowy river creep; 

To hear far off a thrush that sings 
Of sleep ... of sleep. . . . 



337, 



A BOOK OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



The Old Gray Homestead. By 
Fiances Parkinson Keyes. Illus- 
trated. Pp., 301. Cloth, SI. 50. 
- Boston: -Houghton Mifflin Com- 
pany. 

When the title of Mrs. Frances 
Parkinson Keyes's first novel was 
announced as " The Old Gray Home- 
stead," and it was described as a 
storv of New England rural life, there 




Mrs. Henry W. Keyes 

came into the mind of one reader a 
picture of a low, small, weather-beaten 
homestead, nestling in the shadow of 
a great hill and becoming almost a part 
of it by nature's camouflage of "pro- 
tective coloration. " Such tiny homes, 
usually dwarfed by great barns behind 
them, are familiar to every dweller in, 
or visitor to, the highlands of New 
Hampshire. 

But Gray meant to Mrs. Keyes a 
family name and not the color of that 
Emily's dwelling. The Gray Home- 
stead was, in fact, one of those spa- 
cious, ** dignified, handsome colonial 
nouses, of which the wealthy land- 
owners in the Connecticut valley 



were building so many a century ago 
on beautiful sites along the river's 
banks. Some of them, well-preserved 
to the present day, still delight the 
trained eye of the architect and win 
the instinctive appreciation of the 
lover of beauty. 

The Old Gray Homestead and the 
large and interesting family which it 
, sheltered were both on the point of 
-going to the dogs," when Mrs. 
Keyes begins her story. "The old 
house, set well back from the main 
road and near the river, with elms 
and maples and clumps of lilac 
bushes about it, was almost bare of 
the cheerful white paint that had 
once adorned it. The barns . . . 
were black, ungainly and half fallen 
to pieces. All kinds of farm imple- 
ments, rusty from age and neglect, 
were scattered about, and two dogs 
and several cats lay on the kitchen 
porch amidst the general litter of 
milk-pails, half-broken chairs and 
rush mats." , 

Such was the scene that revealed 
itself to an arriving good fairy from 
New York, with purse and heart- 
alike heavy laden and both destined 
to be lightened during her sojourn on 
the old farm. To disclose more of the 
story than this would be to rob the 
reader of future pleasure; although, 
truth to tell, it is not upon the in- 
tricacy of the plot that the genuine 
success of Mrs. Keyes's first' novel 
depends, but rather upon the absolute 
truth of the picture which she paints of 
New England rural life and character. 

In her foreword she says: "To the 
farmers, and their mothers, wives, 
and daughters, who have been my 
nearest neighbors and my best friends 
for the last fifteen years, and who 
have taught rne to love the country 
and the people in it, this quiet story 
of a farm is affectionately and grate- 
fully dedicated." 

Mrs. Keyes chooses her words well. 



238 The Granite Monthly 

Her story is a ''quiet" one, and yet herself and us a taste of delicious, 

there is much of action, exciting rollicking humor. 

action, in it. The scene is not always Our new New Hampshire novelist 

laid iii Newbury, Vermont, but shifts has caught and fixed in the printed 

to New York City and even across page characters familiar to us all. 

the ocean. It is a happy picture of Tender sentiment binds them; ster- 

. rural life which she paints, but she ling truths of life and love are typified 

knows the necessity for deep shadows by them; with them, through the 

as well as high lights, and into her author's art, we smile and weep, 

tale stalks now and then the tragedy mourn and rejoice. Hours well spent 

which walks country lanes as inevitably are those which the reader passes 

as city pavements. And, now and beneath the imaginary roof of "The 

then, too infrequently, she allows Old Gray Homestead." 



FEBRUARY 12, 1919 
Lincoln: A League of Nations: The Peace Council of Paris 

By Clare nee E. Carr 
Had Lincoln lived until this later day, 
His thought, we know, our human hearts would sway; 
Amid the troubled waters of the world, 
Blooded and foamed, where hate and pride had swirled, 
He had controlled men's anger, stayed men's crime, 
And calmed their passions with his love sublime. 

Had Lincoln lived, how fearless were his word, 
How true his justice, how his wrath were stirred, 
How shrivelled were the Lord who led the Central Host 
When Lincoln scourged, how mean his brutal boast! 

Had Lincoln lived, how strong, how brave, how clear 
And calm his judgments were to save from fear; 
How mighty were his thoughts, fertile his brain, 
To build a world anew upon its buried pain. 

Lincoln is gone, the standard of the wise, 
The brave, the just, must lift us to his skies. 
"The wisdom, spirit, love, he left to men, 
0, take ye up! And with inspired pen 
Write ye his heart, his thought, into a mighty plan 
By which to teach mankind God's love of man, 
And fetter war with all its hate and pride 
And bring the truth for which the Master died. 

Be ye inspired by him, he lives today, 
His justice and his law the only way, 
Stern as the fates are, loving as the light, 
His rule alone will lift the world from night. 

Pray we his wisdom then o'erbrood the few 
Striving in pain to build a world anew, 
His sternness and his justice guide their thought, 
His spirit mark the fabric by them wrought, 
His love the all-pervading force that brings 
Order and peace from out war's hell of things! 

Andover, N. H. 



^39 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



COLONEL THOMAS E. O. MARVIN 

Colonel Thomas Ellison Oliver Marvin, 
former mayor of Portsmouth, died on Wednes- 
day, April 9, at the homo of his daughter, Dr. 



fisheries and Southern carrying trade. In this 
calling Captain Marvin had succeeded his 
uncle Captain Thomas Ellison Oliver of New 
Castle, the son of a soldier of the Revolution. 



A 



i ■ 



¥ 



f 



-^■■■-^•i^.'a'x-***"'" 



The la re Colonel Marvin 



Grace Marvin, 84 Maple Street, Roxbury, 
Mass. He was in his eighty-second year and 
Bad been in failing health since last August. 

Oolelel Marvin was born December IS, 
'. s: >7, on Marvin's Island, Portsmouth Harbor, 
*«e older son of Captain William Marvin, a 
Merchant engaged in the Bank and Labrador 



Captain Oliver in his youth had been a very 
successful shipmaster and had retired from 
the sea to carry on the fisheries, in which 
Portsmouth and New Castle were active for 
more than two centuries, from the first Eng- 
lish settlements in New Hampshire to the 
years after our Civil War. Older people of 



240 



The Granite Monthly 



Portsmouth and vicinity remember when the 
trade still flourished along the shore of the 
Piscataqua between Captain Oliver's large 
house in the upper part of New Castle and the 
bridges at Marvin's Island, with the spread- 
ing flakes in the fields and the vessels fitting 
out for sea or discharging at the wharves. 

Colonel Marvin as a lad was educated at 
the old Portsmouth Academy under Master- 
Harris, and then entered the business of his 
father and great-Uncle. Subsequently, in 
association with his brother. William Marvin, 
Jr., and the late James P. Bartlett, he es- 
tablished the firm of Marvin Brothers & 
Bartlett, which for many years conducted on 
Bow Street, Portsmouth, the manufacture 
of medicinal cod liver oils after processes dis- 
closed by long experience in the fishing 
industry. 

Colonel Marvin in 1S0I married Miss 
Anne M. Lippitt, sister of Mrs. Jane Lippitt 
Patterson, the wife of the Rev. A. J. Patterson, 
then the minister of the Universalist par sh in 
Portsmouth. Colonel Marvin in 1863 took 
up his residence on State Street, Portsmouth, 
which was the family home until after the 
death of Mrs.' Marvin in 1SS0. 

As a member of the board of aldermen, 
Colonel Marvin became mayor of Portsmouth 
on the death of Hon. H or ton D. Walker in 
1S72, and was elected mayor for the year 
1873. When Boston, on the outbreak of 
the great memorable fire of November 9, 
1872, called on the neighboring New England 
cities for help to cheek the flames. Mayor 
Marvin responded in person with the then 
new and powerful steam tire engine Kearsarge 
and a company of forty men. who were hur- 
ried by special train to Boston and stationed 
on Washington Street at the head of Milk 
Street, where they fought the fire until it 
was effectually stopped. The particular 
duty of the Portsmouth firemen was to pro- 
tect the Old South Meeting House and the 
Transcript building, and they were thanked 
for the courage and tenacity of their service 
at this key-point of the conflagration. 

Colonel Marvin as mayor supervised the 
plans for the memorable "Return of the Sons 
of Fortsmoutri" on July 4. ISTB, when on 
behalf of the city he welcomed several thou- 
sand home~coinin£ sons he&ded by Jacob 
Wendell, James T. Fields, Thomas Bailev 
Aldrich and B. P. Shiilaber. Another event 
of his administration was the building of the 
Portsmouth & Dover Railroad. With the 
mayor of Dover he wheeled the first earth and 
drove the first spikes in the construction of 
the line. 

After his service as mayor. Colonel Marvin 
commanded the Portsmouth Artillery, whose 
history ran back to 177.5, reorganizing this 
into a smart field battery which represented 
•«^ew Hampshire in the national military 
encampment at the Centennial Exposition of 
1876, in Philadelphia. This corps, made up 
in part of veteran soldiers and sailors of the 



Civil War. and "uniformed in scarlet and blue, 
was given a post of honor in the inauguration 
ceremonies at Concord and elsewhere. At 
that time Portsmouth sustained four military 
organizations — the light battery, a company of 
heavy or seacoast artillery, a troop of cavalry 
and a company of infantry, all enrolled in 
the National Guard. Colonel Marvin relin- 
quished his artillery command to serve on the 
staff of Governor Person C. Cheney of New 
Hampshire. 

Subsequently Colonel Marvin practised 
law in Portsmouth, in association with the 
well-remembered firm of Frink & Batchelder. 
For many years he was the president and for a 
long time also the state prosecuting agent 
of the Xew Hampshire Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals. He was 
zealously devoted to this cause, and was 
instrumental not only in the furthering of 
legislation for the prevention of cruelty, but 
in the actual enforcement of these laws in all 
sections of New Hampshire. 

Colonel Marvin was a 32d degree Mason, 
a past master of old St. John's Lodge of 
Portsmouth, and affiliated with De Witt- 
Clinton Commandery, Knights Templar. 
For half a century he and members of his 
family were attendants at the Universalist 
Church in Portsmouth, of which for a long 
time he was a warden. 

In 1896 Colonel Marvin married as a second 
wife Miss Eleanor Bishop of New York, and 
for most of the time resided in New York or 
vicinity until the death of his wife on Long 
Island' in 1909. Since then Colonel Marvin 
had passed the winters in Boston and the 
summers in Portsmouth— having alwavs a 
strong affection for bis native town. . Since 
190S his summer -home had been with his 
oldest son at the family homestead on Mar- 
vin's Island, not far from the residence of his 
brother, William Marvin, Esq., on the Cap- 
tain Oliver homestead in New Castle. 

Colonel Marvin had six sons and one 
daughter of his first marriage. The daughter 
is Dr. Grace Marvin, who has made her 
home with her aunt, Mrs. J. L., Patterson, in 
Roxbury. Mass., and the sons are Winthrop 
L. Marvin, secretary and treasurer of the 
National Associat ion" of Wool Manufacturers: 
Rev. Judson P. Marvin, minister of the First 
Parish in Annisquam, Mass.; Thomas O. 
Marvin, secretary of the Home Market Club, 
of Boston; Harrv G. Marvin, manager of the 
Hobkirk Inn, Camden, S. C: Rev. Reginald 
K. Marvin, minister of Grace Church, 
Franklin, Mass., who has been in the service 
of the Y. M. C. A. in France, and Charles R. 
Marvin of the Utica-Willowvale Bleacher}' 
Company, New York. His nephews are 
Hon. William E. Marvin, ex-mayor of Ports- 
mouth, and State Senator Oliver B. Marvin 
of New Castle. 

Throughout his life Colonel Marvin had 
had a strong love for the sea. Taught in 
boyhood by his father and Captain Oliver to 



New Hampshire Necrology 



241 



''hand, reef and steer" as the lads of his race 
bad always been taught by the older men, he 
was expert in all that pertained to shipping 
and the fisheries. From his sixth to his 
eightieth year he had -ailed the waters of 
Portsmouth and its neighborhood, with every 
creek and cove and tideway of which he was 
as familiar as with the winding streets of the 
old town. 

In the history and traditions'of New Hamp- 
shire he had always beer, deeply interested, 
and he had a large collection of the weapons 
znd mementoes of the old wars and of colonial 
times. Colonel Marvin had been for many 
years the secretary of the New Hampshire 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. His 
oldest grandson is Lieutenant-Commander 
David Patterson Marvin on overseas service 
in the Atlantic cruiser fleet. 



fied. including, especially, in addition to "the 
W. C. T. U., the Mercy Home at Manchester, 
of which she was a trustee. A telegram of 
appreciation of Mrs. Richardson's services, 



GEORGE W. AMES 

George W, Ames, for the past fourteen 
years editor of the Peterborough Transcript, 
-died March 28. He was born hi Peter- 
borough. July 11, 1S66, the son of George YV. 
and Eliza (Brown) Ames, and during most of 
his life was employed in various capacities 
in the office of the Transcript. He was a 
member of the Grange, secretary of the local 
Golf Club and the principal promoter of the 
successful Peterborough Poultrv Association. 



W. H. HITCHCOCK 

William H. Hitchcock, telegraph editor of 
The Manchester Leader since its establishment 
in 1912, died March 11. He was born in 
Springfield, Mass., September 30, 1S70, and 
after attending the schools there was a 
student at the New England Conservatory 
of Music. He was an expert telegrapher, but 
in 1901 entered newspaper work. Before and 
during the war he rendered valuable service 
by the instruction he gave to radio classes at 
Manchester. 

MRS. ELLEN R. RICHARDSON 

Mrs. Ellen R. Richardson, president of 
the New Hampshire Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union since 1899, died at her 
borne in Concord, March 10, having been 
taken ill. while addressing a religious meeting 
on the previous evening. Born in St. John, 
N.B., 70 years ago, she married December 24, 
1870, George W. Richardson of East Haverhill, 
where they resided until 1903. Mr. Richard-' 
ton survives her, with their one son, Guy, 
editor of Our Dumb Animals, and secretary 
w the Massachusetts S. P. C. A. Mrs. 
Richardson was one of New Hampshire's 
'"->t known social workers, a frequent and 
*pective speaker and tireless worker for the 
many good causes with which she was identi- 



The late Mrs. Ellen R. Richardson 

from National President Anna Gordon of 
the W. C. T. U., was read at the funeral. 

JUDGE L. W. HOLMES 

Lewis W. Holmes, clerk of the superior 
court for Cheshire County and justice of .the 
Keene municipal court since 1888, died in 
that city, March 13. He was born in Reads- 
ville, Vt., April 25, 1S48, and was educated 
at Kimball Union Academy and Dartmouth 
College, class of 1871. He studied law with 
Wheeler 6c Faulkner at Keene, was admitted 
to the bar in 1S74 and practiced in Keene, 
where he was for a time, city solicitor, until 
18S2, when he went to Washington, D. C, as 
a patent office examiner. Returning to 
Keene to accept the offices named he re- 
mained a resident there until his death, 
serving at various times as clerk of the state 
Senate, as a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives and as a city alderman. He was 
clerk of the Cheshire County Bar Association. 

CHARLES E. LANE 

Charles Edwin Lane, born in Wakefield, 
March 30, 1839, died recently in Lombard, 
111. He graduated from Dartmouth in 1866 
and after teaching for a few years entered the 
business of educational book publication in 
which he continued until his retirement in 
1S99, at which time he was Chicago manager 
of the American Book Company. He was 
president of the Lombard State Bank. 







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STATEMENT OF THE OWNER- 
SHIP, MANAGEMENT, ETC. 

Required by the Act of Congress of Augu-' 
24, 1912, of The Granite Monthly, pub- 
lished at Concord, New Hampshire, fat 
April 1, 1919. 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

County of Merrimack, ss. 

Before rue, a Justice of the Peace is 
and for the State and County aforesakl 
personally appeared Harlan C. Pearseo. 
who, having been duly sworn according 
to law, deposes and says that he is tb« 
editor, publisher and sole owner of ?n 
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holders owning or holding 1 per cent, or 
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Subscribed and sworn to before me tb* 5 
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My commission expires December, 191* 



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By Prof. Ft 


> W. HUSBAND. State War Historian. 


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RLAN €. PEARSON, Publisher 


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lit. 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. LI 



JUNE, 1919 



No. 6 



the: wartime temper of the state 

By Richard W. Husband 
State War Historian of New Hampshire 



From the first of August, 1914, New 
Hampshire was unneutral, both in 
thought and in speech. At the very 
outset the citizens of the state were 
strongly inclined to take sides in the 
conflict that broke out so fiercely and 
unexpectedly: in Europe. Quickly 
and openly they judged, and the great 
majority formed the conviction to 
which they have adhered steadfastly 
to this day. Even the President's 
great neutrality proclamation failed 
to influence materially the spirit of 
New Hampshire men and women. 
Germany was held responsible for 
bringing an unjustifiable war upon a 
Europe desirous of peace. 

The violation of the guaranteed 
neutrality of Belgium was vigorously 
condemned. The reports of the 
brutal treatment accorded to innocent 
non-combatants in Belgium, France 
and Serbia were at first not credited, 
but this feeling changed to deep 
resentment and horror when the un- 
believable was "proved to be true. 
The alliance with the conscienceless 
lurk, murderer of hundreds of thou- 
sands of Armenians and Syrians, 
deprived Germany of almost the last 
vestige of sympathy she might still 
have enjoyed. The fiendish slaying 
of Edith Cavell affected our state 
profoundly. 

There was outspoken applause 
when Great Britain entered the strug- 
gle because Germany had violated 
to treaty with Belgium. As the 
German army approached Paris in its 
^ «rst rapid advance-, New Hampshire 
n °t only realized keenly that an 



ancient friend was in serious danger, 
but a deep humanitarian impulse 
arose which it would have seemed 
impossible to awaken in the heart of 
the American nation for the distress 
of a people three thousand miles 
distant. With the greatest satisfac- 
tion we learned that an American 
had organized a relief committee to 
feed and clothe and otherwise assist 
the stricken and helpless in the 
districts which had been so wantonly 
pillaged and destroyed. 

The introduction of poisonous 
gases and of submarine warfare gave 
the final touch, to an already over- 
strained patience so that discussion of 
active interference by the United 
States was no longer uncommon. It 
is characteristic of ~K(3\v Hampshire 
men and women, as it is character- 
istic of the whole of our country, 
that the prime motive in the expres- 
sion of readiness to participate in the 
war rested upon a. feeling of resent- 
ment that a nation could commit such 
outrages against civilized man, rather 
than upon a desire for revenge because 
of direct loss of American lives and 
American property. When, however, 
the sinking of the Lusitania proved 
that the humane instincts of civilized 
nations were unknown to the German 
militarists, New Hampshire seemed 
ready for war. There was little 
argument as to whether submarine 
warfare was justified on the ground 
of military expediency. The whole 
trend of thought showed an unalter- 
able belief that exposing innocent 
women and children and even non- 



V-ftr. 



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ti^.^..".-.^ ^1. -J.~.. ... . ,:..:.-„-......,._. .... 



PROF. RICHARD W. HUSBAND 
State War Historian 



lite Wartime Temper of the State 



24; 



combatant men to the perils then 
experienced in sea travel was intol- 
erable. Although it had been pub- 
lished in all our newspapers that 
Germany gave official notice to 
Americans to keep off the Lusitania 
when it was about to make its last 
fateful journey, there were few in our 
state who believed that the German 
military authorities would dare to do 
so frightful a deed. There was no 
patience with the idea that Americans 
couid be bullied into acceptance of 
this curtailment of their rights. 
They had the right to travel on the 
high seas and no nation would venture 
to act so contrary to accepted ideas 
of civilization as to sink a vessel filled 
with neutral travelers going from one 
part of the world to another on legit- 
imate business. 

Few in. our state sympathized for a 
moment with the MeLemore resolu- 
tion warning Americans to keep off 
the sea. We had the right to travel 
where we pleased, outside the actual 
theatre of war. It did not occur to 
us that it would be necessary to resort 
to arms in order that this right 
might be respected. The usual con- 
duct, the ordinary doctrines, the com- 
mon humanity of advanced nations, 
we believed, would prevail with 
German high officers so that they 
would surely issue commands that 
peaceful travelers were not to be 
molested. When we found that they 
were no respecters of international 
law, or of the universally accepted 
tenets of Christian nations, New 
Hampshire was ready to resist. 
From that time until April G, 1917, 
our state waited, and not . very 
patiently, for a. declaration by the 
President and the Congress that the 
United States as a whole would oppose 
to the utmost of its ability the bar- 
barous methods of warfare now 
adopted for the first time among 
modern peoples. 

^ From the time war was declared in 
Europe the citizens of New Hampshire 
displayed a noble humanitarian spirit 
ni coming to the aid and relief of 



suffering people in the afflicted areas. 
Surgical dressings societies, organized 
by the Woman's Civic Federation 
of the state, existed in many towns 
and cities and sent abroad large 
quantities of materials. In addition 
to these the Peter Bent Brigham soci- 
eties she aid especially be mentioned. 
The Committee for Belgian Relief, 
under the leadership of Herbert 
Hoover, was receiving much financial 
aid from our citizens. Care of 
French orphans, assistance to wounded 
French soldiers, and the furnishing of 
general supplies for the French Red 
Cross, were enterprises to which many 
were devoting much time. The Cana- 
dian Red Cross received from New 
Flampshire many thousands of sur- 
gical dressings, bandages, and other 
field and hospital necessaries, while 
contributions were generously made 
to the Canadian Patriotic Fund. 
Here and there in the state there 
were contributions of money and of 
materials made for the relief of other 
stricken nations, as, for example, 
the Serbians and Armenians. Our 
lack of neutrality, shown by the great 
extent and enthusiasm of these soci- 
eties, is very striking. 

To such a degree had these various 
organizations occupied the attention 
of the people and seized upon their 
sympathies that it was some time 
after the opening of the war in 1914 
before the American Red Cross suc- 
ceeded in gaining an effective en- 
trance into the state. A state chapter 
was created in Concord somewhat 
early, and gradually from this an 
organization was built up throughout 
New Hampshire with local branches 
owing allegiance to it. The spread of 
this definite organization, however, 
was comparatively slow until the 
United States itself actually became 
involved in the war. From that 
point the spread of the Red Cross 
proceeded very rapidly and extended 
so widely that when the state chapter 
determined in the autumn of 1917 to 
dissolve, in harmony with a new 
national Red Cross plan of organ- 



248 



The Granite Monthly 



ization, about 150 local branches had 
already been created. 

The nation at large is apt to estimate 
the humane spirit of the war by the 
degree to which the Red Cross was 
supported. The first drive for 
membership in the state took place 
during the months of February and 
March, 19.17, at which time over 
38,000 members were enrolled. The 
second drive occurred in December of 
the same year, when 84,000 members 
were obtained. One year later, in 
December, 1918. the splendid total 
of 122,000 was reached. In the 
meantime, two campaigns for larger 
subscriptions were made, the first of 
which brought into the treasury of 
the Red Cross 82S5,000, and' the 
second, $525,000. The combined 
contributions which New Hampshire 
has made to the Red Cross show a 
grand total of about 81,100,000, 
exclusive of a large number of un- 
recorded private gifts and offerings. 
In another way the activities of the 
Red Cross may be measured— that is, 
by the production of surgical dressings, 
knitted goods and garments. Up 
to the present time this amounts to 
1,849,301 articles. In a third way the 
beneficent spirit of the Red Cross was 
manifested, in the work done in the 
Home Service Section by way of giving 
information to the families of soldiers 
and sailors and assisting them with 
advice or with money in case of need. 
The Home Service Section has seen 
the great majority of those entering 
the service in order to give them useful 
information, and has come into close 
contact with 50 per cent of the 
families of all who have gone from 
New Hampshire. It is a splendid 
testimony to the hold which the Red 
Cross has upon the confidence and 
esteem of the state that all of these 
activities have continued since the 
signing of the armistice and entirely 
in a spirit of helpfulness toward the 
suffering of the world. The nursing 
department of the Red Cross was also 
very energetic in recruiting nurses for 
army service, and in consequence 



suceeded in completely filling the 
state's quota of army nurses. 

The first attempt to induce -the 
state systematically to make itself 
ready for engaging in war, provided 
war became inevitable, resulted in 
the formation of the New Hampshire 
League to Enforce Peace. The work 
of the league consisted chiefly in 
holding patriotic meetings throughout 
the state, in distributing educational 
and propagandist pamphlets, and in 
assisting other enterprises, especially 
engaged in active preparation for the 
war. Among the most valuable serv- 
ices of the league was its offer to 
collect money in the state for the work 
of the Committee on Public Safety. 
The total amount contributed for this 
purpose was somewhat more than 
830,000, after which the state assumed 
the expenses of the committee. 

The outline given so far might lead 
to the impression that every citizen 
of New Hampshire and even every 
resident showed enthusiasm for the 
war and the highest type of loyalty. 
Nevertheless, this was not true. 
There was much apprehension felt 
lest outrages might be committed 
against essential industrial plants and 
against public utilities such as had 
occurred in many states. Suspicion 
was directed against classes and 
individuals, and frequently it seemed 
that the suspicion was justified. The 
Federal Government took certain 
measures to guard against calamities 
of this kind by assigning companies 
of the Vermont and Massachusetts 
National Guard to protect bridges 
and other vulnerable spots along the 
railway lines. A few members of the 
New Hampshire National Guard were 
stationed about the State House and 
State or Federal buildings in Concord. 
Apart from these few instances it was 
expected that all property would be 
safeguarded by private enterprises. 
For some time the minds of many 
people were not free from anticipation 
of disaster, and appeals for protection 
were frequently made. It gives im- 
mense satisfaction, therefore, to be 



The Wartime Temper of the State 



249 



able now to record that throughout 
the whole course of the war not a 
single attempt was made to inflict 
damage upon either public or private 
places. The breaking of a dam in 
the central part of the state was for 
some days attributed to seditious 
persons or alien enemies. Investiga- 
tion proved that the break occurred 
through natural causes. 

In harmony with the prevailing 
apprehension of the state, the Com- 
mittee on Public Safety appointed a 
sub-committee on state protection 
whose duties were defined in the 
following words: "To cooperate with 
the military and other pertinent 
authorities in making plans and 
securing organizations for the general 
maintenance of order within the 
state, and to assist local authorities 
in the suppression of disorders; to 
assist local and state authorities in 
anticipating dangerous activities of 
irresponsible persons; in general to 
help to maintain a healthy condition 
of individual relations to the state." 

From what has been said above it 
is obvious that certain of these func- 
tions were unnecessary. There were 
no uprisings in the state, although 
some timid citizens were fearful that 
the enforcement of the selective 
service law might lead to disorder, 
nor was it at all certain that the aliens 
residing within the state would be so 
loyal as they afterwards proved to be. 

The one real difficulty in connection 
with the protection of the state con- 
sisted in the words and acts of "irre- 
sponsible persons" in their '''individual 
relations to the state. " Almost as 
soon as war broke out local commit- 
tees on state protection were appointed 
in all towns and cities of the state, 
but these did not seem to take their 
duties seriously. At all events they 
rarely reported cases of disloyalty or 
of failure to cooperate in the work of 
the nation. During the first few 
months of the war our long settled 
habit of letting each man do as he 
pleased still prevailed, and when a 
rare case of suspected disloyalty was 



reported it was commonly accom- 
panied by an apology. Only after 
our own boys began to approach the 
point of danger, and only after per-' 
sonal deprivations were felt at home, 
did our citizens realize keenly that 
those who were not whole-heartedly 
with us were against us. Then 
reports were sent in frequently and 
without apology. Complaints were 
made of those who tried to excuse 
Germany, of those who criticized our 
Government or the President, of 
those who spoke against the operation 
of the draft, and even of those who 
refused to contribute to the various 
war funds. The interesting point 
here is that without doubt actual 
disloyalty became less, whereas the 
reports became more numerous. 

Occasionally strong objection was 
expressed to the bringing into the 
state of newspapers printed in foreign 
language. This was especially true 
of Russian and Lithuanian newspapers 
issued after the revolution in Russia. 
Some of our citizens were not satisfied 
with the Federal requirement that a 
true translation should be deposited 
with the postmaster at the place of 
issue, and insisted that such transla- 
tions should appear in the newspapers 
themselves in parallel columns with 
the originals. It was a laudable 
desire, particularly after it was dis- 
covered that certain papers of revolu- 
tionary tendency were sent into the 
state by express, whereas their pub- 
lishers had been forbidden the use 
of the mails. Investigation showed 
that in these few cases the Federal 
authorities raided the establishments 
where the printing of the papers 
occurred, and further publication was 
prevented. 

An excess of zeal was sometimes 
manifested, as in the case where com- 
plaint was made that soldiers on 
agricultural furlough were loafing 
instead of working on the farm. 
Complaints were also forwarded that 
certain men received deferred classifi- 
cation and that the agricultural or 
industrial enterprises which were the 



250 



The Granite Monthly 



basis for receiving the classification 
requested were immediately aban- 
doned.. It was extremely difficult to 
discover the exact facts, and too often 
it was divulged that personal feeling 
magnified the offense or led even to 
imaginary charges and unfounded 
complaints. When this was discov- 
ered the cases were quietly dropped. 
One singular case arose where a 
man accused a neighbor of disloy- 
alty; and actually manufactured doc- 
uments and forged the neighbor's 
signature in order to substantiate his 
claim. 

Disloyalty and neglect of duty were 
variously treated as occasion de- 
manded. Sometimes a hint from the 
Committee on Public Safety directed 
to the suspected, or guilty persons, 
was sufficient to cause a complete 
cessation from any outward signs of 
disaffection. In certain notable cases 
the local Committees on Public 
Safety sent representatives to the 
persons suspected, and by argument 
or occasional threat effected a con- 
version. Here and there the individ- 
ual was actually brought before the 
local committee and granted a hear- 
ing. In all such instances the culprit 
was forced to make amends before the 
hearing closed, and promised to con- 
duct himself loyally for the future. 

By far the greater number of cases, 
and all serious ones, were immediately 
referred to the special agent of the 
Department of Justice. This depart- 
ment maintained an office at Ports- 
mouth during the early months of the 
war. It was later discontinued and 
a special agent with three assistants - 
located in Concord. The splendid 
work of the special agent would form 
a chapter in the history of the Depart- 
ment of Justice, but it is deserving of 
recognition and gratitude on the part 
of the people of New Hampshire. No 
suspicious circumstances in the state 
passed without investigation, and few 
remained unaccounted for at the 
termination of the war. 

It was mentioned above that fear 
was frequently expressed and appre- 



hension felt that the enforcement of 
the selective service act might lead 
to disorder and even to rioting. This 
was indeed no more the case in New 
Hampshire than it was anywhere 
throughout, the country, but it is 
interesting to note the gradual change 
of attitude toward the draft from 
month to month as the war progressed. 
At the beginning one heard most 
frequently the remark made by 
young men that they would never 
wait for the draft and thereby be 
disgraced but rather that they would 
enlist immediately. This was, of 
course, not the only reason for volun- 
tary enlistment, and we are proud of 
the record of New Hampshire in this 
respect. The state sent into the 
service more than 20,000 persons, of 
whom only 7,971 were called under 
the selective service act; all others 
enlisted voluntarily. Expressed in 
figures, more than 60 per cent of those 
in the service entered by enlistment 
rather than by induction. This per- 
centage is considerably larger than that 
which obtained throughout the 
country. 

Nevertheless, the feeling that the 
selective draft was a natural way to 
enter the service of the ■ country 
rather than a disgrace gradually 
sprang up throughout the state. 
This change of attitude was not imme- 
diate nor sudden. During the first 
six months that the selective service 
act was in operation a noticeably 
large number of young men claimed 
exemption and even protested against 
the decisions of the physicians who 
made their physical examination. 
This was not wholly due to disloyalty 
but arose partially from a feeling that 
was fairly wide spread, — that the war 
would be finished before the winter of 
1917. With this in view many young 
men felt that it would be an extreme 
hardship for them to give up their 
usual occupation for the few months 
they might be required to spend at 
Camp Devens, and ail to no purpose. 
And yet there was too often manifested 
in those days a real fear of military 



The Wartime Temper of the State 



251 



sendee and a dread of the dangers splendid feeling of friendship and 

incident to warfare. cooperation among the citizens. 

When, however, the German drive One of the best methods of estimat- 
in the spring of 1918 forced the allies ing the wartime temper of the state 
back and the nations opposed to the is by making a tabulation of the 
Germans experienced the greatest subscriptions to the various war 
despondency that they had felt since activities. It is impossible to list 
September, 1914, even personal oppo- these accurately, inasmuch as the 
sition to entering the service dis- campaigns in many instances were 
appeared. It was then a very notice- not organized in such a way as to 
able thing that those soon to become render it possible to distinguish 
subject to the draft quietly awaited between the subscriptions made in 
their turn without apparent fear or Xew Hampshire and those made in 
hesitation or rebellion against the other states. Frequently the sub- 
decisions of the local or district scriptions of individuals or com- 
boards. In fact the spirit of fairness munities were not forwarded to a 
so characteristic of the boards made a central state agency, with the result 
deep impression upon the men whose that New Hampshire lost its due 
cases w r ere being considered, with the credit. It is improbable that an 
result that a genuine appreciation of accurate account of our contributions 
these boards was not uncommonly can ever be compiled. At present it 
expressed. Members of the boards is quite impossible to trace some of 
commonly accompanied those about the funds, while others can be traced 
to be inducted to the trains which only partially. This is especially 
they were to take to camp and said true of contributions made by fra- 
farewell to the boys as they did to ternal organizations and various other 
their own friends or members of their societies. Particularly regrettable is 
own families. Of the same nature it that the Belgian Relief Fund cannot 
was the feeling of pride of possession be traced more accurately, for it is 
manifested by each town in its own quite certain that the amount given 
boys whether already at the front or in the table is not more than half of 
about to leave for the service. ,The what it should be. The following 
towns of New Hampshire are sum- table is the best that we are able to 
ciently small to permit of a close make, 
acquaintanceship among the families loans 
resident within the town, and this liberty loans 
acquaintanceship ripened into a First $9,sq4,9oo 

community spirit which frequently Thkd d ;.';':;.'."!;; '.'.'.''.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'. llilillloo 

resembled that of a large family. Fourth '. '.'Y. '.'.'. ■Y.".'.'. '.'/.' \ \ V... '.'.'. '. ^m^mo 

One of the important contributing Total $72,005,240 

factors to the development of a com- The total Libertv bondg held in the 

munity spirit is to be found m. the United States is $i 6 .S51,699,300. 

town pride fostered by the constant New Hampshire holds about $164 per 

labors of the local historians 111 making whereas the country holds 

a complete record 01 all who entered §153 per person 

the service from each town. Here we War Savings (to the close of the 

should also bear special testimony to war) S4 30 2,3GS . 08. 

the tairness and indefatigable labors 

of the governor and the adjutant contributions 

general of the state whose interpreta- f^pg 8 ^ ^mooolio 

tion of the rules of the selective y;w;c:a::: ::::::::::::::::::.'.'.. .wo.oo 

» , K. of C 52,000 . 00 

Service act. assignment Ol ClUOtaS, War Camp Community Fund 5,094.67 

and arrangements for carrying out i^lJ^;- ' y ;::;;;;:;;;:; iSffioo 

smoothly the transportation of troops, Eiks War Relief Fund ^,000.00 

r»,v«+ *u jl J , , • ,1 , , 1 ' Armenian and Syrian Relief 27,628.69 

Contributed mOSt admirably tO tlie Hospital Ship Carrier (Colonial Dames). 787.00 



252 



The Granite Monthly 



Knights of Pythias . 
Friends of Poland, . 
Federation of Wome 
Belgian Relief (N. 

Fund) . 

Committee or: Publi 



.'sCIubs 

K. Belgian Relief 



Saf> 



United War Work Campaign. 



1,089.00 
2,935.73 

•12 1 (i27.S- 1 

10.4fVJ.24. 

39,326.50 

^000,879.00 



The willingness with which people 
of the state deprived themselves of 
things they ordinarily regarded as 
neeessities and the actual effort they 
expended in doing those things which 
were considered advantageous to the 
country while at war, offer a notice- 
able proof of the splendid patriotism 
of the state. The restrictions im- 
posed by the food administrator and 
the fuel administrator were endured 
just as they were endured by all of 
the inhabitants of the United States. 
On the other hand, the increase in the 
production of food in gardens and on 
farms was a heartening triumph. 
The details of this it is unnecessary 
now to give as they are known 
through the report of the Federal food 
administrator of New Hampshire and 
of the New Hampshire commissioner 
of agriculture. The close coopera- 
tion of the New Hampshire State 
College, the Grange, the Farm Bureau 
Association and the Woman's Organ- 
ization in increasing the production 
of food and in methods of conserva- 
tion ■ are deserving of the warmest 
praise, and it must be stated to the 
lasting honor of the people of our 
state that they willingly and even 
enthusiastically followed, the sugges- 
tions made by the food administra- 
tion and its local representatives. 

One should not conclude a survey 
of the wartime temper of the state 
without drawing particular attention 
to the fact that hundreds of men and 
women neglected their own affairs 
and their own business, many of them 
for the whole period of the war, in 
order to give their loyal and most 
effective service to their state and 
nation during the crisis. 

With the return of peace New 
Hampshire is eager to settle at once 
into the ways of peace. We do not 
want another war, but, if another so 
righteous as the last must come, we 
are readv to do our dutv at whatever 



cost or sacrifice. Nevertheless we 
would guard against its recurrence, 
and to prove that the way of the 
transgressor is fraught with peril 
for the transgressor himself, our state 
wishes the utmost demanded from 
Germany that she can possibly pay. 
Moreover we insist that Germany 
be rendered powerless to create fur- 
ther disasters. We expressed hearty 
approval when Marshal Foeh urged 
the Peace Conference to compel 
Germany to reduce her military forces 
to 200,000. Still greater joy was 
caused by the announcement of 
Lloyd George that even this small 
force should be cut down by one half. 
New Hampshire demands strongly 
that all reasonable measures be taken 
to avoid the necessity of resorting 
again to arms to defend our just 
'rights and privileges. 

The best effect the war has had 
upon our state is the development of 
a community spirit. We have be- 
come united through our common 
efforts in raising funds, in practising 
economies, in the production of food, 
in. knitting or sewing, in all joint 
patriotic purposes, and best of all, 
in sending forth our young men who 
seem, to have become the possession 
of an entire community rather than 
merely a part of their own families. 
Now that they are coming home, 
nothing can stir the heart more than 
to see a whole town or village assem- 
ble to give welcome to perhaps a 
single returning valiant son. It is 
only an extension of this spirit that 
-forms the foundation of the desire for 
state unification, to the end that all 
our residents may be linked together 
in the common bond of Americanism. 
Here we find the explanation of the 
fact that there was an almost univer- 
sal demand for a new educational 
system which would grant equal 
educational opportunities to every 
child in the state. The feeling of the 
people was reflected in the practical 
unanimity with which our last state 
Legislature accepted a new and 
splendid Education Bill, designed to 
accomplish this excellent result. 



>3i. 



ALVIN H. CLIFFORD 



Alvin H. Clifford, the dean of the 
Boston wool trade in point of service, 
who died at his home in Newton, 
Mass.j May 8, was born in Gilman- 
ton 77 years ago. The Cliffords are 
one of the pioneer families in New 
England, the name occurring in 
Massachusetts history in the first 
half of the seventeenth century and 
in the New Hampshire records soon 
after, while the first Clifford in Gil- 
manton came there just before the 
Revolutionary War. 

Alvin H. Clifford received his edu- 
cation at the famous old Giimanton 
Academy. He served as a sutler in 
the Civil War and after its close was 
for a time employed as clerk in the 
American House in Concord. Fifty- 
five Jyears ago, he entered business 
life in New York City, and soon 
became a wool buyer, travelling 
through the West for some of the 
largest houses of the metropolis. 

A few vears later, he located in 



Boston and ever since has been suc- 
cessfully engaged in business there as 
a wool merchant. The firm name 
has been A. H. Clifford cv Son, 184 
Summer street. Mr. Paul Clifford 
having been his father's partner. 

Mr. A. H. Clifford is also survived 
by his wife, who was Marietta Shep- 
ard Boldt, and by a daughter, Mrs. 
Dexter B. Wiswell of Newton. 

Funeral services were held at his 
home, 618 Center street, Newton, on 
Saturday, May 10, and were con- 
ducted by Rev. Grant Person, pastor 
of the Eliot Congregational Church, 
with burial in Newton Cemetery. 

Mr. Clifford was a man of dis- 
tinguished appearance which well 
indicated the possession of qualities 
placing him on a high plane in both 
private and business life. 

The large degree of interest which 
he maintained in his native state and 
its affairs was manifested by his long 
period of subscription to the Granite 
Monthly. 



ROSEMARY 

By Frances Mary Pray 

Love'came into my garden bright, 
The sky was clear, the wind blew free, 
Love's voice was gay, his step was light, 
He gathered blossoms ere his flight 
Among them, rosemary. 

Love came within my garden bare, 
The autumn wind bent bush and tree, 
Love sought and found by patient care 
Half-hidden in a corner there 
A bit of rosemarv. 



Concord, N. H. 



t^U: 



; rm 






^v, 



ONE SOLDIER DECIDES 

By Anabel C. Andrews 



'•Well, chum, what do you think 
of God's own country? Lie down, 
and be quiet — that isn't a Hun shell: 
just a Yankee bumble-bee. Let him 
alone, and he will you: stir him up 
and you'll get into trouble quick: 
that's Yankee also." 

"Don't roll up the whites of your 
eyes; you're not sea sick now; but 
that was better than the trenches, 
chummy." 

''That's all over. Time now to 
begin the new life; and it's up to us to 
decide what it shall be." 

"Look alive now, for we must 
decide today. We have had quite a 
rest; and, after the way we have been 
feasted, I wonder we are out of bed/'' 

"Now, how about the Boston job? 
Fine salary; chance to rise; much in 
the way of education, and pleasure — 
what's wrong with that?" 

"You don't like the life in-doors? 
Cramped quarters in the place we 
call home — that the trouble? Short 
days, chum; needn't go in till sleep- 
time." 

"No interest whatever in that 
offer — want the earth, chum? Think 
you'd get it bv taking the farm off 
Dad's hands?"" 



"Which shall it be, pup: Boston' 
with short days; clean work; good 
pay; much to see, and learn: or the 
farm, with long days: overalls and 
jumper; hard work, and less money?" 

"Understand, pup, it's for keeps; 
so think it over carefully, and go 
slow." 

"If we should tell Dad we'd stay; 
get sick of it, and want to leave, he 
wouldn't say one word, only 'Good 
bye dear Lad,' as he did when I 
sailed for France; but — you're not 
acquainted with him yet, chum; 
when you are, you'll find he's as good 
as they make 'em; and we must be 
square with him ; for he is going down 
now on the sunset side toward the 
West." 

"We can have God's big out-of- 
doors — down! Down, chum! You 
mean it? Think we better stay? 
All right, if you're sure." 

" Don't wag your tail off; you're 
likelv to need it again before you 
die. " 

"Shall we tell Dad that we are 
ready to slip our shoulders under the 
strap; carry the load, and send him 
to the rest camp?" 

"Let's go!" 



Concord, X. H. 



SUNSHINE AFTER RAIN 

By Helen A. Parker 

After the wind and the rain 
And the sea's wild roar, 

Out of the darkness and mist, 
The blue sky spreads o'er. 

After the cloud and the storm, 
The sun doth appear; 

And out from yon maple tall 
A robin sings clear. 



0#>. 



Mount Ascutney from the Cornish Hills 



1 



A BRIEF HISTORY OF ASCUTNEY 
MOUNTAIN 

By George. B. Upham 



[Editor's Note: — There has been pub- 
lished in the Claremont Eagle during the past 
year a series of historical articles different in 
style, character and perhaps in purpose from 
the usual town histories. They contain vivid 
pictures of the past in a locality not bounded 
by mere town hues. Some of these articles 
reach out beyond Claremont, in a way to 
make them of interest to our readers in much 
of the western part of the state. They con- 
tain the results of much research in old 
records, maps and manuscripts, topically 
treated, and never before put into print. 
The writer tells us he became convinced that 
much historical material is lost every year 
through the death of old- residents without 
record of their recollections, through the 
thoughtless destruction of old letters, surveys 
and manuscripts, also through destruction by 
fires. Local historical societies naturally 
present themselves as a means of preserving 
such ^ materials. It was with a view to 
arousing interest in such a society in Clare- 
mont that this series was begun. We find 
m these articles, however, a wider interest 
which we believe will appeal to our readers. 
Ihey contain paragraphs indicating an in- 



timate study of the social and early economic 
life of a region typical of New England, 
which if continued and amplified, will form 
a notable contribution to an adequate eco- 
nomic history of these states which yet remains 
to be written. We hope the republication 
of these articles, with some material added 
by the author, may lead to historical contribu- 
tions to other local papers with a like purpose 
in view. The series opens with a bit of geo- 
logical history, applicable to a considerable 
part of western Isavr Hampshire and eastern 
Vermont.] 

It has been suggested that the pro- 
posed local historical society should 
undertake to collect and preserve data 
and materials within a radius of fif- 
teen or twenty miles of Claremont, 
and further suggested that, since 
Ascutney Mountain is the dominant 
physical feature within this area, the 
society be called the Ascutney His- 
torical Society. 

In view of the possible adoption of 



256 



The Granite. Monthly 



these suggestions it seemed that it 
would be of interest to inquire into 
the history of Aseutney itself. 

A disappointment was mot almost 
at the outset, for it was found that 
Aseutney was not very old, that com- 
pared with S una nee and Croydon 
mountains, or even with little Bar- 
ber's mountain in West Claremont, 
Aseutney was a mere infant. 

The Hitchcocks who wrote the " Ge- 
ology -of Vermont, " printed in Clare- 
mont in 1861, tell us that the granites 
of eastern Vermont are as recent as 
the Devonian age, while Professor 
Daly of Harvard fixes the nativity of 
Aseutney at a still later time, viz.: as 
later than the Carboniferous and ear- 
lier than the Cretaceous period, or, in 
other words, between the time of 
giant vegetation when the coal areas 
Were formed and the time when the 
enormously thick chalk beds were laid 
down under those parts of the earth 
which were then covered by water. 

This may have been only a hundred 
million years ago, but in any event it 
was, geologically sneaking, in com- 
paratively recent times. Geologists 
are extremely shy of using any time 
measure expressed in years, and well 
they may be, for a thousand years is. 
as a mere tick on the great clock of 
geologic time. The constant tendency 
is to lengthen the time estimates. Re- 
cent studies in the phenomena of ra- 
dio activity have increased them 
enormously. 

From boyhood the writer has ad- 
mired the beauty of Aseutney, its 
gentle, graceful curves, its ever 
changing lights and shadows, its soft 
outlines under the stars, but it was 
late in life when he first learned that 
this beauty was the beauty of youth. 

Although a mere youth among 
mountains, Aseutney is interesting, 
very interesting, and has been much 
studied by leading geologists, by the 
Hitchcocks already mentioned, and, 
in more recent years, by Professors 
Daly, Wolff and Saggar of Harvard. 

Wolff, for a quarter of a century, 
has been professor of Petrography at 



Harvard, Jaggar is a world authority 
on volcanoes, Daly after spending ten 
years with some interruptions in the 
study of this mountain, assisted by 
the above named and others, published 
in 1903 his "Geology of Aseutney 
Mountain," a book of 125 pages, Bul- 
letin No. 209 of the U. S. Geological 
Survey. 

Rocks may be roughly divided into 
two great classes : (1) the sediment ary 
or stratified rocks which were formed 
from disintegrated particles of older 
rocks or the shells of animal life, de- 
posited under water and cemented to- 
gether by heat or pressure or both 
of these agencies; (2) the crystal- 
line rocks, some of the intrusive 
varieties of which are hereinafter 
mentioned. 

The mountains and also the hills of 
any considerable height in Claremont 
and the vicinity, with three exceptions, 
were originally formed by the cooling 
and shrinking of the earth's interior, 
causing the surface rock to wrinkle 
into immense folds much as the skin 
of an apple wrinkles when the inside 
shrinks. 

This process of mountain building 
had long ceased in our vicinity before 
the three exceptions, - above men- 
tioned, appeared. These late comers 
were Aseutney, Little Aseutney and 
Pierson's Peak. The latter was long 
considered a part of little Aseutney, 
and so called until given a distinctive 
name by Professor Daly. 

These three mountains are com- 
posed of eruptive or intrusive rocks 
which were forced up in a molten and 
highly fluid state from great depths 
in the earth. The word "intrusive" 
would seem to be the better descrip- 
tive name, for they literally intruded 
upon the older rocks which for long 
ages had previously occupied this area; 
furthermore, the word " eruptive" con- 
veys the idea of a sudden or explosive 
outburst, while the geologists agree 
that the intrusions were by a slow, 
irresistible, upward pressure. There 
were several such intrusions of vary- 
ing extent, probably separated by long 



A Brief History of Ascutney Mountain 



25' 



periods of time. The earliest was on 
the west side of the mountain, the 
later ones following progressively to- 
ward the east. 

It must not. however, be understood 
that Ascutney was ever a volcano 
which has become extinct. It never 
had any of #ie characteristics of a 
volcano. It had no crater, no ex- 
plosive eruptions. The intrusive ma- 
terial came from great depths while 
the lava of a volcano comes ■ from 
comparatively shallow depths and 
at comparatively frequent intervals. 
Neither must it be imagined that As- 
cutney or any of the other mountains 
in our vicinity looked in the least as 
they do now, immediately or for a long 
period after the intrusions. They ex- 
isted as the rock of the famous ''Lion 
of Lucerne," carved in the hillside, 
existed for ages, unshaped and invis- 
ible, before the great sculptor Thor- 
waldsen finished his work. In shap- 
ing mountains water, weather and 
frost were and still are the slowly 
working sculptors. At the time of 
the intrusions nearly all of New Eng- 
land, long submerged and later lifted 
was covered by soft sedimentary 
rocks, thousands of feet thick, which 
had been deposited under water. 
These formed a great plain with the 
materials of the later sculptured 
mountains buried beneath its sur- 
face. Long ages of the action of 
water and weather wore and washed 
away these softer rocks, and im- 
mense quantities of the harder rocks 
with them, leaving as residuals of 
erosion Ascutney and other neighbor- 
ing much older mountains in sub- 
stantially their present visible form. 

Geologists are agreed that the in- 
terior of the earth, though hotter 
than any high temperatures we are 
familiar with, is, owing to pressure 
incredibly great, a-" solid as steel. 
Under the crust of the earth are 
enormous masses known as magmas, 
which when relieved from pressure 
by cracks in the overlying crust ex- 
pand, become lighter in weight and 
highly fluid, perhaps somewhat like 
white-hot, melted, fluid glass. 



In the formation of Ascutney this 
upwardly pressing, molten and highly 
fluid magma penetrated the cracks 
in the overlying sedimentary rocks, 
breaking, splitting and rifting them 
into innumerable blocks and frag- 
ments, large and small. These ow- 
ing to their greater weight sank in 
the magma, which, modified in char- 
acter by these older rocks melted, 
assimilated and digested by it, formed 
when cooled the crystalline rocks of 
which Ascutney principally consists. 
The intrusive cylinder cut perpen- 
dicularly through the older rocks, 
without much displacement of the 
rocks immediately outside the cut. 
This process is one which a miner 
would describe as "overhead stoping," 
that is to say, cutting up from below 
and permitting the material to fall 
by gravity. Professor Wolff tells me 
that this theory of intrusions by 
i \ overhead stoping, ' ' first developed by 
Professor Daly in his study of the 
Ascutney rocks, has been generally 
accepted by geologists the world over, 
whereby Professor Daly's little book 
has become a classic in geological lit- 
erature. 

The intense heat of the intrusions 
modified the character and appear- 
ance of the surrounding rocks to a 
lessening degree for a distance of 
about six hundred feet from the con- 
tact. By contact is meant the place 
where this immense cylindrical in- 
trusive body of newer rock touched 
or contacted with the older surround- 
ing rocks, which it does on Ascutney 
in approximately a circle having a 
diameter at the present surface of 
about two and a half miles. It should 
be understood that all of the rock 
within this contact circle is new and 
intrusive rock of a wholly different 
composition and character from the 
older rocks outside the circle and also 
that what remains of the cylinder of 
intrusive rock extends, probably per- 
pendicularly, downward for an un- 
known distance, at least several miles, 
through the cooled crust of the earth. 

The surface contact is about six 
hundred feet above the Connecticut 



258 



The Granite Monthly 



on the easterly side of the mountain, 
about twelve hundred feet above it .at 

'''Crystal Cascade" on the south- 
westerly side, about six hundred feet 
above Mill Brook on the northwest- 
erly side near Brownsville, and about 
six hundred feet above the highway 
at the path on the northeasterly side. 

Anyone seeking to find the line of 
surface contact will be aided by the 
fact that all around the mountain 
there is a decided steepening of the 
grade at the contact. This is owing 
to the much harder, more resistant 
character of the intrusive rock. It has 
been less affected by glacial and 
weathering action than the older, 
softer surrounding rocks. The con- 
tact may best be seen at "Crystal Cas- 
cade" where specimen pieces may be 
easily knocked oft with a hammer 
showing both the older and the in- 
trusive rock just as they were when' 
the intrusive cooled and firmly ce- 
mented itself to the older rock. 

Fragments of the latter may be 
seen there imbedded in the newer rock 
at some little distance inside the con- 
tact. They were splintered off af- 
ter the intrusive rock had partially 
cooled and was therefore in a suffi- 
ciently viscous state to support them 
notwithstanding the greater specific 
gravity of the fragments. 

"Crystal Cascade," easily reached, 
is a feature of great natural beauty 
and a veritable sermon in stones to 
the geologist. It has been frequently 
visited by the Harvard professors 
above mentioned, Who occasionally 
brought their special students with 
them. A similar place in England or 
France would be widely celebrated. 
The older rocks surrounding the As- 
eutney intrusives are mainly clayey 
schists. These were at one time strati- 
fied rocks but were subsequently much 
changed by heat. They had been 
flexed and wrinkled by the shrinking 
process, above described, into their 
present positions and shapes long 
before the granitic intrusions cut out 
the circular area now occupied by the 
latter. The schists are of the Lower 



Silurian Age. and. more definitely of 
the Lower Trenton period, that is to 
say. probably hundreds of millions of 
years older than the intrusive rocks. 

The quarryman would describe As- 
cut ney as composed of granite: the 
geologist, as composed mainly of that 
kind of granite which is called quartz- 
syenite. If asked for further particu- 
lars he would say that about four- 
fifths of the intrusive rock was that 
kind of quartz-syenite which is called 
nordrnarkite, several varieties of 
which are found on Ascutney. One 
would have to travel as far away as 
the region of Christiania in Norway to 
find another equally large mass of 
nordrnarkite. If asked about the other 
fifth of the intrusive rock the geolo- 
gist would say that it was called bio- 
tite-granite, was on the southeasterly 
side of the mountain and was the 
latest of the great intrusions. 

This biotite-granite is the granite 
of the now abandoned quarries about 
one thousand feet above the river and 
a mile and a half northwest from As- 
cutneyville. The blocks for the piers 
of the "High Bridge" in Claremont, 
also for the walls of the railroad bridge 
over the highway, half a mile further 
south, came from this source. These 
quarries supplied the millstones for 
mam' miles around during the first 
half of the last century. The road to 
them, leading through a beautiful 
mountain valley, still shows indica- 
tions of long continued, heavy use. 
It is clearly apparent that an enor- 
mous quantity of stone has been 
taken from these quarries. They will 
not, in all probability, be further 
worked until a railroad is built to 
them. 

On the north side of the mountain, 
near Brownsville, are two quarries in 
the nordrnarkite from which a green 
variety of granite is obtained. The 
"Xorcross quarry" furnished the 
large columns for the Library building 
of Columbia University in New York 
City, also those for the Bank of 
Montreal. The "Mower quarry'* 
furnished the two monolithic sarcoph- 



A Brief History of Ascutney Mountain 



259 



agi in the MeKinley mausoleum at Can- 
ton, Ohio. For particulars of these 
quarries, also for some further facts 
respecting the geology of Ascutney, 
see Professor Dale's "Granites of 
Vermont," Bulletin No. 404 of the 
U. S. Geological Survey, published 
in 1909. 

The great ice sheet which covered 
Ascutney and scoured across it during 
the Glacial period, a very recent event 
of perhaps only half a million years 
ago, had little effect on the outlines 
of the mountain owing to the resistant 
hardness of the intrusive rocks. Of 
this Professor Daly says: "The gen- 
eral form of Ascutney was not essen- 
tially affected by the Pleistocene 
glaciation. A veneer of pre-glacial 
weathered rock was removed and the 
rounding of minor points accom- 
plished by the ice invasion, but the 
pre-Glacial Ascutney had practically 
the form of the present mountain." 

That this is true is evident from the 
fact, as Daly points out, that the 
whole drainage system of the moun- 
tains was unchanged by the glacier — 
The valleys that had been sculptured 
out of the sides of the mountain by 
the slow action of frost and water 
were formed, practically as they are 
today, long geologic ages before the 
ice came. 

The moving ice-sheet, thousands of 
feet deep, rounded off the exposed 
ridges, scratched and polished the rock 
surface and carried away enormous 
quantities of debritus. and angular 
blocks that had been detached and 



split up by frost action. These were 
rolled, rounded and carried south and 
southeast in and under the moving 
ice. Millions of tons of these nord- 
markite boulders may be seen in the 
stone walls and fields over southwes- 
tern New Hampshire, some even as 
far a- c -. the Massachusetts line; vastly 
more lie buried in the drift. 

Even as late a period as that of the 
Ascutney intrusions would not have 
been an altogether agreeable time in 
which to live, at least not as mankind 
is at present constituted. Vegeta- 
tion was dark, gloomy and devoid of 
flowers; great dinosaurs and other 
reptiles, some as ma iv as fifteen feet 
high and thirty feet long lumbered 
over the land. They have left their 
footprints in the mud 7 rocks at Turn- 
er's Falls, near Greenfield, Mass. A 
varied assortment of monsters lived in 
the sea; great reptiles whose bat-like 
wings measured twenty-five feet from 
tip to tip, flew through the heavy 
atmosphere. Even as a summer resort 
the Connecticut River valley could 
not have been reliably recommended 
at that time. 

Dr. Gulliver, who did the topo- 
graphic work for Professor Daly and 
prepared the map for his book, de- 
termined the height of Ascutney to 
be 3,114 feet, and the height of" the 
railway bridge over the Connecti- 
cut at Windsor to be 301 feet above 
the sea level. 

Ascutney is the highest elevation 
lying wholly in the valley of the Con- 
necticut from its source to the Sound. 



ALSACE-LORRAINE 



A small, but complete volume, on 
"Alsace-Lorraine since 1870," written 
by Barry Cerf of the University of 
Wisconsin and published by The Mac- 
nhllan Company, New York, sheds 
much light on one of the great ques- 
tions which the Paris Peace Confer- 
ence has to answer for the best inter- 
ests of mankind. The author has no 
sympathy for any of the German 
claims to the countrv under considera- 



tion and his brief for France in this 
connection is energetic, compact and 
backed by evidence adduced from re- 
liable sources and clearly presented. 
Especially valuable is the statistical 
study which the book contains of the 
ruthless exploiting of Alsatian re- 
sources by an arrogant and selfish 
conqueror. The volume has a fron- 
tispiece map and is published at SI. 50. 



%i>6 



COUNTRY MAIL-BOXES 

By Mary J en /i ess 



Discovery began with the silver 
sheets of rain that, for the last half- 
hour beyond Plymouth, hid from 
view lake and mountain, cottage and 
farmhouse alike — everything but the 
little mail-boxes beside the road. 
The touring-car boomed ahead at a 
rate that rendered conversation im- 
possible, yet had the advantage of 
bringing these into a connected series. 

The first discovery was that there 
are styles. Once I rashly suggested 
to a friend, three years in China, 
that doubtless the uniform costume 
of Chinese women explained their 
placidity of countenance, since it 
forestalled all worries about style. 

'"'Style! My dear Sarah, it's all 
style," he retorted pityingly. "The 
length of the sleeve, the cut of the 
cuff, the breadth of the trousers, these 
are changing all the time. There are 
certain colors and textures appropri- 
ate for certain seasons, months and even 
weeks— to soy nothing of the holidays." 

Crushed, I conceded the point ; and 
now it was rising to haunt me along 
the New Hampshire countryside. 
Again, where I least expected, it was 
all style. A box on a post, within 
reach of the rural carrier's arm; on 
this foundation, how varied the struc- 
ture! There were no two alike. 
For a time indeed the type was 
similar. Grey wooden boxes of home 
manufacture flashed by, little roofed 
housts, Noah's Arks with one side 
left open. Presently appeared an 
open raft nailed alongside; some pro- 
gressive Shorn or Japheth bad in- 
vented the magazine annex. The 
effect, while marine through child- 
hood association, was also oddly 
suggestive of the garden bird-house; 
and once at a cross-roads I found that 
some local Gilbert White had thought 
so, too. With sly humor he had 
erected opposite the toy post-office a 
real avian mansion. It was furnished 
with verandas, and many loopholes 



of entrance, and yet the effect was 
still so similar that it would be a wise 
robin who never mailed her babies, 
nor ever trusted her eggs to govern- 
ment ownership! 

Transition between country and 
town was marked without the aid of 
a road-map. The changing mail- 
boxes did it. Another home-made 
houselet perched gravely on the main 
post, but the magazine tray was filled 
with a smart new tin box by way of 
modern ell. The personality of the 
weatherbeaten mother still dominated 
the shiny commercial newness of 
the offspring. But we were nearing 
town so rapidly that the next step 
would certainly be to eliminate 
the old-fashioned mother altogether. 
The second generation did it, con- 
spicuous and graceless, in the person 
of the nattiest, mail-box de luxe that 
I have ever seen. Uncle Sam's back 
must have been turned when this 
aluminum creation was coiffed, 
scrolled and curled. 

The next day was glorious. The 
country stretched below and above 
us for varied, enchanting miles. Per- 
versely enough, we had eyes hardly 
for the occasional glimpse of Mount 
Washington himself. Our attention 
was glued upon mail-boxes. And 
today we made the second discovery, 
hidden yesterday behind the rain, 
that subtly the boxes matched their 
houses. Here, as elsewhere, the style 
was the man. Vesta made surrepti- 
tious sketches on the margin of my 
New Republic which later verified our 
combined memories. The post varied 
from farm to farm, the material and 
style of the box itself might change, 
the angle of attachment to the stem, 
whether post or fence or tree, was 
never twice alike; yet uncannily the 
house kept pace. A tiny sample 
vial of its spirit was there beside the 
road, open to the public eye — any 
public eye that could spare half a 



Country Mail-Boxes 



261 



pupil from the automobile guide and 
the scenery. 

Was there a weatherbeaten cracker- 
box carefully hinged, squarely planted 
on a stout, plain post? Behind it was 
a little grey house with scant im- 
maculate curtains; the essence of well- 
trained poverty, both ends barely 
meeting, but both ends and the 
middle scrubbed clean. The next 
neighbor has an empty tobacco-box 
stuck on end, half the cover broken 
aslant, and the other half crazily 
whirling on one precarious nail. And 
behold, his lean and rusty hens stray 
through ail unweeded garden, and 
down Ins forlorn and sagging bay 
window run the stains of many shift- 
less winters. Another has a round, 
new government box sturdily clamped 
to the side of a disused mile-post; 
opposite is the familiar wooden hut 
mounted by a log of wood wrapped 
round by fraying strands of rope: 
is it the former's sons or his neighbor's, 
who will be leaders of men? Let the 
rocks in the hillside garden of the 
latter add their answer. 

Yonder is the crumbling shell of a 
great yellow farmhouse, but the 
family moved across the road before 
it crumbled, and thriftily took their 
mail-box with them. There is the 
framework which once enclosed if, 
still supported by the iron bracket 
that had surely held up grandmother's 
mantel shelf. Similar economy ap- 
pears in their present use of a great 
newell post that must have come from 
the old homestead. So link the 
generations, the essentials of the one 
reappearing as the casual subsidiary 
reserves of the next. 

More than a revealer, the box was 
sometimes an actual give-away of 
character. There is a famous way- 
side Tea Room, studiedly in the 
rough, whose methodical rusticity 
had annoyed us before, but never to 
the point of acid characterization. 
The new mail-box forced it. It was 
swathed to its silvered ears in great 
slabs of wood still in the bark — - 
Jacob's smooth and guileful fingers 



slipping out of the disguise for Esau.. 
More slabs camouflaged the slender 
stem into a many-angled trunk 
that deceived nobody. ' ■ Rustiqued!" 
commented Vesta, and the dignity of 
tea-house and mail-box were gone. 
One little word had felled them. 

On the other hand, it was surely an 
artist whose box, a modest loaf of 
bread in shape, stretched from the 
dividing pine tree to rest its chin 
on a forked birch sapling, growing 
from right to left. No native could 
have resisted pruning — and no 
native would ever climb the steep 
brown path behind, cried our detect- 
ive instinct. And lo! there on the 
bluffs above, appeared the unmis- 
takable windows of a studio. 

Such use of the material at hand 
was far more considerate of the tree 
than the elaborate scaffoldings we 
sometimes saw. Once indeed, the 
two broad cleats ran out from the 
maple to either side the box, which 
was still further stayed by no less 
than three after-thoughts, stakes 
driven into the outraged tree at 
different times and angles. The 
result was, however, complex and 
picturesque, like the Irish question; 
and our sympathies were not wholly 
with the unsentimental son-in-law 
who had freshly set a stout cedar 
post under the box, and had con- 
temptuously sawed through the work 
of his elders. Doubtless it was he 
whose brusque efficiency had begun 
to eviscerate and "remodel" the 
chain of dropping ell and added gables 
in the old farmhouse. 

A more united family was that 
whose three boxes, all different (like 
tooth-brushes, observed Vesta) bur- 
geoned at varying- angles from the 
grapevine trellis by the porch. What, 
friendly mail-man would pass in 
autumn without carrying away a 
luscious memory, aided or not by 
some ripening Eve? 

Once we caught our breath at the 
universal quality in a little story 
lying open by the roadside. The 
trimmest, perkiest of grey cottages. 



262 



The Granite Monthly 



mated with a sluggish red barn, had 
attracted us a long way down the 
road. Then came the momentary 
puzzle. What was that block of 
scarlet by the kitchen window? The 
mail-box, painted red? And why 
beside the barn door did the exact 
shape of it remain, post and all, out- 
lined and brushed over with glistening 
new paint, not for long years to 
weather to the dull tone of the old 
barn itself? It was Yesta who noted 
the service flag and linked the whole 
in a flash of understanding. 

"Why he's across,' 5 she interpreted 
swiftly, "and his mother's had the 
mail-box moved over to the kitchen 
window so that she can get news from 
him fi rst . Lo ok a t t hat t ra c k ! " 

Truly the wheel-rats across the bit 
of lawn were new. And there at the 
window, with busy hands, sat a little 
grey woman, crisp-curled ; dainty and 
positive, like the house. Across the 
upper panes of the casement was 
fastened the service flag, home made, 
with the avowal cross-stitched evenly 
as a card-board motto: "Over There." 

With the world's motherhood last 
August, she was waiting for the mail. 
Her heart lay only more visibly open 
by the side of the road. 



Such explorations are not to be 
measured in terms of the A. A. A., 
any more than the style of "Marius 
the Epicurean" can be solved for X. 
Other values are involved. Our last 
discovery led us to conscious apprecia- 
tion of the fact. Close to the final 
city, we passed the group of shacks 
that had sprung up around a munition 
factory. Conspicuously new between 
the telegraph poles, a rough plank 
bore fourteen identical boxes, tragic- 
all}' alike, numbered, like the souls in 
purgatory. 

"Now that," murmured Vesta, "is 
exactly why I do not believe Com- 
munism is possible. It's human 
nature to prefer the poor thing of one's 
own to the most efficient, economical, 
made-by-t he-million, free-and-equal 
product. It hasn't any style and it 
hasn't any soul. Nobody created it, 
that's why!" 

"Begotten, not made" — the oldest 
creed added significant glow to her 
challenge. Sacred be personality. 
It goes deep, this right of the individ- 
ual to create his environment in his 
own image. Even so deep into our 
town-bred hearts had grown the- lov- 
able, differentiated humanity of our 
friends — the country mail-boxes. 



MONADNOCK AT SUNSET 

By Charles Nevers Holmes 

Grand gray-capped mountain crowned with clouds aflame! 
O monarch mountain robed in misty blue 
At set of sun when falls the evening dew, 
So changed from midday ye; the very same 
That I beheld thee years and years ago. 

Some moments since the golden sun shone low, 
Resplendent, gorgeous, dazzling to the eye, 
Like blazing beacon lighting far and nigh 
It sank from sight, and — lo! — the dimming sky 
Is bright with colors, and yon darkened crest 
Looms clear amid the glory in the west. 



O spectacle of which sight cannot tire, 

Inspiring artist's brush or poet's lyre, 

Grand gray-capped mountain crowned with clouds afire! 



9 it. 



THE IDYL OF SQUAM LAKE 

Translated from Carl A. Koehler's "Maerchenstrauss aus dem Weissen Gebrige"" 
By Ellen McRoberts Mason 



The loveliest little spot in the White 
Mountains lies apart from the great 
frequented thoroughfares over which 
the obstreperous steam engine brings 
thousands of pleasure-seeking summer 
guests in flying haste to the popular 
hotels. Only occasionally does the 
traveler bend his steps that way, 
which, through smiling plains and 
peaceful valleys and over wooded 
heights, leads to the vale where lies 
Squam Lake, there in delicious tran- 
quility and solitude to enjoy the 
exquisiteness of nature which there 
unfolds its richest charms in incom- 
parable beauty. And yet what our 
enraptured eyes behold today there, 
is only a shadow, a reflection of that 
which was formerly there. Let me 
tell you how it looked, and what 
happened there long years ago. 

In the happy time when elves still 
peopled many snug little parts of the 
earth, and had not yet been scared 
away by the restless doings of men in 
their chase after earthly goods, when 
the incessant clattering, hammering, 
pounding and sawing of busy indus- 
tries had not yet driven away the 
poesy of unprofaned nature from wood 
and field, the king of the elves had 
chosen a charming, dainty bride to be 
his queen. His heart glowed with 
love for his chosen one and to make 
ready a worthy dwelling place for her, 
he created a Paradise in the midst of 
this mount ain landscape overgrown 
with thick forests. That nothing 
•should disturb them in their happi- 
ness, he surrounded the valley with a 
high wall of mighty, insurmountable 
mountains, that locked this dale 
away from the whole of the rest of the 
world. 

Smaller heights covered with 
shadowy woods girded it about with a 
second ring and sloped to the lake 
testing in the depths. Babbling little 
brooks, in whose silverv waters the 



sun was mirrored, sprang from all the 
hills in hurrying course, and here and 
there plunged a waterfall in merry 
bounds from the rocks into the white 
basin of the lake whose 'blue flood 
was kissed by the green shores that, 
in the most delightful curves here 
wound forward in a lovely, little 
peninsula and there enclosed an 
exquisite bay. Countless "^plendid- 
woodecl islands and islets dotted the 
wide, peaceful sheet of water, lending 
a charming variety. Entrancing was 
the effect that the indescribably 
beautiful landscape made when the 
glowing disk of the sun rose above 
the blue tops of the distant wonderful- 
shaped mountains and gilded every- 
thing in wondrous radiance, mirroring 
itself in the thousands and thousands 
of dew-drops which hung on trees and 
underwood like sparkling diamond 
chains. Innumerable flower-cups ex- 
haled the sweetest fragrance, and the 
green velvet plain was like a many- 
colored carpet embroidered with 
gorgeous flower-garlands. Variegated 
Butterflies fluttered over the blossoms; 
splendid colored birds darted joyously 
through the branches and trilled 
their morning songs; shining beetles, 
bustled noisily in the grass that 
floated and waved in the light zephyrs; 
and the tree^-tops rustled with a sweet 
song of joy. "While thus the sun 
moved up in the azure vault, all 
nature was like a vast and mighty 
temple in which from countless voices 
the high hymn of the joy of being 
sounded and resounded. 
" And when the sun went to his rest, 
sinking blood-red and bedded upon 
clouds of purple and gold, and grad- 
ually twilight settled down and only 
the highest of the distant mountain- 
tops were radiant in soft violet light, 
then rest, soft rest was spread over 
sleeping nature. 

Then rose the golden moon high. 



204 



The Granite Monthly 



in the deep blue star-strewn vault 
of heaven and poured her veiled light 
over the woods and flowery meadows, 
and her face beamed mild again out 
of the clear, polished mirror of the 
waters of the lake. 

Ah, what a delightful little spot it 
was, so right-worthy to serve the 
loving elf-pair for a blessed! dwelling 
place, so holy, created for the enjoy- 
ment of the highest, purest happiness. 
Then the elf-king led his tender bride 
to the marriage feast. And it was a 
feast, the like of which no second has 
been celebrated, nor ever will be. 
There was every magnificence and 
show, jubilation and merriment. 
Splendid was the entry of the royal 
pair into the kingdom. Leading the 
way, there marched many beetles clad 
in gold-shimmering coats of mail, and 
attended by blue-winged dragon-flies, 
and gaily-painted butterflies in fan- 
tastic dances about them. After 
this came the royal coach made of 
gilded shells. This was drawn by 
ten milk-white mice. A squirrel sat 
as coachman upon the box. Gor- 
geous-plumaged Canadian colibris 
swarmed about the carriage, likewise 
many-colored birds sang sweet love 
songs. Innumerable elves in deli- 
cate, gorgeous, vesture, followed the 
coach and sang, as an epithalamium, 
the following verses, while they ac- 
companied their song with, the most 
graceful dancing: 

Proud let us celebrate in festive dance, 
The splendid pair so lovely and bold: 
So rich adorned with diamonds and gold, 
Let us reverent make them obeisance. 

Long live our elfin king, the good, the mild, 
Who reigns o'er the elves no mortals see; 
How could one happier, blesseder be 
In all these flowery fields so wild. 

For today with exultant joy doth he bring 
Throughout all his kingdom, the bride most 

divine, 
As splendide^t jewel in glorious shrine, 
As crowning gem in the house of the king. 

Hop and spring, 

Dance and sing; 

High swells the breast 

In man so blest, 

Dance the ring, 

While we sing. 



Honor and glory 
To this pair so holy. 

Bees and wasps, armed with sharp 
spears, ended the procession which 
advanced to the castle situated upon 
a hill. It was built in the light 
graceful style of the elves, and was 
in every respect worthy of the royal 
pair. Broad, marble steps led to 
the entrance where two green, varie- 
gated serpents kept guard. Lofty, 
polished columns of dazzling white- 
ness, with capitals of precious stone. 
formed broad, airy halls and corridors 
and supported a golden dome. The 
outside walls were adorned with many 
graceful turrets and balconies. All 
the apartments impressed one with 
their richness and splendor, and 
numerous artistic ornaments adorned 
the walls. 

All around the castle, from which 
could be enjoyed a magnificent view 
of the lake, the wooded hills and the 
distant mountains, extended a large 
garden where flower-beds filled with 
fragrant blossoms alternated with 
groves of shady trees and shrubs, and 
soft green meadows. Fountains, in 
whose spray the sunlight broke in 
many colors, brightened the loveliness 
of the enchanting pleasure-garden. 

In the castle the marriage was now 
celebrated with the greatest pomp. 
All the elves were bidden to the table. 
This was laden with everything deli- 
cious that an elfin tongue could crave, 
and virgin honey and blossom-dew 
w r as served in great flower-cups. For 
musicians, the cicadas and crickets 
played, accompanied by the frogs 
with their deep bass, and thousands 
of feathered songsters let their love- 
liest songs resound. It was won- 
drously beautiful — of course only for 
elfin ears, for the hearing of men is 
not fine enough to lay hold on the 
exquisite melody of such a concert. 
When the enjoyment was at its 
height, the king rose and said: 

''Fortune and happiness are entered 
here; my highest wish is fulfilled; 
I call the loveliest and most beautiful 
of all the elves, my own. Fortune 



The Idyl of Sep. am Lake 



265 



and happiness dwell here forever- 
more, to you, my comrades, I grant 

this, my kingdom, for your abode; 
pass here your contented elfin exist- 
ence in untroubled blessedness. May 
the holy tranquility never forsake 
these fields. But that also the men 
who dwell on the other side of the 
mountains should share in our pros- 
perity, go, my herald, to them and 
proclaim that I will protect and 
prosper them, that I will bless their 
land with fruitfulness and riches, so 
long as they do not overstep the 
boundaries of my kingdom, and no 
human foot treads upon my domin- 
ion," 

Swiftly sped the light-winged mes- 
senger from thence to execute the 
order of the ruler. 

A long while yet the merriment of 
the festival lasted, and finally the 
king arose and with his queen — who 
looked up to her consort lovingly and 
clung to him with ardent thanks for 
all the favors he had shown her — 
withdrew from the guests. They, 
however, did not allow themselves 
to be disturbed in their pleasure, and 
dance and feast lasted the whole 
night through, until the dawn an- 
nounced the beginning of a new day, 
and the cricket musicians, one after 
the other grew silent, and the bass 
of the frogs became hoarse. The 
birds, the singers, had long since 
gone early to rest. Finally the last 
of the guests left the hospitable castle 
and now deep stillness lay over the 
Eden that love had created. 

.Soon the elves settled in every 
place where shady groves, bubbling 
springs and flowery meadows invited 
them to'make their habitation. Con- 
stant happiness reigned in the elfin 
empire; happily the dainty beings 
played away their care-free existence; 
song and rejoicings sounded from 
all the thickets, from all the flower 
chalices in which the)- rocked. It 
was a charming sight, when on moon- 
light nights the lovely creatures 
executed their blithesome, exquisite 
dances on the mossy sod. 



Nothing disturbed the felicity, the 
peace of the glorious valley, over 
which the king reigned in mildness 
and goodness. 

The red men who lived on the other 
side of the mountains, and to whom 
the king's promise had brought abun- 
dant, blessings, guarded themselves 
well against violating the command 
and stepping over the boundaries of 
the elves' kingdom. 

But one day there came from a far 
distance quite another kind of men to 
their abode. The red men received 
the strange guests kindly, regaled 
them with honey, fish and bear-meat, 
and gladly showed them all the favors 
that they wished. Tins highly 
pleased the pale-faces, and they 
settled in every place where the 
region seemed to them suitable to a 
settlement. In a short time they set 
themselves up to be masters of the 
simple children of Nature, drove them 
away from their camping-grounds and 
woods, and soon the content and 
peace that reigned heretofore in the 
valleys had disappeared. 

Greedy as the pale-faces were, they 
let their glances rove wider and de- 
manded to know what sort -of 
country lay over beyond those high, 
blue mountains — there must, natu- 
rally, be rich profit from game and 
timber to be carried off. The fright- 
ened red men tried in vain to divert 
the curiosity of the intruders. By 
their worried demeanor they only 
excited it the more. The whites 
threatened the poor aborigines with 
the hardest punishment if they would 
not tell them what kind of a country 
it was over the other side of- the 
mountains, and show them the way 
to it. Tremblingly the Indian chief 
told what he knew about the kingdom 
of the elves, of the promise and the 
threat of the king, and besought the 
intruders to desist from their purpose, 
for to carry- it out would bring the 
greatest misfortune. 

But the whites laughed at the 
terror of the Indians, and, armed with 
axe and saw., under many difficulties 



260 



The Granite Monthly 



scaled the mountains. From one of 
"the lofty peaks they looked with 
astonishment and admiration into 
the glorious valley below, that spread 
out like a garden of Eden before their 
fascinated gaze. Filled with avarice, 
they computed in a trice the riches 
that were in the inexhaustible woods 
and the fruitful ground, and quickly 
descended to take possession of the 
land and to change its treasures into 
gold. 

Biit as the first blows of the axe 
rang and the proud, wide-branched 
oak sank groaning to the ground, the 
hitherto so serene heavens were cov- 
ered with dense, dark clouds that the 
light of the sun was not able to pierce 
through; gloomy darkness veiled 
the fields and forests and spread 
grayly over the flowery meadows; 
rolling thunder made the mountains 
tremble, and pale lightnings only made 
the gloom seem blacker. Sorrowful 
wailing sounded in the rushing of the 
tree-tops, and moaning and wailing re- 
sounded from all the woods and groves. 

From all sides flew the terrified 
elves out of their dwellings thither 
and flocked about the beloved royal 
pair, who were coming out of the 
palace to depart forever from the 
beautiful valley. Sadly the king 
looked upon his subjects, gazed once 
more with grief over the now ruin- 
devoted elves' paradise and then he 
said to them: 

"Our abiding place is no longer 
here. The rude hand of man has 
dared to invade our sanctuary and to 
disturb us in our occupancy; avarice 
and envy will now enter here where 
in former times sweet peace and inno- 
cence were enthroned. Let us depart, 
and from here seek another dwelling, 
where nature is not desecrated by the 
rough rule of covetous men.'' 

With tears, the king and his consort 
gave one more look at the old home 
so dear to them; then their coach 
took them up and carried them 
thence; and, lamenting and sighing, 
all the elves followed them. 



But the lake rose up in waves as 
high as a house, and swallowed up 
the castle and all the glories that had 
adorned the kingdom of the elves. 

Forsaken and desolate the valley 
seemed now — no joyous shouting and 
laughing resounded henceforth from 
the groves — even the lovely little 
singing-birds had disappeared and 
gone with the elves. Covetous men 
now ravaged in the almost inexhaust- 
ible forests, and the death stillness 
that had spread over the valley 
was broken only by the shrill creak 
of the saw and the hollow clang of 
the axe. 

Likewise from the valleys of the 
red men vanished with one blow all 
the blessings that had in former time 
so prospered them; the earth lost 
her fruitfulness, the springs dried up, 
the herds died, and miserably the 
occupants prolonged their lives until 
they at last utterly perished, so that 
now no trace of them is to be found 
more. The chief who had betrayed 
the way into the elves' kingdom to 
the pale-faces — filled with grief and 
remorse, — climbed the summit of the 
highest of the surrounding mountains, 
and threw himself off into the dread- 
ful depths. 

The elf-valley bears, even today, in 
general outlines, the earlier features 
which the greed of men has not yet 
been able to quite blot out — but the 
blessed, tranquil peace, the serene 
happiness of earlier days has thence 
forever disappeared. Only now and 
then, on particularly clear, moonlight 
nights, one hears melancholy, grieving 
tones wafted through the wood, that- 
set the soul in a whimsical, tender 
mood; for sometimes indeed, yet, an 
elf that out of longing is visiting the 
place of its old-time felicity, passes 
quickly through the trees. And an 
elf related this all to the one who tells 
the story, as he once rested at the 
side of an alder grove on a starlit 
night, dreamily gazed on the bright, 
full moon, and listened to the soft 
plashing of the lake. 



2** 



THROUGH THE YEAR IN NEW 
HAMPSHIRE 

By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer 



No. 4 



June 

"'What is so rare as a clay in June? 
Then, if ever, come perfect days." 

June clays have two moods, half 
spring — half summer. In the early 
days of the month the last blossoms 
from the apple-boughs blow into the 
furrows of the farmer's garden, the 
morning air echoes with the sweet 
spring songs of birds, the skies glow 
with a spring-time blue above the 
newly green foliage. The first two 
weeks of the month are the fulfilment 
of spring. 

Then comes the division and the 
latter half of the month ushers us into 
summer's heat and joys. Quite often 
our hottest weather comes the last 
week in June, but whether so or not, 
the latter half of June always brings 
the summer softness into the air, the 
roses burst their buds into clusters 
of pink, white and red: the tiny birds, 
like warblers, nut -hatches and 
thrushes begin their summer songs, 
and we know that the fairy-time of the 
year has come. The last days hear the 
first sounds of the mowing machine 
and bring to our nostrils the first 
smell of the newly-cut hay which all 
the month has been the waving fields 
oi grass. June always finds the grass 
tall enough to wave in the wind, and 
the gently waving crests of green as 
the wind sweeps, across the fields give 
us a delight of sight that is matched 
nowhere save on the rolling waves of 
the ocean. 

No memories of my New Hamp- 
shire boyhood cling to me stronger 
than those of late June. Summer was 
then upon me, the long evenings were 
warm and full of fun, we could see the 
corning closing of the schools, our 
faces were getting tanned, our feet 
toughened to the barefoot life; no 



wonder June appeals to the rural lad. 
and no wonder my memories of it are 
strong. 

I like on a June day to go out into 
the fields and lay out at full length in 
the waving grass. The bees go hum- 
ming by, the insects chant within a 
foot of my ear. the sun is just agree- 
ably hot and not oppressive as it will 
be in July; the sky above is a great 
inverted bowl of beautiful clear blue; 
on these clays when the grass is knee- 
high we are what I call knee-deep in 
June, and it is a joyful time. 

These are the days of fulfilment, 
the clays we have looked forward to 
since the sun rose higher in late 
February. 

In the early hours of the day we get 
out into the garden to, like Thoreau, 
" hear the hoe tinkle against the stones, 
the music echoing to the woods and 
sky"; but the midday is sufficiently 
hot to make us delight to lay by for a 
little and breathe the joys of loafing. 
As Walt Whitman puts it, "to loaf 
and invite the soul." 

The Hail to the Coming Summer 

An old New Hampshire saying was 
that summer runs from June 20 to 
August 20. This is probably very 
nearly right, but I like to measure my 
calendar when I can, by great historic 
events, and so I always say that on 
June 17 (the anniversary of the day 
when our New Hampshire ancestors 
joined with those of Massachusetts at 
Bunker Hill to burn the powder that 
Langclon and Sullivan had captured 
from the British), on this day I like 
to walk the fields and climb the hills 
and hail the coming summer. The 
trees and fields are rich with the 
deepest green of the year, the air 
quivers with the hum of singing 



2GS . The Granite Monthly 

insects, sights, sounds, odors grert us of the year — yes, are there not really 

from all sides, with the message of four months of joyous life from the 

summer's coming. How we in New rich green life of June to the crimson 

Hampshire prize these three hottest days of the October miracle. I hope 

months of the year, with what I shall never die between the first of 

precious memories of good times of June and the first of November, for 1 

the past are they laden. It is the would be cut off in the best season of 

season of the care- free, open-air period the year. 



Claremoni, N. H. 



THE FRUITAGE FIELD 

By Bel a C ha pin 

The charming days of lovely May 
With all the groves in green array 

Are come new joy to yield. 
The sunshine and descending rain 
Hasten the growth of rising grain 

In every farmer's field. 

How blissful now the sweet perfume 
Pervading all the orchard bloom 

Of many opening flowers; 
From apple, cherry, plum and pear 
There comes a fragrance on the air 

To bless the spring time hours. 

Of all the places on the farm 

The fruitage field has most to charm- 

'Tis dear as any spot. 
Well do I love it in the spring 
When many trees are blossoming 

Throughout the orchard lot. 

And then in days of autumn-tide % 
What lovely scenes on every side 

To glad the heart and please; 
Where all around and overhead 
Hang luscious apples, rich and red, 

Upon the orchard trees. 



^•fefcg^la 



2 £?, 



EDITORIAL 



Politics we have always wit h us in 
New Hampshire, and it is a very good 
thing that such is the case. Xo state 
ever suffered because its people were 
too much interested in their govern- 
ment. The one thing to seek is that 
the popular interest in politics shall 
be an intelligent interest; that party 
devotion shall be to party principles 
and not to party names; that party 
candidates shall have mental and 
moral as well as partisan qualifications 
for the places which they seek. The 
more thoroughly and evenly we can 
distribute popular interest in govern- 
ment and in politics through all the 
months of every year and through 
every stratum of our citizenship, the 
better it will be for state and nation. 

The immediate cause for thought 
and speech in this connection is the 
fact that Republican party leaders 
and editors in New Hampshire already 
are urging the name of a native of the 
Granite State. General Leonard Wood, 
as a candidate lor the Republican 
nomination for president in 1920. 
Under the new presidential priman r 
law in this state it is provided that 
the primary shall take place the 
second Tuesday of next March for 
the choice of four delegates-at-large, 
four delegates, four alternate dele- 
gates-at-large and four alternate 
delegates to the Republican national 
convention and a like number to the 
Democratic national convention. 

In the towns the primary will be held 
m connection with the next annual 
town meetings and in the cities it will 
constitute a special election. Polls 
^'111 be open in the towns for four 
hours and in the cities from 3 to 8 
p. m. January 9, 1920, will be the date 
for the riling of candidacies for this 
primary and will mark the formal 
opening of the many political activi- 
ties which will crowd that year. 

It seems very probable at this time 
that the delegates and alternates 
nominated in the Republican primary 



will be chosen as supporters of the 
candidacy of General Wood. This 
will be partly the result of state pride, 
but more, we hope, because a study of 
General Wood's career leads to the 
belief that he is a worthy man to 
become the standard bearer of a great 
party and possesses the qualifications 
necessary for a great President, if he 
should be elected to that office. 

General Wood was born in Win- 
chester, Cheshire county, New Hamp- 
shire, but his parents removed to 
Massachusetts while he was still an 
infant, so that his native state cannot 
have any claim of influence upon his 
career. General Wood is a good 
soldier. His profession is that of arms 
and his professional record is an excel- 
lent one. But it is not because a 
candidate is a good soldier that he 
will be elected to the presidency of 
the United States. The duties de- 
volving upon our government head as 
commander-in-chief of the army of 
the United States are not those which 
will be most important, from 1921 to 
1925. It will not be military prob- 
lems which the best brains of our 
country will be engaged in solving 
during those years. 

It is matter for congratulation, 
therefore, that in presenting General 
Wood for the support of the Repub- 
licans of New Hampshire, his candi- 
dacy need not rest entirely upon 
state pride, upon his attractive per- 
sonality and upon his military record; 
but that his supporters can call atten- 
tion to the very valuable constructive 
work as an administrator which he 
did in Cuba and in the Philippines at a 
critical time; work which shows him 
to be possessed of that good judgment 
and executive ability which will be 
absolutely indispensable qualifications 
for the next head of our national 
government. 

The war is over. It has been fought 
and won. It has left behind it tre- 
mendous problems. But they are 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



not the problems of continuing or 
resuming war. They are the prob- 
lems of a renewing, rebuilding, prog- 
ress-making peace. They will be to 
a large extent financial problems. 
And it is none too early for the people 
of New Hampshire and of the nation 
to begin to think seriously upon the 
necessity of hi ling the high places 
within their gift with men whose 
patriotism, honesty and ability are 
equally certain and conspicuous. 
The people are going to say to 



Republicans and to Democrats alike 
that this critical time in our national 
history is no Jinie for petty,, parti- 
san politics; for placing personalities 
above principles; for rewarding the 
shrewd self-seeker and forgetting the 
man of sincere public service. Never 
has it been more necessary to put our 
strongest and our best at the helm 
and on guard. And we have faith to 
believe that our people will see that 
this is done in state and in nation at 
the elections of 1920. 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



"One Thousand New Hampshire 
Notables" is the title given a hand- 






H. H. Met calf 



some, interesting and valuable volume 
of Granite State biography, compiled 
and edited by Hon. Henry H. Metcalf, 
with the assistance of Miss Frances 
M. Abbott, and published by The 
Rumford Press, Concord. In general 
style of form and content it follows 
the well-known "-Who's Who" series, 
with this important addition, that 
most of the biographical sketches in 



the present book are accompanied by 
good portraits of their subjects, thus 
improving the appearance and increas- 
ing the interest of the volume. 

No such work ever can be complete. 
In the firmament of affairs, even in so 
small a state as ours, new stars make 
their appearance daily and old ones 
fade from sight. But. it can be said 
with truth that no previous collection 
of New Hampshire biography has 
come so near to covering the field of 
the living as does this volume. 

No such work ever was absolutely 
correct and doubtless this one will not 
be found to achieve this distinction. 
In the collection, arrangement, trans- 
cribing and printing of a hundred 
thousand facts some mistakes are 
almost sure to be made, some errors 
to escape correction. But Mr. Met- 
calf's experience, exceeding that of 
any other living New Hampshire 
writer, as a historian, biographer and 
editor, and his high reputation for 
perseverance in research and for 
accuracy of statement, guarantee a 
very high percentage of reliability in 
his work. 

The New Hampshire "notables" 
here appearing are men and women 
who have- done something with their 
lives, who have accomplished some- 
thing in the world; and this fact 
makes the compact statement of their 
careers very interesting reading. 



Books of New Hampshire Interest 



271 



But the volume is intended, of course, 
to be primarily a work of reference, 
and as such its value to every library, 
public or private, to every .business 
and professional man. is great. It is 
published at So, and in addition to 
the advance subscriptions which 
assured the completion of the work 
a limited edition is issued for general 
circulation. Any one who is inter- 
ested in New Hampshire will find 
this work about her men and women 
of today as near a necessity as any 
book can be. 

Although the Rev. Dr. Ozora S. 
Davis is a native of Vermont, he has 
belonged, in part, to New Hampshire, 
ever since he entered Dartmouth 
College thirty-four years ago and 
became a pari of the most productive 
period on lines of literature in the 
history of that institution. Until he 
became president of the Chicago 
Theological Seminary in 1909 his 
pastorates were of Congregational 
churches in New England, and even 
now he retains his summer home at 
Lake Sunapee and frequently fills a 
New Hampshire pulpit during his 
supposed-to-be vacation period. For 
these reasons, whatever he says or 
writes has an added interest to many 
of us, and while his latest book, "The 
Gospel in the Light of the Great War,' 7 
is intended primarily for ministers, 
and is a valuable work for them on the 
lines of their professional work, it is 
"good reading" and very much worth, 
while for anv one who takes serious 



thought as to the effects of the world 
conflict on spiritual life. "To define 
the great subjects that have been 
thrust forward during the last five 
years, to show how the vital docu- 
ments of the new literature bear upon 
ihem, and chiefly to bring the Bible 
into use as a source of text and sub- 
ject and illustration is the purpose of 
this volume," says its author in his 
preface. It is published by the 
L^niversity of Chicago Press at SI. 25 
net. 

Mr. Ernest Vinton Brown, a well- 
known New Hampshire newspaper- 
man, author of "Worcester Poems," 
had privately printed a limited edition 
of another collection of his verse, 
taking its title, "The First Easter 
Morn," from the initial poem of the 
volume. Others of the dozen pieces 
chosen for permanence between covers 
deal with occasions such as Memorial 
Day, Old Home Day, Flag Day and 
the Edgar Allen Poe centenary; pay 
tribute to "The Founders" and to 
"Fair Newport"; philosophize as to 
Law and Love and Sight and Ques- 
tions; and record the "Edition 
Closed": 

The form is full. The last line's 
locked in place; 
The mallet, quoin and apron laid 
aside. 
Our work is done and so we say, 
Good Night, 
And leave what we had been before 
it died. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS. 



Prof. Richard W. Husband, of the 
faculty of Dartmouth College, state 
war historian, is also the secretary 
of the New Hampshire Committee 
of Public Safety. Mr. George B. 
Lpham, Boston lawyer, is an author- 
ity upon the history of the Connecti- 
cut valley region, in which his family 
r iame long has been prominent. Miss 



Mary Jenness is a member of the 
faculty of the Concord High School. 
Mrs. Annabel C. Andrews of Hudson 
and Mrs. Ellen M. Mason of Conway 
have been contributors to the Gran- 
ite Monthly since its first volume 
and Mrs. Mary H. Wheeler of Pitts- 
field since the third volume. 



BEAR ISLAND 

By Mary H. Wheeler 

There's a green, woodsy island just out from the land 

On Winnepesaukee's bright breast 
Where queer little pathways run down to the strand 

From camps where the town-weary rest* 

There are welcoming wharves reaching outward to meet 

The steam-boat with tourists aboard. 
There are neat little' harbors all snug and complete 

Where the 'motor and row boats are moored. 

There's a hill on the island, and musical pines 

Attuned to the touch of the breeze. 
There are dark shining oaks, there are wild running vines 

And all the sweet balsamous trees. 

There the strawberry ripens and buttercups glow 

And the bunchberry clusters its red, 
And the partridge vine creeps in the mosses below 

Witii the pale twin flower sharing its bed. 

The birds know the island and come there to nest 

At the very beginning of spring 
In their summer-bright plumage, the gayest and best, 

And they sing, and they sing, and they sing. 

O the morn at Bear Island is all of delight 

When the sun shines aslant on the lake 
And the whole dew-washed landscape is sparklingly bright 

And the birds to new rapture awake. 

And the sunset — the sunset is wonderful there, 

When the clouds over Meredith glow 
And the bright hues and blendings in sky and in air 

Are mirrored and mellowed below. 

Is it true, as they tell us, we all come to be 

Like the scenes we contemplate for long — 
Wild, boisterous and rough like the storm-troubled sea 
._ Or like mountain-tops 'stately and strong? 

Then go to Bear Island and breathe the pure air, 

By the crystal-clear waters made clean 
The turbulent soul will grow placid and fair 

And the care-cumbered spirit serene. 

Pittsfield, N. H. 



' z> 



THE BLOOM OF AGE; A 

ByG 

A good woman never grows old. 
Years may pass over her head, but if 
benevolence and virtue dwell iu her 
heart, she is as cheerful as when the 
spring of life opened to her vision. 
When we look upon a good woman, 
we never think of her age: she looks 
as charming as when the roses of 
youth first bloomed on her cheek. 
That rose has not faded yet — it will 
never fade. In her neighborhood she 
is the friend and benefactor; in the 
church the devout Christian. Who 
does not love and respect the woman 
who has passed her days in acts of 
kindness and mercy and who has a 
smile for every joy. She has been 
the friend of man and of God; her 
whole life has been kindness, mercy 
and love, devotion to truth and relig- 



TRIBUTE TO MY MOTHER 
. W. J. 

ious duty; always with a prayer for 
every misfortune, an encouragement 
for every hope. We repeat, such a 
woman can never grow old. She will 
always be fresh and buoyant in 
spirits, and active in deeds of mercy 
and benevolence, with a consolation 
for every grief, an excuse for every 
fault. 

''Deal gently with her, Time; the many years 
Of life have brought with them more smiles 

than tears. 
Lay not thy hand too harshly on her now, 
But trace decline so slowly on her brow 
That (like a sunset of a Northern clime 
Where twilight lingers in the summer time, 
And fades at last into the silent night, 
E'reonemay note the passing of the light) 
So may she pass — since 'tis the common 

lot- 
As one who, resting, sleeps and knows it 

not." 



LILACS 

By Frances Crosby Hamlet 

New England Spring! The balmy country air 

Is sweet with every wakened, growing thing, 

And lilacs far their heavy fragrance fling 

On even- breeze that idly wanders there. 

No joy there is, for me, that can compare, — 

No ecstacy that poets love to sing. — 

With lilac hedges once again in Spring, 

When tree and bush have long been swept and bare. 

I know, I think, what Heaven itself will be 
If place it is, as many would maintain. 
Green April hillsides, after gentle rain, 
With endless lilac rows eternally 
Abloom in purple, shading into mauve, 
The Easter color of triumphant Love! 



■g-y-l. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



DR. WILLIAM E. LAWRENCE 

William Ethan Lawrence. M.D.. born at 
Eden, Vt.. August 1, 1871, died in Haver- 
hill, N. H.. April 19, 1919. He was the 
eldest of live children of Daniel and Martha 
(Brown) Lawrence. Doctor Lawrence was 
educated in the public schools of Monkton, 
Vt., at Ilinesburg (Vt.) Academy, at Beeman 



Representatives of 1913; a member of the 
board of trustees of state institutions. 1915- 
1917; for five terms a member of the Haver- 
hill board of education; and at the time 
of Ins death medical referee for Grafton 
County by appointment of Governor Henry 
W. Keyes. 

Doctor Lawrence was a member of the 
count v, state and national medical societies 






FA 
■ ■ 



.. - ■■■:':■■ ■ .. ... .. : , ..-.•. .'_, . .'■' - *. --u v ;.. 



The late Dr. William E. Lawrence 



Academy, New Haven, Vt., at the University 
of Vermont and at the Baltimore (Md.) Medi- 
cal College, receiving his degree from the last 
named institution. After a course of special 
training at the Boston City Hospital, he 
located at Worcester, Vt., and there practised 
his profession until 1903. Since that date he 
had resided at North Haverhill arid had built 
up a large practice in that section. 

A staunch Republican in political belief, 
Doctor Lawrence was honored with many 
public offices and in every instance dis- 
charged his duties with fidelity and efficiency. 
He was a delegate to the constitutional con- 
vention of 1912; a member of the House of 



and of the staff of the Woodsville Cottage 
Hospital. He was a trustee of the Woods- 
ville Guaranty Savings Bank and of Haverhill 
Academy. He was a Mason and Odd Fellow 
and a man with a very wide circle of friends. 
December 1, 1898, he married Miss Edith 
Bidwell of Monkton, Vt., who survives him, 
with their daughter, Marion A. Lawrence. 
He also leaves a mother, Mrs. Martha Law- 
rence of Fitchburg, Mass., two sisters, Mrs. 
Arden Lawrence of Bristol, Vt., and Miss 
Lydia J. Lawrence of Fitchburg, Mass., and 
two brothers, Ellsworth C. Lawrence of 
M alone, X. Y., and Bert L. Lawrence of 
Fitchburg, Mass. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



HENRY A. KIMBALL 

Henry Ames Kimball, only son of Ben- 
jamin Ames and MyraTilton (Elliot) Kimball, 
was born in "Concord. October 19. 1864. He 
Was educated in private schools and under 
tutors both here and abroad. He earlv be- 
came associated with his father in the firm of 
F<>r! and Kimball and was a trustee of the 
Merrimack Coimtv Savings Bank and a 



made generous gifts. But no one has a list of 
the struggling lads to whom he gave both 
financial help and the encouragement of 
personal friendliness, and with many of whom 
he had kept in touch over a long period of 
years. He delighted in friendship and found 
no service too great or too small for those 
whom he loved, especially in any time of grief 
or trouble. 

From the last two years he had suffered 
from ill health; but since Christmas a slow 
but steady improvement gave rise to the hope 
of a practical recovery, and since then Mr. 
Kimball had been able to enjoy many of the 
pleasures he had so patiently foregone. At 
Easfertime, he went with his father to 
Atlantic City, for a much needed rest and his 
letters from there gave no hint of the end, 
which was preceded by only a few hours of 
illness, on May 4. 

A dutiful son, a devoted husband, a loyal 
and constant friend, and a faithful and 
conscientious citizen, his passing is sincerely 
mourned by all who had the good fortune to 
be beloved bv him. R. A. A. 




.. . . 

The late Henry A. Kimball 

director of the Mount Washington Railway 
Company. 

On November 19, 1904, he married Miss 
Charlotte A. Goodale of Nashua, N. H., who 
survives him. 

Mr. Kimball found enjoyment in books and 
art in both of which he had cultivated taste. 
He was much interested in the French lan- 
guage and was well read in the literature and 
history of the French people. He had a deep 
interest in local history and genealogy, and 
was a long-time member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, serving as secretary 
for seven years and later as trustee. 

The past winter. saw the publication of a 
scholarly volume. "The John Elliot Family of 
Boscawen, N. H." on which he had spent much 
painstaking investigation and correspondence. 

A spotless Christian gentleman, he recog- 
nized the weight of an outward profession of 
Ins faith and in early life became a member of 
the South Congregational Church and was a 
constant attendant at its services and a faith- 
ful supporter of its work. He was especially 
interested in the welfare of boys and young 
men. Publicly he expressed this by work in 
the local Y. M. C. A. in which he was for 
many years a director, and to which he has 



CAREY SMITH 

Carey Smith was born in Orange, March 
12, 1861, the son of Elijah and Eliza (Davis) 
Smith, and died at his home in Canaan, April 



I 



m 



Thf- late Carey Smith 



27, after a long period of ill health. Canaan 
was his home during practically all of his life 
and he was widely known as one of the town's 
best and most substantial citizens and ablest- 
business men. As a young man he displayed 



27G 



The Granite Monthly 



a marked liking for mercantile pursuits and 
for many years conducted a largely patron- 
ized general store. In his later years he be- 
came interested in agriculture, carrying On 
extended farming operations, and he was 
also a successful lumber operator. A Demo- 
crat in politics, he served as postmaster during 
the two administrations of President Cleve- 
land, but consistently declined various prof- 
fered nominations by his party for local offices. 
He was a Mason and Knight Templar and 
Knight of Pythias. September 13, 1891. Mr. 
Smith married Lizzie Idella Barney of Canaan, 
by whom he is survived, with their one son. 
Ned Barney Smith, who. on. the day of his 
father's death was discharged from the 
Ambulance service of his country; one 
brother, Alden E. Smith, and a half-sister, 
Mrs. Cora B. Smith. Mr. Smith was a man 
of staunch convictions, of firm and rugged 
character, a kind friend and good citizen, 
whose death was deplored by his entire com- 
munity. 

HTNMAN C, BAILEY 

Himnan C. Bailey was born in Lisbon, 
Feb. 5, 1S4S, the son of Israel C. and Jane 
(Hunt) Bailey, and died at his home en 
Pembroke Street, April 22. In early life 
he was a professional photographer and pur- 
sued that calling for some years in Concord, 
later engaging in the art business there and 
subsequently in real estate. For several 
years he was associated with his brother. Prof. 
Solon I. Bailey, at the Harvard astronomical 
observatory, Arequipa, Peru, as photographer. 
Mr. Bailey was prominent in all branches of 
Odd Fellowship, having been grand patriarch 
of the state and representative to the sover- 
eign grand lodge. He was also a Mason and 
a member of the Baker Memorial Methodist 
church in Concord. He is survived by a 
widow; by a sister, Miss M. Etta Bailey, of 
Concord; by two brothers. Prof. Solon I. 
Bailey and Dr. Marshall H. Bailey, both of 
Harvard college; and by two grandchildren. 
Chester and Pauline Lane, of Concord, whose 
mother, Mrs. Frank L. Lane, was Mr. Bailey's 
daughter. 

ALBERT S. WETHERELL 

Albert S. Wetherell was born in Norridge- 
wock, Me., October 5, 1851, the son of Sam- 
uel B. and . Althea (Keene) Wetherell, and died 
at Exeter April 1. In youth he studied phar- 
macy at Boston and since 1873 had been en-„ 
gaged in the drug business at Exeter, serving 
many years as chairman of the state board of 
pharmacy. He was a long time member of the 
Republican state committee and its executive 
committee and had been president of the 
Rockingham County Republican Club. He 
was a member of t he House of Representatives 
in 1893 and 1895 and of the State Senate in 
1901. He was an Odd Fellow and a Unita- 
rian; a director of the Exeter Co-operative 



Bank and of the Peterborough & Hillsbor- 
ough Railroad. He is survived by his widon . 
two daughters and one son. 



MRS. FANNY E. P. MINOT 

Mrs. Fanny Elizabeth Pickering Minor. 
who died in Concord May 4, was born in 
Barnstead, the daughter of Hazen and Martha 
Ann (Drew) Pickering. She was educated a1 
the Concord High School and at Wheaton 



I 
































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■" 








• i 




I - 




















1 <•. 


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■ g» 












■ 












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i 


t 




The late Fanny E. P. Minot 

Seminary being the valedictorian of her class 
at each institution. May 13, 1S74, she 
married Captain James Minot, cashier of the 
Mechanicks National Bank, and subsequently 
commander of the Department of New Hamp- 
shire, G. A. R., who died November 15, 1911. 
Mrs. Minot was a member of the South 
Congregational church; national president 
of the Woman's Relief Corps, 190-1-5; mem- 
ber of the Concord board of education since 
1908; president of the Concord Woman's 
Club, 1904-5; president New Hampshire 
Female. Cent Institution, 1901-8; president 
Concord Female Charitable Society, 1911-15; 
member educational committee. General 
Federation of Woman's Clubs, 1912-14; 
regent Rumford chapter. D. A. R., 1905-S; 
president Women's Federation of Women's 
Missionary Societies; life member Woman's 
Board of Missions; member South Congrega- 
tional church, Avon Club, Friendly Club, 
Charity Organization Society, District Nurs- 
ing Association, Red Cross, National League 
for Woman's Service, Wheaton Seminary 
Alumnae Association, New Hampshire Histor- 
ical Society. 



New Hampshire Xccrology 



277 



JAMES II. BATCHELDER 

James EL Batchelder, born in Exeter, August 
1, 1850, ihe son of Nathaniel I. and Elizabeth 
(Tattle ) Batchelder, died there April 6. 
From a boy he was connected with the princi- 
pal bookstore in the place and for many 
years had been its proprietor. Since 1S90 he 
had conducted the Alpine summer hotel at 
North Woodstock and he also had property 
interests at Socorro, N. M. Music was his 
pleasurable avocation and for a long time he 
taught successive classes of Phillips Exeter 
Academy students the banjo. He is survived 
by his wife and two sons, James H. Batchelder, 
Jr., of Socorro, and Charles H. Batchelder of 
Exeter. 

REV. WILLIAM P. ISRAEL 

Rev. William P. Israel, a native, and during 
most of his life a resident, of Portsmouth, 
died, April 22, at his summer home at Alton 
Bay, aged SO. In youth he followed the sea, 
making many foreign voyages, and later he 
was one of the founders of the Piscataqua 
Navigation Company. He was a successful 
inventor. He became an Advent preacher 
25 years ago and for a time did evangelistic 
work in the South, building an Advent church 
at Tampa, Florida. His wife and one sister, 
Mrs. Kate McMahon, of Washington, survive 
him. 

JOHN M. MOSES 

On Feb. 21, John M. Moses was found dead 
in his bed at his home in Northwood. He had 
been active up to the day of his death, which 
was due to heart failure. The funeral was 
held on. the 24th and was attended by friends 
and relatives in spite of the almost impassable 
roads on that day. Mr. Moses was graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1878, was an instructor 
for some years at Coe's Academy, and there- 
after a farmer in Northwood until his death 
at the age of 03. He was highly respected, 
not only by his townspeople, but by a large 
number of friends and acquaintances through- 
out the state. He had held many offices of 
trust in the town. For some years he had 
devoted a great deal of attention to genealogy 
and ^he early history of southeastern New 
Hampshire. He contributed numerous arti- 
cles on these subjects to the Granite 
Monthly and other publications, and had 
unearthed much information not previously 
known, so that he had become widely known 
as an authority on this line. The records of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society have 
been considerably enriched by his efforts and 
i f - is understood that further results of his 
studies will be deposited there in accordance 
*rith his wishes. His death is a loss not only 
to his townspeople but to all students of New 



Hampshire history. He was a member of the 
Piscataqua Pioneers and of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society. 

DR. D. S. DEARBORN 

Darius S. Dearborn, M.D., born in North- 
field, January 4. 1S34, the son of Captain 
David and Nancy (Clay) Dearborn, died at 
the home of his birth April 2G. He attended 
Tilton Seminary, : Francestown Academy, 
Dartmouth Medical College and New York 
Medical College in the intervals of school 
teaching. He first practised his profession in 
Illinois, returning to New England in 1875. 
He was located at Brookline for four years 
and afterwards, until his retirement, in Mil- 
ford. 

' REV. C. II. HANNAFORD 

Rev. Charles Harding Hannaford was born 
in Northfield, February 4, 1835, the son of 
Amos Cross and Hannah (Lyford) Hanna- 
ford. He studied at the New Hampshire 
Conference Seminary, Tilton, graduating in 
1857, and was licensed to preach at Webster, 
Mass., in the Methodist conference in 1S5S. 
He held various pastorates in Massachusetts 
up to 1903 when he was made agent of the 
Massachusetts Anti-Saloon League, retiring 
some 10 years since. He died April 22 at 
the home of his son in Lancaster, Mass. 

DR. NOMUS PAIGE 

Dr. Nomus Paige was born in Went worth, 
March 26, 1840, the son of Joseph and Pame- 
lia (Ellsworth) Paige, and died at Taunton, 
Mass., April 16. He was educated at Kim- 
ball Union Academy and the Dartmouth 
Medical College and had practised his pro- 
fession at Taunton since 1863. He served in 
the city council and was the founder of the 
city's municipal lighting plant. In the 
Massachusetts Medical Society he bad held 
many offices. He was a member of St. 
Thomas Episcopal Church. His wife sur- 
vives him with one son, Russei C. Paige of 
Taunton, and one daughter, Mrs. Katharine 
Colby (Paige) Leach, wife of Major Eugene 
W. Leach of Concord. 

CHARLES T. HENDERSON 

Charles T. Henderson, born in Dover, 
February 14, 1841, the son of the late Cap- 
tain Samuel and Sarah (Guppey) Henderson 
died there, April 8. For very many years he 
was in the grocery business, was a veteran 
member of the fire department and served 
his ward as alderman in the city government. 
He was a public-spirited and generous citizen. 
One brother, William C. Henderson, survives 
him. 



278 



The Granite Monthly 



DR. NICHOLAS E. SOULE 

Dr. Nicholas E. Soule, who had been for 
many years the oldest living graduate of Har- 
vard University and of Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy^ died at Exeter, March 26, He was born 
in 1S25 at Exeter, where his father. Prof. Gid- 
eon Lane. Soule, was principal of Phillips Acad- 
emy. From that institution he graduated in 
1838, frum Harvard in I-S4o, from the Harvard 
Medical School in 1S4S and from ' post- 
graduate work at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1851. He practiced medicine in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, for a time, and served in 
the United States - Sanitary Commission 
during the Civil War; but- most of his long 
life was spent in teaching. 

CHARLES II. MANNING 

Captain Charles H. Manning, born in 
Baltimore, Md., June 9. 1844, of New Eng- 
land ancestry, died in Manchester, April 1. 
He graduated from the Lawrence Scientific 
School of Harvard University in 1S62, served 
an apprenticeship in the marine machine 
works in Baltimore and in 1863 volunteered 
for the Navy, serving for the remainder of the 
Civil War. He was an inspector at the 
Annapolis Naval Academy for a time and for 
eighteen years afterward was in active 
service. He became chief engineer of the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in 1SS2, 
holding the position until 1914, when he 
resigned to enjoy private life. At the out- 
break, of the Spanish- American War he 
volunteered and was in charge of the Govern- 
ment Naval Station at Key West, Fla. For 
twenty-eight years he was a member of the 
Manchester Board of Water Commissioners, 
serving much of the time as chairman of the 
board, and was also a member of the school- 
board for a long period. He married Miss 
Fanny Bartlett. sister of Maj.-Gen. William 
F. Bartlett of Massachusetts. Mrs. Manning 
died in 1915. He leaves two sons, Robert L. 
Manning and Charles B. Manning, both of 
Manchester. 



ponyi, Hungarian peace advocate, to visit 
America. A student both of domestic 
international educational problems, Docn,: 
Dutton was a trustee and treasurer of the 
Constantinople College for Women and the 
Canton Christian College. He was I 
author of several volumes on education. His 
last important work was as executive secre- 
tary of the American Committee fur Armenian. 
and Syrian Relief. 

EDWARD M. SMITH 

Edward M. Smith, born in Alstead, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1S33, died there March 13. The 
son of Alden and Lurinda (Partridge) Smith, 
he was educated at the Alstead High School 
and studied law with Dearborn & Scott at 
Peterborough and in the Albany (N. Y.) Law 
School, from which he received the degree of 
LL.B. He had practiced in Alstead since 1S63 
and had settled a great number of estates. 



SAMUEL T. DUTTON 

Samuel Train Dutton, educator, phi- 
lanthropist and worker for world peace, who 
died at Atlantic City. N. J., March 25. was 
born m ailteborongh. October 16. 1849. He 
graduated from Yale in 1S73 and was super- 
intendent of schools in New Haven, Conn., 
and Brookline, Mass., until 1900. then joining 
the faculty of the Teachers College, Columbia 
University, of which he was professor emer- 
itus at the time of his death. He served as 
secretary of the New York Peace Society, 
executive secretary of the World's Court 
League, chairman of the executive committee 
of the National Arbitration and Peace Con- 
gress and member of the International Com- 
mission on the Balkan War. During a trip 
to Hungary in 1911 he induced Count Ap- 



The late Edward M. Smith 

He was tax collector eleven years, chairman 
of the town school board seven years and 
member of the House of Representatives in 
18S9. In addition to his law practice he was 
engaged in the insurance business. 

GEORGE WINCH 

George Winch, whose lifework was that of 
headmaster in Manchester schools, died in 
that city March 29, aged 61. He was a 
native of Langdon and in addition to his 
educational duties was prominent in Boy 
Scout and other religious and philanthropic 
work and in Odd Fellowship, being a trustee 
of the state Odd Fellows' Home. 



New Ha m psh ire Necrolog y 



279 



KEN YON COX 

Kenyon Cox, famous painter, and one of the 
early members of the artist colony at Cornish. 
died in New York City, March 17. He was 
born at Warren, Ohio, October 27, 1856, and 
studied art in Cincinnati, Philadelphia and 
Paris. He held honorary degrees from Yale. 
Oberlin, and Dartmouth and was the author 
of -a number of books upon painting and 
sculpture. His Work was largely portraits, 
figure pieces and mural decorations, for which, 
in 1910, he won the Architectural League's 
medal of honor. He married, June 30, 1S92, 
Louise Howland King. 



RALPH C. GRAY 

Ralph C. Gray, representative in the 
Legislatures of 1915 and 1919 from Ward 
Two, Portsmouth, died. March 16. He was 
born in Portsmouth, October 31, 1886, and 
after attending the local schools studied law 
with Judge Ernest L. Guptill and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In the present House he 
was n member of the Judiciary Committee. 
Mr. Gray was a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, Sons of Veterans, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, New Hampshire Bar Association and 
Rockingham County Republican Club. He 
is survived by his mother. 

FRED S. JOHNSON 

Fred S. Johnson, chief clerk in the office of 
the state fish and game commission, died at 
his home in Concord, March 23. He was 
born in that city August 15, 1854, and after 
graduating from the. Concord High School 
engaged in. the harness business with his 
father for man}' years. He was a member of 
the House of Representatives in 1899 and 
Deputy United States Marshal, 1906-1914. 
He was prominent in Odd Fellowship, and was 
also a Mason and Patron of Husbandry. At 
one time he was captain of the Alert Hose 
Company in the Concord Fire Department. 
His wife survives him. 

DR. EUGENE N. MULLINS 

Dr. Eugene N. Mullins, born at Manches-^ 
ter, January 28, 1S51. the <<>n of Simon and 
Harriet (Cheney; Mullins, died at Baldwins- 
ville, Mass., March 20, from a nervous 
trouble brought on by overwork during the 
grip epidemic. Doctor Mullins was educated 



at Pinkerton Academy, Deny, at the Dart- 
mouth Medical College and at. Bellevue Hos- 
pital. New York. For 35 years he had prac- 
ticed at Baldwinsville, where lie conducted a 
hospital for the treatment of cancer in which 
he specialized. 

MRS. SUSAN F. COLGATE 

Mrs. Susan Farnum Colgate, born in New 
London, April 21, 1817, died at Yonkers, 
N. Y.. March 22. She was the daughter of 
Governor Anthony Colby and was educated 
in the academies at New London and New 
Hampton, of both of which she was later lady 
principal. February 19, 1851. she married 
at New London, James B. Colgate, New 
York financier, the founder of Colgate Uni- 
versity. Mrs. Colgate was an active and 
liberal supporter of many religious; charita- 
ble and educational institutions and an officer 
of various societies on these lines. 

JOHN M. MOSES 

John Mark Moses, formerly a contributor 
to the Granite Monthly, was found dead in 
bed from heart failure at his home in North- 
wood, February 21. Pie was born in Epsom, 
August 2, 1855, the son of Mark Sherburne 
and Mary Abigail (Towle) Moses, and pre- 
pared at Coe's Academy, Northwood, for 
Dartmouth College, where he graduated in 
187S with Phi Beta Kappa honors. After 
teaching for a few years at Coe's Academy he 
became a farmer and so continued throughout 
his life. He was a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, of the Piscataqua 
Pioneers and of the Theta Delta Chi college 
fraternity. 

ALFRED K. HAMILTON 

Alfred Kittredge Hamilton, youngest son 
of Ireims and Mary Esther (Kittredge) Ham- 
ilton, was born October 31, 1840, in Lyme, 
and died December 20, 1918,- at National 
City, Cab, where he had gone for his health. 
Mr. Hamilton was a graduate of Kimball 
Union Academy. Meriden. and of Dartmouth 
College, class of 1803. Since 1883 he had 
been a resident of Milwaukee, Wis., one of its 
most prominent business men and the holder 
of many responsible positions. In 1897-98 
he was president of the general alumni asso- 
ciation of Dartmouth. 



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